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NAME

       des_crypt,  ecb_crypt,  cbc_crypt, des_setparity, DES_FAILED - fast DES
       encryption

SYNOPSIS

       #include <rpc/des_crypt.h>

       int ecb_crypt(char *key, char *data, unsigned datalen,
                     unsigned mode);

       int cbc_crypt(char *key, char *data, unsigned datalen,
                     unsigned mode, char *ivec);

       void des_setparity(char *key);

       int DES_FAILED(int status);

DESCRIPTION

       ecb_crypt() and cbc_crypt() implement  the  NBS  DES  (Data  Encryption
       Standard).   These  routines  are  faster and more general purpose than
       crypt(3).  They also  are  able  to  utilize  DES  hardware  if  it  is
       available.   ecb_crypt()  encrypts  in ECB (Electronic Code Book) mode,
       which encrypts blocks of data independently.  cbc_crypt()  encrypts  in
       CBC  (Cipher  Block  Chaining)  mode,  which chains together successive
       blocks.   CBC  mode  protects   against   insertions,   deletions   and
       substitutions of blocks.  Also, regularities in the clear text will not
       appear in the cipher text.

       Here is how to use these routines.  The first  argument,  key,  is  the
       8-byte  encryption key with parity.  To set the key’s parity, which for
       DES is in the low bit of each byte, use  des_setparity().   The  second
       argument,  data,  contains  the data to be encrypted or decrypted.  The
       third argument, datalen, is the length in bytes of data, which must  be
       a  multiple  of  8.   The  fourth  argument, mode, is formed by OR ’ing
       together some things.   For  the  encryption  direction  OR  in  either
       DES_ENCRYPT  or  DES_DECRYPT.  For software versus hardware encryption,
       OR in either DES_HW or DES_SW.  If DES_HW is specified, and there is no
       hardware,  then the encryption is performed in software and the routine
       returns DESERR_NOHWDEVICE.  For cbc_crypt(), the argument ivec  is  the
       8-byte  initialization  vector  for the chaining.  It is updated to the
       next initialization vector upon return.

RETURN VALUE

       DESERR_NONE         No error.
       DESERR_NOHWDEVICE   Encryption succeeded, but done in software  instead
                           of the requested hardware.
       DESERR_HWERROR      An error occurred in the hardware or driver.
       DESERR_BADPARAM     Bad argument to routine.

       Given  a  result  status stat, the macro DES_FAILED(stat) is false only
       for the first two statuses.

VERSIONS

       These routines are present in libc 4.6.27 and later, and in  glibc  2.1
       and later.

CONFORMING TO

       4.3BSD.  Not in POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO

       des(1), crypt(3), xcrypt(3)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.23 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                  2007-05-18                      DES_CRYPT(3)