Provided by: ripit_3.8.0-1_all bug


       ripit  - Perl script to create .flac .ogg .mp3 or .m4a (aac) files from
       an audio CD.


       ripit [options]


       This Perl script makes it a lot easier to create "mp3"  files  from  an
       audio CD. RipIT supports Flac, Lame, Oggenc, Faac, mp4als and Musepack.
       Artist and song titles are retrieved either with the  from  or  using from
       It  is  possible  to  submit  and  edit  CDDB  entries  at,
       submission  of  MusicBrainz data need a login.  Hidden tracks and ghost
       songs are detected and split into chunks of sound, a toc or  inf  files
       permit to burn the WAV files with text and no gaps in DAO mode. Several
       encoder formats and qualities can be used at the same time and  encoded
       into different directories.


       RipIT Version 3.8.0


              Tracks  to  rip  from.   If  not  specified,  all tracks will be
              ripped. Specify a single track by using a single  number,  or  a
              selection  of  tracks  using  numbers  separated  by  commas  or
              hyphens, e. g. 2,6,10, or 3,5,7-9.  Using a number followed by a
              comma or hyphen will rip from that track to the end of the CD i.
              e. 3,5- rips track 3 and from track 5 to the last one.  Default:
              not set.

       --merge ordered list of comma separated intervals
              Place  a  hyphen  (-) or a plus (+) between first and last track
              number to be merged. Omitting the last  number  will  merge  all
              subsequent  tracks.   Separate  several  intervals  with commas.
              Default: not set.

       -I, --span start-endtime
              Define  an  interval  to  be  ripped  when  using  cdda2wav   or
              cdparanoia.  The  hyphen  is mandatory.  The format of start and
              end-time   is   according   to   cdparanoia    hh:mm:ss.ff    in
              hours/minutes/seconds/frames,  but  precision is set to seconds,
              i. e.  frames will be ignored. Zero fields need not be specified
              and  the  value  of  seconds  may  be larger than 60. When using
              cdda2wav this option translates the values  to  the  -o  and  -d
              options of cdda2wav. When using option merge, endtime is related
              to the last track in the selection.  Default: not set.

       -o, --outputdir dir
              Where the sound should go. If  not  set,  $HOME  will  be  used.
              Default: not set.

       -d, --device cddevice
              Path of audio CD device, default: /dev/cdrom.

       --scsidevice cddevice
              Device  name  for  special  devices  if the non ripping commands
              (except eject commands) shall be executed on a different  device
              node. This might be useful for some old SCSI devices. If not set
              the cddevice of option --device will be used. Default: not set

       -r, --ripper number
              CD ripper to use, 0 - dagrab, 1 - cdparanoia, 2 - cdda2wav, 3  -
              tosha,  4  -  cdd.  Because  cdparanoia  and dagrab are the only
              rippers in this list that immediately fail on data tracks, RipIT
              can   create  an  error.log  if  problems  are  encountered  and
              continues to rip and encode without endless looping! Please  use
              dagrab  or  cdparanoia, otherwise RipIT might hang while waiting
              for data tracks.  Default: 1 - cdparanoia.

       --ripopt options
              User definable  options  for  specific  ripper.  Quote  them  if
              necessary. Default: not set.

       --nicerip number
              Set niceness of ripping process, default: 0.

       -Z, --disable-paranoia [number]
              When  using dagrab, the number of retries will be set to 3, with
              cdparanoia this option is equal to the -Z option of  cdparanoia.
              The number can be set to 0 (paranoia on), to 1 (paranoia off) or
              to 2 to switch paranoia off if a track fails or gets a  timeout.
              RipIT  will retry that failed track without paranoia or give up.
              Ripping will then continue with paranoia on. Default: 0  ‐  off,
              i. e.  use paranoia mode.

              Analyze  each  wav for gaps and split it into chunks if gaps are
              detected and/or try  to  trim  lead-in/out.  This  may  override
              option merge. Delete blank tracks if only silence ("zero bytes")
              are found. Experimental!  Default: off.

