Provided by: xfm_1.5.2-1_i386 bug


       xfm - X file and applications manager


       xfm [options ...]


       Xfm is a file and applications manager program for the X window system.
       It provides virtually all of the features that you would  expect  in  a
       file  manager  -  move  around your directory tree in multiple windows,
       move, copy or delete files,  and  launch  programs  with  simple  mouse
       operations.  Directory  displays  are  updated automatically in regular
       intervals when the contents of the directory  changes.  The  integrated
       application  manager  provides  a  kind of ‘‘shelf’’ onto which you can
       place your favorite applications, as well as the files and  directories
       you  are currently working with. It also allows you to access different
       groups of applications and files.  User-definable file  types  let  you
       specify  a  command  to  be  executed when double-clicking on a file or
       dropping other files onto it. Last not  least,  xfm  can  automatically
       mount  and  unmount special devices like floppies as you open and close
       the corresponding directories (mount points).


       Xfm accepts all the usual toolkit options. Furthermore,  the  following
       options  let  you  print xfm’s version number and control which windows
       should be displayed at startup.

           Print the version number and exit.

           Only display the application manager window.

           Only display the file manager window.

       If both -appmgr and -filemgr are specified, then the  applications  and
       one  file  manager window will be displayed, which is also the default.
       If only -filemgr is specified, the  application  manager  will  not  be
       available in this session.


       Most  of  it  should be fairly obvious. There is one application window
       and zero or  more  file  windows  in  which  directories  (also  termed
       folders)  are  displayed.  In  order  to  perform an action, you either
       select items and then invoke a menu operation, or you drag items from a
       file window to a second (maybe the same) file window or the application
       window. You can also double-click on an item to start  a  corresponding
       action  (like  launching  an  application,  editing a file, or changing
       directories), and press the right menu button on an item to bring up  a
       menu  containing operations for a single file or application.  Pressing
       the right button on the background of the application  window  displays
       the application menu. File operations are accessed from the file window
       menu bar as usual.

       The left-hand mouse button selects an item (and deselects all others in
       the  same  window).  The second button toggles the selected state of an

       A string containing the  paths  of  the  selected  file  items  can  be
       requested  by other applications using the standard selection mechanism
       (PRIMARY selection).  To provide visual feedback, the file window  that
       owns  the  selection  paints  its status line using a special highlight
       color. You can then paste the list of  selected  files  in  some  other
       window such as an xterm.

       You  can  drag  with the left-hand button to another window (or another
       icon, in general a valid destination will be highlighted with a  border
       when  the  cursor  is  over  it)  to  move  files from one directory to
       another. The second button used in the same way will  copy  files.  You
       can  also  drag around items in the application window; again, the left
       mouse button moves, and the second button copies the selected items  to
       a new position. Applications can be launched by dropping files on them;
       and installing files and programs in the  application  manager  can  be
       done  by  dropping  files  on the background of the application window.
       Finally, new file windows can be opened by simply dragging a  directory
       icon to the root window.

       The  action taken when double-clicking on a file depends on the type of
       the file. If it is a directory, it is displayed in the file window.  If
       it  is an executable, the program is started. Other files are opened in
       the default editor (specified by the editor resource),  unless  another
       action is given in the xfm_mailcap file (see CONFIGURATION below).

       The  output  of child processes invoked by xfm is captured in a special
       log window. This  window  provides  buttons  for  clearing  the  window
       contents  and  for  hiding the window. You can also specify whether you
       want the window to pop up automagically when new  output  is  available
       (Auto Popup option, enabled by default), and explicitly show the window
       using the Show log option of the View menu.

       Directories can be displayed in three different  forms:  tree  (display
       subdirectories  in tree-like form), icon (display directories and files
       as icons) and text (similar to ls -l). These options are selected  from
       the View menu. In the tree form, clicking on the arrows takes you up or
       down one level.

       Directory displays are updated automatically in regular intervals  when
       the  contents of the directory changes. You can also explicitly request
       a folder update by double-clicking on the directory name field  of  the
       corresponding file window.

