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ed - NE-2000 and WD-80x3 Ethernet driver
To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your
kernel configuration file:
Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the
following line in loader.conf(5):
The ed driver provides support for 8 and 16bit Ethernet cards that are
based on the National Semiconductor DS8390 and similar NICs manufactured
by other companies. The ed driver also supports many PC Card chips which
interface via MII to a PHY. Axiom’s AX88790, AX88190 and AX88190A;
DLink’s DL10019 and DL10022; and Tamarack’s TC5299J chips all support
internal or external MII/PHY combinations. For these chipsets,
autonegotiation and status reporting are supported.
The ed driver uses a unique multi-buffering mechanism to achieve high
transmit performance. When using 16bit ISA cards, as high as 97% of the
theoretical maximum performance of the IEEE 802.3 CSMA Ethernet is
In addition to the standard port and IRQ specifications, the ed driver
also supports a number of flags which can force 8/16bit mode,
enable/disable multi-buffering, and select the default interface type
(AUI/BNC, and for cards with twisted pair, AUI/10BaseT).
The flags are a bit field, and are summarized as follows:
0x01 Disable transceiver. On those cards which support it, this flag
causes the transceiver to be disabled and the AUI connection to
be used by default.
0x02 Force 8bit mode. This flag forces the card to 8bit mode
regardless of how the card identifies itself. This may be needed
for some clones which incorrectly identify themselves as 16bit,
even though they only have an 8bit interface. This flag takes
precedence over force 16bit mode.
0x04 Force 16bit mode. This flag forces the card to 16bit mode
regardless of how the card identifies itself. This may be needed
for some clones which incorrectly identify themselves as 8bit,
even though they have a 16bit ISA interface.
0x08 Disable transmitter multi-buffering. This flag disables the use
of multiple transmit buffers and may be necessary in rare cases
where packets are sent out faster than a machine on the other end
can handle (as evidenced by severe packet lossage). Some
(non-FreeBSD :-)) machines have terrible Ethernet performance and
simply cannot cope with 1100K+ data rates. Use of this flag also
provides one more packet worth of receiver buffering, and on 8bit
cards, this may help reduce receiver lossage.
When using a 3c503 card, the AUI connection may be selected by specifying
the link2 option to ifconfig(8) (BNC is the default).
The ed driver supports the following Ethernet NICs:
· 3Com 3c503 Etherlink II (options ED_3C503)
· AR-P500 Ethernet
· Accton EN1644 (old model), EN1646 (old model), EN2203 (old model)
(110pin) (flags 0xd00000)
· Accton EN2212/EN2216/UE2216
· Allied Telesis CentreCOM LA100-PCM_V2
· Allied Telesis LA-98 (flags 0x000000) (PC-98)
· Allied Telesis SIC-98, SIC-98NOTE (110pin), SIU-98 (flags 0x600000)
· Allied Telesis SIU-98-D (flags 0x610000) (PC-98)
· AmbiCom 10BaseT card
· Bay Networks NETGEAR FA410TXC Fast Ethernet
· Belkin F5D5020 PC Card Fast Ethernet
· Billionton LM5LT-10B Ethernet/Modem PC Card
· Bromax iPort 10/100 Ethernet PC Card
· Bromax iPort 10 Ethernet PC Card
· Buffalo LPC2-CLT, LPC3-CLT, LPC3-CLX, LPC4-TX PC Card
· CNet BC40 adapter
· Compex Net-A adapter
· Contec C-NET(98), RT-1007(98), C-NET(9N) (110pin) (flags 0xa00000)
· Contec C-NET(98)E-A, C-NET(98)L-A, C-NET(98)P (flags 0x300000)
· Corega Ether98-T (flags 0x000000) (PC-98)
· Corega Ether PCC-T/EtherII PCC-T/FEther PCC-TXF/PCC-TXD
· Corega LAPCCTXD (TC5299J)
· CyQ’ve ELA-010
· DEC EtherWorks DE305
· Danpex EN-6200P2
· D-Link DE-298, DE-298P (flags 0x500000) (PC-98)
· D-Link DE-650/660
· D-Link IC-CARD/IC-CARD+ Ethernet
· ELECOM LD-98P (flags 0x500000) (PC-98)
· ELECOM LD-BDN, LD-NW801G (flags 0x200000) (PC-98)
· ELECOM Laneed LD-CDL/TX, LD-CDF, LD-CDS, LD-10/100CD, LD-CDWA
· Hawking PN652TX PC Card (AX88790)
· HP PC Lan+ 27247B and 27252A (options ED_HPP)
· IBM Creditcard Ethernet I/II
· ICM AD-ET2-T, DT-ET-25, DT-ET-T5, IF-2766ET, IF-2771ET, NB-ET-T
(110pin) (flags 0x500000) (PC-98)
· I-O DATA LA/T-98, LA/T-98SB, LA2/T-98, ET/T-98 (flags 0x900000)
· I-O DATA ET2/T-PCI
· I-O DATA PCLATE
· Kansai KLA-98C/T (flags 0x900000) (PC-98)
· Kingston KNE-PC2, CIO10T, KNE-PCM/x Ethernet
· Linksys EC2T/PCMPC100/PCM100, PCMLM56
· Linksys EtherFast 10/100 PC Card, Combo PCMCIA Ethernet Card
· Logitec LAN-98T (flags 0xb00000) (PC-98)
· MACNICA Ethernet ME1 for JEIDA
· MACNICA ME98 (flags 0x900000) (PC-98)
· MACNICA NE2098 (flags 0x400000) (PC-98)
· MELCO EGY-98 (flags 0x300000) (PC-98)
· MELCO LGH-98, LGY-98, LGY-98-N (110pin), IND-SP, IND-SS (flags
· MELCO LGY-PCI-TR
· MELCO LPC-T/LPC2-T/LPC2-CLT/LPC2-TX/LPC3-TX/LPC3-CLX
· NDC Ethernet Instant-Link
· NEC PC-9801-77, PC-9801-78 (flags 0x910000) (PC-98)
· NEC PC-9801-107, PC-9801-108 (flags 0x800000) (PC-98)
· National Semiconductor InfoMover NE4100
· NetGear FA-410TX
· NetVin 5000
· Network Everywhere Ethernet 10BaseT PC Card
