Provided by: netpbm_10.0-12_i386 bug


       pnmtops - convert portable anymap to PostScript


       pnmtops [-scale s] [-dpi n] [-imagewidth n] [-imageheight n] [-width=N]
       [-height=N]    [-equalpixels]     [-turn|-noturn]     [-rle|-runlength]
       [-nocenter] [-setpage] [-nosetpage] [pnmfile]

       All  options  can  be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.  You
       may use two hyphens instead of one.  You may separate  an  option  name
       and its value with white space instead of an equals sign.


       Reads  a  Netpbm  image  as input.  Produces Encapsulated PostScript as

       If the input  file  is  in  color  (PPM),  pnmtops  generates  a  color
       PostScript  file.   Some  PostScript  interpreters  can’t  handle color
       PostScript.  If you have one of these you will need to run  your  image
       through ppmtopgm first.

       If  you  specify  no  output  dimensioning options, the output image is
       dimensioned  as  if  you  had   specified   -scale=1.0,   which   means
       aproximately  72  pixels of the input image generate one inch of output
       (if that fits the page).

       Use  -imagewidth,  -imageheight,  -equalpixels,  -width,  -height,  and
       -scale to adjust that.


              -imageheight  Tells  how wide and high you want the image on the
              page, in inches.  The aspect ratio of the image is preserved, so
              if  you specify both of these, the image on the page will be the
              largest image that will fit within the box of those  dimensions.

              If  these  dimensions  are  greater  than the page size, you get
              Postscript output that runs off the page.

              You  cannot  use  imagewidth  or  imageheight  with  -scale   or

              This  option  causes the output image to have the same number of
              pixels as the input image.  So if the output device is  600  dpi
              and  your image is 3000 pixels wide, the output image would be 5
              inches wide.

              You cannot use -equalpixels with -imagewidth,  -imageheight,  or

       -scale tells  how big you want the image on the page.  The value is the
              number of inches of output image that you want 72 pixels of  the
              input to generate.

              But  pnmtops  rounds the number to something that is an integral
              number of output device pixels.  E.g. if the  output  device  is
              300  dpi  and you specify -scale=1.0, then 75 (not 72) pixels of
              input becomes one inch of output (4 output pixels for each input
              pixel).   Note that the -dpi option tell pnmtops how many pixels
              per inch the output device generates.

              If the size so specified does not fit on the page  (as  measured
              either  by  the  -width  and -height options or the default page
              size of 8.5 inches by 11 inches),  pnmtops  ignores  the  -scale
              option,  issues  a  warning,  and scales the image to fit on the

       -dpi   This option specifies the dots per inch of your  output  device.
              The  default  is  300  dpi.   In  theory  PostScript  is device-
              independent and you don’t have  to  worry  about  this,  but  in
              practice  its  raster  rendering can have unsightly bands if the
              device pixels and the image pixels aren’t in sync.

              Also this option is crucial to the working  of  the  equalpixels

              -height  These  options  specify  the  dimensions of the page on
              which the output is to be printed.  This can affect the size  of
              the output image.

              The  page  size  has  no  effect,  however, when you specify the
              -imagewidth, -imageheight, or -equalpixels options.

              These options may also affect positioning of the  image  on  the
              page and even the paper selected (or cut) by the printer/plotter
              when the output is printed.  See the -nosetpage option.

              The default is 8.5 inches by 11 inches.

       -turn  -noturn These options control whether the image gets  turned  90
              degrees.  Normally, if an image fits the page better when turned
              (e.g. the image is wider than it is tall, but the page is taller
              than it is wide), it gets turned automatically to better fit the
              page.  If you specify the -turn option, pnmtops turns the  image
              no  matter  what its shape; If you specify -noturn, pnmtops does
              not turn it no matter what its shape.

       -rle   -runlength   These   identical   options   specify    run-length
              compression.   This may save time if the host-to-printer link is
              slow; but normally the printer’s processing time  dominates,  so
              -rle makes things slower.

              By  default,  pnmtops centers the image on the output page.  You
              can cause pnmtops to instead put the  image  against  the  upper
              left  corner  of  the  page  with the -nocenter option.  This is
              useful for programs which  can  include  PostScript  files,  but
              can’t  cope  with pictures which are not positioned in the upper
              left corner.

              For backward compatibility, pnmtops accepts the option  -center,
              but it has no effect.

              pnmtops  can  generate  a  "setpagedevice" directive to tell the
              printer/plotter what size paper to use (or cut).  The dimensions
              it  specifies  on this directive are those selected or defaulted
              by the width and height options or defaulted.   If  you  want  a
              "setpagedevice" directive in the output, specify -setpage.  This
              can be useful if your printer chokes on  this  directive,  which
              has  not  always been defined in Postscript, or you want to fake
              out the printer and  print  on  one  size  paper  as  if  you’re
              printing on another.

              Before   release   10.0   the   default   was  to  generate  the
              "setpagedevice" directive, and there is the switch -nosetpage to
              supress it, but that’s actually a no-op now.


       pnm(5),  gs(1),  psidtopgm(1),  pstopnm(1),  pbmtolps(1), pbmtoepsi(1),
       pbmtopsg3(1), ppmtopgm(1),


       Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 by Jef Poskanzer.
       Modified  November  1993  by   Wolfgang   Stuerzlinger,   wrzl@gup.uni-

                                  25 May 2001                       pnmtops(1)