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NAME

     psignal, pgsignal, gsignal - post signal to a process or process group

SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/signalvar.h>

     void
     psignal(struct proc *p, int signum);

     void
     pgsignal(struct pgrp *pgrp, int signum, int checkctty);

     void
     gsignal(int pgid, int signum);

DESCRIPTION

     These functions post a signal to one or more processes.  The argument
     signum common to all three functions should be in the range [1-NSIG].

     The psignal() function posts signal number signum to the process
     represented by the process structure p.  With a few exceptions noted
     below, the target process signal disposition is updated and is marked as
     runnable, so further handling of the signal is done in the context of the
     target process after a context switch.  Note that psignal() does not by
     itself cause a context switch to happen.

     The target process is not marked as runnable in the following cases:

           ·   The target process is sleeping uninterruptibly.  The signal
               will be noticed when the process returns from the system call
               or trap.

           ·   The target process is currently ignoring the signal.

           ·   If a stop signal is sent to a sleeping process that takes the
               default action (see sigaction(2)), the process is stopped
               without awakening it.

           ·   SIGCONT restarts a stopped process (or puts them back to sleep)
               regardless of the signal action (e.g., blocked or ignored).

     If the target process is being traced psignal() behaves as if the target
     process were taking the default action for signum.  This allows the
     tracing process to be notified of the signal.

     The pgsignal() function posts signal number signum to each member of the
     process group described by pgrp.  If checkctty is non-zero, the signal
     will be posted only to processes that have a controlling terminal.
     pgsignal() is implemented by walking along the process list headed by the
     field pg_members of the process group structure pointed at by pgrp and
     calling psignal() as appropriate.  If pgrp is NULL no action is taken.

     The gsignal() function posts signal number signum to each member of the
     process group identified by the group id pgid.  gsignal() first finds the
     group structure associated with pgid, then invokes pgsignal() with the
     argument checkctty set to zero.  If pgid is zero no action is taken.

SEE ALSO

     sigaction(2), signal(9), tsleep(9)