Provided by: debhelper_7.0.17ubuntu4_all
dh_install - install files into package build directories
dh_install [-Xitem] [--autodest] [--sourcedir=dir] [debhelper options]
[file [...] dest]
dh_install is a debhelper program that handles installing files into
package build directories. There are many dh_install* commands that
handle installing specific types of files such as documentation,
examples, man pages, and so on, and they should be used when possible
as they often have extra intelligence for those particular tasks.
dh_install, then, is useful for installing everything else, for which
no particular intelligence is needed. It is a replacement for the old
Files named debian/package.install list the files to install into each
package and the directory they should be installed to. The format is a
set of lines, where each line lists a file or files to install, and at
the end of the line tells the directory it should be installed in. The
name of the files (or directories) to install should be given relative
to the current directory, while the installation directory is given
relative to the package build directory. You may use wildcards in the
names of the files to install (in v3 mode and above).
This program may be used in one of two ways. If you just have a file or
two that the upstream Makefile does not install for you, you can run
dh_install on them to move them into place. On the other hand, maybe
you have a large package that builds multiple binary packages. You can
use the upstream Makefile to install it all into debian/tmp, and then
use dh_install to copy directories and files from there into the proper
package build directories.
From debhelper compatibility level 7 on, dh_install will fall back to
looking in debian/tmp for files, if it doesn’t find them in the current
directory (or whereever you’ve told it to look using --srcdir).
Exclude files that contain "item" anywhere in their filename from
Guess as the destination directory to install things to. If this is
specified, you should not list destination directories in
debian/package.install files or on the command line. Instead,
dh_install will guess as follows:
Strip off debian/tmp (or the sourcedir if one is given) from the
front of the filename, if it is present, and install into the
dirname of the filename. So if the filename is debian/tmp/usr/bin,
then that directory will be copied to debian/package/usr/. If the
filename is debian/tmp/etc/passwd, it will be copied to
Note that if you list exactly one filename or wildcard-pattern on a
line by itself in a debian/package.install file, with no explicit
destination, then dh_install will automatically guess the
destination even if this flag is not set.
This option makes dh_install keep track of the files it installs,
and then at the end, compare that list with the files in the source
directory. If any of the files (and symlinks) in the source
directory were not installed to somewhere, it will warn on stderr
This may be useful if you have a large package and want to make
sure that you don’t miss installing newly added files in new
Note that files that are excluded from being moved via the -X
option are not warned about.
This option is like --list-missing, except if a file was missed, it
will not only list the missing files, but also fail with a nonzero
Makes all source files be found under dir. If this is specified, it
is akin to all the source filenames having "dir/" prepended to
To make dh_install behave like the old dh_movefiles, move your
package.files file to package.install and call dh_install with
"--sourcedir=debian/tmp" appended to the command. This will
approximate dh_movefiles behaviour, except it will copy files
instead of moving them.
file [...] dest
Lists files (or directories) to install and where to install them
to. The files will be installed into the first package dh_install
Suppose your package’s upstream Makefile installs a binary, a man page,
and a library into appropriate subdirectories of debian/tmp. You want
to put the library into package libfoo, and the rest into package foo.
Your rules file will run "dh_install --sourcedir=debian/tmp". Make
While debian/libfoo.install contains:
If you want a libfoo-dev package too, debian/libfoo-dev.install might
dh_install cannot rename files or directories, it can only install them
with the names they already have into wherever you want in the package
This program is a part of debhelper.
Joey Hess <email@example.com>