Provided by: netrik_1.15.3-1.1_i386 bug


       netrik - The ANTRIK internet browser


       netrik [options] URL or filename

       netrik -


       netrik  is  an  advanced text mode HTML (WWW) browser, that is to say a
       web browser running on character cell displays  (linux  console,  xterm
       etc.) -- not unlike w3m, links or lynx.

       When invoked with a filename or URL as argument, the specified document
       is loaded and displayed in interactive mode, so you can start  browsing
       the  web  or  some local HTML repository from there. (Alternatively the
       document can be just layouted and dumped to  the  screen,  see  OPTIONS

       When  invoked  with ’-’ instead of a file/URL, an HTML document is read
       from standard input, and displayed just the same.

       If  some  file  name/URL  is  present   in   the   configuration   file
       (~/.netrikrc),  you  can  also  start  netrik  without  any  non-option
       arguments; the one from the  config  file  will  be  loaded  then.  See
       netrikrc(5) for details.

       When  multiple  non-option arguments are specified, netrik simply takes
       the last one, and ignores the others. (This is for the above to  work.)

       The  type  of the resource to load is automatically determined from the
       argument.  If it starts with  "http://",  "ftp://"  or  "file://",  the
       corresponding type is used. If none of these is specified, netrik tries
       to guess the type: First it tries to open a local  file  of  the  given
       name, and if that fails, it tries HTTP.  Only if both fail, an error is
       generated. (See EXAMPLES below.)

       Local files can be also compressed by gzip or bzip2, which  is  handled
       transparently,  meaning  the ".gz" or ".bz2" extension needn’t be given
       in the URL.

       Once in the pager, you can explore the web interactively, as  with  any
       other  web  browser.  The keyboard commands should look familiar if you
       know vi (or some of the myriads of programs with vi-like keys) as  well
       as lynx: Use the ’j’ and ’k’ keys to move around, the up and down arrow
       keys (or capital ’J’ and ’K’) to select links, and the <return> key  to
       follow  links.  See  PAGER  COMMANDS  below  for a description of other
       useful commands.


       Note: netrik is still in early development state; options  are  subject
       to changes.

              When using the pager, this causes a page that contains extremely
              long words to be rendered wider  than  the  screen,  instead  of
              breaking  the  word.  Note  however  that  side  scrolling isn’t
              implemented yet -- you won’t be able to see the end of the  line
              when using this option... In dump mode, this option causes usage
              of the default width of 80 columns instead of what the  terminal
              definition says. (Words are always broken in dump mode.)

              Abort on any HTML syntax errors or warnings encountered. A short
              error description is  printed.  (This  description  may  not  be
              terribly useful at times...) This mode is primarily intended for
              HTML debugging. (Note  however  that  netrik  may  oversee  some
              errors; but most are reported.)

              Do  not  abort  on  HTML  syntax  errors. Error descriptions are
              printed for every syntax error (or warning), but netrik tries to
              parse  the  page  anyhow.  Workarounds are used for some typical
              syntax errors (e.g. unescaped  ’<’  or  if  some  error(s)  were
              found,  a  warning message is printed (according to the severity
              of the worst encountered bug), and  the  pager  starts  after  a

              This  mode  is  identical  to  --clean-html,  except that netrik
              doesn’t pause after loading completes,  if  only  warnings  were
              generated  but no real errors were encountered. (i.e. constructs
              that are discouraged in the standard, but strictly speaking  are

       --broken-html (default)
              This  mode is identical to --valid-html, except that netrik also
              doesn’t pause if only simple errors with known  workaround  were
              encountered,  which  probably  won’t  disturb  layouting.  Usage
              should be avoided if possible.  (The  file  syntax_error.txt  or
              syntax_error.html  in  the documentation directory (see SEE ALSO
              below) explains why.)

              In this mode no warning is showm for any syntax errors, even  if
              they might cause heavily broken layouting. Don’t use!

              Before  displaying  (or  dumping)  the  page,  some intermediate
              layouting stages are shown. (This output  is  described  in  the
              README.)  Try  it -- it’s quite interesting to watch netrik work
              :-) It can be also useful to find HTML errors in a page,  as  it
              dumps the page while loading/parsing it.
              (This  option  is not available if compiled with --disable-debug
              to ./configure)

              Issue a warning when encountering an  unknown  HTML  element  or
              attribute.  This is probably only useful for debugging purposes,
              as there are quite a  lot  of  (legal)  HTML  facilities  netrik
              doesn’t know.

       --dump Just  dump  the  file  given as argument to the screen and quit,
              instead of starting the pager. (The page is layouted correctly.)

              Ignore  the  "http_proxy" and "HTTP_PROXY" environment variables
              with --builtin-http. (No effect on wget! See below.)

