Provided by: timidity_2.13.2-37_i386 bug


       TiMidity++ - MIDI-to-WAVE converter and player


       timidity [options] filename [...]


       TiMidity++  is  a converter that converts some of MIDI files (supported
       formats: Standard MIDI files (*.mid), Recomposer files  (*.rcp,  *.r36,
       *.g18,  *.g36)  and  Module  files  (*.mod)) into formatted audio files
       (e.g. RIFF WAVE).  TiMidity++ uses Gravis  Ultrasound-compatible  patch
       files  or Soundfonts (*.sfx, *.sf2) to generate digital audio data from
       MIDI files.  The digital audio data  generated  by  TiMidity++  can  be
       stored  in  a  file  for  processing, or played in real time through an
       audio device.
       In real time playing, TiMidity++ can show the lyrics contained  in  KAR
       or WRD files.


       You can use the following expressions as the filename argument:

       -      Read a MIDI file from standard input.

              Read a MIDI file from the specified path on a filesystem.

              Read  and  play  all MIDI files in the specified directory.  For

              % timidity some/where/

              plays all files in the directory some/where/.

       Archive File
              Extract and play the file(s) in the archive.   If  you  want  to
              specify   a   certain   MIDI   file   in   the  archive,  append
              #<MIDI-filename> to the archive name.  The path after ‘#’ allows
              the use of the wildcard expressions (case insensitive).
              You  can  use escape sequence \xHH, where ‘HH’ is a ASCII number
              in hexadecimal integer.

              For example:

              % timidity
                     Plays file.mid in

              % timidity file.lzh#*.mid
                     Plays any files that match the wildcard expression  *.mid
                     in file.lzh

              % timidity file.tgz#*
                     This expression is the same as file.tgz

              Since  these  mechanism  are contained in TiMidity++ itself, you
              can use this syntax even in the MS Windows environment.

              TiMidity++ can handle the following archive formats:

              tar (*.tar)

              tar+gzip (*.tar.gz, *.tgz)

              zip (*.zip)

              lzh (*.lzh, *.lha)
                     (lh0, lh1, lh2, lh3, lh4, lh5, lh6, lz4, lzs and lz5  are

              Other  archives can be expanded if expander command is specified
              on the compile phase.  TiMidity++ will pipe that command.

              Play the MIDI file in the specified article on the news  server.
              If  a  newsgroup  is  specified  TiMidity++ plays all MIDI files
              found in any article posted to that newsgroup.
              TiMidity++ parses MIME Multi-part messages in case  of  news://*
              scheme,  extracts  MIDI  file that was post to that group, or in
              case of normal file, you can explicitly handle MIME documents by
              naming that file with *.mime extension, or prefix that file with

              The following MIME-types are allowed:

              uu-encoded file
                     is required

              base64 encoded
                     Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
                     is required

                     Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-string
                     is required

              Mac BinHex format
                     only HQX format is available

              Play the file specified in the URL.

              For example:

              %                                                       timidity
                     plays the specified MIDI-file directly from the  network.

              If  these  expression  are used in the *.cfg files, you can even
              use patch-files (and others) from remote machines.


       TiMidity++ can handle the following file formats:

       .mid, .rmi (Format 0, 1, 2)
              Standard MIDI File

       .rcp, .r36, .g18, .g36 (Recomposer formats)
              Recomposer format which is product for COME ON MUSIC co.

       .mfi (MFi Version 3 - Melody Format for i-Mode)
              i-Mode is Japanese local mobile phone

       .kar (Karaoke format)
              Displays the lyrics as a Lyric Meta Event message.

       .mod, mod.* (Module file)

       .wrd (WRD format)


       The following command line options are accepted by TiMidity++:

       -A [n][,m](a)
              Multiplies the master volume  by  n%.   Default  value  is  70%.
              Higher  amplification  makes louder sounds.  You can specify the
              drum power, ratio of drum volume from the other  channels.   The
              allowed  values of amplification range from 0 (no sound) to 800.
              Optionally to put ‘a’ character along with -a option, or to  use
              --volume-compensation,  instructs  TiMidity++  to regularize the
              volume.  You can easily gain dynamic range.

              For example:

              -A90   volume 90%, drum power 100%, compensation is off

              -A,120 volume 70%, drum power 120%, compensation is off

                     volume 90%, drum power 120%, compensation is off

              -Aa    volume 70%, drum power 100%, compensation is on

              -A90a  volume 90%, drum power 100%, compensation is on

                     volume 70%, drum power 120%, compensation is on

                     volume 90%, drum power 120%, compensation is on

       -a, --[no-]anti-alias
              Turns on anti-aliasing.   Samples  are  run  through  a  lowpass
              filter  before  playing,  which  reduces  aliasing  noise at low
              resampling frequencies.

