Provided by: postgresql-client-8.3_8.3.7-1_i386 bug


       createdb - create a new PostgreSQL database


       createdb [ option... ]  [ dbname ]  [ description ]


       createdb creates a new PostgreSQL database.

       Normally, the database user who executes this command becomes the owner
       of the new database.  However a different owner can  be  specified  via
       the -O option, if the executing user has appropriate privileges.

       createdb   is   a  wrapper  around  the  SQL  command  CREATE  DATABASE
       [create_database(7)].   There  is  no  effective   difference   between
       creating databases via this utility and via other methods for accessing
       the server.


       createdb accepts the following command-line arguments:

       dbname Specifies the name of the database to be created. The name  must
              be  unique  among all PostgreSQL databases in this cluster.  The
              default is to create a  database  with  the  same  name  as  the
              current system user.

              Specifies  a  comment  to  be  associated with the newly created

       -D tablespace

       --tablespace tablespace
              Specifies the default tablespace for the database.


       --echo Echo the commands that  createdb  generates  and  sends  to  the

       -E encoding

       --encoding encoding
              Specifies  the  character  encoding  scheme  to  be used in this
              database. The character sets supported by the PostgreSQL  server
              are described in in the documentation.

       -O owner

       --owner owner
              Specifies the database user who will own the new database.

       -T template

       --template template
              Specifies  the  template  database  from  which  to  build  this

       The options -D, -E, -O, and -T correspond to options of the  underlying
       SQL  command  CREATE  DATABASE [create_database(7)]; see there for more
       information about them.

       createdb  also  accepts  the  following  command-line   arguments   for
       connection parameters:

       -h host

       --host host
              Specifies  the  host  name of the machine on which the server is
              running. If the value begins with a slash, it  is  used  as  the
              directory for the Unix domain socket.

       -p port

       --port port
              Specifies  the  TCP  port  or  the local Unix domain socket file
              extension on which the server is listening for connections.

       -U username

       --username username
              User name to connect as.


              Force createdb to prompt for a password before connecting  to  a

              This   option   is   never   essential,   since   createdb  will
              automatically prompt  for  a  password  if  the  server  demands
              password   authentication.    However,  createdb  will  waste  a
              connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password.
              In  some  cases  it  is  worth  typing  -W  to  avoid  the extra
              connection attempt.


              If set, the name of the database to create, unless overridden on
              the command line.



       PGUSER Default  connection  parameters. PGUSER also determines the name
              of the database to create, if it is not specified on the command
              line or by PGDATABASE.

       This  utility,  like  most  other  PostgreSQL  utilities, also uses the
       environment variables supported by libpq (see in the documentation).


       In case of difficulty, see  CREATE  DATABASE  [create_database(7)]  and
       psql(1)  for discussions of potential problems and error messages.  The
       database server must be running at the targeted host. Also, any default
       connection  settings and environment variables used by the libpq front-
       end library will apply.


       To create the database demo using the default database server:

       $ createdb demo

       To create the database demo using the server on host eden,  port  5000,
       using the LATIN1 encoding scheme with a look at the underlying command:

       $ createdb -p 5000 -h eden -E LATIN1 -e demo


       dropdb(1), CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]