Provided by: passwd_188.8.131.52-1ubuntu2_i386
grpck - verifica lintegrità dei file di gruppo
grpck [-r] [group [ shadow ]]
grpck [-s] [group [ shadow ]]
The grpck command verifies the integrity of the groups information. It
checks that all entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow have the proper
format and contain valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries
that are improperly formatted or which have other uncorrectable errors.
Vengono fatti controlli per verificare che ogni voce abbia:
· il corretto numero di campi
· a unique and valid group name
· a valid group identifier (/etc/group only)
· a valid list of members and administrators
· a corresponding entry in the /etc/gshadow file (respectively
/etc/group for the gshadow checks)
The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are
fatal. If an entry has the wrong number of fields, the user will be
prompted to delete the entire line. If the user does not answer
affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a
duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining
checks will still be made. All other errors are warnings and the user
is encouraged to run the groupmod command to correct the error.
The commands which operate on the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files are
not able to alter corrupted or duplicated entries. grpck should be
used in those circumstances to remove the offending entries.
The options which apply to the grpck command are:
Execute the grpck command in read-only mode. This causes all
questions regarding changes to be answered no without user
Sort entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow by GID.
By default, grpck operates on /etc/groupand /etc/gshadow. The user may
select alternate files with the group and shadow parameters.
The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the
behavior of this tool:
Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new
group entry (line) is started in /etc/group (with the same name,
same password, and same GID).
The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the
number of members in a group.
This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in
the group file. This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS
groups are not larger than 1024 characters.
If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.
Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the
Shadow toolsuite). You should not use this variable unless you
really need it.
Informazioni sugli account di gruppo.
Informazioni sicure sugli account di gruppo.
informazioni sugli account utente.
The grpck command exits with the following values:
sintassi del comando errata
una o più voci di gruppo contengono errori
impossibile aprire i file dei gruppi
impossibile fare il lock dei file dei gruppi
impossibile aggiornare i file dei gruppi
group(5), groupmod(8), gshadow(5), passwd(5), pwck(8), shadow(5).