Provided by: git-core_1.6.3.3-2_i386 bug

NAME

       git-diff-tree - Compares the content and mode of blobs found via two
       tree objects

SYNOPSIS

       git diff-tree [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] [--no-commit-id] [--pretty]
                     [-t] [-r] [-c | --cc] [--root] [<common diff options>]
                     <tree-ish> [<tree-ish>] [<path>...]

DESCRIPTION

       Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via two tree objects.

       If there is only one <tree-ish> given, the commit is compared with its
       parents (see --stdin below).

       Note that git-diff-tree can use the tree encapsulated in a commit
       object.

OPTIONS

       -p, -u
           Generate patch (see section on generating patches).

       -U<n>, --unified=<n>
           Generate diffs with <n> lines of context instead of the usual
           three. Implies "-p".

       --raw
           Generate the raw format. This is the default.

       --patch-with-raw
           Synonym for "-p --raw".

       --patience
           Generate a diff using the "patience diff" algorithm.

       --stat[=width[,name-width]]
           Generate a diffstat. You can override the default output width for
           80-column terminal by "--stat=width". The width of the filename
           part can be controlled by giving another width to it separated by a
           comma.

       --numstat
           Similar to --stat, but shows number of added and deleted lines in
           decimal notation and pathname without abbreviation, to make it more
           machine friendly. For binary files, outputs two - instead of saying
           0 0.

       --shortstat
           Output only the last line of the --stat format containing total
           number of modified files, as well as number of added and deleted
           lines.

       --dirstat[=limit]
           Output the distribution of relative amount of changes (number of
           lines added or removed) for each sub-directory. Directories with
           changes below a cut-off percent (3% by default) are not shown. The
           cut-off percent can be set with "--dirstat=limit". Changes in a
           child directory is not counted for the parent directory, unless
           "--cumulative" is used.

       --dirstat-by-file[=limit]
           Same as --dirstat, but counts changed files instead of lines.

       --summary
           Output a condensed summary of extended header information such as
           creations, renames and mode changes.

       --patch-with-stat
           Synonym for "-p --stat".

       -z
           NUL-line termination on output. This affects the --raw output field
           terminator. Also output from commands such as "git-log" will be
           delimited with NUL between commits.

       --name-only
           Show only names of changed files.

       --name-status
           Show only names and status of changed files. See the description of
           the --diff-filter option on what the status letters mean.

       --color
           Show colored diff.

       --no-color
           Turn off colored diff, even when the configuration file gives the
           default to color output.

       --color-words[=<regex>]
           Show colored word diff, i.e., color words which have changed. By
           default, words are separated by whitespace.

           When a <regex> is specified, every non-overlapping match of the
           <regex> is considered a word. Anything between these matches is
           considered whitespace and ignored(!) for the purposes of finding
           differences. You may want to append |[^[:space:]] to your regular
           expression to make sure that it matches all non-whitespace
           characters. A match that contains a newline is silently
           truncated(!) at the newline.

           The regex can also be set via a diff driver or configuration
           option, see gitattributes(1) or git-config(1). Giving it explicitly
           overrides any diff driver or configuration setting. Diff drivers
           override configuration settings.

       --no-renames
           Turn off rename detection, even when the configuration file gives
           the default to do so.

       --check
           Warn if changes introduce trailing whitespace or an indent that
           uses a space before a tab. Exits with non-zero status if problems
           are found. Not compatible with --exit-code.

       --full-index
           Instead of the first handful of characters, show the full pre- and
           post-image blob object names on the "index" line when generating
           patch format output.

       --binary
           In addition to --full-index, output "binary diff" that can be
           applied with "git apply".

       --abbrev[=<n>]
           Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object name in
           diff-raw format output and diff-tree header lines, show only a
           partial prefix. This is independent of --full-index option above,
           which controls the diff-patch output format. Non default number of
           digits can be specified with --abbrev=<n>.

       -B
           Break complete rewrite changes into pairs of delete and create.

       -M
           Detect renames.

       -C
           Detect copies as well as renames. See also --find-copies-harder.

       --diff-filter=[ACDMRTUXB*]
           Select only files that are Added (A), Copied (C), Deleted (D),
           Modified (M), Renamed (R), have their type (i.e. regular file,
           symlink, submodule, ...) changed (T), are Unmerged (U), are Unknown
           (X), or have had their pairing Broken (B). Any combination of the
           filter characters may be used. When * (All-or-none) is added to the
           combination, all paths are selected if there is any file that
           matches other criteria in the comparison; if there is no file that
           matches other criteria, nothing is selected.

