Provided by: ettercap-common_0.7.3-1.2ubuntu4_i386
ettercap-plugins NG-0.7.3 - A collection of plugins for ettercap
Ettercap(8) supports loadable modules at runtime. They are called
plugins and they come within the source tarball. They are automatically
compiled if your system supports them or until you specify the
--disable-plugins option to the configure script.
Some of older ettercap plugins (roper, banshee, and so on) have not
been ported in the new version. By the way, you can achieve the same
results by using new filtering engine.
If you use interactive mode, most plugins need to "Start Sniff" before
To have a list of plugins installed in your system do that command:
ettercap -P list
The following is a list of available plugins:
It reports suspicious ARP activity by passively monitoring ARP
requests/replies. It can report ARP posioning attempts, or
simple IP-conflicts or IP-changes. If you build the initial
host list the plugin will run more accurately.
ettercap -TQP arp_cop //
It will automatically add new victims to the ARP poisoning mitm
attack when they come up. It looks for ARP requests on the lan
and when detected it will add the host to the victims list if it
was specified in the TARGET. The host is added when an arp
request is seen form it, since communicating hosts are alive :)
It performs a check to see if the arp poisoning module of
ettercap was successful. It sends spoofed ICMP echo packets to
all the victims of the poisoning pretending to be each of the
other targets. If we can catch an ICMP reply with our MAC
address as destination it means that the poisoning between those
two targets is successful. It checks both ways of each
communication. This plugin makes sense only where poisoning
makes sense. The test fails if you specify only one target in
silent mode. You can’t run this plugin from command line
because the poisoning process is not started yet. You have to
launch it from the proper menu.
This plugin intercepts DNS query and reply with a spoofed
answer. You can chose to which address the plugin has to reply
by modifying the etter.dns file. The plugin intercepts A, PTR
and MX request. If it was an A request, the name is searched in
the file and the ip address is returned (you can use wildcards
in the name). If if was a PTR request, the ip is searched in the
file and the name is returned (except for those name containing
a wildcard). In case of MX request a special reply is crafted.
The host is resolved with a fake host ’mail.host’ and the
additional record contains the ip address of ’mail.host’. The
first address or name that matches is returned, so be careful
with the order.
This plugin runs a d.o.s. attack against a victim IP address. It
first "scans" the victim to find open ports, then starts to
flood these ports with SYN packets, using a "phantom" address as
source IP. Then it uses fake ARP replies to intercept packets
for the phantom host. When it receives SYN-ACK from the victim,
it replies with an ACK packet creating an ESTABLISHED
connection. You have to use a free IP address in your subnet to
create the "phantom" host (you can use find_ip for this
purpose). You can’t run this plugin in unoffensive mode.
This plugin is based on the original Naptha DoS attack
ettercap -TQP dos_attack
Only a template to demonstrate how to write a plugin.
Very simple plugin that listens for ARP requests to show you all
the targets an host wants to talk to. It can also help you
finding addresses in an unknown LAN.
ettercap -TQzP find_conn
ettercap -TQu -i eth0 -P find_conn
Try to identify ettercap packets sent on the LAN. It could be
useful to detect if someone is using ettercap. Do not rely on it
100% since the tests are only on particular
Find the first unused IP address in the range specified by the
user in the target list. Some other plugins (such as gre_relay)
need an unused IP address of the LAN to create a "fake" host.
It can also be useful to obtain an IP address in an unknown LAN
where there is no dhcp server. You can use find_conn to
determine the IP addressing of the LAN, and then find_ip. You
have to build host list to use this plugin so you can’t use it
in unoffensive mode. If you don’t have an IP address for your
interface, give it a bogus one (e.g. if the LAN is
192.168.0.0/24, use 10.0.0.1 to avoid conflicting IP), then
launch this plugin specifying the subnet range. You can run it
either from the command line or from the proper menu.
ettercap -TQP find_ip //
ettercap -TQP find_ip /192.168.0.1-254/
Uses the passive fingerprint capabilities to fingerprint a
remote host. It does a connect() to the remote host to force the
kernel to reply to the SYN with a SYN+ACK packet. The reply will
be collected and the fingerprint is displayed. The connect()
obey to the connect_timeout parameter in etter.conf(5). You can
specify a target on command-line or let the plugin ask the
target host to be fingerprinted. You can also specify multiple
target with the usual multi-target specification (see
ettercap(8)). if you specify multiple ports, all the ports will
be tested on all the IPs.
ettercap -TzP finger /192.168.0.1/22
ettercap -TzP finger /192.168.0.1-50/22,23,25
Use this plugin to submit a fingerprint to the ettercap website.
If you found an unknown fingerprint, but you know for sure the
operating system of the target, you can submit it so it will be
inserted in the database in the next ettercap release. We need
your help to increase the passive fingerprint database. Thank
you very much.
ettercap -TzP finger_submit
This plugin can be used to sniff GRE-redirected remote traffic.
The basic idea is to create a GRE tunnel that sends all the
traffic on a router interface to the ettercap machine. The
plugin will send back the GRE packets to the router, after
ettercap "manipulation" (you can use "active" plugins such as
smb_down, ssh decryption, filters, etc... on redirected traffic)
It needs a "fake" host where the traffic has to be redirected to
(to avoid kernel’s responses). The "fake" IP will be the tunnel
endpoint. Gre_relay plugin will impersonate the "fake" host.
To find an unused IP address for the "fake" host you can use
find_ip plugin. Based on the original Tunnelx technique by
Anthony C. Zboralski published in
http://www.phrack.org/show.php?p=56&a=10 by HERT.
