Provided by: git_1.7.1-1.1_i386 bug

NAME

       git-show - Show various types of objects

SYNOPSIS

       git show [options] <object>...

DESCRIPTION

       Shows one or more objects (blobs, trees, tags and commits).

       For commits it shows the log message and textual diff. It also presents
       the merge commit in a special format as produced by git diff-tree --cc.

       For tags, it shows the tag message and the referenced objects.

       For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to git ls-tree with
       --name-only).

       For plain blobs, it shows the plain contents.

       The command takes options applicable to the git diff-tree command to
       control how the changes the commit introduces are shown.

       This manual page describes only the most frequently used options.

OPTIONS

       <object>...
           The names of objects to show. For a more complete list of ways to
           spell object names, see "SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in git-rev-
           parse(1).

       --pretty[=<format>], --format[=<format>]
           Pretty-print the contents of the commit logs in a given format,
           where <format> can be one of oneline, short, medium, full, fuller,
           email, raw and format:<string>. When omitted, the format defaults
           to medium.

           Note: you can specify the default pretty format in the repository
           configuration (see git-config(1)).

       --abbrev-commit
           Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal commit object name,
           show only a partial prefix. Non default number of digits can be
           specified with "--abbrev=<n>" (which also modifies diff output, if
           it is displayed).

           This should make "--pretty=oneline" a whole lot more readable for
           people using 80-column terminals.

       --oneline
           This is a shorthand for "--pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit" used
           together.

       --encoding[=<encoding>]
           The commit objects record the encoding used for the log message in
           their encoding header; this option can be used to tell the command
           to re-code the commit log message in the encoding preferred by the
           user. For non plumbing commands this defaults to UTF-8.

       --no-notes, --show-notes[=<ref>]
           Show the notes (see git-notes(1)) that annotate the commit, when
           showing the commit log message. This is the default for git log,
           git show and git whatchanged commands when there is no --pretty,
           --format nor --oneline option is given on the command line.

           With an optional argument, add this ref to the list of notes. The
           ref is taken to be in refs/notes/ if it is not qualified.

       --[no-]standard-notes
           Enable or disable populating the notes ref list from the
           core.notesRef and notes.displayRef variables (or corresponding
           environment overrides). Enabled by default. See git-config(1).

PRETTY FORMATS

       If the commit is a merge, and if the pretty-format is not oneline,
       email or raw, an additional line is inserted before the Author: line.
       This line begins with "Merge: " and the sha1s of ancestral commits are
       printed, separated by spaces. Note that the listed commits may not
       necessarily be the list of the direct parent commits if you have
       limited your view of history: for example, if you are only interested
       in changes related to a certain directory or file.

       Here are some additional details for each format:

       o    oneline

               <sha1> <title line>

           This is designed to be as compact as possible.

       o    short

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>

               <title line>

       o    medium

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>
               Date:   <author date>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       o    full

               commit <sha1>
               Author: <author>
               Commit: <committer>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       o    fuller

               commit <sha1>
               Author:     <author>
               AuthorDate: <author date>
               Commit:     <committer>
               CommitDate: <committer date>

               <title line>

               <full commit message>

       o    email

               From <sha1> <date>
               From: <author>
               Date: <author date>
               Subject: [PATCH] <title line>

               <full commit message>

       o    raw

           The raw format shows the entire commit exactly as stored in the
           commit object. Notably, the SHA1s are displayed in full, regardless
           of whether --abbrev or --no-abbrev are used, and parents
           information show the true parent commits, without taking grafts nor
           history simplification into account.

       o    format:

           The format: format allows you to specify which information you want
           to show. It works a little bit like printf format, with the notable
           exception that you get a newline with %n instead of \n.

           E.g, format:"The author of %h was %an, %ar%nThe title was >>%s<<%n"
           would show something like this:

               The author of fe6e0ee was Junio C Hamano, 23 hours ago
               The title was >>t4119: test autocomputing -p<n> for traditional diff input.<<

           The placeholders are:

           o    %H: commit hash

           o    %h: abbreviated commit hash

           o    %T: tree hash

           o    %t: abbreviated tree hash

           o    %P: parent hashes

           o    %p: abbreviated parent hashes

           o    %an: author name

           o    %aN: author name (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1) or
               git-blame(1))

           o    %ae: author email

           o    %aE: author email (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1) or
               git-blame(1))

           o    %ad: author date (format respects --date= option)

           o    %aD: author date, RFC2822 style

           o    %ar: author date, relative

           o    %at: author date, UNIX timestamp

           o    %ai: author date, ISO 8601 format

           o    %cn: committer name

           o    %cN: committer name (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1)
               or git-blame(1))

           o    %ce: committer email

           o    %cE: committer email (respecting .mailmap, see git-shortlog(1)
               or git-blame(1))

           o    %cd: committer date

           o    %cD: committer date, RFC2822 style

           o    %cr: committer date, relative

           o    %ct: committer date, UNIX timestamp

           o    %ci: committer date, ISO 8601 format

           o    %d: ref names, like the --decorate option of git-log(1)

           o    %e: encoding

           o    %s: subject

           o    %f: sanitized subject line, suitable for a filename

           o    %b: body

           o    %N: commit notes

           o    %gD: reflog selector, e.g., refs/stash@{1}

           o    %gd: shortened reflog selector, e.g., stash@{1}

           o    %gs: reflog subject

           o    %Cred: switch color to red

           o    %Cgreen: switch color to green

           o    %Cblue: switch color to blue

           o    %Creset: reset color

           o    %C(...): color specification, as described in color.branch.*
               config option

           o    %m: left, right or boundary mark

           o    %n: newline

           o    %%: a raw %

           o    %x00: print a byte from a hex code

           o    %w([<w>[,<i1>[,<i2>]]]): switch line wrapping, like the -w
               option of git-shortlog(1).

