Provided by: reportbug_4.10.2ubuntu1_all bug

NAME

       reportbug - reports a bug to a debbugs server

SYNOPSIS

       reportbug [options] <package | pseudo-package | absolute-pathname>

DESCRIPTION

       reportbug   is   primarily  designed  to  report  bugs  in  the  Debian
       distribution; by default,  it  creates  an  email  to  the  Debian  bug
       tracking  system  at  submit@bugs.debian.org with information about the
       bug you’ve found, and makes a carbon copy of  the  report  for  you  as
       well.

       Using  the --bts option, you can also report bugs to other servers that
       use the Debian bug tracking system, debbugs.

       You may specify either a package name or  a  filename;  if  you  use  a
       filename,  it  must either be an absolute filename (so beginning with a
       /) or if you want reportbug to search the system for  a  filename,  see
       the  --filename and --path options below. If installed, also dlocate is
       used to identify the filename location and thus the package  containing
       it.

       You can also specify a pseudo-package; these are used in the Debian bug
       tracking system to track issues that are not related  to  one  specific
       package.   Run reportbug without any arguments, then enter other at the
       package prompt, to  see  a  list  of  the  most  commonly-used  pseudo-
       packages.

OPTIONS

       The  program  follows  the  usual  GNU  command  line syntax, with long
       options starting with two dashes (‘--’).   A  summary  of  options  are
       included below.

       -h, --help
              Show summary of options.

       --version
              Show the version of reportbug and exit.

       -A FILENAME, --attach=FILENAME
              Attach  a file to the bug report; both text and binary files are
              acceptable; this option  can  be  specified  multiple  times  to
              attach   several   files.   This  routine  will  create  a  MIME
              attachment with the file included; in some cases  (usually  text
              files),  it  is  probably  better  to  use  -i/--include option.
              (Please note that  Debian’s  bug  tracking  system  has  limited
              support for MIME attachments.)

       -b, --no-query-bts
              Don’t  check  the  Debian  bug  tracking  system  to see if this
              problem has already been reported; useful for offline use or  if
              you’re really sure it’s a bug.

       --query-bts
              Check  the Debian bug tracking system to see if this problem has
              already been reported (default).

       -B SYSTEM, --bts=SYSTEM
              Instead of the Debian bug server (or the bug server specified in
              /etc/reportbug.conf, use the server specified by SYSTEM.

       --body=BODY
              Use  the  specified  BODY  as the body of the message.  The body
              text will be wrapped at 70 columns,  and  the  normal  reportbug
              headers  and  footers  will be added as appropriate.  The editor
              prompt and any "special" prompting will be bypassed.

       --body-file=BODYFILE, --bodyfile=BODYFILE
              The contents of the (assumed to be) text file BODYFILE  will  be
              used  as  the message body.  This file is assumed to be properly
              formatted (i.e.  reasonable  line  lengths,  etc.).   The  usual
              headers  and  footers  will  be  added,  and the editor step and
              "special" prompts will be skipped.   (BODYFILE  may  also  be  a
              named  pipe;  using  a  device  special file may lead to unusual
              results.)

       -c, --no-config-files
              Omit configuration files from the bug report without asking.  By
              default,  you  are  asked  if  you want to include them; in some
              cases, doing so may cause sensitive information to be  sent  via
              email.

       -C CLASS, --class=CLASS
              Specify report class for GNATS BTSes.

       --configure
              Rerun  the reportbug first time configuration routine, and write
              a new $HOME/.reportbugrc file.  This will erase any pre-existing
              settings  in  the  file;  however,  a  backup will be written as
              $HOME/.reportbugrc~.

       --check-available
              Check for newer releases of the package  at  packages.debian.org
              (default).     In    advanced    and    expert    mode,    check
              incoming.debian.org  and   http://ftp-master.debian.org/new.html
              too.

       --no-check-available
              Do   not   check   for   newer   releases   of  the  package  at
              packages.debian.org.

       --debconf
              Include debconf settings in your report.

       --no-debconf
              Do not include debconf settings from your report.

       -d, --debug
              Don’t send a real bug report to  Debian;  send  it  to  yourself
              instead.   This is primarily used for testing by the maintainer.

       --test Operate in test mode (maintainer use only).

       --draftpath=DRAFTPATH
              Save the draft (for example, when exiting and saving the  report
              without reporting it) into DRAFTPATH directory.

       -e EDITOR, --editor=EDITOR
              Specify  the  editor  to  use,  overriding  any EDITOR or VISUAL
              environment variable setting.