       -B n,m, --buffer-fragments=n,m
              For the Linux/FreeBSD/OSS/ALSA/Windows sound driver, selects the
              number  of buffer fragments in interactive mode.  Increasing the
              number of fragments may reduce choppiness  when  many  processes
              are running.  It will make TiMidity++ seem to respond sluggishly
              to fast forward, rewind, and volume controls, and it will  throw
              the status display off sync.  Specify a fragments number of 0 to
              use the maximum number of fragments available.

       -C n, --control-ratio=n
              Sets the  ratio  of  sampling  and  control  frequencies.   This
              determines  how often envelopes are recalculated -- small ratios
              yield better quality but use more CPU time.

       -c file, --config-file=file
              Reads an extra configuration file.

       -D n, --drum-channel=n
              Marks channel as  a  drum  channel.   If  channel  is  negative,
              channel -n is marked as an instrumental channel.  If n is 0, all
              channels are marked as instrumental.

       -d dir, --interface-path=dir
              Specifies  the  directory  containing   installed   dynamic-link
              interface modules.

       -E mode, --ext=mode
              Set  TiMidity++ extend modes.  The following modes are available
              (capitalized switch means disable this feature):

              w/W, --[no-]mod-wheel
                     Enable/disable modulation controlling.

              p/P, --[no-]portamento
                     Enable/disable portamento controlling.

              v/V, --[no-]vibrato
                     Enable/disable NRPM vibration.

              s/S, --[no-]ch-pressure
                     Enable/disable channel pressure controlling.

              e/E, --[no-]mod-envelope
                     Enable/disable modulation envelope controlling.

              t/T, --[no-]trace-text-meta
                     Enable/disable tracing all Text Meta Events.

              o/O, --[no-]overlap-voice
                     Accept/reject pronouncing multiple same notes.

              z/Z, --[no-]temper-control
                     Enable/disable   MIDI   Tuning    Standard    temperament

              mHH, --default-mid=HH
                     Sets  the  manufacturer  ID  to  HH  (where  HH  are  two
                     HH values of GS/gs, XG/xg or GM/gm are understood as  41,
                     43 and 7e respectively.

              MHH, --system-mid=HH
                     Sets  the  system manufacturer ID to HH (where HH are two
                     In this option, the manufacture ID is  set  unchangeable.
                     Manufacture ID from the input file would be ignored.

              bn, --default-bank=n
                     Use tone bank n as the default.

              Bn, --force-bank=n
                     Sets the bank number of all channels to n.

              in[/m], --default-program=n[/m]
                     Use  the  program  number as the default instrument.  Any
                     Program Change events in MIDI files  will  override  this
                     If  n is followed by /m the default program number of the
                     channel m is specified by n.

              In[/m], --force-program=n[/m]
                     Similar to -Ei but this ignores all program changes.

              F args For effects.  See below.  In args option, you can specify
                     following effect options:

                     delay=(d|l|r|b)[,msec], --delay=(d|l|r|b)[,msec]
                             Sets delay type.

                             d, 0   Disabled delay effect.

                             l, 1   Left delay.

                             r, 2   Right delay.

                             b, 3   Swap left & right.

                             Optional msec is the delay time.

                     chorus=(d|n|s)[,level], --chorus=(d|n|s)[,level]

                             d, 0   Disable this effect.

                             n, 1   Enable MIDI chorus effect control.

                             s, 2   Surround sound, chorus detuned to a lesser
                                    degree (default).

                             The optional parameter level specifies the chorus
                             level 0 to 127.

                     reverb=(d|n|g|f|G)[,level], --reverb=(d|n|g|f|G)[,level]

                             d, 0   Disable MIDI reverb effect control.

                             n, 1   Enable  MIDI  reverb effect control.  This
                                    effect is only available in stereo.

                             g, 2   Global reverb effect.

                             f, 3   Freeverb  MIDI   reverb   effect   control

                             G, 4   Global freeverb effect.

                             The optional parameter level specifies the reverb
                             level 0 to 127.

                     vlpf=(d|c|m), --voice-lpf=(d|c|m)

                             d, 0   Disable LPF effect.

