Provided by: git-core_1.5.4.3-1ubuntu2_i386 bug

NAME

       gitignore - Specifies intentionally untracked files to ignore

SYNOPSIS

       $GIT_DIR/info/exclude, .gitignore

DESCRIPTION

       A gitignore file specifies intentionally untracked files that git
       should ignore. Each line in a gitignore file specifies a pattern.

       When deciding whether to ignore a path, git normally checks gitignore
       patterns from multiple sources, with the following order of precedence,
       from highest to lowest (within one level of precedence, the last
       matching pattern decides the outcome):

       ·   Patterns read from the command line for those commands that support
           them.

       ·   Patterns read from a .gitignore file in the same directory as the
           path, or in any parent directory, with patterns in the higher level
           files (up to the root) being overridden by those in lower level
           files down to the directory containing the file. These patterns
           match relative to the location of the .gitignore file. A project
           normally includes such .gitignore files in its repository,
           containing patterns for files generated as part of the project
           build.

       ·   Patterns read from $GIT_DIR/info/exclude.

       ·   Patterns read from the file specified by the configuration variable
           core.excludesfile.
       The underlying git plumbing tools, such as git-ls-files(1) and git-
       read-tree(1), read gitignore patterns specified by command-line
       options, or from files specified by command-line options. Higher-level
       git tools, such as git-status(1) and git-add(1), use patterns from the
       sources specified above.

       Patterns have the following format:

       ·   A blank line matches no files, so it can serve as a separator for
           readability.

       ·   A line starting with # serves as a comment.

       ·   An optional prefix ! which negates the pattern; any matching file
           excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. If a
           negated pattern matches, this will override lower precedence
           patterns sources.

       ·   If the pattern does not contain a slash /, git treats it as a shell
           glob pattern and checks for a match against the pathname without
           leading directories.

       ·   Otherwise, git treats the pattern as a shell glob suitable for
           consumption by fnmatch(3) with the FNM_PATHNAME flag: wildcards in
           the pattern will not match a / in the pathname. For example,
           "Documentation/*.html" matches "Documentation/git.html" but not
           "Documentation/ppc/ppc.html". A leading slash matches the beginning
           of the pathname; for example, "/*.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not
           "mozilla-sha1/sha1.c".
       An example:

               $ git-status
               [...]
               # Untracked files:
               [...]
               #       Documentation/foo.html
               #       Documentation/gitignore.html
               #       file.o
               #       lib.a
               #       src/internal.o
               [...]
               $ cat .git/info/exclude
               # ignore objects and archives, anywhere in the tree.
               *.[oa]
               $ cat Documentation/.gitignore
               # ignore generated html files,
               *.html
               # except foo.html which is maintained by hand
               !foo.html
               $ git-status
               [...]
               # Untracked files:
               [...]
               #       Documentation/foo.html
               [...]

       Another example:

               $ cat .gitignore
               vmlinux*
               $ ls arch/foo/kernel/vm*
               arch/foo/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
               $ echo ´!/vmlinux*´ >arch/foo/kernel/.gitignore

       The second .gitignore prevents git from ignoring
       arch/foo/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S.

DOCUMENTATION

       Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano, Josh Triplett, Frank
       Lichtenheld, and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.

GIT

       Part of the git(7) suite