       --email=ADDRESS
              Set the email address your report should appear to be sent  from
              (i.e. the address that appears in the From header).  This should
              be the actual Internet email address on its own (i.e. without  a
              real  name or comment part, like foo@example.com).  This setting
              will override the EMAIL and DEBEMAIL environment variables,  but
              not REPORTBUGEMAIL.

       --exit-prompt
              Display  a prompt before exiting; this is useful if reportbug is
              run in a transient terminal (i.e. from its Debian menu entry).

       -f FILENAME, --filename=FILENAME
              Report a bug in the package containing  FILENAME  so  you  don’t
              have  to  figure out what package the file belongs to.  The path
              will  be  searched  for  an  exact  path  for  FILENAME   before
              attempting  to  broaden  the  search to all files. If dlocate is
              installed, FILENAME is actually a regular expression.

       --path If the -f/--filename option is also specified, only  search  the
              path  for  the  specified FILENAME.  Specifying an absolute path
              with the -f/--filename option (i.e.  one  beginning  with  a  /)
              overrides this behavior.

       -g, --gnupg, --gpg
              Attach  a  digital  signature to the bug report using GnuPG (the
              GNU Privacy Guard).  (This argument will be ignored if  you  are
              using an MUA to edit and send your report.)

       -G, --gnus
              Use  the  GNUS  mail and news reader to send your report, rather
              than using the editor.

       -H HEADER, --header=HEADER
              Add a custom RFC2822 header to your email; for example, to  send
              a  carbon  copy of the report to debian-68k@lists.linux-m68k.org
              you could use -H X-Debbugs-CC: debian-68k@lists.linux-m68k.org

       -i FILE, --include=FILE
              Include the specified FILE as part of the body of the message to
              be edited.  Can be used multiple times to  add  multiple  files;
              text-only  please!   From a suggestion by Michael Alan Dorman in
              the bug mailing list.  (See also the -a/--attach option.)

       -I, --no-check-installed
              Do not check whether the package is installed  before  filing  a
              report.  This is generally only useful when filing a report on a
              package you know is not installed on your system.

       --check-installed
              Check if the specified package is installed when filing reports.
              (This is the default behavior of reportbug.)

       -j JUSTIFICATION, --justification=JUSTIFICATION
              Bugs  in Debian that have serious, grave, or critical severities
              must meet certain criteria  to  be  classified  as  such.   This
              option  allows  you  to specify the justification for a release-
              critical bug, instead of being prompted for it.

       -k, --kudos
              Send appreciative email  to  the  recorded  maintainer  address,
              rather  than  filing  a bug report.  (You can also send kudos to
              packagename@packages.debian.org,  for  packages  in  the  Debian
              archive;  however,  this option uses the Maintainer address from
              the control file, so it works with other package sources too.)

       -K KEYID, --keyid=KEYID
              Private key to use for PGP/GnuPG signatures.  If not  specified,
              the  first  key  in  the  secret keyring that matches your email
              address will be used.

       --license
              Show reportbug’s copyright and license information  on  standard
              output.

       --list-cc=ADDRESS
              Send  a  carbon copy of the report to the specified list after a
              report number is assigned; this is the equivalent to the  option
              -H  X-Debbugs-CC:  ADDRESS.   This  option  will  only work as
              intended with debbugs systems.

       -m, --maintonly
              Only send the bug to the package maintainer;  the  bug  tracking
              system  will  not  send  a  copy  to the bug report distribution
              lists.

       --mirror=MIRRORS
              Add a BTS mirror.

       --mode=MODE
              Set the operating mode for reportbug.  reportbug  currently  has
              four  operating modes: novice (the default), standard, advanced,
              and expert.

              novice mode is designed to minimize prompting about things  that
              "ordinary  users"  would  be  unlikely  to  know  or care about,
              shifting the triage burden onto the  maintainer.   Checking  for
              new  versions  is  only done for the stable distribution in this
              mode.  It is currently the default mode.

              standard mode includes a relatively large number of prompts  and
              tries  to encourage users to not file frivolous or duplicate bug
              reports.

              advanced mode is like standard mode, but may  include  shortcuts
              suitable  for  more  advanced  users of Debian, without being as
              close to the metal  (and  potential  flamage)  as  expert  mode.
              (Currently,  the only differences from standard mode are that it
              assumes familiarity with the "incoming"  queue;  it  allows  the
              reporting  of  bugs  on  "dependency"  packages; and it does not
              prompt where to insert the report text in the editor.)

              expert mode is designed to minimize prompts that are designed to
              discourage  frivolous  or  unnecessary  bug  reports,  "severity
              inflation," and the like.  In expert mode, reportbug assumes the
              user  is thoroughly familiar with Debian policies.  In practice,
              this means that reporters are  no  longer  required  to  justify
              setting  a  high severity on a bug report, and certain automated
              cleanups of the message are bypassed.  Individuals  who  do  not
              regularly   contribute   to   the   Debian  project  are  highly
              discouraged from using expert mode, as it can  lead  to  flamage
              from maintainers when used improperly.