                             c, 1   Chamberlin   resonant    LPF    (12dB/oct)

                             m, 2   Moog resonant low-pass VCF (24dB/oct)

                     ns=n, --noise-shaping=n
                             Enable  the n th degree noiseshaping filter.  The
                             distortion at decay stage is  improved,  but  the
                             noise on human auditory feeling increases because
                             it shifts to a high frequency.  In case of  8-bit
                             linear  encoding,  valid  values  of n are in the
                             interval from 0 (min) to 4 (max).  Default  value
                             is  4.   In case of 16-bit linear encoding, valid
                             values of n are in the  interval  from  0  to  4.
                             According  to  the  value, it works as following.
                             Default value is 4.

                             0      No noise shaping.

                             1      Traditional noise shaping.

                             2      Overdrive-like soft-clipping +  new  noise

                             3      Tube-amplifier-like  soft-clipping  +  new
                                    noise shaping.

                             4      New noise shaping.

                     resamp=(d|l|c|L|n|g), --resample=(d|l|c|L|n|g)

                             d, 0   No interpolation.

                             l, 1   Linear interpolation.

                             c, 2   Cubic spline interpolation.

                             L, 3   Lagrange method.

                             n, 4   Newton polynomial interpolation.

                             g, 5   Modified Gauss effect (default).

                             This option affects the behavior of -N option.

       -e, --evil
              Make TiMidity++ evil.  For the Win32 version, this increases the
              task  priority  by  one.   It  can give better playback when you
              switch tasks at the expense of slowing all other tasks down.

       -F, --[no-]fast-panning
              Turns on fast panning to accommodate  MIDI  pieces  that  expect
              panning  adjustments  to  affect notes that are already playing.
              Some files that don’t expect  this  have  a  habit  of  flipping
              balance  rapidly  between left and right, which can cause severe
              popping when the -F flag is used.
              In the current version of TiMidity++ this option is a toggle.

       -f, --[no-]fast-decay
              Toggles fast envelopes.  This option makes TiMidity++ faster but
              the release time of the notes are shortened.

       -g sec, --spectrogram=sec
              Open  the Sound-Spectrogram window.  This option is activated if
              the system has support for the X Window System.

       -H n, --force-keysig=n
              Specify the key signature.  MIDI playback is transposed  to  the
              key with the same number of sharps (when n is positive) or flats
              (when n is negative).  Valid values for n range from  -7  to  7.
              For  example,  if  n  is 1, MIDI playback would transpose 1 flat
              (i.e., F major or D minor).

       -h, --help
              Show the help message.

       -i mode, --interface=mode
              Selects the user interfaces from the  compiled-in  alternatives.
              mode   must  be  begun  with  one  of  the  supported  interface
              identifiers.  Run TiMidity++ with the -h option to see a list.
              For   ALSA    sequencer    interface,    optionally    to    use
              --realtime-priority,  set the realtime priority by n, and to use
              --sequencer-ports, set the number  of  opened  sequencer  ports.
              Default value is 4.
              The following identifiers may be available:

              -id    dumb interface

              -in    ncurses interface

              -is    S-Lang interface

              -ia    X Athena Widget interface

              -ik    Tcl/Tk interface

              -im    Motif interface

              -iT    vt100 interface

              -ie    Emacs interface
                     (use ‘‘M-x timidity’’ in Emacs)

              -ii    skin interface
                     Environment  variable  TIMIDITY_SKIN  must  be set to the
                     path  of  the  skin  data  (compressed  data   are   also

              -ig    GTK+ interface

              -ir    Launch TiMidity++ as MIDI server.

              -iA    Launch TiMidity++ as ALSA sequencer client.

              -iW    Windows synthesizer interface

              -iw    Windows GUI interface

              -iP    PortMIDI synthesizer interface

              -ip    UMP interface

              Interface options
                     Option  characters  may  be  added  immediately after the
                     interface  identifier.    The   following   options   are

                     v, --verbose=n
                             Increases   verbosity   level.   This  option  is

                     q, --quiet=n
                             Decreases  verbosity  level.   This   option   is

                     t, --[no-]trace
                             Toggles  trace  mode.   In trace mode, TiMidity++
                             attempts to display its  current  state  in  real
                             time.   For  the  Linux  sound  driver,  this  is
                             accomplished through the use of short DMA  buffer
                             fragments,  which can be tuned via the -B option.

                     l, --[no-]loop
                             Loop playing (some interfaces ignore this option)

                     r, --[no-]random
                             Randomize file list arguments before playing

                     s, --[no-]sort
                             Sort file list arguments before playing

                     D, --[no-]background
                             Daemonize  TiMidity++  in background (for alsaseq

       -j, --[no-]realtime-load
              Enable the loading of patch files during play.

