Provided by: sane-utils_1.0.19-23ubuntu7_i386 bug


       scanimage - scan an image


       scanimage  [-d|--device-name  dev]  [--format format] [-i|--icc-profile
       profile]   [-L|--list-devices]   [-f|--formatted-device-list    format]
       [--batch   [=format]]   [--batch-start   start]  [--batch-count  count]
       [--batch-increment  increment]   [--batch-double]   [--accept-md5-only]
       [-p|--progress] [-n|--dont-scan] [-T|--test] [-h|--help] [-v|--verbose]
       [-B|--buffersize] [-V|--version] [device-specific-options]


       scanimage is a command-line  interface  to  control  image  acquisition
       devices  such as flatbed scanners or cameras.  The device is controlled
       via command-line options.   After  command-line  processing,  scanimage
       normally  proceeds  to  acquire an image.  The image data is written to
       standard output in one of the PNM (portable aNyMaP)  formats  (PBM  for
       black-and-white  images,  PGM  for  grayscale images, and PPM for color
       images) or in TIFF (black-and-white, grayscale  or  color).   scanimage
       accesses image acquisition devices through the SANE (Scanner Access Now
       Easy) interface and can thus support any device for which there  exists
       a SANE backend (try apropos sane- to get a list of available backends).


       To get a list of devices:

         scanimage -L

       To scan with default settings to the file image.pnm:

         scanimage >image.pnm

       To scan 100x100 mm to the  file  image.tiff  (-x  and  -y  may  not  be
       available with all devices):

         scanimage -x 100 -y 100 --format=tiff >image.tiff

       To print all available options:

         scanimage -h


       Parameters are separated by a blank from single-character options (e.g.
       -d  epson)  and  by  a   "="   from   multi-character   options   (e.g.

       The  -d or --device-name options must be followed by a SANE device-name
       like ‘epson:/dev/sg0’ or ‘hp:/dev/usbscanner0’.  A  (partial)  list  of
       available  devices  can be obtained with the --list-devices option (see
       below).  If no device-name is specified explicitly, scanimage  reads  a
       device-name from the environment variable SANE_DEFAULT_DEVICE.  If this
       variable is not set, scanimage will attempt to open the first available

       The  --format  format  option  selects  how  image  data  is written to
       standard output.  format can be pnm or tiff.  If --format is not  used,
       PNM is written.

       The -i or --icc-profile option is used to include an ICC profile into a
       TIFF file.

       The -L or --list-devices option requests a (partial)  list  of  devices
       that are available.  The list is not complete since some devices may be
       available, but are not listed in any of the configuration files  (which
       are  typically  stored in directory /etc/sane.d).  This is particularly
       the case when accessing scanners through the network.  If a  device  is
       not listed in a configuration file, the only way to access it is by its
       full device name.  You may need to consult your system administrator to
       find out the names of such devices.

       The   -f   or   --formatted-device-list   option   works   similar   to
       --list-devices, but requires a format string.  scanimage  replaces  the
       placeholders  %d  %v  %m %t %i with the device name, vendor name, model
       name, scanner type and an index number respectively. The command

              scanimage -f  scanner number %i device %d is a  %t,  model  %m,
              produced by %v 

       will produce something like:

              scanner  number 0  device sharp:/dev/sg1 is  a  flatbed scanner,
              model JX250 SCSI, produced by SHARP

       The --batch* options provide the features for scanning documents  using
       document  feeders.   --batch  [format] is used to specify the format of
       the filename that each page will be written to.  Each page  is  written
       out  to  a  single  file.   If  format is not specified, the default of
       out%d.pnm (or out%d.tif for --format tiff) will  be  used.   format  is
       given   as   a   printf   style  string  with  one  integer  parameter.
       --batch-start start selects the page number to start naming files with.
       If   this   option   is  not  given,  the  counter  will  start  at  0.
       --batch-count count specifies the number of pages to attempt  to  scan.
       If  not  given,  scanimage  will  continue  scanning  until the scanner
       returns a state other than OK.  Not all scanners with document  feeders
       signal  when  the  ADF  is empty, use this command to work around them.
       With --batch-increment increment you can change  the  amount  that  the
       number  in the filename is incremented by.  Generally this is used when
       you are scanning double-sided  documents  on  a  single-sided  document
       feeder.   A  specific  command  is provided to aid this: --batch-double
       will automatically set the increment to 2.  --batch-prompt will ask for
       pressing  RETURN  before scanning a page. This can be used for scanning
       multiple pages without an automatic document feeder.

       The --accept-md5-only option only accepts user  authorization  requests
       that  support  MD5 security. The SANE network daemon (saned) is capable
       of doing such requests. See saned(8).

       The -p or --progress option requests that scanimage prints  a  progress
       counter.  It shows how much image data of the current image has already
       been received by scanimage (in percent).

       The -n or --dont-scan option requests  that  scanimage  only  sets  the
       options  provided by the user but doesn’t actually perform a scan. This
       option can be used to e.g. turn off the scanner’s lamp (if supported by
       the backend).

       The  -T  or --test option requests that scanimage performs a few simple
       sanity tests to make sure the backend works as defined by the SANE  API
       (in particular the sane_read function is exercised by this test).

       The  -h or --help options request help information.  The information is
       printed on standard output and in this case, no attempt will be made to
       acquire an image.

       The  -v or --verbose options increase the verbosity of the operation of
       scanimage.   The  option  may  be  specified  repeatedly,   each   time
       increasing the verbosity level.