              Use wget(1) to retrieve pages from a HTTP server, instead of the
              builtin  HTTP  handling  code.  Note that HTTP redirects in most
              cases cause relative links in the page to be broken  when  using
              wget.  The  builtin HTTP code seems to work good now; using wget
              shouldn’t be necessary. (FTP pages however are always loaded via

              When  jumping  to  an  anchor  (following a link with a fragment
              identifier), the page will be scrolled (if possible) so that the
              anchor  will  stand  just  below  the screen top. (In the second
              line, which is the first line in which links can be  activated.)
              By  default,  the  anchor  is  at about 1/5 of the screen height
              below the top.

              Use the arrow keys to move the cursor, instead of the  lynx-like
              navigation  used by default. (This is useful for blind users, as
              it allows  using  the  "flash  cursor"  keys  found  on  braille

              Assume  the  terminal  has  xterm-like attribute handling. (i.e.
              needs a workaround to display a bright background color.)
              This setting is used automatically if the terminal  type  ($TERM
              environment  variable)  contains the string "xterm", so you only
              need to set it manually if you have  some  other  terminal  that
              also  needs  that  workaround  or  if  you have set --console in
              netrikrc(5) and need to override that.
              Note that this workaround works *only* on xterm (and maybe  some
              other  terminals),  but  not on linux console, so you can’t just
              set it categorically!

              Assume the  terminal  doesn’t  need  and  understand  the  xterm
              workaround for bright background colors. (See above.)

              Use   the   color   definitions   from  colors-dark.c  (formerly
              colors.alt.c). A black background will  be  used  (even  if  the
              terminal  uses  a  bright  background by default!), and a set of
              foreground colors which look very nice on black backgound.  (But
              would be unusable on bright background.)
              This is the default now.

              Use    color    definitions   from   colors-bright.c   (formerly
              colors.default.c). The terminal’s default colors  will  be  used
              for  background and normal text, and an alternative color scheme
              suitable for bright background  will  be  used  for  other  text
              Use  this  if  you  have a terminal with bright background (like
              most xterms), and also want to stick to that in netrik.
              Note that this can be used on a terminal with dark background as
              well; some colors are somewhat hard to read, however.

              Use  terminal’s  default  colors  even  with  --dark-background,
              instead of forcing usage of netrik’s default text colors  (white
              on  black  for  normal  text).   This  is  useful if you use the
              default (dark) colors and your terminal has a  black  background
              anyways -- forcing the default colors is only a waste of time in
              this situation.

       You can also specify any of these options  as  default  in  the  netrik
       config file ~/.netrikrc, see netrikrc(5).


              Load the netrik web site and start browsing.

              Load  a  local  file  named  ""  in  the  current
              directory, or start browing  if  no  such
              local file exists.

       netrik file:///usr/local/share/doc/index.html
              Start browsing the netrik HTML documentation.

       ssh me@someshell.invalid cat foo.html|netrik -
              Load file "foo.html" from your ssh account on someshell.invalid,
              and display in builtin pager.

       netrik --dump foo.html
              Layout and dump the file "foo.html" from current directory.

       TERM=ansi netrik --dump foo.html >foo.rtext (bourne shell version)
              Dump (layouted) content of "foo.html" to the  file  "foo.rtext",
              which can be viewed on any ANSI compatible color terminal later.
              (Using "less -R" for example.)

       netrik http://foo.invalid/broken.html --dump --debug 2>&1|less -R
              Examine "http://foo.invalid/broken.html" to find the reason  for
              some HTML error.

       netrik --broken-html
              Start  browsing,  don’t halt on noncritical HTML

       netrik --ignore-broken
              Start browsing, don’t halt on *any* HTML errors. (Expect
              it  to  look broken, but that’s probably not our fault... If you
              think it is, please file a bug report.)


       Similar to vi(1), netrik basically knows two kinds of  pager  commands.
       Simple  commands  (presently  all  of them are one-letter commands) are
       executed directly when the corresponding key is pressed. These are  all
       the  pager movement commands, plus some more. In the following overview
       they are represented by just the letter for letter keys, or a symbol of
       the form <key> for special keys. Upper case letters mean the letter key
       with <shift>, and letters preceded with ’^’ mean the  letter  key  with

       The  others (presently only two) need to be typed into a command prompt
       (with readline(3) and all), which is activated by pressing ’:’, and has
       to  be  confirmed  by <return>. These are indicated by a ’:’ before the
       command name.  (Just as they are typed...)

       j      scroll one line forward

       k      scroll one line backward

       <del>  scroll two lines forward

       <ins>  scroll two lines backward

              scroll one screen forward

       ^B     scroll one screen backward

              scroll one half screen forward

              scroll one half screen backward

              go to page top

              go to page end

       ^H     cursor left

       ^J     cursor down

       ^K     cursor up

       ^L     cursor right

              follow selected link (or manipulate form control)

              go to next link, or scroll one line forward (if no more links on

       K,<up> go  to  previous  link,  or scroll one line backward (if no more
              links on screen)

       +,=    go to first link on next line, or scroll one line forward (if no
              more links on screen)

       -      go  to  first link on previous line, or scroll one line backward
              (if no more links on screen)