       -K n, --adjust-key=n
              Adjusts key (i.e., transposes the song) by n half tones.  Ranges
              from -24 to 24.

       -k msec, --voice-queue=msec
              Specify  audio  queue  time  limit  to  reduce  voices.   If the
              remaining  audio  buffer  is  less   than   msec   milliseconds,
              TiMidity++  tries  to  kill  some voices.  This feature makes it
              possible to play complicated MIDI files on slow  CPUs.   Setting
              msec to zero tells TiMidity++ to never remove any voices.

       -L path, --patch-path=path
              Adds  path  to the library path.  Patch, configuration, and MIDI
              files are searched along this path.  Directories added last will
              be  searched  first.   Note that the current directory is always
              searched first before the library path.

       -M name, --pcm-file=name
              TiMidity++ can play a PCM file  instead  of  a  MIDI  file.   If
              ‘‘auto’’  is  specified, TiMidity++ tries to open foo.mid.wav or
              foo.mid.aiff when playing foo.mid.  If  ‘‘none’’  is  specified,
              this feature is disabled.  Otherwise just plays name.

       -m msec, --decay-time=msec
              Modify  envelope  volume decay time.  msec is the minimum number
              of milliseconds to sustain a sustained note.

              -m0    Disable sustain ramping, causes constant volume  sustains

              -m1    Effectively  behaves  as  if  all  sustains  are ignored,
                     volume ramping is the same as normal stage 3.

              -m3000 A note at full volume will decay for 3  seconds  once  it
                     begins to be sustained (assuming the regular stage 3 rate
                     would not cause it to decay even longer).   Softer  notes
                     will of course die sooner.

       -N n, --interpolation=n
              Sets  interpolation  parameter.   This  option  depends  on  the
              -EFresamp option’s value.

              cspline, lagrange
                     Toggles 4-point linear interpolation (default is on).

              newton n point interpolation using Newton polynomials.   n  must
                     be an odd number from 1 to 57.

              gauss  n+1   point   modified  Gauss  interpolation.   Ranges  0
                     (disable) to 34 (max), default to 25.

              In either way, linear interpolation is used  if  audio  queue  <

       -O mode, --output-mode=mode
              Selects the output mode from the compiled-in alternatives.  mode
              must begin with one of the supported  output  mode  identifiers.
              Run TiMidity++ with the -h option to see the list.
              Special  in Ogg FLAC output mode, verifying generated data (will
              be a bit slower), the size of header padding (default is  4096),
              the  compression  level  (0  to  8) (default is 5), and enabling
              OggFLAC   stream   can   be    specified    by    --flac-verify,
              --flac-padding,    --flac-complevel    and   --oggflac   options
              Special in Ogg Speex output mode, the compression quality (0  to
              10) (default is 8), Enabling VBR output, enabling ABR output and
              setting the ratio to n, enabling VAD (voice activity detection),
              enabling   DTX   (discontinuous   transmission),   the  encoding
              complexity (0 to 10) (default is 3), and frames in a single  Ogg
              packet   (0   to   10)  (default  is  1)  can  be  specified  by
              --speex-quality,    --speex-vbr,    --speex-abr,    --speex-vad,
              --speex-dtx,   --speex-complexity  and  --speex-nframes  options
              The following identifiers are available in all versions:

              -Od    Outputs via audio device (default)

              -Os    Output to ALSA

              -Or    Generate raw  waveform  data.   All  format  options  are
                     supported.  Common formats include:

                      -OrU   u-Law

                      -Or1sl 16-bit signed linear PCM

                      -Or8ul 8-bit unsigned linear PCM

              -Ou    Generate Sun Audio (au) data

              -Oa    Generate AIFF data

              -Ow    Generate  RIFF WAVE format output.  If output is directed
                     to a non-seekable file, or if TiMidity++  is  interrupted
                     before  closing  the  file,  the file header will contain
                     0xffffffff in the RIFF and data block length fields.  The
                     popular sound conversion utility sox is able to read such
                     malformed files, so you can pipe data directly to sox for
                     on-the-fly conversion to other formats.