       --extend seconds
              When using option --ghost enlarge chunk by amount of seconds  at
              end if possible, or track may be trimmed if value is small (e.g.
              0.3), use with caution! Default: 2.0.

       --prepend seconds
              When using option --ghost enlarge chunk by amount of seconds  at
              beginning,  if  possible,  or  track  may be trimmed if value is
              small (e.g. 0.3), use with caution! Default: 2.0.

       -c, --coder number
              Encoder(s) to use, 0 - Lame (for mp3), 1 - Oggenc, 2 - Flac, 3 -
              Faac, 4 - mp4als, 5 - Musepack, a comma separated list, or as an
              array. The same encoder  may  be  stated  more  than  once,  but
              different  output-directories  must  be  specified  stating  the
              --ditemplate for each encoder or using the $quality parameter in
              option  --dirtemplate or --tracktemplate. See below. Default: 0.

       --faacopt Faac-options
              Pass other options to the encoder. If the same encoder has  been
              stated  more  than  once, use a comma separated list. Quote them
              with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       --flacopt Flac-options
              Pass other options to the encoder. If the same encoder has  been
              stated  more  than  once, use a comma separated list. Quote them
              with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       --lameopt Lame-options
              Pass other options to the encoder. If the same encoder has  been
              stated  more  than  once, use a comma separated list. Quote them
              with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       --museopt Musepack-options
              Pass other options to the encoder. If the same encoder has  been
              stated  more  than  once, use a comma separated list. Quote them
              with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       --mp4opt Mp4als-options
              Encoder mp4als does not seem to accept any options. If the  same
              encoder  has  been  stated more than once, use a comma separated
              list. Quote them with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       --oggencopt Oggenc-options
              Pass  other options to the encoder. If the same encoder has been
              stated more than once, use a comma separated  list.  Quote  them
              with double quotes if needed; default: not set.

       -q, --quality quality
              A  comma  separated  list of values or the word "off", passed in
              the same order as the list of encoders! If no  encoders  passed,
              follow the order of the config file! Quality for oggenc: (1-10),
              highest  =  10;  compression  level  for  Flac:  (0-8),   lowest
              compression  =  0;  quality  for  Lame in vbr mode: (0-9),  best
              quality = 0; or quality  for  Faac:  (10-500),  highest  =  500;
              mp4als  seems  not to accept any compression level, set to zero;
              quality for  Musepack:  (0-10),  best  quality  =  10;  default:
              5,3,5,100,0,5.  The value "off" turns option quality off.
              E. g. --coder 2,0,1,3 --quality 3,4,5,300 sets compression level
              for Flac to 3, Lame-quality to 4, Oggenc-quality to 5  and  Faac
              quality to 300.

       -v, --vbrmode mode
              Variable  bitrate,  only used with Lame, mode is new or old, see
              the Lame manpage. The Lame-option quality will be changed to  -V
              instead of -q if vbr-mode is used; default: not set.

       -b, --bitrate rate
              Encode "mp3" at this bitrate for Lame. If option --vbrmode used,
              bitrate is equal to the -b option, so one might want to  set  it
              "off";  or  set if "off" if all options are passed to --lameopt!
              Default: 128.

       -B, --maxrate rate
              maxrate (Bitrate) for Lame using --vbrmode is equal  to  the  -B
              option in Lame or the -M option in Oggenc, default: 0.

       -S, --preset mode
              Use  the  preset  switch  when encoding with Lame. Combined with
              option  --vbrmode  new  the  preset  fast  will  be  used.   Use
              --vbrmode  old  not to use fast VBR. Mode is one of: insane (320
              kbps  @  CBR),  extreme (256  kbps),  standard (192   kbps)   or
              medium (160 kbps) or any other valid bitrate. Default: off.