       A menu of recently visited directories can be popped up by pressing the
       right mouse button on the directory name field of the file window.


       Many menu operations can also be invoked  with  corresponding  keyboard
       shortcuts  which  can be changed by configuring the translations in the
       applications defaults  file  accordingly.  The  default  shortcuts,  as
       defined  in  the  distributed  application  defaults file, are given in
       parentheses below.

       FILE MENU

       File manipulation operations.

       New... (n)
           Create a new (and empty) file.

       Move... (m)
           Rename a single item (directory or file) or move selected items  to
           another directory.

       Copy... (c)
           Create  a  copy  of a single item under a new name or copy selected
           items to another directory.

       Link... (l)
           Like Copy, but creates  symbolic  links  rather  than  copying  the
           selected items.

       Delete (d, Del, Backspace)
           Delete the selected items.

       Select... (s)
           Select  items  by  pattern. The usual metacharacters are recognized
           (*, ?, [ ]). (Currently there is no provision for escaping  these.)

       Select all (a)
           Select  all  items  in  the  current  directory  (except the parent

       Deselect all (u)
           Deselect all items.

       Own Selection (o)
           Request ownership of the PRIMARY selection. This is useful if  some
           files had been selected before but the ownership of the X-selection
           was lost and the user later wants to get the ownership back.

       Terminal (x)
           Invokes an x-terminal-emulator(1) in the current  directory  (using
           the command specified with the defaultXterm resource).

       About xfm...
           Display a box with some information about xfm.

       Quit (q)
           Terminate xfm.


       Operations dealing with directories and the file window.

       New... (Shift+n)
           Create a new directory.

       Go to... (Shift+g)
           Display the specified directory.

       Home (Shift+h)
           Display your home directory.

       Up (Shift+u)
           Display the parent directory.

           Delete all items in the current directory.

       Clone (Shift+c)
           Clone  this  file  window  (open  another  file  window on the same

       Close (Shift+q)
           Close this file window.

       VIEW MENU

       Options for the directory display and the log window.

       Tree (Ctrl+r)
           Select the tree form display.

       Icons (Ctrl+i)
           Select the icons form display.

       Text (Ctrl+t)
           Select the text form display. An  additional  Option  menu  appears
           which  allows you to select the information to be shown in the text

       Sort by name (Ctrl+n)
           Sort directory by name.

       Sort by size (Ctrl+s)
           Sort directory by size.

       Sort by date (Ctrl+d)
           Sort directory by date.

       Filter... (Ctrl+f)
           Specify a pattern to determine the files which should be  displayed
           in the file window. (This only affects normal files, i.e. directory
           items will not be filtered. The Clear button in the  Filter  dialog
           form reverts to the full display.)

       Hide folders (Ctrl+h)
           Suppress directory items.

       Mix folders/files (Ctrl+m)
           Mix directories and other files.

       Show hidden files (Ctrl+u)
           Show hidden files (files starting with a dot).

       Show log
           Redisplay the log window.


       Operations  on a single file. This menu pops up when pressing the right
       mouse button on a directory or file icon.

           Open a file window on  the  selected  item.  This  option  is  only
           available if the selected item is a directory.

           Edit  the  selected  item using the program specified in the editor
           resource (only available if the selected item is not a  directory).

           Same   as  Edit,  but  invokes  a  program  for  viewing  the  file
           (defaultViewer resource).

           Rename the selected item (same  as  Move,  but  shows  the  current
           filename as the default).

           Move the selected item.

           Copy the selected item.

           Create a symbolic link.

           Delete the selected item.

           Display information about the selected item (file size, permissions
           and such).

           Change the permissions of the selected item.


       Operations for managing the application window.

           Install a new application in the  application  window.  Pops  up  a
           dialog form into which you can enter the necessary information (see
           APPLICATION FILES for a discussion of the fields in this form).

       Install group...
           Simplified install dialog form for creating a new application group
           (see APPLICATION FILES).

           Move the selected application items into a ‘‘clip’’ file (specified
           by the  applicationDataClip  resource).  Together  with  the  Paste
           option, this allows you to move application items between different
           application groups.