       -M, --mutt
              Instead  of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use the
              mutt mail reader to edit and send it.

       --mta=MTA
              Specify an alternate MTA,  instead  of  /usr/sbin/sendmail  (the
              default).  Any smtphost setting will override this one.

       --mua=MUA
              Instead  of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use the
              specified MUA (mail user agent) to edit and send it. --mutt  and
              --nmh options are processed.

       -n, --mh, --nmh
              Instead  of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use the
              comp command (part of the nmh and mh mail systems) to  edit  and
              send it.

       -N, --bugnumber
              Run  reportbug  against  the  specified  bug report, useful when
              following-up a bug and its number is already known.

       -o FILE, --output=FILE
              Instead of sending  an  email,  redirect  it  to  the  specified
              filename.

              The  output  file  is  a  full  dump of the email message, so it
              contains both headers and mail body. If you want to use it as  a
              template to create a new bug report, then you have to remove all
              the headers (mind the Subject one, though) and start the  report
              at the Package pseudo-header.

       -O, --offline
              Disable  all external queries.  Currently has the same effect as
              --no-check-available --no-query-bts.

       -p, --print
              Instead of sending an email, print the bug  report  to  standard
              output,  so  you can redirect it to a file or pipe it to another
              program.

              This option only outputs a  template  for  a  bug  report  (but,
              differently  from  --template  it’s  more interactive); you will
              need to fill in the long description.

       --paranoid
              Show the contents of the message before it  is  sent,  including
              all headers.  Automatically disabled if in template mode.

       --no-paranoid
              Don’t  show  the  full contents of the message before it is sent
              (default).

       --pgp  Attach a digital signature to the bug report using  PGP  (Pretty
              Good Privacy).  Please note, however, that the Debian project is
              phasing out the use of PGP in favor of  GnuPG.   (This  argument
              will be ignored if using an MUA to edit and send your report.)

       --proxy=PROXY, --http_proxy=PROXY
              Specify  the  WWW proxy server to use to handle the query of the
              bug tracking system.  You should only need this parameter if you
              are  behind  a firewall.  The PROXY argument should be formatted
              as a valid HTTP URL, including (if necessary) a port number; for
              example, http://192.168.1.1:3128/.

       -P PSEUDO-HEADER, --pseudo-header=PSEUDO-HEADER
              Add  a  custom pseudo-header to your report; for example, to add
              the mytag usertag for the user humberto@example.com to the  bug,
              you  could  use  -P  User:  humberto@example.com -P Usertags:
              mytag.

       -q, --quiet
              Suppress diagnostic messages to standard error.

       -Q, --query-only
              Do not submit a bug report; just query the BTS.  Option  ignored
              if you specify --no-bts-query.

       --query-source
              Query  on all binary packages built by the same source, not just
              the binary package specified.

       --no-query-source
              Only query on the binary package specified on the command  line.

       --realname=NAME
              Set  the real name (human-readable name) to use for your report.

       --report-quiet
              Register the bug in the bug tracking system, but  don’t  send  a
              report  to the package maintainer or anyone else.  Don’t do this
              unless you’re the maintainer of the package in question, or  you
              really know what you are doing.

       --reply-to=ADDRESS, --replyto=ADDRESS
              Set the Reply-To address header in your report.

       -s SUBJECT, --subject=SUBJECT
              Set  the  subject of the bug report (i.e. a brief explanation of
              the problem, less than 60 characters).  If you  do  not  specify
              this switch, you will be prompted for a subject.

       -S SEVERITY, --severity=SEVERITY
              Specify   a  severity  level,  from  critical,  grave,  serious,
              important, normal, minor, and wishlist.

       --smtphost=HOST[:PORT]
              Use the mail transport agent (MTA) at HOST to send your  report,
              instead  of  your local /usr/sbin/sendmail program.  This should
              generally be your ISP’s outgoing mail server; you can  also  use
              ’localhost’  if  you  have a working mail server running on your
              machine.  If the PORT is omitted, the standard  port  for  SMTP,
              port 25, is used.

