Provided by: fbi_2.05-3ubuntu2_i386 bug


        fbi - linux framebuffer imageviewer


        fbi [ options ] file ...


        fbi  displays  the  specified  file(s)  on  the linux console using the
        framebuffer device.  PhotoCD, jpeg, ppm, gif, tiff, xwd,  bmp  and  png
        are  supported  directly.  For other formats fbi tries to use ImageMag‐
        ick’s convert.


        -h     print usage info
        -d device
               framebuffer device to use.  Default is the one your vc is mapped
        -m mode
               name  of  the  video  mode  to use (video mode must be listed in
               /etc/fb.modes).  Default is not to change the video mode.
        -v     be verbose: enable status line on the bottom of the screen.
        -P     Enable textreading mode.  This has the effect that fbi will dis‐
               play  large images without vertical offset (default is to center
               the images).  Space will first try to scroll down and go to  the
               next  image  only  if  it  is already on the bottom of the page.
               Useful if the images you are watching text pages, all  you  have
               to do to get the next piece of text is to press space...
        -t sec timeout:  load  next  image after >sec< seconds without any key‐
               press (i.e. slideshow)
        -g gamma
               gamma correction.  Can also be put into the FBGAMMA  environment
               variable.   Default is 1.0.  Requires Pseudocolor or Directcolor
               visual, doesn’t work for Truecolor.
        -r n   select resolution.  PhotoCD only, n = 1..5.
        -s n   set scroll steps in pixels (default is 50).
        -f font
               Set font.  This can be anything fontconfig accepts.  Try fc-list
               for a list of known fonts on your system.  The fontconfig config
               file is evaluated as well, so any generic  stuff  defined  there
               (such  as  mono,  sans) will work as well.  It is recommended to
               use monospaced fonts, the textboxes (help text, exif info)  look
               better then.
        -a     Enable  autozoom.  fbi will automagically pick a reasonable zoom
               factor when loading a new image.
               Like autozoom, but scale up only.
               Like autozoom, but scale down only.
        -u     Randomize the order of the filenames.
        -e     Enable editing commands.
        -b     create backup files (when editing images).
        -p     preserve timestamps (when editing images).
               Display comment tags  (if  present)  instead  of  the  filename.
               Probaby  only  useful  if you added reasonable comments yourself
               (using wrjpgcom for example), otherwise  you  likely  just  find
               texts pointing to the software which created the image.


        cursor keys     scroll large images
        +, -            zoom in/out
        ESQ, Q          quit
        PgUp            previous image
        PgDn, Space     next image
        Return          next image, write the filename of the current
                        image to stdout.
        P               pause the slideshow (if started with -t, toggle)
        V               enable/disable status line
        H               display textbox with brief help
        I               display textbox with some EXIF info
        <number>g       jump to image #<number>
        <number>s       set zoom to <number>%
        The  Return vs. Space key thing can be used to create a file list while
        reviewing the images and use the list for batch processing later on.
        fbi also provides some very basic image editing facilities.   You  have
        to start fbi with the -e switch to use them.
        Shift+D         delete image
        R               rotate 90° clockwise
        L               rotate 90° counter-clock wise
        The  delete function actually wants a capital letter ’D’, thus you have
        to type Shift+D.  This is done to  avoid  deleting  images  by  mistake
        because there are no safety bells:  If you ask fbi to delete the image,
        it will be deleted without questions asked.
        The rotate function actually works for JPEG images  only.   It  does  a
        lossless transformation of the image.
        fbi needs rw access to the framebuffer devices (/dev/fbN), i.e you (our
        your admin) have to make sure fbi can open the devices in rw mode.  The
        IMHO  most  elegant  way  is to use pam_console (see /etc/security/con‐
        sole.perms) to chown the devices to the user logged in on the  console.
        Another  way  is  to create some group, chown the special files to that
        group and put the users which are allowed to use the framebuffer device
        into  the  group.   You can also make the special files world writable,
        but be aware of the security implications this has.  On a  private  box
        it might be fine to handle it this way though.
        fbi  also  needs  access to the linux console (i.e. /dev/ttyN) for sane
        console switch handling.  That is  obviously  no  problem  for  console
        logins, but any kind of a pseudo tty (xterm, ssh, screen, ...) will not
        fbset(1), convert(1)


        Gerd Knorr <>


        Copyright (C) 1999-2004 Gerd Knorr <>
        This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
        under  the  terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
        Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at  your
        option) any later version.
        This  program  is  distributed  in the hope that it will be useful, but
        WITHOUT ANY  WARRANTY;  without  even  the  implied  warranty  of  MER‐
        Public License for more details.
        You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
        with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
        675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
                            (c) 1999-2004 Gerd Knorr                     fbi(1)