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NAME

       usleep - suspend execution for microsecond intervals

SYNOPSIS

       #include <unistd.h>

       int usleep(useconds_t usec);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       usleep(): _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500

DESCRIPTION

       The usleep() function suspends execution of the calling process for (at
       least) usec microseconds.  The sleep may be lengthened slightly by  any
       system  activity  or  by  the  time spent processing the call or by the
       granularity of system timers.

RETURN VALUE

       0 on success, -1 on error.

ERRORS

       EINTR  Interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).

       EINVAL usec is not smaller than 1000000.  (On  systems  where  that  is
              considered an error.)

CONFORMING TO

       4.3BSD,  POSIX.1-2001.   POSIX.1-2001  declares this function obsolete;
       use nanosleep(2) instead.  POSIX.1-2008 removes  the  specification  of
       usleep().

       On  the original BSD implementation, and in glibc before version 2.2.2,
       the return type of this function is void.  The  POSIX  version  returns
       int, and this is also the prototype used since glibc 2.2.2.

       Only the EINVAL error return is documented by SUSv2 and POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES

       The  type  useconds_t  is  an  unsigned integer type capable of holding
       integers in the range [0,1000000].  Programs will be more  portable  if
       they never mention this type explicitly.  Use

           #include <unistd.h>
           ...
               unsigned int usecs;
           ...
               usleep(usecs);

       The  interaction  of  this  function  with the SIGALRM signal, and with
       other  timer  functions  such  as  alarm(2),  sleep(3),   nanosleep(2),
       setitimer(2),  timer_create(2),  timer_delete(2),  timer_getoverrun(2),
       timer_gettime(2), timer_settime(2), ualarm(3) is unspecified.

SEE ALSO

       alarm(2),   getitimer(2),   nanosleep(2),   select(2),    setitimer(2),
       sleep(3), ualarm(3), time(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.23 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                  2007-07-26                         USLEEP(3)