Provided by: git-core_1.5.6.3-1.1ubuntu2_i386 bug


       gitcli - git command line interface and conventions




       This manual describes best practice in how to use git CLI. Here are the
       rules that you should follow when you are scripting git:

       ·   it´s preferred to use the non dashed form of git commands, which
           means that you should prefer "git foo" to "git-foo".

       ·   splitting short options to separate words (prefer "git foo -a -b"
           to "git foo -ab", the latter may not even work).

       ·   when a command line option takes an argument, use the sticked form.
           In other words, write "git foo -oArg" instead of "git foo -o Arg"
           for short options, and "git foo --long-opt=Arg" instead of "git foo
           --long-opt Arg" for long options. An option that takes optional
           option-argument must be written in the sticked form.

       ·   when you give a revision parameter to a command, make sure the
           parameter is not ambiguous with a name of a file in the work tree.
           E.g. do not write "git log -1 HEAD" but write "git log -1 HEAD --";
           the former will not work if you happen to have a file called HEAD
           in the work tree.


       From the git 1.5.4 series and further, many git commands (not all of
       them at the time of the writing though) come with an enhanced option

       Here is an exhaustive list of the facilities provided by this option

   Magic Options
       Commands which have the enhanced option parser activated all understand
       a couple of magic command line options:

           gives a pretty printed usage of the command.

               $ git describe -h
               usage: git-describe [options] <committish>*

                   --contains            find the tag that comes after the commit
                   --debug               debug search strategy on stderr
                   --all                 use any ref in .git/refs
                   --tags                use any tag in .git/refs/tags
                   --abbrev [<n>]        use <n> digits to display SHA-1s
                   --candidates <n>      consider <n> most recent tags (default: 10)

           Some git commands take options that are only used for plumbing or
           that are deprecated, and such options are hidden from the default
           usage. This option gives the full list of options.

   Negating options
       Options with long option names can be negated by prefixing "--no-". For
       example, "git branch" has the option "--track" which is on by default.
       You can use "--no-track" to override that behaviour. The same goes for
       "--color" and "--no-color".

   Aggregating short options
       Commands that support the enhanced option parser allow you to aggregate
       short options. This means that you can for example use "git rm -rf" or
       "git clean -fdx".

   Separating argument from the option
       You can write the mandatory option parameter to an option as a separate
       word on the command line. That means that all the following uses work:

           $ git foo --long-opt=Arg
           $ git foo --long-opt Arg
           $ git foo -oArg
           $ git foo -o Arg
       However, this is NOT allowed for switches with an optional value, where
       the sticked form must be used:

           $ git describe --abbrev HEAD     # correct
           $ git describe --abbrev=10 HEAD  # correct
           $ git describe --abbrev 10 HEAD  # NOT WHAT YOU MEANT


       Documentation by Pierre Habouzit.


       Part of the git(1) suite