       -W, --chars [list]
              Exclude  special characters in file names and path. The argument
              is optional. The argument accepts a list of any characters.  One
              might escape the characters or use double quotes to pass them on
              the command line. The argument also accepts the words NTFS,  HFS
              or  off.  Following  characters  will  be erased, if no argument
              stated or the word NTFS  is  passed:  |\:*?$   plus  blanks  and
              periods at beginning and end of file names and directories. When
              using the word HFS, only colons will be purged plus  blanks  and
              periods  at  beginning  of  file names and directories. Pass the
              word "off" as argument to set the  option  off  again.  Default:

       --comment comment
              Specify  a  comment  for  the  comment-tag  for  Lame,  Faac and
              Musepack, or  the  description-tag  for  Oggenc  and  Flac.  The
              special  comment cddbid or discid will place the cddbid (used by
              freedb) or the discid (used for MusicBrainz) into  the  comment.
              Default: not set.

       -g, --genre genre
              Specify  (and override CDDB) genre, must be a valid ID3-genre if
              using Lame, can (but  shouldn’t)  be  anything  if  using  other
              encoders, default: not set.

       -y, --year year
              Specify  (and override CDDB) the year of year-tag for Lame, Faac
              and Musepack, or the date-tag for Oggenc and Flac. Default:  not

       -D, --dirtemplate ’"foo parameters"’
              Use  single  and  double  quotes  to  pass the parameters of the
              templates!  Allowed are any legal characters, slashes for multi-
              level  directories  and  following  parameters: $album, $artist,
              $iletter,  $genre,  $quality,  $suffix,  $trackname,  $tracknum,
              $year       and       $trackno;       E.       g.      ’"$suffix
              $quality/my_snd_dir/$iletter/$artist/$year  ‐   $album"’.    The
              parameter  $iletter  is  the  initial letter of the artist name;
              $trackno is the total number of  tracks  of  the  release,  this
              might  be helpful to distinguish different releases with exactly
              the same name; $quality is needed, if one wants  to  encode  the
              same  format  at  different qualities in the same run. Note that
              $quality reflects the encoder options and not the  arguments  of
              option --quality which might be set to "off". Or state different
              dirtemplates: the option is an array, so  one  can  use  several
              different  dirtemplates  in  the same order as the encoders.  If
              less dirtemplates than encoders are stated, the last dirtemplate
              will  be used for subsequent encoders and the wav-directory, see
              EXAMPLES below.  Default: ’"$artist - $album"’.

       -T, --tracktemplate ’"foo parameters"’
              See above. The tracktemplate is not an array, only  one  can  be
              stated.  Default: ’"$tracknum $trackname"’.

       --sshlist list
              Comma  separated  list  of  remote  machines  where RipIT should
              encode. The output path must  be  the  same  for  all  machines.
              Specify  the  login (login@machine) only if not the same for the
              remote machine. Else just state the machine names. See  EXAMPLES
              for more information, default: not set.

       --scp  If  the  file system can not be accessed on the remote machines,
              scp (copy) the WAV files to the remote machines, default: off.

              Only used with option --sshlist; if all encoding shall  be  done
              on remote machines, use --nolocal, default: on.

       --mb   Access MusicBrainz DB via WebService::MusicBrainz module instead
              of  the  http  protocol  (see  below).  One  needs  the   discid
              calculation  perl  module  or command to be installed and in the
              path. Negate to switch option off again. Default: off.

       -C, --cddbserver server
              CDDB server, either, or
              Default    Note,    the    full    address    is
              "mirror",  i.  e.   default   is
              Exception:  and  have  no mirrors,
              their full addresses are: and
              on port 80 (see transfer mode).

       -t, --transfer mode
              Transfer mode, cddb or http, will set default port to 8880 or 80
              (for http), default: cddb. Note: use http mode with CDDB servers

       -m, --mirror mirror
              Choose  "freedb" or one of the possible freedb mirrors, default:
              freedb. For more information check the  webpage
              There  is  no  list of mirrors available these days. This option
              might be obsolete as freedb uses random servers, but the default
              setting is mandatory.

