Provided by: trace-cmd_1.0.3-0ubuntu1_i386 bug

NAME

       trace-cmd.dat - trace-cmd file format

DESCRIPTION

       The trace-cmd(1) utility produces a "trace.dat" file. The file may also
       be named anything depending if the user specifies a different output
       name, but it must have a certain binary format. The file is used by
       trace-cmd to save kernel traces into it and be able to extract the
       trace from it at a later point (see trace-cmd-report(1)).

INITIAL FORMAT

           The first three bytes contain the magic value:

           0x17 0x08  0x44

           The next 7 bytes contain the characters:

           "tracing"

           The next set of characters contain a null '\0' terminated string
           that contains the version of the file (for example):

           "6\0"

           The next 1 byte contains the flags for the file endianess:

           0 = little endian
           1 = big endian

           The next byte contains the number of bytes per "long" value:

           4 - 32-bit long values
           8 - 64-bit long values

           Note: This is the long size of the target's userspace. Not the
           kernel space size.

           [ Now all numbers are written in file defined endianess. ]

           The next 4 bytes are a 32-bit word that defines what the traced
           host machine page size was.

HEADER INFO FORMAT

           Directly after the initial format comes information about the
           trace headers recorded from the target box.

           The next 12 bytes contain the string:

           "header_page\0"

           The next 8 bytes are a 64-bit word containing the size of the
           page header information stored next.

           The next set of data is of the size read from the previous 8 bytes,
           and contains the data retrieved from debugfs/tracing/events/header_page.

           Note: The size of the second field \fBcommit\fR contains the target
           kernel long size. For example:

           field: local_t commit;        offset:8;       \fBsize:8;\fR   signed:1;

           shows the kernel has a 64-bit long.

           The next 13 bytes contain the string:

           "header_event\0"

           The next 8 bytes are a 64-bit word containing the size of the
           event header information stored next.

           The next set of data is of the size read from the previous 8 bytes
           and contains the data retrieved from debugfs/tracing/events/header_event.

           This data allows the trace-cmd tool to know if the ring buffer format
           of the kernel made any changes.

FTRACE EVENT FORMATS

           Directly after the header information comes the information about
           the Ftrace specific events. These are the events used by the Ftrace plugins
           and are not enabled by the event tracing.

           The next 4 bytes contain a 32-bit word of the number of Ftrace event
           format files that are stored in the file.

           For the number of times defined by the previous 4 bytes is the
           following:

           8 bytes for the size of the Ftrace event format file.

           The Ftrace event format file copied from the target machine:
           debugfs/tracing/events/ftrace/<event>/format

EVENT FORMATS

           Directly after the Ftrace formats comes the information about
           the event layout.

           The next 4 bytes are a 32-bit word containing the number of
           event systems that are stored in the file. These are the
           directories in debugfs/tracing/events excluding the \fBftrace\fR
           directory.

           For the number of times defined by the previous 4 bytes is the
           following:

           A null-terminated string containing the system name.

           4 bytes containing a 32-bit word containing the number
           of events within the system.

           For the number of times defined in the previous 4 bytes is the
           following:

           8 bytes for the size of the event format file.

           The event format file copied from the target machine:
           debugfs/tracing/events/<system>/<event>/format

KALLSYMS INFORMATION

           Directly after the event formats comes the information of the mapping
           of function addresses to the function names.

           The next 4 bytes are a 32-bit word containing the size of the
           data holding the function mappings.

           The next set of data is of the size defined by the previous 4 bytes
           and contains the information from the target machine's file:
           /proc/kallsyms

TRACE_PRINTK INFORMATION

           If a developer used trace_printk() within the kernel, it may
           store the format string outside the ring buffer.
           This information can be found in:
           debugfs/tracing/printk_formats

           The next 4 bytes are a 32-bit word containing the size of the
           data holding the printk formats.

           The next set of data is of the size defined by the previous 4 bytes
           and contains the information from debugfs/tracing/printk_formats.

PROCESS INFORMATION

           Directly after the trace_printk formats comes the information mapping
           a PID to a process name.

           The next 8 bytes contain a 64-bit word that holds the size of the
           data mapping the PID to a process name.

           The next set of data is of the size defined by the previous 8 bytes
           and contains the information from debugfs/tracing/saved_cmdlines.

REST OF TRACE-CMD HEADER

           Directly after the process information comes the last bit of the
           trace.dat file header.

           The next 4 bytes are a 32-bit word defining the number of CPUs that
           were discovered on the target machine (and has matching trace data
           for it).

           The next 10 bytes are one of the following:

           "options  \0"

           "latency  \0"

           "flyrecord\0"

           If it is "options  \0" then:

           The next 2 bytes are a 16-bit word defining the current option.
           If the the value is zero then there are no more options.

           Otherwise, the next 4 bytes contain a 32-bit word containing the
           option size. If the reader does not know how to handle the option
           it can simply skip it. Currently there are no options defined,
           but this is here to extend the data.

           The next option will be directly after the previous option, and
           the options ends with a zero in the option type field.

           The next 10 bytes after the options are one of the following:

           "latency  \0"

           "flyrecord\0"

           which would follow the same as if options were not present.

           If the value is "latency  \0", then the rest of the file is
           simply ASCII text that was taken from the target's:
           debugfs/tracing/trace

           If the value is "flyrecord\0", the following is present:

           For the number of CPUs that were read earlier, the
           following is present:

           8 bytes that are a 64-bit word containing the offset into the file
           that holds the data for the CPU.

           8 bytes that are a 64-bit word containing the size of the CPU
           data at that offset.

CPU DATA

           The CPU data is located in the part of the file that is specified
           in the end of the header. Padding is placed between the header and
           the CPU data, placing the CPU data at a page aligned (target page) position
           in the file.

           This data is copied directly from the Ftrace ring buffer and is of the
           same format as the ring buffer specified by the event header files
           loaded in the header format file.

           The trace-cmd tool will try to \fBmmap(2)\fR the data page by page with the
           target's page size if possible. If it fails to mmap, it will just read the
           data instead.

SEE ALSO

       trace-cmd(1), trace-cmd-record(1), trace-cmd-report(1),
       trace-cmd-start(1), trace-cmd-stop(1), trace-cmd-extract(1),
       trace-cmd-reset(1), trace-cmd-split(1), trace-cmd-list(1),
       trace-cmd-listen(1), trace-cmd.dat(5)

AUTHOR

       Written by Steven Rostedt, <rostedt@goodmis.org[1]>

RESOURCES

       git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/trace-cmd.git

COPYING

       Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc. Free use of this software is granted
       under the terms of the GNU Public License (GPL).

NOTES

        1. rostedt@goodmis.org
           mailto:rostedt@goodmis.org

[FIXME: source]                   06/22/2010                  TRACE-CMD.DAT(5)