       --find-copies-harder
           For performance reasons, by default, -C option finds copies only if
           the original file of the copy was modified in the same changeset.
           This flag makes the command inspect unmodified files as candidates
           for the source of copy. This is a very expensive operation for
           large projects, so use it with caution. Giving more than one -C
           option has the same effect.

       -l<num>
           -M and -C options require O(n^2) processing time where n is the
           number of potential rename/copy targets. This option prevents
           rename/copy detection from running if the number of rename/copy
           targets exceeds the specified number.

       -S<string>
           Look for differences that introduce or remove an instance of
           <string>. Note that this is different than the string simply
           appearing in diff output; see the pickaxe entry in gitdiffcore(7)
           for more details.

       --pickaxe-all
           When -S finds a change, show all the changes in that changeset, not
           just the files that contain the change in <string>.

       --pickaxe-regex
           Make the <string> not a plain string but an extended POSIX regex to
           match.

       -O<orderfile>
           Output the patch in the order specified in the <orderfile>, which
           has one shell glob pattern per line.

       -R
           Swap two inputs; that is, show differences from index or on-disk
           file to tree contents.

       --relative[=<path>]
           When run from a subdirectory of the project, it can be told to
           exclude changes outside the directory and show pathnames relative
           to it with this option. When you are not in a subdirectory (e.g. in
           a bare repository), you can name which subdirectory to make the
           output relative to by giving a <path> as an argument.

       -a, --text
           Treat all files as text.

       --ignore-space-at-eol
           Ignore changes in whitespace at EOL.

       -b, --ignore-space-change
           Ignore changes in amount of whitespace. This ignores whitespace at
           line end, and considers all other sequences of one or more
           whitespace characters to be equivalent.

       -w, --ignore-all-space
           Ignore whitespace when comparing lines. This ignores differences
           even if one line has whitespace where the other line has none.

       --inter-hunk-context=<lines>
           Show the context between diff hunks, up to the specified number of
           lines, thereby fusing hunks that are close to each other.

       --exit-code
           Make the program exit with codes similar to diff(1). That is, it
           exits with 1 if there were differences and 0 means no differences.

       --quiet
           Disable all output of the program. Implies --exit-code.

       --ext-diff
           Allow an external diff helper to be executed. If you set an
           external diff driver with gitattributes(5), you need to use this
           option with git-log(1) and friends.

       --no-ext-diff
           Disallow external diff drivers.

       --ignore-submodules
           Ignore changes to submodules in the diff generation.

       --src-prefix=<prefix>
           Show the given source prefix instead of "a/".

       --dst-prefix=<prefix>
           Show the given destination prefix instead of "b/".

       --no-prefix
           Do not show any source or destination prefix.

       For more detailed explanation on these common options, see also
       gitdiffcore(7).

       <tree-ish>
           The id of a tree object.

       <path>...
           If provided, the results are limited to a subset of files matching
           one of these prefix strings. i.e., file matches
           /^<pattern1>|<pattern2>|.../ Note that this parameter does not
           provide any wildcard or regexp features.

       -r
           recurse into sub-trees

       -t
           show tree entry itself as well as subtrees. Implies -r.

       --root
           When --root is specified the initial commit will be shown as a big
           creation event. This is equivalent to a diff against the NULL tree.

       --stdin
           When --stdin is specified, the command does not take <tree-ish>
           arguments from the command line. Instead, it reads lines containing
           either two <tree>, one <commit>, or a list of <commit> from its
           standard input. (Use a single space as separator.)

           When two trees are given, it compares the first tree with the
           second. When a single commit is given, it compares the commit with
           its parents. The remaining commits, when given, are used as if they
           are parents of the first commit.

           When comparing two trees, the ID of both trees (separated by a
           space and terminated by a newline) is printed before the
           difference. When comparing commits, the ID of the first (or only)
           commit, followed by a newline, is printed.

           The following flags further affect the behavior when comparing
           commits (but not trees).

       -m
           By default, git-diff-tree --stdin does not show differences for
           merge commits. With this flag, it shows differences to that commit
           from all of its parents. See also -c.

