Provided by: cpp_4.3.3-1ubuntu1_i386 bug

NAME

       gpl - GNU General Public License

DESCRIPTION

       GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

       Version 2, June 1991

               Copyright (c) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
               59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA

               Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
               of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

       Preamble

         The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
       freedom to share and change it.  By contrast, the GNU General Public
       License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free
       software---to make sure the software is free for all its users.  This
       General Public License applies to most of the Free Software
       Foundation’s software and to any other program whose authors commit to
       using it.  (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
       the GNU Library General Public License instead.)  You can apply it to
       your programs, too.

         When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
       price.  Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you
       have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
       this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it
       if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it
       in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.

         To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
       anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights.
       These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you
       distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.

         For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
       gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that
       you have.  You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the
       source code.  And you must show them these terms so they know their
       rights.

         We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and
       (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy,
       distribute and/or modify the software.

         Also, for each author’s protection and ours, we want to make certain
       that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free
       software.  If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we
       want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so
       that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original
       authors’ reputations.

         Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software
       patents.  We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free
       program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the
       program proprietary.  To prevent this, we have made it clear that any
       patent must be licensed for everyone’s free use or not licensed at all.

         The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
       modification follow.

       TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

       0.  This License applies to any program or other work which contains a
           notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed
           under the terms of this General Public License.  The ‘‘Program’’,
           below, refers to any such program or work, and a ‘‘work based on
           the Program’’ means either the Program or any derivative work under
           copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a
           portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or
           translated into another language.  (Hereinafter, translation is
           included without limitation in the term ‘‘modification’’.)  Each
           licensee is addressed as ‘‘you’’.

           Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are
           not covered by this License; they are outside its scope.  The act
           of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the
           Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on
           the Program (independent of having been made by running the
           Program).  Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.

       1.  You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program’s source
           code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
           conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
           copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
           notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any
           warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of
           this License along with the Program.

           You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy,
           and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange
           for a fee.

       2.  You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of
           it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and
           distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1
           above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

           a.  You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices
               stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.

           b.  You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
               whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any
               part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all
               third parties under the terms of this License.

           c.  If the modified program normally reads commands interactively
               when run, you must cause it, when started running for such
               interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display
               an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a
               notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you
               provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program
               under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy
               of this License.  (Exception: if the Program itself is
               interactive but does not normally print such an announcement,
               your work based on the Program is not required to print an
               announcement.)

           These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole.  If
           identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the
           Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate
           works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply
           to those sections when you distribute them as separate works.  But
           when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a
           work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on
           the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees
           extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part
           regardless of who wrote it.

           Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or
           contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the
           intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of
           derivative or collective works based on the Program.

           In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the
           Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a
           volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other
           work under the scope of this License.

       3.  You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it,
           under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms
           of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the
           following:

           a.  Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
               source code, which must be distributed under the terms of
               Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for
               software interchange; or,

           b.  Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three
               years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your
               cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete
               machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be
               distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a
               medium customarily used for software interchange; or,

           c.  Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer
               to distribute corresponding source code.  (This alternative is
               allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you
               received the program in object code or executable form with
               such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)

           The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for
           making modifications to it.  For an executable work, complete
           source code means all the source code for all modules it contains,
           plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts
           used to control compilation and installation of the executable.
           However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need
           not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source
           or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so
           on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless
           that component itself accompanies the executable.

           If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering
           access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent
           access to copy the source code from the same place counts as
           distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not
           compelled to copy the source along with the object code.

       4.  You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program
           except as expressly provided under this License.  Any attempt
           otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is
           void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this
           License.  However, parties who have received copies, or rights,
           from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated
           so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

       5.  You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
           signed it.  However, nothing else grants you permission to modify
           or distribute the Program or its derivative works.  These actions
           are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License.
           Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work
           based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License
           to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying,
           distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.

       6.  Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the
           Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the
           original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject
           to these terms and conditions.  You may not impose any further
           restrictions on the recipients’ exercise of the rights granted
           herein.  You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third
           parties to this License.

       7.  If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent
           infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent
           issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order,
           agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this
           License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this
           License.  If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously
           your obligations under this License and any other pertinent
           obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the
           Program at all.  For example, if a patent license would not permit
           royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who receive
           copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you
           could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely
           from distribution of the Program.

           If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable
           under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is
           intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply
           in other circumstances.

           It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any
           patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of
           any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting
           the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is
           implemented by public license practices.  Many people have made
           generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed
           through that system in reliance on consistent application of that
           system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is
           willing to distribute software through any other system and a
           licensee cannot impose that choice.

           This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed
           to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

       8.  If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in
           certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces,
           the original copyright holder who places the Program under this
           License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
           excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only
           in or among countries not thus excluded.  In such case, this
           License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of
           this License.

       9.  The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new
           versions of the General Public License from time to time.  Such new
           versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
           differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

           Each version is given a distinguishing version number.  If the
           Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to
           it and ‘‘any later version’’, you have the option of following the
           terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version
           published by the Free Software Foundation.  If the Program does not
           specify a version number of this License, you may choose any
           version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

       10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free
           programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the
           author to ask for permission.  For software which is copyrighted by
           the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software
           Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this.  Our decision
           will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of
           all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing
           and reuse of software generally.

       NO WARRANTY

       11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
           WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
           LAW.  EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
           AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM ‘‘AS IS’’ WITHOUT WARRANTY
           OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
           LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
           FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND
           PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU.  SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE
           DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR
           OR CORRECTION.

       12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
           WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY
           MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
           LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
           INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
           INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
           DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU
           OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY
           OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
           ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

       END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

       How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

         If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
       possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
       free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

         To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It is safest
       to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
       convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
       the ‘‘copyright’’ line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

               <one line to give the program’s name and a brief idea of what it does.>
               Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>

               This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
               it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
               the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
               (at your option) any later version.

               This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
               but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
               MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
               GNU General Public License for more details.

               You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
               along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
               Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
               Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

       Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper
       mail.

       If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this
       when it starts in an interactive mode:

               Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
               Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details
               type ‘show w’.
               This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
               under certain conditions; type ‘show c’ for details.

       The hypothetical commands show w and show c should show the appropriate
       parts of the General Public License.  Of course, the commands you use
       may be called something other than show w and show c; they could even
       be mouse-clicks or menu items---whatever suits your program.

       You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your
       school, if any, to sign a ‘‘copyright disclaimer’’ for the program, if
       necessary.  Here is a sample; alter the names:

               Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
               ‘Gnomovision’ (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.

               <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
               Ty Coon, President of Vice

       This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program
       into proprietary programs.  If your program is a subroutine library,
       you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary
       applications with the library.  If this is what you want to do, use the
       GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.

SEE ALSO

       gfdl(7), fsf-funding(7).

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  59 Temple
       Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA

       Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
       license document, but changing it is not allowed.