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NAME

       timerate - Calibrated performance measurements of script execution time

SYNOPSIS

       timerate script ?time? ?max-count?

       timerate ?-direct? ?-overhead double? script ?time? ?max-count?

       timerate ?-calibrate? ?-direct? script ?time? ?max-count?
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DESCRIPTION

       The  timerate  command does calibrated performance measurement of a Tcl command or script,
       script. The script should be written so that it can be executed multiple times during  the
       performance  measurement process.  Time is measured in elapsed time using the finest timer
       resolution as possible, not CPU time; if script interacts with the OS, the  cost  of  that
       interaction is included.  This command may be used to provide information as to how well a
       script or Tcl command is performing, and can  help  determine  bottlenecks  and  fine-tune
       application performance.

       The  first  and  second  form  will  evaluate  script  until  the  interval  time given in
       milliseconds elapses, or for 1000 milliseconds (1 second) if time is not specified.

       The parameter max-count could additionally impose a further  restriction  by  the  maximal
       number  of  iterations  to  evaluate the script.  If max-count is specified, the evalution
       will stop either this count of iterations is reached or the time is exceeded.

       It will then return a canonical tcl-list of the form:

              0.095977 µs/# 52095836 # 10419167 #/sec 5000.000 net-ms

       which indicates:

       ·  the average amount of time required per iteration, in microseconds ([lindex $result 0])

       ·  the count how many times it was executed ([lindex $result 2])

       ·  the estimated rate per second ([lindex $result 4])

       ·  the estimated real execution time without measurement overhead ([lindex $result 6])

       The following options may be supplied to the timerate command:

       -calibrate
              To measure very fast scripts as exactly as possible, a calibration process  may  be
              required.   The -calibrate option is used to calibrate timerate itself, calculating
              the estimated overhead of the given script  as  the  default  overhead  for  future
              invocations  of  the  timerate command. If the time parameter is not specified, the
              calibrate procedure runs for up to 10 seconds.

              Note that calibration is not thread safe in the current implementation.

       -overhead double
              The -overhead parameter supplies an estimate (in microseconds) of  the  measurement
              overhead  of  each iteration of the tested script. This quantity will be subtracted
              from the measured time prior to reporting results. This can be useful for  removing
              the cost of interpreter state reset commands from the script being measured.

       -direct
              The  -direct  option  causes  direct  execution  of  the  supplied  script, without
              compilation, in a manner similar to the time command. It can be used to measure the
              cost  of Tcl_EvalObjEx, of the invocation of canonical lists, and of the uncompiled
              versions of bytecoded commands.

       As opposed to the time commmand, which runs the  tested  script  for  a  fixed  number  of
       iterations,  the  timerate  command  runs it for a fixed time.  Additionally, the compiled
       variant of the script will be used during the entire measurement, as if  the  script  were
       part  of  a  compiled  procedure,  if  the -direct option is not specified. The fixed time
       period and possibility of compilation allow for more precise results and prevent very long
       execution  times  by  slow  scripts, making it practical for measuring scripts with highly
       uncertain execution times.

EXAMPLES

       Estimate how fast it takes for a simple Tcl for loop (including operations on variable  i)
       to count to ten:

              # calibrate
              timerate -calibrate {}

              # measure
              timerate { for {set i 0} {$i<10} {incr i} {} } 5000

       Estimate  how  fast  it  takes  for  a  simple  Tcl for loop, ignoring the overhead of the
       management of the variable that controls the loop:

              # calibrate for overhead of variable operations
              set i 0; timerate -calibrate {expr {$i<10}; incr i} 1000

              # measure
              timerate {
                  for {set i 0} {$i<10} {incr i} {}
              } 5000

       Estimate the speed of calculating the hour of the day using clock  format  only,  ignoring
       overhead of the portion of the script that prepares the time for it to calculate:

              # calibrate
              timerate -calibrate {}

              # estimate overhead
              set tm 0
              set ovh [lindex [timerate {
                  incr tm [expr {24*60*60}]
              }] 0]

              # measure using estimated overhead
              set tm 0
              timerate -overhead $ovh {
                  clock format $tm -format %H
                  incr tm [expr {24*60*60}]; # overhead for this is ignored
              } 5000

SEE ALSO

       time(3tcl)

KEYWORDS

       performance measurement, script, time