       -s
           By default, git-diff-tree --stdin shows differences, either in
           machine-readable form (without -p) or in patch form (with -p). This
           output can be suppressed. It is only useful with -v flag.

       -v
           This flag causes git-diff-tree --stdin to also show the commit
           message before the differences.

       --pretty[=<format>], --format[=<format>]
           Pretty-print the contents of the commit logs in a given format,
           where <format> can be one of oneline, short, medium, full, fuller,
           email, raw and format:<string>. When omitted, the format defaults
           to medium.

           Note: you can specify the default pretty format in the repository
           configuration (see git-config(1)).

       --abbrev-commit
           Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal commit object name,
           show only a partial prefix. Non default number of digits can be
           specified with "--abbrev=<n>" (which also modifies diff output, if
           it is displayed).

           This should make "--pretty=oneline" a whole lot more readable for
           people using 80-column terminals.

       --oneline
           This is a shorthand for "--pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit" used
           together.

       --encoding[=<encoding>]
           The commit objects record the encoding used for the log message in
           their encoding header; this option can be used to tell the command
           to re-code the commit log message in the encoding preferred by the
           user. For non plumbing commands this defaults to UTF-8.

       --no-commit-id

           git-diff-tree outputs a line with the commit ID when applicable.
           This flag suppressed the commit ID output.

       -c
           This flag changes the way a merge commit is displayed (which means
           it is useful only when the command is given one <tree-ish>, or
           --stdin). It shows the differences from each of the parents to the
           merge result simultaneously instead of showing pairwise diff
           between a parent and the result one at a time (which is what the -m
           option does). Furthermore, it lists only files which were modified
           from all parents.

       --cc
           This flag changes the way a merge commit patch is displayed, in a
           similar way to the -c option. It implies the -c and -p options and
           further compresses the patch output by omitting uninteresting hunks
           whose the contents in the parents have only two variants and the
           merge result picks one of them without modification. When all hunks
           are uninteresting, the commit itself and the commit log message is
           not shown, just like in any other "empty diff" case.

       --always
           Show the commit itself and the commit log message even if the diff
           itself is empty.

PRETTY FORMATS

       If the commit is a merge, and if the pretty-format is not oneline,
       email or raw, an additional line is inserted before the Author: line.
       This line begins with "Merge: " and the sha1s of ancestral commits are
       printed, separated by spaces. Note that the listed commits may not
       necessarily be the list of the direct parent commits if you have
       limited your view of history: for example, if you are only interested
       in changes related to a certain directory or file.

       Here are some additional details for each format:

       ·    oneline

               <sha1> <title line>

           This is designed to be as compact as possible.

       ·    short

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>

               <title line>

       ·    medium

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>
               Date:   <author date>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       ·    full

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>
               Commit: <committer>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       ·    fuller

               commit <sha1>
               Author:     <author>
               AuthorDate: <author date>
               Commit:     <committer>
               CommitDate: <committer date>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       ·    email

               From <sha1> <date>
               From: <author>
               Date: <author date>
               Subject: [PATCH] <title line>

               <full commit message>

       ·    raw

           The raw format shows the entire commit exactly as stored in the
           commit object. Notably, the SHA1s are displayed in full, regardless
           of whether --abbrev or --no-abbrev are used, and parents
           information show the true parent commits, without taking grafts nor
           history simplification into account.

       ·    format:

           The format: format allows you to specify which information you want
           to show. It works a little bit like printf format, with the notable
           exception that you get a newline with %n instead of \n.

           E.g, format:"The author of %h was %an, %ar%nThe title was >>%s<<%n"
           would show something like this:

               The author of fe6e0ee was Junio C Hamano, 23 hours ago
               The title was >>t4119: test autocomputing -p<n> for traditional diff input.<<

           The placeholders are:

           ·    %H: commit hash

           ·    %h: abbreviated commit hash

           ·    %T: tree hash

           ·    %t: abbreviated tree hash

           ·    %P: parent hashes

           ·    %p: abbreviated parent hashes

           ·    %an: author name

           ·    %aN: author name (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1) or
               git-blame(1))

           ·    %ae: author email

           ·    %aE: author email (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1) or
               git-blame(1))

           ·    %ad: author date (format respects --date= option)

