Provided by: git-core_18.104.22.168-1.1ubuntu2_i386
git-init - Create an empty git repository or reinitialize an existing
git-init [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template_directory>]
Only print error and warning messages, all other output will be
Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it is
set to the current working directory.
Provide the directory from which templates will be used. The
default template directory is /usr/share/git-core/templates.
When specified, <template_directory> is used as the source of the
template files rather than the default. The template files include
some directory structure, some suggested "exclude patterns", and
copies of non-executing "hook" files. The suggested patterns and
hook files are all modifiable and extensible.
Specify that the git repository is to be shared amongst several
users. This allows users belonging to the same group to push into
that repository. When specified, the config variable
"core.sharedRepository" is set so that files and directories under
$GIT_DIR are created with the requested permissions. When not
specified, git will use permissions reported by umask(2).
The option can have the following values, defaulting to group if no
value is given:
· umask (or false): Use permissions reported by umask(2). The
default, when --shared is not specified.
· group (or true): Make the repository group-writable, (and
g+sx, since the git group may be not the primary group of all
· all (or world or everybody): Same as group, but make the
repository readable by all users.
· 0xxx: 0xxx is an octal number and each file will have mode
0xxx Any option except umask can be set using this option.
0xxx will override users umask(2) value, and thus, users with a
safe umask (0077) can use this option. 0640 will create a
repository which is group-readable but not writable. 0660 is
equivalent to group.
By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards
is enabled in shared repositories, so that you cannot force a
non fast-forwarding push into it.
This command creates an empty git repository - basically a .git
directory with subdirectories for objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and
template files. An initial HEAD file that references the HEAD of the
master branch is also created.
If the $GIT_DIR environment variable is set then it specifies a path to
use instead of ./.git for the base of the repository.
If the object storage directory is specified via the
$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable then the sha1 directories
are created underneath - otherwise the default $GIT_DIR/objects
directory is used.
Running git-init in an existing repository is safe. It will not
overwrite things that are already there. The primary reason for
rerunning git-init is to pick up newly added templates.
Note that git-init is the same as git-init-db. The command was
primarily meant to initialize the object database, but over time it has
become responsible for setting up the other aspects of the repository,
such as installing the default hooks and setting the configuration
variables. The old name is retained for backward compatibility reasons.
Start a new git repository for an existing code base
$ cd /path/to/my/codebase
$ git-init âfB(1)âfR
$ git-add . âfB(2)âfR
âfB1. âfRprepare /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory â
âfB2. âfRadd all existing file to the index â
Written by Linus Torvalds <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list
Part of the git(1) suite