       --tls  If  using SMTP, use Transport Layer Security (TLS) encryption to
              secure the connection to the mail server.  Some SMTP servers may
              require this option.

       --smtpuser=USERNAME
              If using SMTP, use the specified USERNAME for authentication.

       --smtppasswd=PASSWORD
              If  using  SMTP,  use the specified PASSWORD for authentication.
              If the password isn’t specified on the command line  or  in  the
              configuration file, a prompt will be displayed asking for it.

              Use  of  this option is insecure on multiuser systems.  Instead,
              you should set this option in $HOME/.reportbugrc and  ensure  it
              is   only   readable   by   your   user  (e.g.  with  chmod  600
              $HOME/.reportbugrc).

       -t TYPE, --type=TYPE
              Specify the type of report to be  submitted;  currently  accepts
              either gnats or debbugs.

       -T TAG, --tag=TAG
              Specify   a  tag  to  be  filed  on  this  report,  for  example
              --tag=patch.  Multiple tags  can  be  specified  using  multiple
              -T/--tag arguments.

              Alternatively, you can specify the ’tag’ none to bypass the tags
              prompt without specifying any tags; this will  also  ignore  any
              tags specified on the command line.

       --template
              Output  a  template  report to standard output. Differently from
              -p/--print, it tries  to  be  not  interactive,  and  present  a
              template without user’s input.

       -u INTERFACE, --interface=INTERFACE, --ui=INTERFACE
              Specify  the  user  interface  to  use.  Valid options are text,
              urwid,  and  gtk2;  default  is   taken   from   the   reportbug
              configuration files.

       -v, --verify
              Verify the integrity of the package (if installed) using debsums
              before reporting.

       --no-verify
              Do not verify the integrity of the package with debsums.

       -V VERSION, --package-version=VERSION
              Specify the version of the package the  problem  was  found  in.
              This  is  probably  most  useful if you are reporting a bug in a
              package that is not installable  or  installed  on  a  different
              system.

       -x, --no-cc
              Don’t  send  a  blind carbon copy (BCC) of the bug report to the
              submitter (i.e. yourself).

       -z, --no-compress
              Don’t compress configuration  files  by  removing  comments  and
              blank lines.

EXAMPLES

       reportbug lynx-ssl
              Report a bug in the lynx-ssl package.

       reportbug --path --filename=ls
              Report a bug in the installed package that includes a program in
              your path called ls.

CONFIGURATION FILES

       From version 0.22 on, reportbug has supported a simple run control file
       syntax.     Commands    are    read    from   /etc/reportbug.conf   and
       $HOME/.reportbugrc with commands in the latter overriding those in  the
       former.

       Commands  are  not  case sensitive, and currently take 0 or 1 argument;
       arguments containing whitespace must be enclosed in quotes.

       Any line starting with # is taken to be a comment and will be  ignored.

       Generally,  options corresponding to the long options for reportbug are
       supported, without leading -- sequences.  See reportbug.conf(5) for all
       acceptable options and detailed information.

ENVIRONMENT

       VISUAL Editor to use for editing your bug report.

       EDITOR Editor to use for editing the bug report (overridden by VISUAL).

       REPORTBUGEMAIL, EMAIL, DEBEMAIL
              Email address to use as your from address (in this order). If no
              environment variable exists, the default is taken from your user
              name and /etc/mailname.

       DEBFULLNAME, DEBNAME, NAME
              Real name to use; default is taken from /etc/passwd.

       REPLYTO
              Address for Reply-To header in outgoing mail.

       MAILCC Use the specified CC address on your email.  Note you  can  also
              use the -H option for this (and for Bcc’s too).

       MAILBCC
              Use  the  specified  BCC address, instead of your email address.
              (CC and BCC based on suggestions from Herbert Thielen in the bug
              wishlist).

       http_proxy
              Provides  the address of a proxy server to handle the BTS query.
              This should be a valid http URL for a  proxy  server,  including
              any  required  port  number  (simply  specifying  a hostname, or
              omitting a port other than 80, WILL NOT WORK).

NOTES

       reportbug  should  probably  be  compatible  with  other  bug  tracking
       systems,  like  bugzilla  (used  by the GNOME and Mozilla projects) and
       jitterbug (used by Samba, AbiSource and FreeCiv) but it isn’t.

SEE ALSO

       reportbug.conf(5),    http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Developer#tags     for
       available tags, querybts(1)

AUTHOR

       Chris Lawrence <lawrencc@debian.org>, Sandro Tosi <morph@debian.org>.

                                                                  reportbug(1)