           ·    %aD: author date, RFC2822 style

           ·    %ar: author date, relative

           ·    %at: author date, UNIX timestamp

           ·    %ai: author date, ISO 8601 format

           ·    %cn: committer name

           ·    %cN: committer name (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1)
               or git-blame(1))

           ·    %ce: committer email

           ·    %cE: committer email (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1)
               or git-blame(1))

           ·    %cd: committer date

           ·    %cD: committer date, RFC2822 style

           ·    %cr: committer date, relative

           ·    %ct: committer date, UNIX timestamp

           ·    %ci: committer date, ISO 8601 format

           ·    %d: ref names, like the --decorate option of git-log(1)

           ·    %e: encoding

           ·    %s: subject

           ·    %f: sanitized subject line, suitable for a filename

           ·    %b: body

           ·    %Cred: switch color to red

           ·    %Cgreen: switch color to green

           ·    %Cblue: switch color to blue

           ·    %Creset: reset color

           ·    %C(...): color specification, as described in color.branch.*
               config option

           ·    %m: left, right or boundary mark

           ·    %n: newline

           ·    %x00: print a byte from a hex code

       ·    tformat:

           The tformat: format works exactly like format:, except that it
           provides "terminator" semantics instead of "separator" semantics.
           In other words, each commit has the message terminator character
           (usually a newline) appended, rather than a separator placed
           between entries. This means that the final entry of a single-line
           format will be properly terminated with a new line, just as the
           "oneline" format does. For example:

               $ git log -2 --pretty=format:%h 4da45bef \
                 | perl -pe ´$_ .= " -- NO NEWLINE\n" unless /\n/´
               4da45be
               7134973 -- NO NEWLINE

               $ git log -2 --pretty=tformat:%h 4da45bef \
                 | perl -pe ´$_ .= " -- NO NEWLINE\n" unless /\n/´
               4da45be
               7134973

           In addition, any unrecognized string that has a % in it is
           interpreted as if it has tformat: in front of it. For example,
           these two are equivalent:

               $ git log -2 --pretty=tformat:%h 4da45bef
               $ git log -2 --pretty=%h 4da45bef

LIMITING OUTPUT

       If you’re only interested in differences in a subset of files, for
       example some architecture-specific files, you might do:

           git diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> arch/ia64 include/asm-ia64

       and it will only show you what changed in those two directories.

       Or if you are searching for what changed in just kernel/sched.c, just
       do

           git diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> kernel/sched.c

       and it will ignore all differences to other files.

       The pattern is always the prefix, and is matched exactly. There are no
       wildcards. Even stricter, it has to match a complete path component.
       I.e. "foo" does not pick up foobar.h. "foo" does match foo/bar.h so it
       can be used to name subdirectories.

       An example of normal usage is:

           torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git diff-tree 5319e4......
           *100664->100664 blob    ac348b.......->a01513.......      git-fsck-objects.c

       which tells you that the last commit changed just one file (it’s from
       this one:

           commit 3c6f7ca19ad4043e9e72fa94106f352897e651a8
           tree 5319e4d609cdd282069cc4dce33c1db559539b03
           parent b4e628ea30d5ab3606119d2ea5caeab141d38df7
           author Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005
           committer Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005

           Make "git-fsck-objects" print out all the root commits it finds.

           Once I do the reference tracking, I´ll also make it print out all the
           HEAD commits it finds, which is even more interesting.

       in case you care).

OUTPUT FORMAT

       The output format from "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree",
       "git-diff-files" and "git diff --raw" are very similar.

       These commands all compare two sets of things; what is compared
       differs:

       git-diff-index <tree-ish>
           compares the <tree-ish> and the files on the filesystem.

       git-diff-index --cached <tree-ish>
           compares the <tree-ish> and the index.

       git-diff-tree [-r] <tree-ish-1> <tree-ish-2> [<pattern>...]
           compares the trees named by the two arguments.

       git-diff-files [<pattern>...]
           compares the index and the files on the filesystem.

       An output line is formatted this way:

           in-place edit  :100644 100644 bcd1234... 0123456... M file0
           copy-edit      :100644 100644 abcd123... 1234567... C68 file1 file2
           rename-edit    :100644 100644 abcd123... 1234567... R86 file1 file3
           create         :000000 100644 0000000... 1234567... A file4
           delete         :100644 000000 1234567... 0000000... D file5
           unmerged       :000000 000000 0000000... 0000000... U file6

       That is, from the left to the right:

        1. a colon.