              -Ol    List MIDI events

              -OM    MOD -> MIDI conversion

              -Oe    EsounD

              -Op    PortAudio

              -Oj    JACK

              -OR    aRts

              -OA    Alib

              -Ov    Ogg Vorbis

              -OF    Ogg FLAC

              -OS    Ogg Speex

              -OO    libdao

              Format options
                     Option characters may be added immediately after the mode
                     identifier to change the output  format.   The  following
                     options are recognized:

                     S, --output-stereo

                     M, --output-mono

                     s, --output-signed
                             Signed output

                     u, --output-unsigned
                             Unsigned output

                     1, --output-16bit
                             16-bit sample width

                     2, --output-24bit
                             24-bit sample width

                     8, --output-8bit
                             8-bit sample width

                     l, --output-linear
                             Linear encoding

                     U, --output-ulaw
                             u-Law (8-bit) encoding

                     A, --output-alaw
                             A-Law encoding

                     x, --[no-]output-swab
                             Byte-swapped output

                     Note that some options have no effect on some modes.  For
                     example, you cannot generate  a  byte-swapped  RIFF  WAVE
                     file, or force uLaw output on a Linux PCM device.

       -o file, --output-file=file
              Place  output  on  file,  which  may be a file, device, or HP-UX
              audio server, depending on the output mode selected with the  -O
              option.   The special filename ‘-’ causes output to be placed on

       -P file, --patch-file=file
              Use patch file for all programs.

       -p [n](a)
              Sets polyphony (maximum number of simultaneous voices) to n.
              Optionally to put ‘a’ character along with -p option, or to  use
              --polyphony-reduction,  instructs TiMidity++ to enable automatic
              polyphony reduction algorithm.

       -Q n[,...](t)
              Cause  channel  n  to  be  quiet.   n  can  carry  out   package
              specification  by  ‘,’.  If n is 0, all channels are turned off.
              Continuously, specifying -n, channel n is turned back on.
              On the other hand, to put ‘t’ character after -Q  option  or  to
              use   --temper-mute  describes  temperament  mute.   This  mutes
              channels  of  specific   temperament   type   n.    For   preset
              temperament,  n can range 0 to 3.  For user-defined temperament,
              n can range 4 to 7.

       -q sec/n, --audio-buffer=sec/n
              Specify audio buffer in seconds.  sec maximum size of buffer,  n
              percentage filled at the beginning (default is 5.0/100) (size of
              100% equals the whole device buffer size).

       -R msec
              Enables Pseudo Reverb Mode.  It sets every instrument’s  release
              to msec ms.  If msec is 0, msec is set to 800 (default).

       -S n, --cache-size=n
              Sets  the  re-sample  cache  size to n bytes.  If n equals 0 any
              sample caches are disabled.  The default value of n  is  2097152

       -s freq, --sampling-freq=freq
              Sets  the  resampling  frequency  (Hz  or  kHz).   Not all sound
              devices  are  capable  of  all  frequencies  --  an  approximate
              frequency may be selected, depending on the implementation.

       -T n, --adjust-tempo=n
              Adjust  tempo  to  n%;  120  play MOD files with an NTSC Amiga’s

       -t code, --output-charset=code
              Sets output coding of Japanese text.  Possible  values  of  code

              auto   determined by the LANG environment variable.

              ascii  Translates non-ASCII code to period.

              nocnv  No conversion.

              1251   Convert from windows-1251 to koi8-r.

              euc    Outputs EUC (Japan) coding.

              jis    Outputs JIS coding.

              sjis   Outputs SJIS coding.

       -U, --[no-]unload-instruments
              Unload all instruments from memory between MIDI files.  This can
              reduce  memory  requirements  when   playing   many   files   in

       -V power, --volume-curve=power
              Set  the power of volume curve.  The total amplification becomes
              volume^power.   0  (default)  uses  the  regular  tables.    Any
              non-zero  value  causes  all  midi  to  use the new user defined
              velocity/volume/expression curve (linear: 1, ideal: ~1.661,  GS:

       -v, --version
              Show the version string

       -W mode, --wrd=mode
              Play WRD file.

              Allowed values of mode are:

              x      X Window System mode

              w      Windows console mode

              t      TTY mode

              d      Dumb mode (outputs WRD events directory)

              -      do not trace WRD

                     Sets WRD options:

                             Sets  the  WRD options.  an is the name of option
                             and bn is the value.

                      d=n    Emulates  timing  (@WAIT,  @WMODE)  bugs  of  the
                             original MIMPI player.  The emulation levels are:

                             -WRd=0 do not emulate any bugs of MIMPI

                             -WRd=1 only emulate some bugs (default)

                             -WRd=2 emulate all known bugs

                      F=file Use file as WRD file only no file matching  *.wrd
                             is found.

                      f=file Uses file as WRD file.