           Note
           Some placeholders may depend on other options given to the revision
           traversal engine. For example, the %g* reflog options will insert
           an empty string unless we are traversing reflog entries (e.g., by
           git log -g). The %d placeholder will use the "short" decoration
           format if --decorate was not already provided on the command line.

       If you add a + (plus sign) after % of a placeholder, a line-feed is
       inserted immediately before the expansion if and only if the
       placeholder expands to a non-empty string.

       If you add a - (minus sign) after % of a placeholder, line-feeds that
       immediately precede the expansion are deleted if and only if the
       placeholder expands to an empty string.

       o    tformat:

           The tformat: format works exactly like format:, except that it
           provides "terminator" semantics instead of "separator" semantics.
           In other words, each commit has the message terminator character
           (usually a newline) appended, rather than a separator placed
           between entries. This means that the final entry of a single-line
           format will be properly terminated with a new line, just as the
           "oneline" format does. For example:

               $ git log -2 --pretty=format:%h 4da45bef \
                 | perl -pe '$_ .= " -- NO NEWLINE\n" unless /\n/'
               4da45be
               7134973 -- NO NEWLINE

               $ git log -2 --pretty=tformat:%h 4da45bef \
                 | perl -pe '$_ .= " -- NO NEWLINE\n" unless /\n/'
               4da45be
               7134973

           In addition, any unrecognized string that has a % in it is
           interpreted as if it has tformat: in front of it. For example,
           these two are equivalent:

               $ git log -2 --pretty=tformat:%h 4da45bef
               $ git log -2 --pretty=%h 4da45bef

EXAMPLES

       git show v1.0.0
           Shows the tag v1.0.0, along with the object the tags points at.

       git show v1.0.0^{tree}
           Shows the tree pointed to by the tag v1.0.0.

       git show next~10:Documentation/README
           Shows the contents of the file Documentation/README as they were
           current in the 10th last commit of the branch next.

       git show master:Makefile master:t/Makefile
           Concatenates the contents of said Makefiles in the head of the
           branch master.

DISCUSSION

       At the core level, git is character encoding agnostic.

       o   The pathnames recorded in the index and in the tree objects are
           treated as uninterpreted sequences of non-NUL bytes. What
           readdir(2) returns are what are recorded and compared with the data
           git keeps track of, which in turn are expected to be what lstat(2)
           and creat(2) accepts. There is no such thing as pathname encoding
           translation.

       o   The contents of the blob objects are uninterpreted sequences of
           bytes. There is no encoding translation at the core level.

       o   The commit log messages are uninterpreted sequences of non-NUL
           bytes.

       Although we encourage that the commit log messages are encoded in
       UTF-8, both the core and git Porcelain are designed not to force UTF-8
       on projects. If all participants of a particular project find it more
       convenient to use legacy encodings, git does not forbid it. However,
       there are a few things to keep in mind.

        1.  git commit and git commit-tree issues a warning if the commit log
           message given to it does not look like a valid UTF-8 string, unless
           you explicitly say your project uses a legacy encoding. The way to
           say this is to have i18n.commitencoding in .git/config file, like
           this:

               [i18n]
                       commitencoding = ISO-8859-1

           Commit objects created with the above setting record the value of
           i18n.commitencoding in its encoding header. This is to help other
           people who look at them later. Lack of this header implies that the
           commit log message is encoded in UTF-8.

        2.  git log, git show, git blame and friends look at the encoding
           header of a commit object, and try to re-code the log message into
           UTF-8 unless otherwise specified. You can specify the desired
           output encoding with i18n.logoutputencoding in .git/config file,
           like this:

               [i18n]
                       logoutputencoding = ISO-8859-1

           If you do not have this configuration variable, the value of
           i18n.commitencoding is used instead.

       Note that we deliberately chose not to re-code the commit log message
       when a commit is made to force UTF-8 at the commit object level,
       because re-coding to UTF-8 is not necessarily a reversible operation.

AUTHOR

       Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org[1]> and Junio C Hamano
       <gitster@pobox.com[2]>. Significantly enhanced by Johannes Schindelin
       <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de[3]>.

DOCUMENTATION

       Documentation by David Greaves, Petr Baudis and the git-list
       <git@vger.kernel.org[4]>.

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite

NOTES

        1. torvalds@osdl.org
           mailto:torvalds@osdl.org

        2. gitster@pobox.com
           mailto:gitster@pobox.com

        3. Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de
           mailto:Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de

        4. git@vger.kernel.org
           mailto:git@vger.kernel.org