Provided by: mercurial-common_1.3.1-1_all
hgignore - syntax for Mercurial ignore files
The Mercurial system uses a file called .hgignore in the root directory
of a repository to control its behavior when it searches for files that
it is not currently tracking.
The working directory of a Mercurial repository will often contain
files that should not be tracked by Mercurial. These include backup
files created by editors and build products created by compilers. These
files can be ignored by listing them in a .hgignore file in the root of
the working directory. The .hgignore file must be created manually. It
is typically put under version control, so that the settings will
propagate to other repositories with push and pull.
An untracked file is ignored if its path relative to the repository
root directory, or any prefix path of that path, is matched against any
pattern in .hgignore.
For example, say we have an an untracked file, file.c, at a/b/file.c
inside our repository. Mercurial will ignore file.c if any pattern in
.hgignore matches a/b/file.c, a/b or a.
In addition, a Mercurial configuration file can reference a set of
per-user or global ignore files. See the hgrc(5) man page for details
of how to configure these files. Look for the "ignore" entry in the
To control Mercurial’s handling of files that it manages, see the hg(1)
man page. Look for the "-I" and "-X" options.
An ignore file is a plain text file consisting of a list of patterns,
with one pattern per line. Empty lines are skipped. The "#" character
is treated as a comment character, and the "\" character is treated as
an escape character.
Mercurial supports several pattern syntaxes. The default syntax used is
Python/Perl-style regular expressions.
To change the syntax used, use a line of the following form:
where NAME is one of the following:
Regular expression, Python/Perl syntax.
The chosen syntax stays in effect when parsing all patterns that
follow, until another syntax is selected.
Neither glob nor regexp patterns are rooted. A glob-syntax pattern of
the form "*.c" will match a file ending in ".c" in any directory, and a
regexp pattern of the form "\.c$" will do the same. To root a regexp
pattern, start it with "^".
Here is an example ignore file.
# use glob syntax.
# switch to regexp syntax.
Vadim Gelfer <email@example.com>
Mercurial was written by Matt Mackall <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
This manual page is copyright 2006 Vadim Gelfer. Mercurial is copyright
2005-2009 Matt Mackall. Free use of this software is granted under the
terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).