       -L, --protocol level
              CDDB protocol level for CDDB query. Level = 6 supports UTF-8 and
              level = 5 not. Use level =  5  to  suppress  UTF-8.  Cf.  option
              --utftag below. Default: 6.

       -P, --proxy address
              The  http  proxy to use when accessing the cddb server. The CDDB
              protocol must be http! Default: not set.

       -n, --nice number
              Set niceness of encoding process, default: 0.

       -a, --archive
              Read and save CDDB files  in  $HOME/.cddb/"category"  directory,
              where  the "category" is one of the 11 CDDB categories. Default:

       -e, --eject
              Ejects the CD  when  finished,  if  hardware  supports  it.  Use
              --noeject to switch it off. Default: off.

       --ejectcmd command
              Command to be used for ejection or loading of CD tray. Should be
              specified within FreeBSD even if option --eject is not  used  to
              enable  RipIT  to load the CD tray. One does not need to mention
              the words close or eject or options  like  -t,  RipIT  does  it.
              Default: eject.

       --ejectopt options
              Options  for ejection command to be used for ejection or loading
              of CD tray.  Default: the path to the CD device.

       --halt Powers off the machine when finished if  configuration  supports
              it, default: off.

       -s, --submission
              Specify  --nosubmission  if  the  computer  is  offline  and the
              created file cddb.toc shall  be  saved  in  the  home  directory
              instead  of being submitted. With option  --archive it will also
              be saved in the $HOME/.cddb directory. Note: it is  really  easy
              to  resubmit  incomplete  CDDB  entries!  One  can  confirm each
              existing field with Enter and add a missing genre or  year.  The
              purpose  of  this  option is also to permit the user to edit the
              CDDB data for the own filenames & tags and not to overwrite  the
              original CDDB entry! Default: on.

       -M, --mail address
              Users  return  email  address, needed for submitting an entry to
     Default: not set.

       -p, --playlist number
              Create  the  m3u  playlist  file,  or  use  --playlist  0.   For
              filenames  without  full path use --playlist 2.  Default is full
              path for filenames. Default 1 - on.

       -A, --book number
              Create an audiobook file, i. e. merge all tracks into one sinlge
              file,  option  --ghost will be switched off and file suffix will
              be m4b instead of m4a. Make sure to use encoder faac, ripit will
              no check that.  The installed version must support the -w option
              to write tags. A chapter file will be written for chapter marks.
              Default: off

       -i, --interaction
              Specify --nointeraction if ripit shall take the first CDDB entry
              found and rip without any questioning. Default: on.

       --lcd  Use lcdproc to display status, default: not set.

              Specify the lcdproc host, default: localhost.

              Specify the lcdport, default: 13666.

       --infolog file
              Log operations (system calls, file/directory creation)  to  file
              given with full path; default: not set.

       -l, --lowercase
              Lowercase filenames, default: off.

       -u, --underscore
              Use  underscores  (_)  instead  of spaces in filenames, default:

              Uppercase first letter of each word in filenames and  tags.  Use
              this option if the CDDB entry is uppercase only. Default: off.

       -U, --utftag
              Keep  Lame-tags  in UTF-8 or decode them (but not the filenames)
              from UTF-8 to ISO8859-1. Applies only  to  mp3  (Lame).  May  be
              useful  for  tags  with  special  characters  and  if mp3-player
              doesn’t support Unicode.  Using Musepack one might want to  pass
              the  Musepack option --unicode to option museopt.  Default: off.

       --rip  Rip the CD, to be used as --norip if wav-files are present. Used
              for debugging. Default: not set.

              Do  encode  the  wavs.  If  only the wav-files shall be created,
              prevent encoding with --noencode  (and  use  option  --wav,  see
              below). Default: on.

       -w, --wav
              Keep  the  wav  files  after  encoding instead of deleting them,
              default: off.