        2. mode for "src"; 000000 if creation or unmerged.

        3. a space.

        4. mode for "dst"; 000000 if deletion or unmerged.

        5. a space.

        6. sha1 for "src"; 0{40} if creation or unmerged.

        7. a space.

        8. sha1 for "dst"; 0{40} if creation, unmerged or "look at work tree".

        9. a space.

       10. status, followed by optional "score" number.

       11. a tab or a NUL when -z option is used.

       12. path for "src"

       13. a tab or a NUL when -z option is used; only exists for C or R.

       14. path for "dst"; only exists for C or R.

       15. an LF or a NUL when -z option is used, to terminate the record.

       Possible status letters are:

       ·   A: addition of a file

       ·   C: copy of a file into a new one

       ·   D: deletion of a file

       ·   M: modification of the contents or mode of a file

       ·   R: renaming of a file

       ·   T: change in the type of the file

       ·   U: file is unmerged (you must complete the merge before it can be
           committed)

       ·   X: "unknown" change type (most probably a bug, please report it)

       Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
       percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
       copy), and are the only ones to be so.

       <sha1> is shown as all 0’s if a file is new on the filesystem and it is
       out of sync with the index.

       Example:

           :100644 100644 5be4a4...... 000000...... M file.c

       When -z option is not used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters in
       pathnames are represented as \t, \n, and \\, respectively.

DIFF FORMAT FOR MERGES

       "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff --raw" can take -c or
       --cc option to generate diff output also for merge commits. The output
       differs from the format described above in the following way:

        1. there is a colon for each parent

        2. there are more "src" modes and "src" sha1

        3. status is concatenated status characters for each parent

        4. no optional "score" number

        5. single path, only for "dst"

       Example:

           ::100644 100644 100644 fabadb8... cc95eb0... 4866510... MM      describe.c

       Note that combined diff lists only files which were modified from all
       parents.

GENERATING PATCHES WITH -P

       When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run
       with a -p option, "git diff" without the --raw option, or "git log"
       with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above;
       instead they produce a patch file. You can customize the creation of
       such patches via the GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS
       environment variables.

       What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional
       diff format.

        1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this:

               diff --git a/file1 b/file2

           The a/ and b/ filenames are the same unless rename/copy is
           involved. Especially, even for a creation or a deletion, /dev/null
           is not used in place of a/ or b/ filenames.

           When rename/copy is involved, file1 and file2 show the name of the
           source file of the rename/copy and the name of the file that
           rename/copy produces, respectively.

        2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines:

               old mode <mode>
               new mode <mode>
               deleted file mode <mode>
               new file mode <mode>
               copy from <path>
               copy to <path>
               rename from <path>
               rename to <path>
               similarity index <number>
               dissimilarity index <number>
               index <hash>..<hash> <mode>

        3. TAB, LF, double quote and backslash characters in pathnames are
           represented as \t, \n, \" and \\, respectively. If there is need
           for such substitution then the whole pathname is put in double
           quotes.

       The similarity index is the percentage of unchanged lines, and the
       dissimilarity index is the percentage of changed lines. It is a rounded
       down integer, followed by a percent sign. The similarity index value of
       100% is thus reserved for two equal files, while 100% dissimilarity
       means that no line from the old file made it into the new one.

COMBINED DIFF FORMAT

       "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff" can take -c or --cc
       option to produce combined diff. For showing a merge commit with "git
       log -p", this is the default format. A combined diff format looks like
       this:

           diff --combined describe.c
           index fabadb8,cc95eb0..4866510
           --- a/describe.c
           +++ b/describe.c
           @@@ -98,20 -98,12 +98,20 @@@
                   return (a_date > b_date) ? -1 : (a_date == b_date) ? 0 : 1;
             }

           - static void describe(char *arg)
            -static void describe(struct commit *cmit, int last_one)
           ++static void describe(char *arg, int last_one)
             {
            +      unsigned char sha1[20];
            +      struct commit *cmit;
                   struct commit_list *list;
                   static int initialized = 0;
                   struct commit_name *n;

            +      if (get_sha1(arg, sha1) < 0)
            +              usage(describe_usage);
            +      cmit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
            +      if (!cmit)
            +              usage(describe_usage);
            +
                   if (!initialized) {
                           initialized = 1;
                           for_each_ref(get_name);

        1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this (when
           -c option is used):

               diff --combined file

           or like this (when --cc option is used):

               diff --cc file

        2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines (this example
           shows a merge with two parents):

               index <hash>,<hash>..<hash>
               mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>
               new file mode <mode>
               deleted file mode <mode>,<mode>

           The mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode> line appears only if at least one of
           the <mode> is different from the rest. Extended headers with
           information about detected contents movement (renames and copying
           detection) are designed to work with diff of two <tree-ish> and are
           not used by combined diff format.

