Provided by: git-core_126.96.36.199-1.1ubuntu2_i386
git-add - Add file contents to the index
git-add [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
[--update | -u] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--]
This command adds the current content of new or modified files to the
index, thus staging that content for inclusion in the next commit.
The "index" holds a snapshot of the content of the working tree, and it
is this snapshot that is taken as the contents of the next commit. Thus
after making any changes to the working directory, and before running
the commit command, you must use the add command to add any new or
modified files to the index.
This command can be performed multiple times before a commit. It only
adds the content of the specified file(s) at the time the add command
is run; if you want subsequent changes included in the next commit,
then you must run git add again to add the new content to the index.
The git status command can be used to obtain a summary of which files
have changes that are staged for the next commit.
The git add command will not add ignored files by default. If any
ignored files were explicitly specified on the command line, git add
will fail with a list of ignored files. Ignored files reached by
directory recursion or filename globbing performed by Git (quote your
globs before the shell) will be silently ignored. The add command can
be used to add ignored files with the -f (force) option.
Please see git-commit(1) for alternative ways to add content to a
Files to add content from. Fileglobs (e.g. *.c) can be given to
add all matching files. Also a leading directory name (e.g. dir to
add dir/file1 and dir/file2) can be given to add all files in the
Don´t actually add the file(s), just show if they exist.
Allow adding otherwise ignored files.
Add modified contents in the working tree interactively to the
index. Optional path arguments may be supplied to limit operation
to a subset of the working tree. See “Interactive mode” for
Similar to Interactive mode but the initial command loop is
bypassed and the patch subcommand is invoked using each of the
specified filepatterns before exiting.
Update only files that git already knows about, staging modified
content for commit and marking deleted files for removal. This is
similar to what "git commit -a" does in preparation for making a
commit, except that the update is limited to paths specified on the
command line. If no paths are specified, all tracked files in the
current directory and its subdirectories are updated.
Don´t add the file(s), but only refresh their stat() information in
If some files could not be added because of errors indexing them,
do not abort the operation, but continue adding the others. The
command shall still exit with non-zero status.
This option can be used to separate command-line options from the
list of files, (useful when filenames might be mistaken for
The optional configuration variable core.excludesfile indicates a path
to a file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add,
similar to $GIT_DIR/info/exclude. Patterns in the exclude file are used
in addition to those in info/exclude. See gitrepository-
· Adds content from all *.txt files under Documentation directory and
$ git add Documentation/\\*.txt
Note that the asterisk * is quoted from the shell in this example;
this lets the command to include the files from subdirectories of
· Considers adding content from all git-*.sh scripts:
$ git add git-*.sh
Because this example lets shell expand the asterisk (i.e. you are
listing the files explicitly), it does not consider
When the command enters the interactive mode, it shows the output of
the status subcommand, and then goes into its interactive command loop.
The command loop shows the list of subcommands available, and gives a
prompt "What now> ". In general, when the prompt ends with a single >,
you can pick only one of the choices given and type return, like this:
*** Commands ***
1: status 2: update 3: revert 4: add untracked
5: patch 6: diff 7: quit 8: help
What now> 1
You also could say "s" or "sta" or "status" above as long as the choice
The main command loop has 6 subcommands (plus help and quit).
This shows the change between HEAD and index (i.e. what will be
committed if you say "git commit"), and between index and working
tree files (i.e. what you could stage further before "git commit"
using "git-add") for each path. A sample output looks like this:
staged unstaged path
1: binary nothing foo.png
2: +403/-35 +1/-1 git-add--interactive.perl
It shows that foo.png has differences from HEAD (but that is binary
so line count cannot be shown) and there is no difference between
indexed copy and the working tree version (if the working tree
version were also different, binary would have been shown in place
of nothing). The other file, git-add--interactive.perl, has 403
lines added and 35 lines deleted if you commit what is in the
index, but working tree file has further modifications (one
addition and one deletion).
This shows the status information and gives prompt "Update>>". When
the prompt ends with double >>, you can make more than one
selection, concatenated with whitespace or comma. Also you can say
ranges. E.g. "2-5 7,9" to choose 2,3,4,5,7,9 from the list. You can
say * to choose everything.
What you chose are then highlighted with *, like this:
staged unstaged path
1: binary nothing foo.png
* 2: +403/-35 +1/-1 git-add--interactive.perl
To remove selection, prefix the input with - like this:
After making the selection, answer with an empty line to stage the
contents of working tree files for selected paths in the index.
This has a very similar UI to update, and the staged information
for selected paths are reverted to that of the HEAD version.
Reverting new paths makes them untracked.
This has a very similar UI to update and revert, and lets you add
untracked paths to the index.
This lets you choose one path out of status like selection. After
choosing the path, it presents diff between the index and the
working tree file and asks you if you want to stage the change of
each hunk. You can say:
y - stage this hunk
n - do not stage this hunk
a - stage this and all the remaining hunks in the file
d - do not stage this hunk nor any of the remaining hunks in the file
j - leave this hunk undecided, see next undecided hunk
J - leave this hunk undecided, see next hunk
k - leave this hunk undecided, see previous undecided hunk
K - leave this hunk undecided, see previous hunk
s - split the current hunk into smaller hunks
? - print help
After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk that
was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks.
This lets you review what will be committed (i.e. between HEAD and
The interactive mode does not work with files whose names contain
characters that need C-quoting. core.quotepath configuration can be
used to work this limitation around to some degree, but backslash,
double-quote and control characters will still have problems.
git-status(1) git-rm(1) git-reset(1) git-mv(1) git-commit(1) git-
Written by Linus Torvalds <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <email@example.com>.
Part of the git(1) suite