       -N, --normalize
              Normalizes the wave-files to a given dB-value (default:  -12dB).
              Default: off.
              This is useful when encoding

              *  for   hardware   or   software   that   doesn’t  support  the

              *  to audio formats without replaygain capabilities.

              Command to use for normalizing, default: normalize.

       -z, --normopt
              Options to pass to normalize.  Possible values:

                  -a -nndB   :   Normalize to -nn dB, default is -12dB,

                  Value range:   All values <= 0dB
                  Example    :   normalize -a -20dB *.wav
                  -b         :   Batch mode ‐ loudness differences between
                                 individual tracks of a CD are maintained
                  -m         :   Mix mode ‐ all track are normalized to the
                                 same loudness
                  -v         :   Verbose operation
                  -q         :   Quiet operation

              For    further    options    see     normalize     documentation
              (   Please note that normalizing to
              a high  dB  value,  e.g.  -6dB  or  less  will  lead  to  severe
              compression  of  the  audio  signal,  thus losing sound quality.
              Keeping the default value of -12dB is recommended.
              Default: -b Option v (q) will  be  set  according  to  verbosity

       --cdtoc number
              Number  n = 1 to create a toc file to burn the wavs with CD-Text
              using cdrdao or cdrecord. Default: off.

       --inf number
              Number n = 1 to create inf files to burn the wavs  with  CD-Text
              using wodim or cdrecord. Default: off.

       -h, --help
              Print this and exit.

       -V, --version
              Print version and exit.

       -x, --verbose number
              Run  silent  (do not output comments, status etc.) (n = 0), with
              minimal output (n = 1), normal without encoder messages (n = 2),
              normal  (n  =  3),  verbose  (n = 4), extremely verbose (n = 5).
              Default 3.

              Read parameters  from  config  file  or  specify  --noconfig  to
              prevent reading it; default: on.

       --save Add parameters passed on command line to a new config file. This
              does not  overwrite  other  existing  settings.  Options  of  an
              existing  config  file will be adopted and the old file saved as
              config.old. Default: off.

              Save all parameters passed on command line to a new config file,
              backup  an existing file to config.old. Creates a default config
              file if no options are passed on command line. Default: off.

       --loop value
              Continue ripping  and  encoding  as  soon  as  the  previous  CD
              finished.  This  option  forces ejection (--eject). The value is
              either 0 for normal use or 1 for standard looping.  Experimental
              value  2  migth  be  used  to force immediate restart of ripping
              process.  This will spoil the output, this will show the  prompt
              although  a  child process is running (waiting for a new CD) and
              must be terminated manually. Default: off.

       --quitnodb value
              Give up CD if no CDDB entry found. Useful if  option  --loop  or
              --nointeraction  are  on.  Default  behaviour is to let operator
              enter data or to use default  artist,  album  and  track  names.
              Possible values: 0 - off, 1 - on, default: off

              Resume  a  previously  started  session.  Can be used to prevent
              increment directory names if it already exists. Default: off.

       -O, --overwrite argument
              Default  behaviour  of  Ripit  is  not  to  overwrite   existing
              directories,  a  suffix  will be added if directory name exists.
              Use option overwrite to prevent  this  and  either  overwrite  a
              previous  rip  (y)  or force Ripit to quit (q) or even eject the
              disc (e). If ejection is choosen, the disc will be ejected  even
              if option eject has not been switched on. Default: off (n)

       --dpermission number
              Change the directory permission to number. Default: 0755.

       --fpermission number
              Change the file permission to number. Default: 0644.

              Create a MD5-sum file for each type of sound files.

       --threads number
              Comma  separated  list  of  numbers  giving  maximum  of allowed
              encoders to run at the same time.  In  conjunction  with  option
              sshlist  the  number for the local machine is mandatory and must
              be stated first.  Default: 1.

       --execmd command
              State a command to be executed when ripit finshed. Make sure  to
              escape the command if needed. Default: not set.