        3. It is followed by two-line from-file/to-file header

               --- a/file
               +++ b/file

           Similar to two-line header for traditional unified diff format,
           /dev/null is used to signal created or deleted files.

        4. Chunk header format is modified to prevent people from accidentally
           feeding it to patch -p1. Combined diff format was created for
           review of merge commit changes, and was not meant for apply. The
           change is similar to the change in the extended index header:

               @@@ <from-file-range> <from-file-range> <to-file-range> @@@

           There are (number of parents + 1) @ characters in the chunk header
           for combined diff format.

       Unlike the traditional unified diff format, which shows two files A and
       B with a single column that has - (minus — appears in A but removed in
       B), + (plus — missing in A but added to B), or " " (space — unchanged)
       prefix, this format compares two or more files file1, file2,... with
       one file X, and shows how X differs from each of fileN. One column for
       each of fileN is prepended to the output line to note how X’s line is
       different from it.

       A - character in the column N means that the line appears in fileN but
       it does not appear in the result. A + character in the column N means
       that the line appears in the result, and fileN does not have that line
       (in other words, the line was added, from the point of view of that
       parent).

       In the above example output, the function signature was changed from
       both files (hence two - removals from both file1 and file2, plus ++ to
       mean one line that was added does not appear in either file1 nor
       file2). Also eight other lines are the same from file1 but do not
       appear in file2 (hence prefixed with {plus}).

       When shown by git diff-tree -c, it compares the parents of a merge
       commit with the merge result (i.e. file1..fileN are the parents). When
       shown by git diff-files -c, it compares the two unresolved merge
       parents with the working tree file (i.e. file1 is stage 2 aka "our
       version", file2 is stage 3 aka "their version").

OTHER DIFF FORMATS

       The --summary option describes newly added, deleted, renamed and copied
       files. The --stat option adds diffstat(1) graph to the output. These
       options can be combined with other options, such as -p, and are meant
       for human consumption.

       When showing a change that involves a rename or a copy, --stat output
       formats the pathnames compactly by combining common prefix and suffix
       of the pathnames. For example, a change that moves arch/i386/Makefile
       to arch/x86/Makefile while modifying 4 lines will be shown like this:

           arch/{i386 => x86}/Makefile    |   4 +--

       The --numstat option gives the diffstat(1) information but is designed
       for easier machine consumption. An entry in --numstat output looks like
       this:

           1       2       README
           3       1       arch/{i386 => x86}/Makefile

       That is, from left to right:

        1. the number of added lines;

        2. a tab;

        3. the number of deleted lines;

        4. a tab;

        5. pathname (possibly with rename/copy information);

        6. a newline.

       When -z output option is in effect, the output is formatted this way:

           1       2       README NUL
           3       1       NUL arch/i386/Makefile NUL arch/x86/Makefile NUL

       That is:

        1. the number of added lines;

        2. a tab;

        3. the number of deleted lines;

        4. a tab;

        5. a NUL (only exists if renamed/copied);

        6. pathname in preimage;

        7. a NUL (only exists if renamed/copied);

        8. pathname in postimage (only exists if renamed/copied);

        9. a NUL.

       The extra NUL before the preimage path in renamed case is to allow
       scripts that read the output to tell if the current record being read
       is a single-path record or a rename/copy record without reading ahead.
       After reading added and deleted lines, reading up to NUL would yield
       the pathname, but if that is NUL, the record will show two paths.

AUTHOR

       Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org[1]>

DOCUMENTATION

       Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list
       <git@vger.kernel.org[2]>.

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite

NOTES

        1. torvalds@osdl.org
           mailto:torvalds@osdl.org

        2. git@vger.kernel.org
           mailto:git@vger.kernel.org