Provided by: zsh_4.3.4-24ubuntu1_i386 bug


       zshoptions - zsh options


       Options  are  primarily  referred  to  by  name.   These names are case
       insensitive and underscores are ignored.  For example,  ‘allexport’  is
       equivalent to ‘A__lleXP_ort’.

       The  sense of an option name may be inverted by preceding it with ‘no’,
       so ‘setopt No_Beep’ is equivalent to ‘unsetopt beep’.   This  inversion
       can  only  be  done  once,  so  ‘nonobeep’ is not a synonym for ‘beep’.
       Similarly, ‘tify’ is not a synonym for  ‘nonotify’  (the  inversion  of

       Some  options also have one or more single letter names.  There are two
       sets of single letter options: one used by default, and another used to
       emulate  sh/ksh  (used  when the SH_OPTION_LETTERS option is set).  The
       single letter options can be used on the shell command  line,  or  with
       the  set, setopt and unsetopt builtins, as normal Unix options preceded
       by ‘-’.

       The sense of the single letter options may be  inverted  by  using  ‘+’
       instead  of  ‘-’.   Some  of the single letter option names refer to an
       option being off, in which case the inversion of that  name  refers  to
       the  option  being  on.  For example, ‘+n’ is the short name of ‘exec’,
       and ‘-n’ is the short name of its inversion, ‘noexec’.

       In strings of single letter options supplied to the shell  at  startup,
       trailing  whitespace  will  be ignored; for example the string ‘-f    ’
       will be treated just as ‘-f’, but the string ‘-f i’ is an error.   This
       is  because many systems which implement the ‘#!’ mechanism for calling
       scripts do not strip trailing whitespace.


       In the following list, options set by default  in  all  emulations  are
       marked  <D>;  those  set  by  default  only  in  csh,  ksh,  sh, or zsh
       emulations are marked <C>, <K>, <S>, <Z> as appropriate.  When  listing
       options  (by  ‘setopt’, ‘unsetopt’, ‘set -o’ or ‘set +o’), those turned
       on by default appear in the list prefixed  with  ‘no’.   Hence  (unless
       KSH_OPTION_PRINT is set), ‘setopt’ shows all options whose settings are
       changed from the default.

   Changing Directories
       AUTO_CD (-J)
              If a command is issued  that  can’t  be  executed  as  a  normal
              command, and the command is the name of a directory, perform the
              cd command to that directory.

       AUTO_PUSHD (-N)
              Make cd push the old directory onto the directory stack.

       CDABLE_VARS (-T)
              If the argument to a cd command  (or  an  implied  cd  with  the
              AUTO_CD  option set) is not a directory, and does not begin with
              a slash, try to expand the expression as if it were preceded  by
              a ‘~’ (see the section ‘Filename Expansion’).

              When  changing  to  a  directory  containing a path segment ‘..’
              which would otherwise  be  treated  as  canceling  the  previous
              segment  in  the path (in other words, ‘foo/..’ would be removed
              from the path, or if ‘..’ is the first part  of  the  path,  the
              last part of $PWD would be deleted), instead resolve the path to
              the  physical  directory.   This   option   is   overridden   by

              For  example,  suppose  /foo/bar  is  a  link  to  the directory
              /alt/rod.  Without this option set, ‘cd /foo/bar/..’ changes  to
              /foo;  with it set, it changes to /alt.  The same applies if the
              current directory is /foo/bar and ‘cd ..’ is  used.   Note  that
              all other symbolic links in the path will also be resolved.

       CHASE_LINKS (-w)
              Resolve  symbolic  links  to  their  true  values  when changing
              directory.  This also has the effect of CHASE_DOTS, i.e. a  ‘..’
              path  segment  will  be  treated  as  referring  to the physical
              parent, even if the preceding path segment is a symbolic link.

              Don’t push multiple  copies  of  the  same  directory  onto  the
              directory stack.

              Exchanges the meanings of ‘+’ and ‘-’ when used with a number to
              specify a directory in the stack.

       PUSHD_SILENT (-E)
              Do not print the directory stack after pushd or popd.

       PUSHD_TO_HOME (-D)
              Have pushd with no arguments act like ‘pushd $HOME’.

              If unset, key functions that list completions try to  return  to
              the  last  prompt  if  given  a  numeric  argument. If set these
              functions try to return to the last prompt if given  no  numeric

              If  a completion is performed with the cursor within a word, and
              a full completion is inserted, the cursor is moved to the end of
              the  word.   That is, the cursor is moved to the end of the word
              if either a single match  is  inserted  or  menu  completion  is

       AUTO_LIST (-9) <D>
              Automatically list choices on an ambiguous completion.

       AUTO_MENU <D>
              Automatically  use  menu completion after the second consecutive
              request for completion, for example  by  pressing  the  tab  key
              repeatedly. This option is overridden by MENU_COMPLETE.

              Any  parameter  that  is set to the absolute name of a directory
              immediately becomes a name for that directory, that will be used
              by  the ‘%~’ and related prompt sequences, and will be available
              when completion is  performed  on  a  word  starting  with  ‘~’.
              (Otherwise,  the  parameter  must  be  used in the form ‘~param’

              If a parameter name was  completed  and  a  following  character
              (normally   a   space)  automatically  inserted,  and  the  next
              character typed is one of those that have to come directly after
              the   name  (like  ‘}’,  ‘:’,  etc.),  the  automatically  added
              character  is  deleted,  so  that  the  character  typed   comes
              immediately  after  the  parameter  name.  Completion in a brace
              expansion is affected similarly: the added character is  a  ‘,’,
              which will be removed if ‘}’ is typed next.

