Provided by: survex_1.0.39.1-2ubuntu1_i386 bug


       print.ini — survex printer settings


       The print.ini file contains printer descriptions for the Survex printer

   File Format
       The format of the print.ini file is similar to the .ini files  used  on
       Microsoft  Windows.   The  file  is divided into sections, each section
       corresponding to a separate printer description.  A section starts with
       a section name in square brackets, e.g.:


       followed by some options of the form <option>=<setting>, e.g.:


       Most  options  are preceded by a comment (indicated by a semicolon ’;’)
       briefly explaining the option.

       Each section can contain a ’like’ option.  If present this contains the
       name  of another section (possibly in another print.ini file).  Options
       not specified in the current section will be taken from  that  section.
       This  allows  a  printer  definition  to  be  based on that for another
       similar model of printer.

       Here is an example of how this works:


       This says that the definition ’dm_9pin_12inch’ (for a 9pin  dot  matrix
       printer  using  12 inch paper), is just like the 11 inch definition for
       the same printer, except that there are more lines per page.

       Each printer driver reads a different section - printdm (the Dot Matrix
       driver) reads:

       printhpgl (for HPGL plotters) reads:

       printpcl (for PCL printers) reads:

       printps (for Postscript printers) reads:

       Several definitions are supplied for each printer driver, covering most
       commonly encountered printers of each type.

       The definitions provided for printdm are:  dm_8pin_a4,  dm_8pin_11inch,
       dm_8pin_12inch,     dm_9pin_a4,     dm_9pin_11inch,     dm_9pin_12inch,
       dm_24pin_a4,  dm_24pin_11inch,   dm_24pin_12inch,   dm_panasonic_24pin,
       dm_lx86_9pin_11inch, and bj (for driving Canon BJ printers).

       In  the  unlikely  event  that  you  need to change the printer control
       codes, here is a quick overview of the format: printable characters are
       literal,  except  for  backslash.   A  backslash  ’´ indicates that the
       following character or characters are to be interpreted  as  a  control
       code,  as  follows:   followed  by  an  ’x’  followed by two hex digits
       represents the character with that hex value; a double backslash  meais
       a  literal  backslash;    is nul (0);  is tab (9); is newline (10);
       return (13); is escape (27); 0(1) to (26).

       This is all rather cryptic  (printer  codes  inherently  are)  but  the
       provided  set-ups will work with nearly all dot matrix printers, so you
       are unlikely to need to fiddle with these runes.

       The definitions provided for printhpgl  are:  hpgl_generic_a4landscape,
       hpgl_generic_a1landscape, and hpgl_generic_a0landscape.

       The   definitions   provided   for  printpcl  are:  pcl_generic_a4  and

       Note that if you are using a PCL printer the defaults are  set  not  to
       use  advanced  printer  features  for compatibility. If you want to try
       these (equivalent to HP Laserjet III or later), then you should use the
       modern_pcl_a4  printer definition (see below for how to do this).  This
       will enable horizontal and vertical tabbing.

       There’s only one definition provided at present: ps_generic_a4.

Customising Printer Settings

       The only settings most users will want to customise are  which  printer
       definition  is  used,  and where to send the output.  If you’re using a
       Dot Matrix Printer you will also need to set calibration details.

       You shouldn’t modify the master print.ini (located in /usr/share/survex
       on  Unix, or in the same directory as the Survex program files on other
       systems), or your changes will be  overwritten  by  upgrades.   Instead

          ·  /etc/survex/print.ini (Unix - system-wide settings)

          ·  ~/.survex/print.ini (Unix - per user settings)

          ·  myprint.ini  in  the  directory  where Survex is installed (other

       The drivers look for the section "[dm]", "[ps]", "[pcl]" or "[hpgl]" as
       appropriate.   The file you create should should contain something like
       this to select a particular printer:


       For printdm, it should also contain calibration measurements (calibrate
       your printer by running printdm --calibrate):


       You  can  override  other settings too, such as the output destination.
       This is usually inherited from [base], and can be overridden in  [base]
       (where  it’ll  apply  to  all  printer  drivers) or in a printer driver
       specific section (such as [dm]).  The output destination is set  by  an
       option  of  the  form output_<platform>=<device>, where device can be a
       device name (e.g. PRN, LPT1, LPT2 under DOS, Printer: under RISC OS) or
       a filename:


       Under UNIX output may be piped into another command like so:

       ; send output to printer ’oak’
       output_unix=|lpr -Poak

       Note  you  can  also  override  the  output  setting using the --output
       command line option.

       If the output device isn’t a device or a pipe command, it is taken as a
       filename  to  write  the  printer  data to.  This can then be sent to a
       printer later.


              If you’re using DOS you need to be careful when  sending  output
              to  a  file - printdm, printpcl and printhpgl all produce binary
              files, which must then be sent  to  the  printer  with  COPY  /B
              OUTPUT PRN where OUTPUT is the filename and PRN the device name.
              Do not use COPY without the /B.  If you do, the  output  may  be
              corrupted.  Sorry,  this  is  a  deficiency of DOS, and there is
              nothing we can do about it.

              If you send output straight to the printer, by  putting  PRN  or
              LPT1  in  the  configuration  file, then this problem should not

              printps  produces  text  files  as  output,  and  so  should  be
              unaffected by this problem.

       printdm  can  also drive Canon bubblejets in native mode (which gives a
       higher resolution than in Epson emulation  mode).   To  use  this,  set
       "like=bj" in the "[dm]" section - like so:


See Also

       printdm(1), printhpgl(1), printpcl(1), printps(1)