Provided by: git-core_1.5.6.3-1.1ubuntu2_i386 bug


       git-clone - Clone a repository into a new directory


           git-clone [--template=<template_directory>]
                     [-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare]
                     [-o <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
                     [--depth <depth>] [--] <repository> [<directory>]


       Clones a repository into a newly created directory, creates
       remote-tracking branches for each branch in the cloned repository
       (visible using git branch -r), and creates and checks out an initial
       branch equal to the cloned repository´s currently active branch.

       After the clone, a plain git fetch without arguments will update all
       the remote-tracking branches, and a git pull without arguments will in
       addition merge the remote master branch into the current master branch,
       if any.

       This default configuration is achieved by creating references to the
       remote branch heads under $GIT_DIR/refs/remotes/origin and by
       initializing remote.origin.url and remote.origin.fetch configuration


       --local, -l
           When the repository to clone from is on a local machine, this flag
           bypasses normal "git aware" transport mechanism and clones the
           repository by making a copy of HEAD and everything under objects
           and refs directories. The files under .git/objects/ directory are
           hardlinked to save space when possible. This is now the default
           when the source repository is specified with /path/to/repo syntax,
           so it essentially is a no-op option. To force copying instead of
           hardlinking (which may be desirable if you are trying to make a
           back-up of your repository), but still avoid the usual "git aware"
           transport mechanism, --no-hardlinks can be used.

           Optimize the cloning process from a repository on a local
           filesystem by copying files under .git/objects directory.

       --shared, -s
           When the repository to clone is on the local machine, instead of
           using hard links, automatically setup .git/objects/info/alternates
           to share the objects with the source repository. The resulting
           repository starts out without any object of its own.

           NOTE: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do not use it unless
           you understand what it does. If you clone your repository using
           this option and then delete branches (or use any other git command
           that makes any existing commit unreferenced) in the source
           repository, some objects may become unreferenced (or dangling).
           These objects may be removed by normal git operations (such as
           git-commit[1]) which automatically call git-gc[1]. If these objects
           are removed and were referenced by the cloned repository, then the
           cloned repository will become corrupt.

       --reference <repository>
           If the reference repository is on the local machine automatically
           setup .git/objects/info/alternates to obtain objects from the
           reference repository. Using an already existing repository as an
           alternate will require fewer objects to be copied from the
           repository being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.

           NOTE: see NOTE to --shared option.

       --quiet, -q
           Operate quietly. This flag is passed to "rsync" and
           "git-fetch-pack" commands when given.

       --no-checkout, -n
           No checkout of HEAD is performed after the clone is complete.

           Make a bare GIT repository. That is, instead of creating
           <directory> and placing the administrative files in
           <directory>/.git, make the <directory> itself the $GIT_DIR. This
           obviously implies the -n because there is nowhere to check out the
           working tree. Also the branch heads at the remote are copied
           directly to corresponding local branch heads, without mapping them
           to refs/remotes/origin/. When this option is used, neither
           remote-tracking branches nor the related configuration variables
           are created.

       --origin <name>, -o <name>
           Instead of using the remote name origin to keep track of the
           upstream repository, use <name> instead.

       --upload-pack <upload-pack>, -u <upload-pack>
           When given, and the repository to clone from is handled by
           git-fetch-pack, --exec=<upload-pack> is passed to the command to
           specify non-default path for the command run on the other end.

           Specify the directory from which templates will be used; if unset
           the templates are taken from the installation defined default,
           typically /usr/share/git-core/templates.

       --depth <depth>
           Create a shallow clone with a history truncated to the specified
           number of revisions. A shallow repository has a number of
           limitations (you cannot clone or fetch from it, nor push from nor
           into it), but is adequate if you are only interested in the recent
           history of a large project with a long history, and would want to
           send in fixes as patches.

           The (possibly remote) repository to clone from. See the URLS
           section below for more information on specifying repositories.

           The name of a new directory to clone into. The "humanish" part of
           the source repository is used if no directory is explicitly given
           ("repo" for "/path/to/repo.git" and "foo" for "host.xz:foo/.git").
           Cloning into an existing directory is not allowed.


       One of the following notations can be used to name the remote

       ·   rsync://host.xz/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   http://host.xz/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   https://host.xz/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   git://host.xz/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   git://host.xz/~user/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   ssh://[user@]host.xz[:port]/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   ssh://[user@]host.xz/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   ssh://[user@]host.xz/~user/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   ssh://[user@]host.xz/~/path/to/repo.git
       SSH is the default transport protocol over the network. You can
       optionally specify which user to log-in as, and an alternate, scp-like
       syntax is also supported. Both syntaxes support username expansion, as
       does the native git protocol, but only the former supports port
       specification. The following three are identical to the last three
       above, respectively:

       ·   [user@]host.xz:/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   [user@]host.xz:~user/path/to/repo.git/

       ·   [user@]host.xz:path/to/repo.git
       To sync with a local directory, you can use:

       ·   /path/to/repo.git/

       ·   file:///path/to/repo.git/
       They are equivalent, except the former implies --local option.

       If there are a large number of similarly-named remote repositories and
       you want to use a different format for them (such that the URLs you use
       will be rewritten into URLs that work), you can create a configuration
       section of the form:

                   [url "<actual url base>"]
                           insteadOf = <other url base>
       For example, with this:

                   [url "git://"]
                           insteadOf = host.xz:/path/to/
                           insteadOf = work:
       a URL like "work:repo.git" or like "host.xz:/path/to/repo.git" will be
       rewritten in any context that takes a URL to be


       Clone from upstream

               $ git clone git:// my2.6
               $ cd my2.6
               $ make

       Make a local clone that borrows from the current directory, without
       checking things out

               $ git clone -l -s -n . ../copy
               $ cd ../copy
               $ git show-branch

       Clone from upstream while borrowing from an existing local directory

               $ git clone --reference my2.6 \
                       git:// \
               $ cd my2.7

       Create a bare repository to publish your changes to the public

               $ git clone --bare -l /home/proj/.git /pub/scm/proj.git

       Create a repository on the machine that borrows from Linus

               $ git clone --bare -l -s /pub/scm/.../torvalds/linux-2.6.git \


       Written by Linus Torvalds <>


       Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <>.


       Part of the git(1) suite