· Networld 98X3 (flags 0xd00000) (PC-98)
· Networld EC-98X, EP-98X (flags 0xd10000) (PC-98)
· New Media LANSurfer 10+56 Ethernet/Modem
· New Media LANSurfer
· Novell NE1000/NE2000/NE2100
· PLANEX ENW-8300-T
· PLANEX EN-2298-C (flags 0x200000) (PC-98)
· PLANEX EN-2298P-T, EN-2298-T (flags 0x500000) (PC-98)
· PLANEX FNW-3600-T
· Psion 10/100 LANGLOBAL Combine iT
· RealTek 8029
· Relia Combo-L/M-56k PC Card
· SMC Elite 16 WD8013
· SMC Elite Ultra
· SMC EtherEZ98 (flags 0x000000) (PC-98)
· SMC WD8003E/WD8003EBT/WD8003S/WD8003SBT/WD8003W/WD8013EBT/WD8013W and
· SMC EZCard PC Card, 8040-TX, 8041-TX, 8041-TX V.2
· Socket LP-E, ES-1000 Ethernet/Serial, LP-E CF, LP-FE CF
· Surecom EtherPerfect EP-427
· Surecom NE-34
· TDK 3000/3400/5670 Fast Etherenet/Modem
· TDK LAK-CD031, Grey Cell GCS2000 Ethernet Card
· TDK DFL5610WS Ethernet/Modem PC Card
· Telecom Device SuperSocket RE450T
· VIA VT86C926
· Winbond W89C940
C-Bus, ISA, PCI and PC Card devices are supported.
ed%d: failed to clear shared memory at %x - check configuration. When
the card was probed at system boot time, the ed driver found that it
could not clear the card’s shared memory. This is most commonly caused
by a BIOS extension ROM being configured in the same address space as the
Ethernet card’s shared memory. Either find the offending card and change
its BIOS ROM to be at an address that does not conflict, or change the
settings in device.hints(5) that the card’s shared memory is mapped at a
ed%d: Invalid irq configuration (%d) must be 2-5 for 3c503. The IRQ
number that was specified in the device.hints(5) file is not valid for
the 3Com 3c503 card. The 3c503 can only be assigned to IRQs 2 through 5.
ed%d: Cannot find start of RAM.
ed%d: Cannot find any RAM, start : %d, x = %d. The probe of a Gateway
card was unsuccessful in configuring the card’s packet memory. This
likely indicates that the card was improperly recognized as a Gateway or
that the card is defective.
ed: packets buffered, but transmitter idle. Indicates a logic problem in
the driver. Should never happen.
ed%d: device timeout Indicates that an expected transmitter interrupt
did not occur. Usually caused by an interrupt conflict with another card
on the ISA bus. This condition could also be caused if the kernel is
configured for a different IRQ channel than the one the card is actually
using. If that is the case, you will have to either reconfigure the card
using a DOS utility or set the jumpers on the card appropriately.
ed%d: NIC memory corrupt - invalid packet length %d. Indicates that a
packet was received with a packet length that was either larger than the
maximum size or smaller than the minimum size allowed by the IEEE 802.3
standard. Usually caused by a conflict with another card on the ISA bus,
but in some cases may also indicate faulty cabling.
ed%d: remote transmit DMA failed to complete. This indicates that a
programmed I/O transfer to an NE1000 or NE2000 style card has failed to
properly complete. Usually caused by the ISA bus speed being set too
ed%d: Invalid irq configuration (%ld) must be %s for %s Indicates the
device has a different IRQ than supported or expected.
ed%d: Cannot locate my ports! The device is using a different I/O port
than the driver knows about.
ed%d: Cannot extract MAC address Attempts to get the MAC address failed.
ed%d: Missing mii! Probing for an MII bus has failed.
Early revision DS8390 chips have problems. They lock up whenever the
receive ring-buffer overflows. They occasionally switch the byte order
of the length field in the packet ring header (several different causes
of this related to an off-by-one byte alignment) - resulting in "NIC
memory corrupt - invalid packet length" messages. The card is reset
whenever these problems occur, but otherwise there is no problem with
recovering from these conditions.
The NIC memory access to 3Com and Novell cards is much slower than it is
on WD/SMC cards; it is less than 1MB/second on 8bit boards and less than
2MB/second on the 16bit cards. This can lead to ring-buffer overruns
resulting in dropped packets during heavy network traffic.
16bit Compex cards identify themselves as being 8bit. While these cards
will work in 8bit mode, much higher performance can be achieved by
specifying flags 0x04 (force 16bit mode) in your kernel config file. In
addition, you should also specify iosiz 16384 to take advantage of the
extra 8K of shared memory that 16bit mode provides.
altq(4), arp(4), miibus(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), device.hints(5),
The ed device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.
The ed device driver and this manual page were written by David Greenman.
The ed driver is a bit too aggressive about resetting the card whenever
any bad packets are received. As a result, it may throw out some good
packets which have been received but not yet transferred from the card to
The ed PC Card attachment supports the D-Link DMF650TX LAN/Modem card’s
Ethernet port only at this time.