       The  -B  or  --buffersize  option  changes  the  input  buffersize that
       scanimage uses from default 32*1024 to 1024*1024 kbytes.

       The -V or --version option requests that scanimage prints  the  program
       and  package  name, the version number of the SANE distribution that it
       came with and the version of the backend that it loads. Usually  that’s
       the  dll  backend. If more information about the version numbers of the
       backends are necessary, the DEBUG variable for the dll backend  can  be
       used. Example: SANE_DEBUG_DLL=3 scanimage -L.

       As  you  might  imagine,  much of the power of scanimage comes from the
       fact that it can control any SANE backend.   Thus,  the  exact  set  of
       command-line  options  depends  on  the  capabilities  of  the selected
       device.  To see the options for a device named  dev,  invoke  scanimage
       via a command-line of the form:

              scanimage --help --device-name dev

       The  documentation for the device-specific options printed by --help is
       best explained with a few examples:

        -l 0..218mm [0]
           Top-left x position of scan area.

              The description above shows that option  -l  expects  an  option
              value  in  the  range  from  0  to  218 mm.  The value in square
              brackets indicates that the current option value is 0  mm.  Most
              backends   provide  similar  geometry  options  for  top-left  y
              position (-t), width (-x) and height of scan-area (-y).

        --brightness -100..100% [0]
           Controls the brightness of the acquired image.

              The description above shows that option --brightness expects  an
              option  value  in the range from -100 to 100 percent.  The value
              in square brackets indicates that the current option value is  0

           Set default values for enhancement controls.

              The  description  above shows that option --default-enhancements
              has no option value.  It should  be  thought  of  as  having  an
              immediate  effect  at  the point of the command-line at which it
              appears.  For example, since this option resets the --brightness
              option,  the  option-pair --brightness 50 --default-enhancements
              would effectively be a no-op.

        --mode Lineart|Gray|Color [Gray]
           Selects the scan mode (e.g., lineart or color).

              The description  above  shows  that  option  --mode  accepts  an
              argument  that  must  be  one  of  the strings Lineart, Gray, or
              Color.  The value in  the  square  bracket  indicates  that  the
              option  is  currently set to Gray.  For convenience, it is legal
              to abbreviate the string values as long as they  remain  unique.
              Also,  the  case  of  the spelling doesn’t matter.  For example,
              option setting --mode col is identical to --mode Color.

        --custom-gamma[=(yes|no)] [inactive]
           Determines whether a builtin or a custom gamma-table
           should be used.

              The description above shows that option  --custom-gamma  expects
              either  no  option  value,  a  "yes"  string,  or a "no" string.
              Specifying the option with no value is equivalent to  specifying
              "yes".   The  value in square-brackets indicates that the option
              is not currently active.  That is, attempting to set the  option
              would  result in an error message.  The set of available options
              typically  depends  on  the  settings  of  other  options.   For
              example,  the  --custom-gamma  table might be active only when a
              grayscale or color scan-mode has been requested.

              Note that the --help option is processed only  after  all  other
              options  have been processed.  This makes it possible to see the
              option  settings  for  a  particular  mode  by  specifying   the
              appropriate  mode-options  along  with  the  --help option.  For
              example, the command-line:

              scanimage --help --mode color

              would print the option settings that  are  in  effect  when  the
              color-mode is selected.

        --gamma-table 0..255,...
           Gamma-correction table.  In color mode this option
           equally affects the red, green, and blue channels
           simultaneously (i.e., it is an intensity gamma table).

              The  description  above  shows that option --gamma-table expects
              zero or more values in the range 0 to 255.  For example, a legal
              value  for this option would be "3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12".  Since
              it’s cumbersome to specify long vectors in this form,  the  same
              can  be  expressed  by  the abbreviated form "[0]3-[9]12".  What
              this means is that the first vector element is  set  to  3,  the
              9-th  element  is  set  to  12  and  the  values  in between are
              interpolated linearly.  Of course, it  is  possible  to  specify
              multiple     such     linear     segments.      For     example,
              "[0]3-[2]3-[6]7,[7]10-[9]6"       is        equivalent        to
              "3,3,3,4,5,6,7,10,8,6".  The program gamma4scanimage can be used
              to  generate  such  gamma  tables  (see  gamma4scanimage(1)  for

        --filename <string> [/tmp/input.ppm]
           The filename of the image to be loaded.

              The  description  above is an example of an option that takes an
              arbitrary string value (which happens to be a filename).  Again,
              the value in brackets show that the option is current set to the
              filename /tmp/input.ppm.


              The default device-name.


              This directory holds various configuration files.  For  details,
              please refer to the manual pages listed below.

              This file contains lines of the form


              scanimage  uses  this  information  to answer user authorization
              requests automatically. The file must have 0600  permissions  or
              stricter.  You  should  use  this  file  in conjunction with the
              --accept-md5-only  option  to  avoid  server-side  attacks.  The
              resource  may  contain  any  character  but  is  limited  to 127


       sane(7),   gamma4scanimage(1),   xscanimage(1),   xcam(1),    xsane(1),
       scanadf(1), sane-dll(5), sane-net(5), sane-"backendname"(5)


       David  Mosberger,  Andreas Beck, Gordon Matzigkeit, Caskey Dickson, and
       many  others.   For  questions  and  comments  contact  the  sane-devel
       mailinglist (see


       For  vector  options, the help output currently has no indication as to
       how many elements a vector-value should have.