           Like Move, but simply copies the selected items instead of removing
           them from the application window.

           Insert the contents of the clip file into the application window.

           Delete the selected items from the application window.

       About xfm...
           Display a box with some information about xfm.

           Terminate xfm.


       Operations  on  a  single  application  item.  This  menu  pops up when
       pressing the right mouse button on an icon in the application window.

           Edit an application item. Pops up a dialog form which allows you to
           change  the  configuration information associated with the selected
           item (see CONFIGURATION for a discussion  of  the  fields  in  this

           Move the selected item to the clip file.

           Copy the selected item to the clip file.

           Delete the selected item from the application window.


       These  buttons  at  the  bottom  of the application window allow you to
       navigate in the application group tree and open new file windows.

           Return to the previous application group.

           Return to the main application group (the  one  loaded  at  startup

           Reload  the  current  application  file.  This  option is useful to
           update the contents of an application window after  manual  editing
           of the application file.

       File window
           Open a new file window on the user’s home directory.


       Various  aspects  of  xfm  can  be configured by changing corresponding
       resource settings in the  application  defaults  file.  Some  important
       resources are listed below:

           The  color  used  for  highlighting  selected items, as well as the
           status line of the file window which owns the primary selection (if


           The   path  on  which  to  search  for  bitmap  and  pixmap  icons,

           The path to look for pixmap icons for the file types.



           The names of the application and configuration files  used  by  xfm
           (see  CONFIGURATION).  Normally,  these  files  will  be located in



           These files are used, if the corresponding described before are not
           found.  This allows changeable system wide defaults while users are
           still able to overwrite them.

           The directory in which the application files  for  new  application
           groups are located (see the Install group option of the application
           menu), usually ~/.xfm. Application groups changed are  also  copied
           here, when the original file cannot be written to.

       If it does not exists, it will be generated when needed.

           The   ‘‘clip’’  file  used  in  Cut/Copy/Paste  operations  in  the
           aplication window, usually ~/.xfm/.XfmClip.

       If it begins with applicationDataDir, this will be generated  when  xfm

           Set  the  time interval in milliseconds for which a sequence of two
           mouse clicks should be interpreted as a double click. Default: 300.

           Set the time interval in milliseconds in which to perform automatic
           folder updates. Default: 10000.

           Resources to request confirmation for various operations.  XXX  can
           be  any  one of Deletes, DeleteFolder, Copies, Moves, Overwrite and
           Quit. By default these are all enabled.

           The command and leadings arguments  with  which  xfm  invokes  your
           favorite editor.

           The  command  and  leading  arguments  with  which xfm invokes your
           favorite viewer.

           The command and leading arguments with which xfm starts  a  command
           within and xterm.  (e.g. xterm -e)

           The  command  with  which  xfm  runs an X terminal emulator.  (e.g.

           Specifies the shell to use for  running  commands.   (If  not  set,
           $SHELL  is  used  instead.  If that also does not exists /bin/sh is

       There are way too many available resources to list  them  all  in  this
       manual page, so please take a look at the application defaults file for
       more information.


       Besides the application resources, xfm can be configured  by  means  of
       four  different  files,  which  are  usually  named xfm_dev, xfm_magic,
       xfm_mime.types and xfm_mailcap, and are by default searched for in  the
       ~/.xfm  directory  or  in /etc/X11/xfm.  Moreover, there is a number of
       so-called application files, from which xfm determines the contents  of
       the  application window, like the Apps file which usually describes the
       contents of the main application group. All these files are plain ASCII
       files which can be edited using any text editor. (Note that application
       files are also written by xfm  itself  whenever  the  contents  of  the
       application window changes.)  Any line in these files which starts with
       a hash sign (#) is interpreted as a comment; empty lines are ignored.


       xfm can determine file types using the magic numbers contained  in  the

       The  magic  numbers are described in a configuration file whose path is
       obtained from the magicFile or systemwideMagicFile resource, by default
       ~/.xfm/xfm_magic  respectively  /etc/X11/xfm/xfm_magic.   The format of
       the file is the same as that of the magic(5) file, with some extensions
       described  in xfm_magic(1).  The program xfmtype(5) can be used to test