              WRD mode must also use trace mode (option -i?t) or the timing of
              the WRD events will be terrible.

       -w mode, --rcpcv-dll=mode
              Extended  mode  for  MS  Windows.   The  following  options  are

              -w r   Use rcpcv.dll to play RCP/R36 files.

              -w R   Do not use rcpcv.dll (default).

       -x str, --config-string=str
              Configure TiMidity++ with str.  The format of str is the same as

              For example:
              -xbank 0\n0 violin.pat’
              Sets the instrument number 0 to violin.
              Character ‘\’ (Ascii 0x5c) in  the  str  is  treated  as  escape
              character  like  in  C  literals.   For example \n is treated as
              carriage return.

       -Z file, --freq-table=file
              Cause the table of frequencies to be read from  file.   This  is
              useful  to  define a tuning different from 12-equal temperament.
              If  ‘‘pure’’  is  specified,  TiMidity++  plays  in  trial  pure

              -Zpure[n(m)], --pure-intonation=[n(m)]
                     Play in trial pure intonation by Key Signature meta-event
                     in the MIDI file.  You can specify the initial keysig  by
                     hand,  in  case  the  MIDI  file  does  not  contains the
                     meta-event.   Optionally,  n  is  the   number   of   key
                     signature.   In case of sharp, n is positive.  In case of
                     flat, n is negative.   Valid  values  of  n  are  in  the
                     interval from -7 to 7.  In case of minor mode, you should
                     put ‘m’ character along with -Zpure option.

              Simulate behavior of specific  synthesizer  module  as  much  as
              possible.  For the moment, the value of n defined is as follows:

              0      TiMidity++ Default

              1      Roland SC-55

              2      Roland SC-88

              3      Roland SC-88Pro

              4      Roland SC-8850

              5-15   Reserved for GS family

              16     YAMAHA MU-50

              17     YAMAHA MU-80

              18     YAMAHA MU-90

              19     YAMAHA MU-100

              20-31  Reserved for XG family

              32     SoundBlaster Live!

              33     SoundBlaster Audigy

              34-111 Reserved for other synthesizer modules

              112    TiMidity++ Special 1

                     Reserved for TiMidity++ specification purposes

              127    TiMidity++ Debug


       sf2text(1), timidity.cfg(5)


       Copyright (C) 1999-2004 Masanao Izumo <>
       Copyright (C) 1995 Tuukka Toivonen <>

       The original version was developed by Tuukka Toivonen <> until
       the release of TiMidity-0.2i.  His development was discontinued because
       of his being busy with work.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under  the  terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
       Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at  your
       option) any later version.

       This  program  is  distributed  in the hope that it will be useful, but
       WITHOUT  ANY  WARRANTY;  without   even   the   implied   warranty   of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA


       The latest release is available on the TiMidity++ Page,



       Eats more CPU time than a small CPU-time-eating animal.

       This man page was translated from Japanese to English by me  with  poor
       English skill :-)


       Version 0.2i and earlier:
              Tuukka Toivonen <>
              Vincent Pagel <>
              Takashi Iwai <>
              Davide Moretti <>
              Chi Ming HUNG <>
              Riccardo Facchetti <>

              IZUMO Masanao <>
              HARADA Tomokazu <>
              YAMATE Keiichirou <>
              KIRYU Masaki <>
              AOKI Daisuke <>
              MATSUMOTO Shoji <>
              KOYANAGI Masaaki <>
              IMAI Kunihiko <>
              NOGAMI Takaya <>
              WATANABE Takanori <>
              TAKEKAWA Hiroshi <>
              NAGANO Daisuke <>
              KINOSHITA kosuke <>
              SHIGEMURA Norikatsu <>
              YAMAHATA Isaku <>
              ARAI Yoshishige <>
              Glenn Trigg <>
              Tim Allen <>
              Michael Haardt <>
              Eric A. Welsh <>
              Paolo Bonzini <>
              KIMOTO Masahiko <>
              IWAI Takashi <>
              Saito <>
              SATO Kentaro <>
              TAMUKI Shoichi <>
              URABE Shohei <>
              SUENAGA Keishi <>
              SUZUKI Koji <>

       (titles omitted and an order different)

       and other many people sends information and bug-fix codes.

       The  English  version  of  this  man page was written by NAGANO Daisuke

       Now,   TAMUKI   Shoichi   <>   and    URABE    Shohei
       <> are maintaining the man page.
       If you have any comments or suggestions or complaints :) about this man
       page, please tell us it.