This plugin try to discover the gateway of the lan by sending
TCP SYN packets to a remote host. The packet has the destination
IP of a remote host and the destination mac address of a local
host. If ettercap receives the SYN+ACK packet, the host which
own the source mac address of the reply is the gatway. This
operation is repeated for each host in the ’host list’, so you
need to have a valid host list before launching this plugin.
ettercap -TP gw_discover /192.168.0.1-50/
The isolate plugin will isolate an host form the LAN. It will
poison the victim’s arp cache with its own mac address
associated with all the host it tries to contact. This way the
host will not be able to contact other hosts because the packet
will never reach the wire.
You can specify all the host or only a group. the targets
specification work this way: the target1 is the victim and must
be a single host, the target2 can be a range of addresses and
represent the hosts that will be blocked to the victim.
ettercap -TzqP isolate /192.168.0.1/ //
ettercap -TP isolate /192.168.0.1/ /192.168.0.2-30/
It performs a check of the link type (hub or switch) by sending
a spoofed ARP request and listening for replies. It needs at
least one entry in the host list to perform the check. With two
or more hosts the test will be more accurate.
ettercap -TQP link_type /192.168.0.1/
ettercap -TQP link_type //
It forces the pptp tunnel to negotiate MS-CHAPv1 authentication
instead of MS-CHAPv2, that is usually easier to crack (for
example with LC4). You have to be in the "middle" of the
connection to use it successfully. It hooks the ppp dissector,
so you have to keep them active.
Forces no compression/encryption for pptp tunnels during
negotiation. It could fail if client (or the server) is
configured to hang off the tunnel if no encryption is
negotiated. You have to be in the "middle" of the connection to
use it successfully. It hooks the ppp dissector, so you have to
keep them active.
It forces the pptp tunnel to negotiate PAP (cleartext)
authentication. It could fail if PAP is not supported, if
pap_secret file is missing, or in case windows is configured
with "authomatic use of domain account". (It could fail for many
other reasons too). You have to be in the "middle" of the
connection to use it successfully. It hooks the ppp dissector,
so you have to keep them active.
Forces re-negotiation on an existing pptp tunnel. You can force
re-negotiation for grabbing passwords already sent. Furthermore
you can launch it to use pptp_pap, pptp_chapms1 or pptp_clear on
existing tunnels (those plugins work only during negotiation
phase). You have to be in the "middle" of the connection to use
it successfully. It hooks the ppp dissector, so you have to
keep them active.
Floods the LAN with random MAC addresses. Some switches will
fail open in repeating mode, facilitating sniffing. The delay
between each packet is based on the port_steal_send_delay value
It is useful only on ethernet switches.
ettercap -TP rand_flood
It sends to the browser the URLs sniffed thru HTTP sessions. So
you are able to see the webpages in real time. The command
executed is configurable in the etter.conf(5) file. It sends to
the browser only the GET requests and only for webpages,
ignoring single request to images or other amenities. Don’t use
it to view your own connection :)
Simple arp responder. When it intercepts an arp request for a
host in the targets’ lists, it replies with attacker’s MAC
ettercap -TQzP reply_arp /192.168.0.1/
ettercap -TQzP reply_arp //
It solicits poisoning packets after broadcast ARP requests (or
replies) from a posioned host. For example: we are poisoning
Group1 impersonating Host2. If Host2 makes a broadcast ARP
request for Host3, it is possible that Group1 caches the right
MAC address for Host2 contained in the ARP packet. This plugin
re-poisons Group1 cache immediately after a legal broadcast ARP
request (or reply).
This plugin is effective only during an arp-posioning session.
In conjuction with reply_arp plugin, repoison_arp is a good
support for standard arp-poisoning mitm method.
ettercap -T -M arp:remote -P repoison_arp /192.168.0.10-20/
Check if someone is poisoning between some host in the list and
us. First of all it checks if two hosts in the list have the
same mac address. It could mean that one of those is poisoning
us pretending to be the other. It could generate many false-
positives in a proxy-arp environment. You have to build hosts
list to perform this check. After that, it sends icmp echo
packets to each host in the list and checks if the source mac
address of the reply differs from the address we have stored in
the list for that ip. It could mean that someone is poisoning
that host pretending to have our ip address and forwards
intercepted packets to us. You can’t perform this active test
in unoffensive mode.
ettercap -TQP scan_poisoner //
It tries to find if anyone is sniffing in promisc mode. It sends
two different kinds of malformed arp request to each target in
the host list and waits for replies. If a reply arrives from the
target host, it’s more or less probable that this target has the
NIC in promisc mode. It could generate false-positives. You can
launch it either from the command line or from the plugin menu.
Since it listens for arp replies it is better that you don’t use
it while sending arp request.
ettercap -TQP search_promisc /192.168.0.1/
ettercap -TQP search_promisc //
It forces the client to send smb password in clear-text by
mangling protocol negotiation. You have to be in the "middle" of
the connection to successfully use it. It hooks the smb
dissector, so you have to keep it active. If you use it against
a windows client it will probably result in a failure. Try it
against a *nix smbclient :)
It forces the client to not to use NTLM2 password exchange
during smb authentication. This way, obtained hashes can be
easily cracked by LC4. You have to be in the "middle" of the
connection to successfully use it. It hooks the smb dissector,
so you have to keep it active.
It sends spanning tree BPDUs pretending to be a switch with the
highest priority. Once in the "root" of the spanning tree,
ettercap can receive all the "unmanaged" network traffic.
It is useful only against a group of switches running STP.
If there is another switch with the highest priority, try to
manually decrease your MAC address before running it.
ettercap -TP stp_mangler
ettercap(8) ettercap_curses(8) etterlog(8) etterfilter(8) etter.conf(5)