       If no file type could be obtained using the  magic  values,  xfm  falls
       back  to determine the type of a file by its suffix.  The rules it used
       are described in a configuration file whose path is obtained  from  the
       mimeTypesFile   or   systemwideMimeTypesFile   resource,   by   default
       ~/.xfm/xfm_mime.types  respectively  /etc/X11/xfm/xfm_mime.types.   The
       format of the file is described in the xfm_mime.types(5) man page.


       xfm  determines  how  to  open  files consulting the file whose path is
       obtained from the mailcapFile  or  systemwideMailcapFile  resource,  by
       default  ~/.xfm/xfm_mailcap respectively /etc/X11/xfm/xfm_mailcap.  The
       format of the file is described in the xfm_mailcap(5) man page.


       The device configuration file, xfm_dev, lets you  specify  which  mount
       points  xfm should keep track of, and which actions to perform in order
       to mount and unmount the corresponding file systems. This allows you to
       access  file systems on special devices such as floppies, CD-Roms, etc.
       in a transparent way. See xfm_dev(5) for the format of this file.


       Application files are used to specify the contents of  the  application
       window.   Normally, these files are not altered with a text editor, but
       are updated by xfm whenever the  contents  of  the  application  window
       changes.  An  understanding  of  the  application  data  is  necessary,
       however, if you want to edit an existing or create a  new  entry  using
       the  Install,  Install  group and Edit options of the application menu.
       The format of those files is described in the xfm(5) man page.

       Xfm  provides  a  number  of  operations  which  let   you   manipulate
       application groups in a convenient manner. The items in the application
       window can be moved and copied using drag and drop as usual.  The  Cut,
       Copy  and Paste options of the application menu provide a means to move
       and  copy  application  items  between  different  application   files.
       Moreover,  xfm keeps a stack of application files loaded from a file or
       the application window via a LOAD action. The Back button at the bottom
       of  the  application  window  lets  you return to the previous group of
       applications, and the Main button reloads your startup application file
       (and  empties  the  stack).  Finally,  the  Install group option of the
       application menu allows you  to  create  entries  for  new  application
       groups easily. You only have to specify the name of the group, the name
       of the corresponding application file, and the name of the  icon  file.
       The remaining fields of the entry are filled in by xfm automatically.


           Standard  location for xfm configuration and application files (see
           CONFIGURATION above).

           Standard location for system wide configuration files used when  no
           user specific are available.


       xfm(5),  xfmmailcap(1),  xfm_mailcap(5), xfmtype(1), X(1), xconsole(1),
       x-terminal-emulator(1), magic(5), Arnaud Le Hors:  XPM  Manual.  The  X
       PixMap Format, Groupe Bull, 1993.


       Xfm  catches  the  TERM  signal  to  gracefully  terminate the program,
       unmounting all open file  systems  which  have  been  mounted  by  xfm.
       However,  some window and session managers may not send TERM signals to
       their client applications when terminating an X session.  Therefore  it
       might  be  necessary  to  explicitly  quit  xfm  or manually close file
       windows mounted by xfm before exiting X.

       Do not specify a relative path in the directory field of an application
       item,  because  when  you  execute a push action on the application the
       current directory might not  always  be  what  you  expect.  This  will
       probably be fixed in a future release. ;-)

       Due  to  recent changes, it will propably no longer work with any shell
       without a minimum of POSIX compatibility.


       Simon Marlow ( from the University of Glasgow,
       Albert  Graef ( from the University
       of Mainz, and Till  Straumann  (  from
       the  Technical  University of Berlin, with help from many other people:
       Dave  Safford  (;  automatic  folder  updates);
       Robert  Vogelgesang  (;  shell  detection code);
       Juan  D.  Martin  (;  magic  headers);  Kevin   Rodgers
       (;    Filter    option);   Scott   Heavner
       (; View option); Brian King (ender@ee.WPI.EDU;
       default    values    in    parameter   dialogs),   Bernhard   R.   Link
       (; various changes and  responsible  for  the  current
       state you see).