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NAME

       getgrent, setgrent, endgrent - get group file entry

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <grp.h>

       struct group *getgrent(void);

       void setgrent(void);

       void endgrent(void);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getgrent(), setgrent(), endgrent(): _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE ||
       _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500

DESCRIPTION

       The getgrent() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
       broken-out  fields  of  a record in the group database (e.g., the local
       group file /etc/group, NIS, and LDAP).  The first time it is called  it
       returns the first entry; thereafter, it returns successive entries.

       The setgrent() function rewinds to the beginning of the group database,
       to allow repeated scans.

       The endgrent() function is used to close the group database  after  all
       processing has been performed.

       The group structure is defined in <grp.h> as follows:

           struct group {
               char   *gr_name;       /* group name */
               char   *gr_passwd;     /* group password */
               gid_t   gr_gid;        /* group ID */
               char  **gr_mem;        /* group members */
           };

RETURN VALUE

       The getgrent() function returns a pointer to a group structure, or NULL
       if there are no more entries or an error occurs.

       Upon error, errno may be set.  If one wants to check  errno  after  the
       call, it should be set to zero before the call.

       The  return value may point to a static area, and may be overwritten by
       subsequent calls to getgrent(), getgrgid(3), or getgrnam(3).   (Do  not
       pass the returned pointer to free(3).)

ERRORS

       EINTR  A signal was caught.

       EIO    I/O error.

       EMFILE The calling process already has too many open files.

       ENFILE Too many open files in the system.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate group structure.

       ERANGE Insufficient buffer space supplied.

FILES

       /etc/group
              local group database file

CONFORMING TO

       SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO

       fgetgrent(3), getgrent_r(3), getgrgid(3), getgrnam(3), getgrouplist(3),
       putgrent(3)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 3.23 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                  2009-03-30                       GETGRENT(3)