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NAME

     ataraid - ATA software RAID support

SYNOPSIS

     device ata
     device ataraid

DESCRIPTION

     The ataraid driver provides support for so-called software RAID
     (sometimes referred to as fake RAID or pseudo RAID).

     When a controller that supports software RAID is instructed to create a
     RAID array, its BIOS writes data structures in a specific metadata format
     to the disks.  These data structures are picked up by the ataraid driver,
     so that FreeBSD can work with the array.  The ataraid driver has to
     understand the specific metadata format of a controller BIOS in order to
     support its RAID capabilities.

     Read-only support for a metadata format means that FreeBSD can use the
     given RAID array for normal read/write operations.  Creation and rebuild
     of such arrays has to be done from the controller BIOS.

     Read and write support for a metadata format means that FreeBSD can use
     the given RAID array for normal read/write operations.  Additionally, the
     atacontrol(8) utility can be used to create, rebuild, update and fail
     such RAID arrays.

     The ataraid driver can read the following metadata formats:

     ·   Adaptec HostRAID
     ·   Highpoint V2 RocketRAID
     ·   Highpoint V3 RocketRAID
     ·   Intel MatrixRAID
     ·   Integrated Technology Express (ITE)
     ·   JMicron
     ·   LSI Logic V2 MegaRAID
     ·   LSI Logic V3 MegaRAID
     ·   NVIDIA MediaShield
     ·   Promise FastTrak
     ·   Silicon Image Medley
     ·   Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS)
     ·   VIA Tech V-RAID
     ·   FreeBSD PseudoRAID

     The ataraid driver can write the following metadata formats:

     ·   Highpoint V2 RocketRAID
     ·   Intel MatrixRAID
     ·   JMicron
     ·   Promise FastTrak
     ·   Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS)
     ·   VIA Tech V-RAID
     ·   FreeBSD PseudoRAID

     It is also possible to use software RAID on controllers that do not have
     special software RAID capabilities.  See atacontrol(8) for details.

FILES

     /dev/ar*  ATA RAID device nodes

SEE ALSO

     ata(4), atacontrol(8)

CAVEATS

     RAID5 is not supported at this time.  Code exists, but it neither uses
     nor maintains parity information.

AUTHORS

     The ataraid driver was written by Søren Schmidt 〈sos@FreeBSD.org〉.  This
     manual page was written by Christian Brueffer 〈brueffer@FreeBSD.org〉.