Provided by: samba_3.2.3-1ubuntu3_i386 bug

NAME

       nmbd - NetBIOS name server to provide NetBIOS over IP naming services
       to clients

SYNOPSIS

       nmbd [-D] [-F] [-S] [-a] [-i] [-o] [-h] [-V] [-d <debug level>]
        [-H <lmhosts file>] [-l <log directory>] [-p <port number>]
        [-s <configuration file>]

DESCRIPTION

       This program is part of the samba(7) suite.

       nmbd is a server that understands and can reply to NetBIOS over IP name
       service requests, like those produced by SMB/CIFS clients such as
       Windows 95/98/ME, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP and LanManager
       clients. It also participates in the browsing protocols which make up
       the Windows "Network Neighborhood" view.

       SMB/CIFS clients, when they start up, may wish to locate an SMB/CIFS
       server. That is, they wish to know what IP number a specified host is
       using.

       Amongst other services, nmbd will listen for such requests, and if its
       own NetBIOS name is specified it will respond with the IP number of the
       host it is running on. Its "own NetBIOS name" is by default the primary
       DNS name of the host it is running on, but this can be overridden by
       the netbios name in smb.conf. Thus nmbd will reply to broadcast queries
       for its own name(s). Additional names for nmbd to respond on can be set
       via parameters in the smb.conf(5) configuration file.

       nmbd can also be used as a WINS (Windows Internet Name Server) server.
       What this basically means is that it will act as a WINS database
       server, creating a database from name registration requests that it
       receives and replying to queries from clients for these names.

       In addition, nmbd can act as a WINS proxy, relaying broadcast queries
       from clients that do not understand how to talk the WINS protocol to a
       WINS server.

OPTIONS

       -D
           If specified, this parameter causes nmbd to operate as a daemon.
           That is, it detaches itself and runs in the background, fielding
           requests on the appropriate port. By default, nmbd will operate as
           a daemon if launched from a command shell. nmbd can also be
           operated from the inetd meta-daemon, although this is not
           recommended.

       -F
           If specified, this parameter causes the main nmbd process to not
           daemonize, i.e. double-fork and disassociate with the terminal.
           Child processes are still created as normal to service each
           connection request, but the main process does not exit. This
           operation mode is suitable for running nmbd under process
           supervisors such as supervise and svscan from Daniel J. Bernstein´s
           daemontools package, or the AIX process monitor.

       -S
           If specified, this parameter causes nmbd to log to standard output
           rather than a file.

       -i
           If this parameter is specified it causes the server to run
           "interactively", not as a daemon, even if the server is executed on
           the command line of a shell. Setting this parameter negates the
           implicit daemon mode when run from the command line.  nmbd also
           logs to standard output, as if the -S parameter had been given.

       -h|--help
           Print a summary of command line options.

       -H <filename>
           NetBIOS lmhosts file. The lmhosts file is a list of NetBIOS names
           to IP addresses that is loaded by the nmbd server and used via the
           name resolution mechanism name resolve order described in
           smb.conf(5) to resolve any NetBIOS name queries needed by the
           server. Note that the contents of this file are NOT used by nmbd to
           answer any name queries. Adding a line to this file affects name
           NetBIOS resolution from this host ONLY.

           The default path to this file is /etc/samba/lmhosts.  See the
           lmhosts(5) man page for details on the contents of this file.

       -d|--debuglevel=level
           level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
           parameter is not specified is 0.

           The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log
           files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical
           errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable
           level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of
           information about operations carried out.

           Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and
           should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3
           are designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts
           of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

           Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log
           level parameter in the smb.conf file.

       -V
           Prints the program version number.

       -s <configuration file>
           The file specified contains the configuration details required by
           the server. The information in this file includes server-specific
           information such as what printcap file to use, as well as
           descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See
           smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name
           is determined at compile time.

       -l|--log-basename=logdirectory
           Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname"
           will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log
           file is never removed by the client.

       -p <UDP port number>
           UDP port number is a positive integer value. This option changes
           the default UDP port number (normally 137) that nmbd responds to
           name queries on. Don´t use this option unless you are an expert, in
           which case you won´t need help!

FILES

       /etc/inetd.conf
           If the server is to be run by the inetd meta-daemon, this file must
           contain suitable startup information for the meta-daemon.

       /etc/rc
           or whatever initialization script your system uses).

           If running the server as a daemon at startup, this file will need
           to contain an appropriate startup sequence for the server.

       /etc/services
           If running the server via the meta-daemon inetd, this file must
           contain a mapping of service name (e.g., netbios-ssn) to service
           port (e.g., 139) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).

       /etc/samba/smb.conf
           This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server
           configuration file.

           When run as a WINS server (see the wins support parameter in the
           smb.conf(5) man page), nmbd will store the WINS database in the
           file wins.dat in the var/locks directory configured under wherever
           Samba was configured to install itself.

           If nmbd is acting as a
            browse master (see the local master parameter in the smb.conf(5)
           man page, nmbd will store the browsing database in the file
           browse.dat in the var/locks directory configured under wherever
           Samba was configured to install itself.

SIGNALS

       To shut down an nmbd process it is recommended that SIGKILL (-9) NOT be
       used, except as a last resort, as this may leave the name database in
       an inconsistent state. The correct way to terminate nmbd is to send it
       a SIGTERM (-15) signal and wait for it to die on its own.

       nmbd will accept SIGHUP, which will cause it to dump out its namelists
       into the file namelist.debug in the /var/run/samba directory. This will
       also cause nmbd to dump out its server database in the log.nmb file.

       The debug log level of nmbd may be raised or lowered using
       smbcontrol(1) (SIGUSR[1|2] signals are no longer used since Samba 2.2).
       This is to allow transient problems to be diagnosed, whilst still
       running at a normally low log level.

VERSION

       This man page is correct for version 3 of the Samba suite.

SEE ALSO

       inetd(8), smbd(8), smb.conf(5), smbclient(1), testparm(1), testprns(1),
       and the Internet RFC´s rfc1001.txt, rfc1002.txt. In addition the CIFS
       (formerly SMB) specification is available as a link from the Web page
       http://samba.org/cifs/.

AUTHOR

       The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
       Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
       Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

       The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
       sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
       Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and
       updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
       DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to
       DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.