              If  a  parameter  is  completed  whose  content is the name of a
              directory, then add a trailing slash instead of a space.

              When the last character resulting from a completion is  a  slash
              and  the next character typed is a word delimiter, a slash, or a
              character that ends  a  command  (such  as  a  semicolon  or  an
              ampersand), remove the slash.

              On  an ambiguous completion, automatically list choices when the
              completion function is called twice in succession.   This  takes
              precedence  over  AUTO_LIST.   The  setting of LIST_AMBIGUOUS is
              respected.  If AUTO_MENU is set, the menu  behaviour  will  then
              start  with  the third press.  Note that this will not work with
              MENU_COMPLETE, since repeated completion calls immediately cycle
              through the list in that case.

              Prevents  aliases  on  the  command  line  from being internally
              substituted before completion is attempted.  The  effect  is  to
              make the alias a distinct command for completion purposes.

              If unset, the cursor is set to the end of the word if completion
              is started. Otherwise it stays there and completion is done from
              both ends.

              When  the current word has a glob pattern, do not insert all the
              words resulting from the expansion but generate matches  as  for
              completion  and  cycle  through  them  like  MENU_COMPLETE.  The
              matches are generated as if a ‘*’ was added to the  end  of  the
              word,  or  inserted  at the cursor when COMPLETE_IN_WORD is set.
              This actually uses pattern matching, not globbing, so  it  works
              not only for files but for any completion, such as options, user
              names, etc.

              Note that when the pattern matcher  is  used,  matching  control
              (for  example,  case-insensitive or anchored matching) cannot be
              used.  This  limitation  only  applies  when  the  current  word
              contains  a  pattern; simply turning on the GLOB_COMPLETE option
              does not have this effect.

       HASH_LIST_ALL <D>
              Whenever a command completion is attempted, make sure the entire
              command  path  is hashed first.  This makes the first completion

              This option works when AUTO_LIST or BASH_AUTO_LIST is also  set.
              If there is an unambiguous prefix to insert on the command line,
              that is done without a completion list being displayed; in other
              words,  auto-listing  behaviour  only  takes  place when nothing
              would be inserted.  In the case of  BASH_AUTO_LIST,  this  means
              that the list will be delayed to the third call of the function.

       LIST_BEEP <D>
              Beep on an ambiguous completion.  More accurately,  this  forces
              the  completion  widgets  to  return  status  1  on an ambiguous
              completion, which causes the shell to beep if the option BEEP is
              also  set;  this  may be modified if completion is called from a
              user-defined widget.

              Try to make the completion list smaller (occupying  less  lines)
              by printing the matches in columns with different widths.

              Lay  out  the  matches  in completion lists sorted horizontally,
              that is, the second match is to the right of the first one,  not
              under it as usual.

       LIST_TYPES (-X) <D>
              When  listing files that are possible completions, show the type
              of each file with a trailing identifying mark.

              On an ambiguous completion, instead of listing possibilities  or
              beeping,   insert   the  first  match  immediately.   Then  when
              completion is requested again, remove the first match and insert
              the  second match, etc.  When there are no more matches, go back
              to the first one again.  reverse-menu-complete may  be  used  to
              loop  through  the  list  in  the  other  direction. This option
              overrides AUTO_MENU.

       REC_EXACT (-S)
              In  completion,  recognize  exact  matches  even  if  they   are

   Expansion and Globbing
       BAD_PATTERN (+2) <C> <Z>
              If  a  pattern for filename generation is badly formed, print an
              error message.  (If this option is unset, the  pattern  will  be
              left unchanged.)

              In  a  glob  pattern,  treat  a trailing set of parentheses as a
              qualifier list, if it contains no ‘|’, ‘(’ or (if  special)  ‘~’
              characters.  See the section ‘Filename Generation’.

              Expand  expressions  in braces which would not otherwise undergo
              brace  expansion  to  a  lexically  ordered  list  of  all   the
              characters.  See the section ‘Brace Expansion’.

       CASE_GLOB <D>
              Make  globbing  (filename  generation)  sensitive to case.  Note
              that other uses of patterns are always sensitive  to  case.   If
              the  option  is  unset,  the  presence of any character which is
              special  to  filename  generation  will  cause  case-insensitive
              matching.  For example, cvs(/) can match the directory CVS owing
              to  the  presence  of  the  globbing  flag  (unless  the  option
              BARE_GLOB_QUAL is unset).

       CSH_NULL_GLOB <C>
              If  a pattern for filename generation has no matches, delete the
              pattern from the argument list; do not report  an  error  unless
              all  the  patterns  in  a  command  have  no matches.  Overrides

       EQUALS <Z>
              Perform  =  filename  expansion.   (See  the  section  ‘Filename

              Treat  the  ‘#’,  ‘~’ and ‘^’ characters as part of patterns for
              filename generation,  etc.   (An  initial  unquoted  ‘~’  always
              produces named directory expansion.)

       GLOB (+F, ksh: +f) <D>
              Perform   filename  generation  (globbing).   (See  the  section
              ‘Filename Generation’.)

       GLOB_ASSIGN <C>
              If  this  option  is  set,  filename  generation  (globbing)  is
              performed on the right hand side of scalar parameter assignments
              of the form ‘name=pattern (e.g. ‘foo=*’).   If  the  result  has
              more than one word the parameter will become an array with those
              words as  arguments.  This  option  is  provided  for  backwards
              compatibility  only:  globbing  is always performed on the right
              hand side of array assignments of the form ‘name=(value)’  (e.g.
              ‘foo=(*)’)  and  this form is recommended for clarity; with this
              option set, it is not possible to  predict  whether  the  result
              will be an array or a scalar.

