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NAME

       mail.local - store mail in a mailbox

SYNOPSIS

       mail.local [-7] [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-f from|-r from] [-h filename
       ] user ...

DESCRIPTION

       Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it
       to each users mail file.  The user must be a valid user name.

       The options are as follows:

       -7        Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode.

       -b        Return  a  permanent  error instead of a temporary error if a
                 mailbox exceeds quota.

       -d        Specify this is  a  delivery  (for  backward  compatibility).
                 This option has no effect.

       -D mbdb   Specify  the  name  of  the mailbox database which is used to
                 look up local recipient names.  This option defaults to "pw",
                 which means use getpwnam().

       -f from   Specify the sender’s name.

       -l        Turn on LMTP mode.

       -r from   Specify the sender’s name (for backward compatibility).  Same
                 as -f.

       -h filename
                 Store incoming mail in filename in the user’s home  directory
                 instead of a system mail spool directory.

       The  next  options  are  only available if mail.local has been compiled
       with -DHASHSPOOL.

       -H hashtypehashdepth
              Select hashed mail directories.  Valid hash types are u for user
              name  and  m for MD5 (requires compilation with -DHASHSPOOLMD5).
              Example: -H u2 selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2.
              Note:  there  must  be  no  space  between the hash type and the
              depth.

       -p path
              Specify an alternate mail spool path.

       -n     Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode
              should not be stripped.

       Individual  mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line
       followed by a line  beginning  with  the  string  ‘‘From  ’’.   A  line
       containing  the string ‘‘From ’’, the sender’s name and a time stamp is
       prepended to each delivered mail message.  A blank line is appended  to
       each  message.   A  greater-than  character (‘‘>’’) is prepended to any
       line in the message which could be mistaken for a ‘‘From  ’’  delimiter
       line  (that  is,  a  line  beginning with the five characters ‘‘From ’’
       following a blank line).

       The mail files are exclusively  locked  with  flock(2)  while  mail  is
       appended,  and  a  user.lock  file also is created while the mailbox is
       locked for compatibility with older MUAs.

       If the ‘‘biff’’ service  is  returned  by  getservbyname(3),  the  biff
       server is notified of delivered mail.

       The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

ENVIRONMENT

       TZ     Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.

FILES

       /tmp/local.XXXXXX     temporary files
       /var/mail/user        user’s default mailbox directory
       /var/mail/user.lock   lock file for a user’s default mailbox

SEE ALSO

       mail(1), xsend(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8)

WARNING

       mail.local  escapes  only "^From " lines that follow an empty line.  If
       all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the ’E’ flag for
       the local mailer in the sendmail.cf file.

HISTORY

       A  superset  of  mail.local  (handling  mailbox reading as well as mail
       delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail.

                         $Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $            MAIL.LOCAL(8)