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NAME

       lp - line printer devices

SYNOPSIS

       #include <linux/lp.h>

CONFIGURATION

       lp[0–2] are character devices for the parallel line printers; they have
       major number 6 and minor number 0–2.  The minor numbers  correspond  to
       the  printer  port  base  addresses 0x03bc, 0x0378 and 0x0278.  Usually
       they have mode 220 and are owned by root and group  lp.   You  can  use
       printer  ports  either with polling or with interrupts.  Interrupts are
       recommended when high traffic  is  expected,  for  example,  for  laser
       printers.   For  usual  dot  matrix  printers  polling  will usually be
       enough.  The default is polling.

DESCRIPTION

       The following ioctl(2) calls are supported:

       int ioctl(int fd, LPTIME, int arg)
              Sets the amount of time that the driver sleeps before rechecking
              the  printer  when  the printer’s buffer appears to be filled to
              arg.  If you have a fast printer, decrease this number;  if  you
              have  a slow printer then increase it.  This is in hundredths of
              a second, the default 2 being 0.02 seconds.  It only  influences
              the polling driver.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPCHAR, int arg)
              Sets  the  maximum  number  of  busy-wait  iterations  which the
              polling driver does while waiting for the printer to  get  ready
              for  receiving  a  character  to  arg.  If printing is too slow,
              increase this number; if the system gets too slow, decrease this
              number.   The  default  is 1000.  It only influences the polling
              driver.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPABORT, int arg)
              If arg is 0, the printer driver will retry on errors,  otherwise
              it will abort.  The default is 0.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPABORTOPEN, int arg)
              If  arg  is 0, open(2) will be aborted on error, otherwise error
              will be ignored.  The default is to ignore it.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPCAREFUL, int arg)
              If arg is 0, then the out-of-paper, offline  and  error  signals
              are  required  to  be  false  on  all writes, otherwise they are
              ignored.  The default is to ignore them.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPWAIT, int arg)
              Sets the number  of  busy  waiting  iterations  to  wait  before
              strobing the printer to accept a just-written character, and the
              number of iterations to  wait  before  turning  the  strobe  off
              again,  to  arg.  The specification says this time should be 0.5
              microseconds, but experience has shown the delay caused  by  the
              code  is  already enough.  For that reason, the default value is
              0.  This is used for both the polling and the interrupt  driver.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPSETIRQ, int arg)
              This  ioctl(2)  requires  superuser privileges.  It takes an int
              containing the new IRQ as  argument.   As  a  side  effect,  the
              printer  will  be reset.  When arg is 0, the polling driver will
              be used, which is also default.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPGETIRQ, int *arg)
              Stores the currently used IRQ in arg.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPGETSTATUS, int *arg)
              Stores the value of the status port in arg.  The bits  have  the
              following meaning:

              LP_PBUSY     inverted busy input, active high
              LP_PACK      unchanged acknowledge input, active low
              LP_POUTPA    unchanged out-of-paper input, active high
              LP_PSELECD   unchanged selected input, active high
              LP_PERRORP   unchanged error input, active low

              Refer  to  your  printer  manual for the meaning of the signals.
              Note that undocumented bits may also be set, depending  on  your
              printer.

       int ioctl(int fd, LPRESET)
              Resets the printer.  No argument is used.

FILES

       /dev/lp*

SEE ALSO

       chmod(1), chown(1), mknod(1), lpcntl(8), tunelp(8)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.21 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.