       GLOB_DOTS (-4)
              Do  not  require  a  leading  ‘.’  in  a  filename to be matched

       GLOB_SUBST <C> <K> <S>
              Treat any characters resulting from parameter expansion as being
              eligible  for  file  expansion  and filename generation, and any
              characters resulting from command substitution as being eligible
              for  filename generation.  Braces (and commas in between) do not
              become eligible for expansion.

              Substitutions  using  the  :s  and  :&  history  modifiers   are
              performed  with  pattern  matching  instead  of string matching.
              This occurs wherever history modifiers are valid, including glob
              qualifiers   and  parameters.   See  the  section  Modifiers  in

       IGNORE_BRACES (-I) <S>
              Do not perform brace expansion.

       KSH_GLOB <K>
              In  pattern  matching,  the  interpretation  of  parentheses  is
              affected  by  a  preceding  ‘@’,  ‘*’, ‘+’, ‘?’ or ‘!’.  See the
              section ‘Filename Generation’.

              All  unquoted  arguments  of  the   form   ‘anything=expression’
              appearing  after  the command name have filename expansion (that
              is, where expression has a leading  ‘~’  or  ‘=’)  performed  on
              expression  as  if it were a parameter assignment.  The argument
              is not otherwise treated specially; it is passed to the  command
              as  a  single  argument,  and  not  used  as an actual parameter
              assignment.   For  example,  in   echo   foo=~/bar:~/rod,   both
              occurrences  of  ~  would  be  replaced.  Note that this happens
              anyway with typeset and similar statements.

              This option respects the setting of the KSH_TYPESET option.   In
              other  words,  if  both options are in effect, arguments looking
              like assignments will not undergo wordsplitting.

       MARK_DIRS (-8, ksh: -X)
              Append a trailing ‘/’ to  all  directory  names  resulting  from
              filename generation (globbing).

              Respect  multibyte  characters when found in strings.  When this
              option is set, strings are examined using the system library  to
              determine  how  many  bytes  form  a character, depending on the
              current locale.  This affects the way characters are counted  in
              pattern matching, parameter values and various delimiters.

              The  option  is  on  by  default  if the shell was compiled with
              MULTIBYTE_SUPPORT; otherwise it is off by  default  and  has  no
              effect if turned on.

              If the option is off a single byte is always treated as a single
              character.   This  setting  is  designed  purely  for  examining
              strings  known to contain raw bytes or other values that may not
              be characters in the current locale.  It  is  not  necessary  to
              unset  the  option  merely  because  the  character  set for the
              current locale does not contain multibyte characters.

              The option does not affect the  shell’s  editor,   which  always
              uses  the  locale  to  determine  multibyte characters.  This is
              because the character set displayed by the terminal emulator  is
              independent of shell settings.

       NOMATCH (+3) <C> <Z>
              If  a  pattern  for filename generation has no matches, print an
              error, instead of leaving it unchanged  in  the  argument  list.
              This also applies to file expansion of an initial ‘~’ or ‘=’.

       NULL_GLOB (-G)
              If  a pattern for filename generation has no matches, delete the
              pattern from the argument list instead of  reporting  an  error.
              Overrides NOMATCH.

              If  numeric  filenames  are  matched  by  a  filename generation
              pattern,   sort   the   filenames   numerically   rather    than

              Array  expansions of the form ‘foo${xx}bar’, where the parameter
              xx is set to (a b c),  are  substituted  with  ‘fooabar  foobbar
              foocbar’ instead of the default ‘fooa b cbar’.

       SH_GLOB <K> <S>
              Disables  the  special  meaning  of  ‘(’,  ‘|’,  ‘)’ and ’<’ for
              globbing the result of parameter and command substitutions,  and
              in  some  other  places  where the shell accepts patterns.  This
              option is set by default if zsh is invoked as sh or ksh.

       UNSET (+u, ksh: +u) <K> <S> <Z>
              Treat unset parameters as if they were empty when  substituting.
              Otherwise they are treated as an error.

              Print  a warning message when a global parameter is created in a
              function  by  an  assignment.   This  often  indicates  that   a
              parameter  has not been declared local when it should have been.
              Parameters explicitly declared global  from  within  a  function
              using  typeset -g do not cause a warning.  Note that there is no
              warning when a local  parameter  is  assigned  to  in  a  nested
              function, which may also indicate an error.

              If  this  is set, zsh sessions will append their history list to
              the  history  file,  rather  than  replace  it.  Thus,  multiple
              parallel  zsh  sessions will all have the new entries from their
              history lists added to the history file, in the order that  they
              exit.  The file will still be periodically re-written to trim it
              when the number of lines grows 20% beyond the value specified by
              $SAVEHIST (see also the HIST_SAVE_BY_COPY option).

       BANG_HIST (+K) <C> <Z>
              Perform  textual  history  expansion,  csh-style,  treating  the
              character ‘!’ specially.

              Save each command’s beginning timestamp (in  seconds  since  the
              epoch)  and  the duration (in seconds) to the history file.  The
              format of this prefixed data is:

              ‘:<beginning time>:<elapsed seconds>:<command>’.

              Add ‘|’ to output redirections  in  the  history.   This  allows
              history  references to clobber files even when CLOBBER is unset.

       HIST_BEEP <D>
              Beep when an attempt is made to access  a  history  entry  which
              isn’t there.

              If  the  internal history needs to be trimmed to add the current
              command line, setting this option will cause the oldest  history
              event  that  has  a  duplicate to be lost before losing a unique
              event from the list.  You should be sure to  set  the  value  of
              HISTSIZE  to  a larger number than SAVEHIST in order to give you
              some room for the duplicated events, otherwise this option  will
              behave  just like HIST_IGNORE_ALL_DUPS once the history fills up
              with unique events.

