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socketpair - create a pair of connected sockets
#include <sys/types.h> /* See NOTES */
int socketpair(int d, int type, int protocol, int sv);
The socketpair() call creates an unnamed pair of connected sockets in
the specified domain d, of the specified type, and using the optionally
specified protocol. The descriptors used in referencing the new sock‐
ets are returned in sv and sv. The two sockets are indistin‐
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
The specified address family is not supported on this machine.
EFAULT The address sv does not specify a valid part of the process
EMFILE Too many descriptors are in use by this process.
ENFILE The system limit on the total number of open files has been
The specified protocol does not support creation of socket
The specified protocol is not supported on this machine.
4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The socketpair() function call appeared in
4.2BSD. It is generally portable to/from non-BSD systems supporting
clones of the BSD socket layer (including System V variants).
On Linux, the only supported domain for this call is AF_UNIX (or syn‐
onymously, AF_LOCAL). (Most implementations have the same restric‐
POSIX.1-2001 does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this
header file is not required on Linux. However, some historical (BSD)
implementations required this header file, and portable applications
are probably wise to include it.
pipe(2), read(2), socket(2), write(2), unix(7)