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NAME

       getpwnam, getpwuid - get password file entry

SYNOPSIS

       #include <pwd.h>
       #include <sys/types.h>

       struct passwd *getpwnam(const char * name);

       struct passwd *getpwuid(uid_t uid);

DESCRIPTION

       The getpwnam() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken out fields of a line from /etc/passwd for the entry that matches
       the user name name.

       The getpwuid() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken out fields of a line from /etc/passwd for the entry that matches
       the user uid uid.

       The passwd structure is defined in <pwd.h> as follows:

              struct passwd {
                      char    *pw_name;       /* user name */
                      char    *pw_passwd;     /* user password */
                      uid_t   pw_uid;         /* user id */
                      gid_t   pw_gid;         /* group id */
                      char    *pw_gecos;      /* real name */
                      char    *pw_dir;        /* home directory */
                      char    *pw_shell;      /* shell program */
              };

RETURN VALUE

       The getpwnam() and getpwuid() functions return the passwd structure, or
       NULL if the matching entry is not found or an error occurs.

ERRORS

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate passwd structure.

FILES

       /etc/passwd
              password database file

CONFORMING TO

       SVID 3, POSIX, BSD 4.3

SEE ALSO

       fgetpwent(3),   getpwent(3),   setpwent(3),   endpwent(3),    getpw(3),
       putpwent(3), passwd(5).