              When searching for history entries in the line  editor,  do  not
              display  duplicates  of  a  line  previously  found, even if the
              duplicates are not contiguous.

              If a new command line being added to the history list duplicates
              an  older  one, the older command is removed from the list (even
              if it is not the previous event).

       HIST_IGNORE_DUPS (-h)
              Do not enter command lines into the history  list  if  they  are
              duplicates of the previous event.

              Remove  command  lines  from  the  history  list  when the first
              character on the line is a space, or when one  of  the  expanded
              aliases contains a leading space.  Note that the command lingers
              in the internal history until the next command is entered before
              it vanishes, allowing you to briefly reuse or edit the line.  If
              you want to make it vanish right away without  entering  another
              command, type a space and press return.

              Remove  function  definitions  from the history list.  Note that
              the function lingers in the  internal  history  until  the  next
              command  is  entered before it vanishes, allowing you to briefly
              reuse or edit the definition.

              Remove the history (fc -l) command from the  history  list  when
              invoked.   Note that the command lingers in the internal history
              until the next command is entered before it  vanishes,  allowing
              you to briefly reuse or edit the line.

              Remove  superfluous blanks from each command line being added to
              the history list.

              When the history file is re-written, we  normally  write  out  a
              copy of the file named $ and then rename it over the
              old one.  However, if this option is unset, we instead  truncate
              the old history file and write out the new version in-place.  If
              one of the history-appending options  is  enabled,  this  option
              only  has  an  effect when the enlarged history file needs to be
              re-written to trim it down to size.  Disable this  only  if  you
              have  special  needs,  as  doing  so  makes  it possible to lose
              history entries if zsh gets interrupted during the save.

              When writing out a copy of the history file, zsh  preserves  the
              old file’s permissions and group information, but will refuse to
              write out a new file if  it  would  change  the  history  file’s

              When writing out the history file, older commands that duplicate
              newer ones are omitted.

              Whenever the user enters a line with  history  expansion,  don’t
              execute  the  line  directly; instead, perform history expansion
              and reload the line into the editing buffer.

              This options works like APPEND_HISTORY except that  new  history
              lines  are added to the $HISTFILE incrementally (as soon as they
              are entered), rather than waiting until the  shell  exits.   The
              file  will  still be periodically re-written to trim it when the
              number  of  lines  grows  20%  beyond  the  value  specified  by
              $SAVEHIST (see also the HIST_SAVE_BY_COPY option).


              This option both imports new commands from the history file, and
              also causes your typed commands to be appended  to  the  history
              file  (the  latter  is like specifying INC_APPEND_HISTORY).  The
              history   lines   are   also   output   with   timestamps    ala
              EXTENDED_HISTORY  (which  makes it easier to find the spot where
              we left off reading the file after it gets re-written).

              By default, history movement commands visit the  imported  lines
              as  well  as the local lines, but you can toggle this on and off
              with the set-local-history zle binding.  It is also possible  to
              create a zle widget that will make some commands ignore imported
              commands, and some include them.

              If you find that you want more control over  when  commands  get
              imported,    you   may   wish   to   turn   SHARE_HISTORY   off,
              INC_APPEND_HISTORY  on,  and  then  manually   import   commands
              whenever you need them using ‘fc -RI’.

       ALL_EXPORT (-a, ksh: -a)
              All  parameters subsequently defined are automatically exported.

       GLOBAL_EXPORT (<Z>)
              If this option is set, passing  the  -x  flag  to  the  builtins
              declare,  float,  integer,  readonly and typeset (but not local)
              will also set the -g flag;  hence  parameters  exported  to  the
              environment  will  not  be made local to the enclosing function,
              unless they were already or the flag +g is given explicitly.  If
              the  option  is unset, exported parameters will be made local in
              just the same way as any other parameter.

              This option is set by default for backward compatibility; it  is
              not  recommended  that  its behaviour be relied upon.  Note that
              the builtin export always sets both the -x  and  -g  flags,  and
              hence  its  effect  extends  beyond  the  scope of the enclosing
              function;  this  is  the  most  portable  way  to  achieve  this

       GLOBAL_RCS (-d) <D>
              If  this  option  is  unset,  the  startup  files /etc/zprofile,
              /etc/zshrc, /etc/zlogin and /etc/zlogout will not  be  run.   It
              can  be  disabled  and  re-enabled at any time, including inside
              local startup files (.zshrc, etc.).

       RCS (+f) <D>
              After /etc/zshenv is sourced on  startup,  source  the  .zshenv,
              /etc/zprofile,   .zprofile,   /etc/zshrc,  .zshrc,  /etc/zlogin,
              .zlogin,  and  .zlogout  files,  as  described  in  the  section
              ‘Files’.  If this option is unset, the /etc/zshenv file is still
              sourced, but any of the others will not be; it can be set at any
              time  to prevent the remaining startup files after the currently
              executing one from being sourced.

       ALIASES <D>
              Expand aliases.

       CLOBBER (+C, ksh: +C) <D>
              Allows ‘>’ redirection to truncate existing files, and  ‘>>’  to
              create files.  Otherwise ‘>!’ or ‘>|’ must be used to truncate a
              file, and ‘>>!’ or ‘>>|’ to create a file.

       CORRECT (-0)
              Try to correct the spelling of commands.  Note  that,  when  the
              HASH_LIST_ALL  option is not set or when some directories in the
              path are not readable, this may falsely report  spelling  errors
              the first time some commands are used.

       CORRECT_ALL (-O)
              Try to correct the spelling of all arguments in a line.