       To specify a CD device, type

              ripit --device /dev/sr1

       To specify the output directory, type

              ripit --outputdir /foo/paths/

       To rip and encode a special track selection, type

              ripit 1,3-6,8-11

       To use several encoders in the same run, type

              ripit --coder 1,0,2 --quality 3,5,6

       To use Lame with variable bitrate (VBR), type

              ripit --vbrmode new --bitrate 0

       Note,  one  should  reset the --bitrate to 0 (zero) if the -b option of
       Lame is not desired. According to VBR mode in Lame, use "new" or "old".

       It  is  recommended  to  use  the  preset  switches for Lame, (see Lame
       man-page) and specify fast encoding with --vbrmode new  (use  --vbrmode
       old to switch off the fast encoding)

              ripit --preset extreme --vbrmode new

       To pass options related to the encoder use the according encoder option
       switch: e.g. to use the managed mode with oggenc:

              ripit -c 1 --oggencopt "--managed -b 192 -M 224 -m 96" --quality

       Normalize your wave-files prior to encoding:

              ripit --normalize

       Normalize   your  files  to  -18dB  using  "mix  mode"  (see  normalize

              ripit --normalize --normopt "-m -a -18dB"

       To define a directory template where the sound files should  go, type

              ripit --dirtemplate ’"$artist - $year"’

       To create 2 directory levels, as used in other environments, type

              ripit --dirtemplate ’"$artist/$album"’

       To save a config file in ~/home/.ripit/ with options: to use  Lame  and
       Oggenc,  don’t  create  a  m3u  file,  archive  the CDDB entry files in
       ~/.cddb/"category"/ and to eject CD when done, type

              ripit --coder 0,1 --playlist 0 --archive --eject --save

       To do the job without any interaction, type

              ripit --nointeraction

       To use a network for encoding, make sure  that  the  output  paths  are
       equal on all machines!

              ripit --sshlist sun,saturn,earth

       where  sun,  saturn  and  earth are remote machines on which a user can
       login via ssh without entering a password or passphrase! Note that  the
       paths  must be equal for the user on all remote machines!  If the login
       is different on some machines, try

              ripit --sshlist login1@sun,login2@saturn,login3@earth

       If there is "no" identical path on the remote machines, then  the  user
       might  enter e.g. /tmp/ as output directory.  If the file-system is not
       mounted on each remote machine, one can try to copy  the  wavs  to  the
       remote machines using option --scp.

              ripit --sshlist sun,saturn,earth --scp

       Check for ghost songs and trim very long lead-in/out:

              ripit --ghost --prepend 1.0 --extend 1.0

       Rip only first 30 seconds of each track (useful for testing)

              ripit --span 0-30

       Encode  the  same format in 2 qualities, at low quality for a portable,
       at high quality for home:

              ripit --dirtemplate ’"cbr/$artist/$year ‐ $album"’ \
                    --dirtemplate ’"preset/$artist ‐ $album"’ \
                    --coder 0,0 --bitrate off --quality off,off \
                    --lameopt "-b 128 -q 2;--preset extreme"

       Force RipIT to use one and the same directory for all sound files:

              ripit --dirtemplate ’"/"’ --outputdir="/media/sound" \


       User config file:




       Probably there are more than some.


       cdparanoia(1), lame(1), oggenc(1), flac(1), normalize(1), cdda2wav(1)


       RipIT is now maintained by  Felix  Suwald,  please  send  bugs,  wishes
       comments to ripit_[at]_suwald_[dot]_com with a concise subject.
       For bugs, wishes and comments about lcdproc, please contact
       Former  maintainer:   Mads  Martin  Joergensen;   RipIT  was originally
       developed by Simon Quinn.

       This manpage was originally created for the Debian GNU/Linux system  by
       help2man  1.36 and optimized by Elimar Riesebieter <>,
       enhanced and updated by Felix Suwald.