Provided by: freebsd-manpages_7.2-1_all
mtx_pool, mtx_pool_alloc, mtx_pool_find, mtx_pool_lock,
mtx_pool_lock_spin, mtx_pool_unlock, mtx_pool_unlock_spin,
mtx_pool_create, mtx_pool_destroy - mutex pool routines
struct mtx *
mtx_pool_alloc(struct mtx_pool *pool);
struct mtx *
mtx_pool_find(struct mtx_pool *pool, void *ptr);
mtx_pool_lock(struct mtx_pool *pool, void *ptr);
mtx_pool_lock_spin(struct mtx_pool *pool, void *ptr);
mtx_pool_unlock(struct mtx_pool *pool, void *ptr);
mtx_pool_unlock_spin(struct mtx_pool *pool, void *ptr);
struct mtx_pool *
mtx_pool_create(const char *mtx_name, int pool_size, int opts);
mtx_pool_destroy(struct mtx_pool **poolp);
Mutex pools are designed to be used as short term leaf mutexes; i.e., the
last mutex one might acquire before calling mtx_sleep(9). They operate
using a shared pool of mutexes. A mutex may be chosen from the pool
based on a supplied pointer, which may or may not point to anything
valid, or the caller may allocate an arbitrary shared mutex from the pool
and save the returned mutex pointer for later use.
The shared mutexes in the mtxpool_sleep mutex pool, which is created by
default, are standard, non-recursive, blockable mutexes, and should only
be used in appropriate situations. The mutexes in the
mtxpool_lockbuilder mutex pool are similar, except that they are
initialized with the MTX_NOWITNESS flag so that they may be used to build
higher-level locks. Other mutex pools may be created that contain
mutexes with different properties, such as spin mutexes.
The caller can lock and unlock mutexes returned by the pool routines, but
since the mutexes are shared, the caller should not attempt to destroy
them or modify their characteristics. While pool mutexes are normally
leaf mutexes (meaning that one cannot depend on any ordering guarantees
after obtaining one), one can still obtain other mutexes under carefully
controlled circumstances. Specifically, if one has a private mutex (one
that was allocated and initialized by the caller), one can obtain it
after obtaining a pool mutex if ordering issues are carefully accounted
for. In these cases the private mutex winds up being the true leaf
Pool mutexes have the following advantages:
1. No structural overhead; i.e., they can be associated with a
structure without adding bloat to it.
2. Mutexes can be obtained for invalid pointers, which is useful
when one uses mutexes to interlock destructor operations.
3. No initialization or destruction overhead.
4. Can be used with mtx_sleep(9).
And the following disadvantages:
1. Should generally only be used as leaf mutexes.
2. Pool/pool dependency ordering cannot be guaranteed.
3. Possible L1 cache mastership contention between CPUs.
mtx_pool_alloc() obtains a shared mutex from the specified pool. This
routine uses a simple rover to choose one of the shared mutexes managed
by the mtx_pool subsystem.
mtx_pool_find() returns the shared mutex associated with the specified
address. This routine will create a hash out of the pointer passed into
it and will choose a shared mutex from the specified pool based on that
hash. The pointer does not need to point to anything real.
mtx_pool_lock(), mtx_pool_lock_spin(), mtx_pool_unlock(), and
mtx_pool_unlock_spin() lock and unlock the shared mutex from the
specified pool associated with the specified address; they are a
combination of mtx_pool_find() and mtx_lock(9), mtx_lock_spin(9),
mtx_unlock(9), and mtx_unlock_spin(9), respectively. Since these
routines must first find the mutex to operate on, they are not as fast as
directly using the mutex pointer returned by a previous invocation of
mtx_pool_find() or mtx_pool_alloc().
mtx_pool_create() allocates and initializes a new mutex pool of the
specified size. The pool size must be a power of two. The opts argument
is passed to mtx_init(9) to set the options for each mutex in the pool.
mtx_pool_destroy() calls mtx_destroy(9) on each mutex in the specified
pool, deallocates the memory associated with the pool, and assigns NULL
to the pool pointer.
These routines first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0.