       DVORAK Use  the Dvorak keyboard instead of the standard qwerty keyboard
              as a basis for examining spelling mistakes for the  CORRECT  and
              CORRECT_ALL options and the spell-word editor command.

              If  this  option  is  unset,  output flow control via start/stop
              characters (usually  assigned  to  ^S/^Q)  is  disabled  in  the
              shell’s editor.

       IGNORE_EOF (-7)
              Do  not  exit on end-of-file.  Require the use of exit or logout
              instead.  However, ten consecutive EOFs will cause the shell  to
              exit anyway, to avoid the shell hanging if its tty goes away.

              Also,  if  this  option  is set and the Zsh Line Editor is used,
              widgets implemented by shell  functions  can  be  bound  to  EOF
              (normally   Control-D)   without  printing  the  normal  warning
              message.  This works only for normal widgets, not for completion

              Allow comments even in interactive shells.

       HASH_CMDS <D>
              Note the location of each command the first time it is executed.
              Subsequent invocations of the same command will  use  the  saved
              location,  avoiding  a path search.  If this option is unset, no
              path hashing is done at all.   However,  when  CORRECT  is  set,
              commands  whose  names do not appear in the functions or aliases
              hash tables are hashed in  order  to  avoid  reporting  them  as
              spelling errors.

       HASH_DIRS <D>
              Whenever a command name is hashed, hash the directory containing
              it, as well as all directories that occur earlier in  the  path.
              Has no effect if neither HASH_CMDS nor CORRECT is set.

       MAIL_WARNING (-U)
              Print  a  warning message if a mail file has been accessed since
              the shell last checked.

       PATH_DIRS (-Q)
              Perform a path search even on  command  names  with  slashes  in
              them.  Thus if ‘/usr/local/bin’ is in the user’s path, and he or
              she types ‘X11/xinit’,  the  command  ‘/usr/local/bin/X11/xinit’
              will  be  executed  (assuming  it  exists).  Commands explicitly
              beginning with ‘/’, ‘./’ or ‘../’ are not subject  to  the  path
              search.  This also applies to the . builtin.

              Note  that  subdirectories  of  the current directory are always
              searched for executables specified in  this  form.   This  takes
              place before any search indicated by this option, and regardless
              of whether ‘.’ or the current directory appear  in  the  command
              search path.

              Print  eight  bit characters literally in completion lists, etc.
              This option is not necessary if your  system  correctly  returns
              the printability of eight bit characters (see ctype(3)).

       PRINT_EXIT_VALUE (-1)
              Print the exit value of programs with non-zero exit status.

              Allow  the  character  sequence  ‘’’’  to signify a single quote
              within singly quoted strings.   Note  this  does  not  apply  in
              quoted  strings  using  the  format  $...’, where a backslashed
              single quote can be used.

       RM_STAR_SILENT (-H) <K> <S>
              Do not query the user before executing ‘rm *’ or ‘rm path/*’.

              If querying the user before executing ‘rm  *’  or  ‘rm  path/*’,
              first  wait  ten seconds and ignore anything typed in that time.
              This avoids the problem of reflexively answering  ‘yes’  to  the
              query  when  one  didn’t really mean it.  The wait and query can
              always be avoided by expanding the ‘*’ in ZLE (with tab).

       SHORT_LOOPS <C> <Z>
              Allow the short forms of for, repeat, select, if,  and  function

              If  a line ends with a backquote, and there are an odd number of
              backquotes on the line, ignore the trailing backquote.  This  is
              useful  on some keyboards where the return key is too small, and
              the backquote key lies annoyingly close to it.

   Job Control
              With this option set, stopped jobs that are removed from the job
              table  with  the disown builtin command are automatically sent a
              CONT signal to make them running.

       AUTO_RESUME (-W)
              Treat  single  word  simple  commands  without  redirection   as
              candidates for resumption of an existing job.

       BG_NICE (-6) <C> <Z>
              Run all background jobs at a lower priority.  This option is set
              by default.

       CHECK_JOBS <Z>
              Report the  status  of  background  and  suspended  jobs  before
              exiting  a  shell with job control; a second attempt to exit the
              shell  will  succeed.   NO_CHECK_JOBS  is  best  used  only   in
              combination   with   NO_HUP,  else  such  jobs  will  be  killed

              The check is omitted if  the  commands  run  from  the  previous
              command  line included a ‘jobs’ command, since it is assumed the
              user is aware that there are background or  suspended  jobs.   A
              ‘jobs’ command run from one of the hook functions defined in the
              section SPECIAL FUNCTIONS in zshmisc(1) is not counted for  this

       HUP <Z>
              Send the HUP signal to running jobs when the shell exits.

       LONG_LIST_JOBS (-R)
              List jobs in the long format by default.

       MONITOR (-m, ksh: -m)
              Allow job control.  Set by default in interactive shells.

       NOTIFY (-5, ksh: -b) <Z>
              Report  the  status  of background jobs immediately, rather than
              waiting until just before printing a prompt.

       PROMPT_BANG <K>
              If set, ‘!’ is treated specially in prompt expansion.   See  the
              section ‘Prompt Expansion’.

       PROMPT_CR (+V) <D>
              Print  a  carriage  return  just before printing a prompt in the
              line editor.  This is on by default  as  multi-line  editing  is
              only  possible  if  the editor knows where the start of the line

       PROMPT_SP <D>
              Attempt to preserve a partial line (i.e. a line that did not end
              with  a  newline)  that  would  otherwise  be  covered up by the
              command prompt due to  the  PROMPT_CR  option.   This  works  by
              outputting some cursor-control characters, including a series of
              spaces, that should make the terminal wrap to the next line when
              a  partial line is present (note that this is only successful if
              your terminal has automatic margins, which is typical).