       ^,^A   go to first link starting in line

       0      go to first link in line (different from ’^’ if there is a  link
              wrapped from previous line)

       $,^E   go to last link in line

       H      go to first link on screen

       L      go to last link on screen

       M      go to midmost link (first link in second screen half)

       <tab>  go to next link

       p      go to previous link

       <bs>   go to first link on page

       ^R     reload current page

              back to previous page in history

              forward to next page in history (after ’b’)

       B      back   to   previous   site   (page  before  last  absolute  URL

       F      forward to next site

       s      set page mark

       S      remove page mark

       r      return to previous page in history marked  with  ’s’  (or  first

       R      forward to next page in history marked with ’s’ (or last page)

       u      show link URL

       U      show absolute link target URL

       c      show current page URL

       :e URL load document "URL" and display it in the pager (URL relative to
              current page)

       :E URL load document "URL" and display it in the pager (absolute URL)

       /      search for a string in current page

       q      quit netrik

       ^C (SIGINT)
              Interrupt file/HTTP loading (no effect otherwise)

       ^\ (SIGQUIT)
              Immediately quit netrik unconditionally. (Presently, this signal
              violently  terminates netrik; thus no cleanup takes place... Use
              only in "emergency".)


       http_proxy (the uppercase variant HTTP_PROXY is  also  recognized,  but
       discouraged) specifies the address of an optional proxy server.

       TERM  specifies  a  terminal  type for which netrik (actually, ncurses)
       will produce output. This  must  be  some  color  terminal  type  (e.g.
       "linux",  "xterm"  or  "ansi", but not "linux-m" or "vt100"), as netrik
       presently  can’t  handle  monochrome  terminals.  (On   some   systems,
       specifying  just  "xterm"  is also not sufficient; please try something
       like "xterm-color" or so if you are experiencing this problem.)


       0      Normal exit.  (Should  occur  only  if  explicitely  issued  ’q’
              command, or after whole page has been printed with --dump.)

       1      Some  condition  occured  that  prevents  netrik from continuing
              normal operation. This  might  be  a  memory  allocation  error,
              failure to open some important file etc. Note that it might also
              indicate some bug  in  netrik;  if  the  error  message  printed
              doesn’t  seem to make sense (e.g. a memory allocation error when
              there is plenty of free RAM available), please report that. (See
              BUGS below.)

       2      Operational  error:  The  user  induced  an error condition that
              netrik can’t handle gracefully (yet), e.g. trying  to  follow  a
              relative  link where no base URL is available. (On a page loaded
              from standard input, for example.)

       100    One of the internal sanity checks gave alarm. This is a  bug  in
              netrik! Please report it. (See BUGS below.)

       Other  errors  codes  shouldn’t occur. (Note that error codes above 128
       are generated when the program is terminated by a signal, e.g. 139  for
       SIGSEGV,  which  usually  also  indicates  a bug, unless the signal was
       generated by some user action.)


       If  netrik  refuses  to  start  up  with  the  error  message:   "error
       initializing  curses  in  raw  mode  (can’t  get  capabilities)",  your
       terminal   definition   (terminfo)   probably   doesn’t   contain   the
       capabilities  necessary to switch text colors. If you are using a color
       terminal, this usually means your TERM environment variable  isn’t  set
       correctly. (See ENVIRONMENT above.)


       Netrik  knows  most  of  HTML  4.01  and  XHTML  1.0. There are several
       facilities it doesn’t  recognize  yet,  though;  and  some  things  are
       layouted incorrect.  (Especially space handling is totaly broken.)

       It  doesn’t  conform  to  XHTML  also for the reason that it only warns
       about syntax errors, and some may even slip through alltogether.

       Note that full standards compliance is not a primary developement goal;
       we  may  ignore  known  minor incompatibilities, as long as they do not
       undermine W3C’s standardization efforts, and there  is  more  important
       work to do...


       ~/.netrikrc: The netrik configuration file.


       This manual page documents netrik version 1.15.3.


       Layouting is so strange that it always looks broken...

       Layouting is actually broken. (Wrong space handling.)

       HTML syntax error messages are penetrating.

       The UI is inconsistent.

       Netrik is vaporware.

       Netrik has less command line switches than ls ;-)

       Please    report    any   other   problems   you   find   to   <netrik->.  Thanks.


       Netrik was created and is maintained by Olaf D. Buddenhagen AKA  antrik
       (<>),  with  major  contributions from Patrice Neff,
       Sören Schulze, and others. (For a full listing of all contributors  see
       AUTHORS in the doc directory, see below.)

       This man page was created by Patrice Neff and modified by antrik.



       The  README  file,  and  the  complete plain text or html documentation
       (index.txt/index.html) in the doc  directory.  (The  doc  directory  is
       usually  something like /usr/share/doc/netrik when netrik was installed
       from a binary package or /usr/local/share/doc/netrik when compiled from

       The netrik website at <>.

       The   netrik   mailing   list   at  <>;  see
       <>  for  list

                               April 19th, 2004                      NETRIK(1)