Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.1-1ubuntu2_i386 bug


       gshadow - файл с защищаемой информацией о группах


       /etc/gshadow contains the shadowed information for group accounts.

       Этот файл должен быть недоступен обычному пользователю, если нужно
       обеспечить безопасность паролей.

       Each line of this file contains the following colon-separated fields:

       имя группы
           It must be a valid group name, which exist on the system.

       шифрованный пароль
           Подробней о пароле смотрите на странице руководства crypt(3).

           If the password field contains some string that is not a valid
           result of crypt(3), for instance ! or *, users will not be able to
           use a unix password to access the group (but group members do not
           need the password).

           The password is used when an user who is not a member of the group
           wants to gain the permissions of this group (see newgrp(1)).

           This field may be empty, in which case only the group members can
           gain the group permissions.

           A password field which starts with a exclamation mark means that
           the password is locked. The remaining characters on the line
           represent the password field before the password was locked.

           This password supersedes any password specified in /etc/group.

           It must be a comma-separated list of user names.

           Administrators can change the password or the members of the group.

           Administrators also have the same permissions as the members (see

           It must be a comma-separated list of user names.

           Members can access the group without being prompted for a password.

           You should use the same list of users as in /etc/group.


           содержит информацию о группах

           содержит защищаемую информацию о группах


       gpasswd(5), group(5), grpck(8), grpconv(8), newgrp(1).