              When a partial line is preserved, you will see  an  inverse+bold
              character  at  the  end of the partial line:  a "%" for a normal
              user or a "#" for root.

              NOTE: if the PROMPT_CR option is not set, enabling  this  option
              will have no effect.  This option is on by default.

              If  set,  ‘%’ is treated specially in prompt expansion.  See the
              section ‘Prompt Expansion’.

              If set, parameter expansion, command substitution and arithmetic
              expansion   are  performed  in  prompts.   Substitutions  within
              prompts do not affect the command status.

              Remove any right prompt from display when  accepting  a  command
              line.   This  may  be useful with terminals with other cut/paste

   Scripts and Functions
              Output hexadecimal numbers in the standard C format, for example
              ‘0xFF’ instead of the usual ‘16#FF’.  If the option OCTAL_ZEROES
              is also set (it is  not  by  default),  octal  numbers  will  be
              treated  similarly  and hence appear as ‘077’ instead of ‘8#77’.
              This option has no effect on the choice of the output base,  nor
              on  the  output of bases other than hexadecimal and octal.  Note
              that these formats will be understood on input  irrespective  of
              the setting of C_BASES.

              Run  the  DEBUG  trap  before  each command; otherwise it is run
              after each command.  Setting this option mimics the behaviour of
              ksh 93; with the option unset the behaviour is that of ksh 88.

       ERR_EXIT (-e, ksh: -e)
              If  a command has a non-zero exit status, execute the ZERR trap,
              if set, and exit.  This is disabled while running initialization

              If a command has a non-zero exit status, return immediately from
              the enclosing function.  The logic  is  identical  to  that  for
              ERR_EXIT,  except  that an implicit return statement is executed
              instead of an exit.  This will trigger an exit at the  outermost
              level of a non-interactive script.

       EVAL_LINENO <Z>
              If  set, line numbers of expressions evaluated using the builtin
              eval are tracked separately of the enclosing environment.   This
              applies  both to the parameter LINENO and the line number output
              by the prompt escape %i.  If  the  option  is  set,  the  prompt
              escape  %N will output the string ‘(eval)’ instead of the script
              or function name as an indication.   (The two prompt escapes are
              typically used in the parameter PS4 to be output when the option
              XTRACE is set.)  If EVAL_LINENO is unset, the line number of the
              surrounding   script   or   function   is  retained  during  the

       EXEC (+n, ksh: +n) <D>
              Do execute commands.  Without this option, commands are read and
              checked for syntax errors, but not executed.  This option cannot
              be turned off in an  interactive  shell,  except  when  ‘-n’  is
              supplied to the shell at startup.

              When  executing  a  shell  function or sourcing a script, set $0
              temporarily to the name of the function/script.

              If this option is set at  the  point  of  return  from  a  shell
              function,  all  the  options  (including this one) which were in
              force upon entry to the function are restored.  Otherwise,  only
              this  option  and  the  XTRACE  and PRINT_EXIT_VALUE options are
              restored.  Hence if this is explicitly unset by a shell function
              the  other  options  in force at the point of return will remain
              so.  A shell function can also guarantee itself  a  known  shell
              configuration  with  a formulation like ‘emulate -L zsh’; the -L
              activates LOCAL_OPTIONS.

       LOCAL_TRAPS <K>
              If this option is set  when  a  signal  trap  is  set  inside  a
              function,  then  the previous status of the trap for that signal
              will be restored when the function exits.  Note that this option
              must  be set prior to altering the trap behaviour in a function;
              unlike LOCAL_OPTIONS, the value on exit  from  the  function  is
              irrelevant.   However,  it  does  not  need to be set before any
              global trap for that to be correctly  restored  by  a  function.
              For example,

                     unsetopt localtraps
                     trap - INT
                     fn() { setopt localtraps; trap ’’ INT; sleep 3; }

              will  restore  normally  handling  of  SIGINT after the function

       MULTIOS <Z>
              Perform implicit tees or cats  when  multiple  redirections  are
              attempted (see the section ‘Redirection’).

              Interpret  any integer constant beginning with a 0 as octal, per
              IEEE Std 1003.2-1992 (ISO 9945-2:1993).  This is not enabled  by
              default as it causes problems with parsing of, for example, date
              and time strings with leading zeroes.

              Sequences of digits indicating a numeric base such as  the  ‘08’
              component   in   ‘08#77’  are  always  interpreted  as  decimal,
              regardless of leading zeroes.

              If this is unset, executing  any  of  the  ‘typeset’  family  of
              commands  with  no options and a list of parameters that have no
              values to be assigned but already exist will display  the  value
              of the parameter.  If the option is set, they will only be shown
              when parameters are selected with the ‘-m’ option.   The  option
              ‘-p’ is available whether or not the option is set.

       VERBOSE (-v, ksh: -v)
              Print shell input lines as they are read.

       XTRACE (-x, ksh: -x)
              Print commands and their arguments as they are executed.

   Shell Emulation
       BSD_ECHO <S>
              Make  the  echo builtin compatible with the BSD echo(1) command.
              This disables  backslashed  escape  sequences  in  echo  strings
              unless the -e option is specified.

              A history reference without an event specifier will always refer
              to the previous command.  Without this option,  such  a  history
              reference  refers  to  the  same  event  as the previous history
              reference, defaulting to the previous command.

              Allow loop bodies to take the form ‘list; end’  instead  of  ‘do
              list; done’.

