Provided by: approx_3.0.0_i386 bug


       approx - proxy server for Debian archive files


       approx [OPTION]...


       approx  listens  for  HTTP requests made by apt-get(8).  It maintains a
       cache of Debian archive files that have been previously downloaded,  so
       that  it can respond with a local copy when possible.  If a file not in
       the cache is requested, approx will download it from  a  remote  Debian
       repository  and  deliver  the  contents  to  the client, simultaneously
       caching it for future use.

       Over time, the approx server  cache  will  grow  to  contain  multiple,
       unneeded versions of Debian packages.  The gc_approx(8) program removes
       these from the cache.


       -f, --foreground
              Run in the foreground instead of  detaching  as  a  daemon,  and
              print messages to standard error instead of the system log.

       -v, --version
              Display approx version information and exit.


       By  default,  approx  listens  on  port  9999  (for  compatibility with
       apt-proxy(8)).  Suppose that a client  machine’s  /etc/apt/sources.list
       file contains the following lines:

              deb     http://apt:9999/debian    testing main
              deb     http://apt:9999/security  testing/updates main
              deb-src http://apt:9999/debian    unstable main

       In  this  example,  apt is the hostname of the approx server machine on
       the local network.  Each distribution, such as "debian" or  "security",
       is  mapped  to a remote repository in the approx server’s configuration

       For example, the approx.conf file on the approx  server  might  contain
       the lines


       The  mapping  scheme  is very simple.  If the approx.conf file contains
       the line

              repository     http://remote-host/initial/path

       then any request to the approx server of the form


       is rewritten to


       when there is a "cache miss", and that file is cached as


       (Note that the repository name on the left-hand side is not included in
       the  rewritten  URL unless it is explicitly mentioned in the right-hand
       side’s initial path.)


              Configuration file for approx and related programs.

              Cache directory for archive files.

              This file is read by the  init  script  /etc/init.d/approx  that
              starts  approx.  It can be used to set environment variables for
              the  approx  daemon  and  its  child  processes,  in  particular
              curl(1).    For  example,  setting  the  http_proxy  environment
              variable will cause approx to use an upstream  HTTP  proxy  when
              downloading from remote repositories.


       approx.conf(5),     update_approx(8),     gc_approx(8),     apt-get(8),


       Eric Cooper <>

                                   June 2007                         APPROX(8)