              Changes  the  rules  for single- and double-quoted text to match
              that of csh.  These require that embedded newlines  be  preceded
              by  a backslash; unescaped newlines will cause an error message.
              In double-quoted strings, it is made impossible to  escape  ‘$’,
              ‘‘’  or  ‘"’ (and ‘\’ itself no longer needs escaping).  Command
              substitutions are only expanded once, and cannot be nested.

       CSH_NULLCMD <C>
              Do not use the values of NULLCMD and  READNULLCMD  when  running
              redirections  with no command.  This make such redirections fail
              (see the section ‘Redirection’).

       KSH_ARRAYS <K> <S>
              Emulate ksh array handling as  closely  as  possible.   If  this
              option  is  set, array elements are numbered from zero, an array
              parameter without subscript refers to the first element  instead
              of  the  whole  array,  and  braces  are  required  to delimit a
              subscript (‘${path[2]}’ rather than just ‘$path[2]’).

       KSH_AUTOLOAD <K> <S>
              Emulate ksh  function  autoloading.   This  means  that  when  a
              function   is  autoloaded,  the  corresponding  file  is  merely
              executed, and must define the function itself.  (By default, the
              function  is  defined to the contents of the file.  However, the
              most common ksh-style case -  of  the  file  containing  only  a
              simple  definition  of  the  function - is always handled in the
              ksh-compatible manner.)

              Alters the way options settings are printed: instead of separate
              lists  of  set  and unset options, all options are shown, marked
              ‘on’ if they are in the non-default state, ‘off’ otherwise.

       KSH_TYPESET <K>
              Alters the way arguments to  the  typeset  family  of  commands,
              including  declare,  export, float, integer, local and readonly,
              are processed.  Without this option,  zsh  will  perform  normal
              word   splitting   after  command  and  parameter  expansion  in
              arguments of an assignment; with it,  word  splitting  does  not
              take place in those cases.

              When  this  option  is  set  the  command builtin can be used to
              execute shell builtin commands.  Parameter assignments specified
              before  shell  functions and special builtins are kept after the
              command completes unless the special builtin  is  prefixed  with
              the   command  builtin.   Special  builtins  are  .,  :,  break,
              continue, declare, eval, exit, export, integer, local, readonly,
              return, set, shift, source, times, trap and unset.

              When  this option is set, only the ASCII characters a to z, A to
              Z, 0 to 9 and _ may be  used  in  identifiers  (names  of  shell
              parameters and modules).

              When  the  option  is  unset  and multibyte character support is
              enabled (i.e. it is compiled in  and  the  option  MULTIBYTE  is
              set), then additionally any alphanumeric characters in the local
              character set may be used in identifiers.  Note that scripts and
              functions  written  with this feature are not portable, and also
              that both options must be set before the script or  function  is
              parsed;  setting  them during execution is not sufficient as the
              syntax variable=value has  already  been  parsed  as  a  command
              rather than an assignment.

              If  multibyte  character  support is not compiled into the shell
              this option is ignored; all octets with the top bit set  may  be
              used   in   identifiers.    This  is  non-standard  but  is  the
              traditional zsh behaviour.

              Perform filename expansion (e.g., ~ expansion) before  parameter
              expansion,  command substitution, arithmetic expansion and brace
              expansion.  If this option is unset, it is performed after brace
              expansion, so things like ‘~$USERNAME’ and ‘~{pfalstad,rc}’ will

       SH_NULLCMD <K> <S>
              Do not use the values of  NULLCMD  and  READNULLCMD  when  doing
              redirections, use ‘:’ instead (see the section ‘Redirection’).

              If this option is set the shell tries to interpret single letter
              options (which are used with set  and  setopt)  like  ksh  does.
              This also affects the value of the - special parameter.

       SH_WORD_SPLIT (-y) <K> <S>
              Causes  field  splitting  to  be performed on unquoted parameter
              expansions.  Note that this option has nothing to do  with  word
              splitting.  (See the section ‘Parameter Expansion’.)

              While  waiting  for  a  program  to exit, handle signals and run
              traps immediately.  Otherwise the trap  is  run  after  a  child
              process  has  exited.   Note  this  does not affect the point at
              which traps are run for any case other than when  the  shell  is
              waiting for a child process.

   Shell State
       INTERACTIVE (-i, ksh: -i)
              This   is  an  interactive  shell.   This  option  is  set  upon
              initialisation if the standard input is a tty and  commands  are
              being   read  from  standard  input.   (See  the  discussion  of
              SHIN_STDIN.)  This heuristic may be overridden by  specifying  a
              state  for  this  option on the command line.  The value of this
              option cannot be changed anywhere other than the command line.

       LOGIN (-l, ksh: -l)
              This is a login shell.  If this option is  not  explicitly  set,
              the shell is a login shell if the first character of the argv[0]
              passed to the shell is a ‘-’.

       PRIVILEGED (-p, ksh: -p)
              Turn on  privileged  mode.  This  is  enabled  automatically  on
              startup  if  the  effective  user (group) ID is not equal to the
              real user (group)  ID.   Turning  this  option  off  causes  the
              effective  user  and  group  IDs  to be set to the real user and
              group IDs. This option disables sourcing user startup files.  If
              zsh   is  invoked  as  ‘sh’  or  ‘ksh’  with  this  option  set,
              /etc/suid_profile is sourced (after /etc/profile on  interactive
              shells). Sourcing ~/.profile is disabled and the contents of the
              ENV variable is ignored. This option cannot be changed using the
              -m  option  of  setopt  and  unsetopt,  and changing it inside a
              function  always  changes  it   globally   regardless   of   the
              LOCAL_OPTIONS option.

       RESTRICTED (-r)
              Enables  restricted  mode.   This option cannot be changed using
              unsetopt, and setting it inside a  function  always  changes  it
              globally  regardless  of  the  LOCAL_OPTIONS  option.   See  the
              section ‘Restricted Shell’.

       SHIN_STDIN (-s, ksh: -s)
              Commands are being read from the standard input.   Commands  are
              read  from standard input if no command is specified with -c and
              no  file  of  commands  is  specified.   If  SHIN_STDIN  is  set
              explicitly   on  the  command  line,  any  argument  that  would
              otherwise have been taken as a  file  to  run  will  instead  be
              treated  as a normal positional parameter.  Note that setting or
              unsetting this option on the command line does  not  necessarily
              affect the state the option will have while the shell is running
              - that is purely an indicator of whether  on  not  commands  are
              actually  being  read  from  standard  input.  The value of this
              option cannot be changed anywhere other than the command line.

       SINGLE_COMMAND (-t, ksh: -t)
              If the shell is reading from standard input, it  exits  after  a
              single  command  has  been  executed.  This also makes the shell
              non-interactive, unless the INTERACTIVE option is explicitly set
              on the command line.  The value of this option cannot be changed
              anywhere other than the command line.

       BEEP (+B) <D>
              Beep on error in ZLE.

       EMACS  If ZLE is loaded, turning on  this  option  has  the  equivalent
              effect  of  ‘bindkey  -e’.  In addition, the VI option is unset.
              Turning it off  has  no  effect.   The  option  setting  is  not
              guaranteed  to  reflect  the  current  keymap.   This  option is
              provided  for  compatibility;   bindkey   is   the   recommended

              Start up the line editor in overstrike mode.

       SINGLE_LINE_ZLE (-M) <K>
              Use single-line command line editing instead of multi-line.

       VI     If  ZLE  is  loaded,  turning  on this option has the equivalent
              effect of ‘bindkey -v’.  In addition, the EMACS option is unset.
              Turning  it  off  has  no  effect.   The  option  setting is not
              guaranteed to  reflect  the  current  keymap.   This  option  is
              provided   for   compatibility;   bindkey   is  the  recommended

       ZLE (-Z)
              Use the zsh line editor.  Set by default in  interactive  shells
              connected to a terminal.


       Some  options have alternative names.  These aliases are never used for
       output, but can be used just like normal option names  when  specifying
       options to the shell.

              NO_IGNORE_BRACES (ksh and bash compatibility)

              GLOB_DOTS (bash compatibility)

              HASH_CMDS (bash compatibility)

              APPEND_HISTORY (bash compatibility)

              BANG_HIST (bash compatibility)

       LOG    NO_HIST_NO_FUNCTIONS (ksh compatibility)

              MAIL_WARNING (bash compatibility)

              SINGLE_COMMAND (bash compatibility)

              CHASE_LINKS (ksh and bash compatibility)

              PROMPT_SUBST (bash compatibility)

       STDIN  SHIN_STDIN (ksh compatibility)

              HASH_CMDS (ksh compatibility)


   Default set
       -0     CORRECT
       -1     PRINT_EXIT_VALUE
       -2     NO_BAD_PATTERN
       -3     NO_NOMATCH
       -4     GLOB_DOTS
       -5     NOTIFY
       -6     BG_NICE
       -7     IGNORE_EOF
       -8     MARK_DIRS
       -9     AUTO_LIST
       -B     NO_BEEP
       -C     NO_CLOBBER
       -D     PUSHD_TO_HOME
       -E     PUSHD_SILENT
       -F     NO_GLOB
       -G     NULL_GLOB
       -H     RM_STAR_SILENT
       -I     IGNORE_BRACES
       -J     AUTO_CD
       -K     NO_BANG_HIST
       -M     SINGLE_LINE_ZLE
       -N     AUTO_PUSHD
       -O     CORRECT_ALL
       -P     RC_EXPAND_PARAM
       -Q     PATH_DIRS
       -R     LONG_LIST_JOBS
       -S     REC_EXACT
       -T     CDABLE_VARS
       -U     MAIL_WARNING
       -V     NO_PROMPT_CR
       -W     AUTO_RESUME
       -X     LIST_TYPES
       -Y     MENU_COMPLETE
       -Z     ZLE
       -a     ALL_EXPORT
       -e     ERR_EXIT
       -f     NO_RCS
       -g     HIST_IGNORE_SPACE
       -h     HIST_IGNORE_DUPS
       -i     INTERACTIVE
       -l     LOGIN
       -m     MONITOR
       -n     NO_EXEC
       -p     PRIVILEGED
       -r     RESTRICTED
       -s     SHIN_STDIN
       -t     SINGLE_COMMAND
       -u     NO_UNSET
       -v     VERBOSE
       -w     CHASE_LINKS
       -x     XTRACE
       -y     SH_WORD_SPLIT

   sh/ksh emulation set
       -C     NO_CLOBBER
       -T     TRAPS_ASYNC
       -X     MARK_DIRS
       -a     ALL_EXPORT
       -b     NOTIFY
       -e     ERR_EXIT
       -f     NO_GLOB
       -i     INTERACTIVE
       -l     LOGIN
       -m     MONITOR
       -n     NO_EXEC
       -p     PRIVILEGED
       -r     RESTRICTED
       -s     SHIN_STDIN
       -t     SINGLE_COMMAND
       -u     NO_UNSET
       -v     VERBOSE
       -x     XTRACE

   Also note
       -A     Used by set for setting arrays
       -b     Used on the command line to specify end of option processing
       -c     Used on the command line to specify a single command
       -m     Used by setopt for pattern-matching option setting
       -o     Used in all places to allow use of long option names
       -s     Used by set to sort positional parameters