Provided by: menu_2.1.44ubuntu1_i386 bug


       update-menus - generate Debian menu system


       update-menus  [-v]  [-d] [-h|--help] [--version] [--menufilesdir <dir>]
       [--menumethod <method>] [--nodefaultdirs] [--stdout]


       Before the advent  of  update-menus,  when  the  system  administrators
       installed  a  package  onto  a  Debian  system, they would need to edit
       various window manager configuration files to make the new program show
       up  on, for example, fvwm's menus. The menus could easily become out of
       sync with what programs were actually available, with some  menu  items
       that didn't work, and other programs that lacked a menu entry.  update-
       menus and Debian's menu package aim to solve this problem.

       update-menus automatically generates menus of  installed  programs  for
       window  managers  and  other menu programs. It should be run whenever a
       menufile(5) or menu-method file is changed.  update-menus will  be  run
       automatically   when  Debian  packages  that  contain  menu  files  are
       installed on or removed from the system.

       update-menus  uses  the   package-supplied   menu   entry   files   (in
       /usr/share/menu)  for  its information about the menus (but this can be
       overruled by the system administrator/user; see below). If a menu entry
       file is executable, update-menus executes the menu entry file, and uses
       its stdout to generate the menu database.


       -v     Verbose output. Shows all  arguments  to  the  /etc/menu-methods

       -d     Debug output. Generates loads of unintelligible output.

       -h, --help
              Display usage help and exit.

       --menufilesdir <dir>
              Adds  directory  <dir>  to the list of directories to search for
              menu files in.

       --menumethod <method>
              Process only the menu method <method> instead of  all  the  menu
              methods found.

              Disables  the search of menu entries in system menu directories.

              Do not discard menu entries for packages that are not  installed
              according to dpkg.

              Remove the menus by calling the menu-methods with --remove.

              Output  the menu list in a format suitable as input for install-
              menu or a menu method file.

              Output version information and exit.


       There are several ways to tune the operation of update-menus:

       per menu entry, in /etc/menu/$package
              In these  directories  the  system  administrator  or  user  can
              override  the  default  menu files (If a file /etc/menu/$package
              exists, than  the  corresponding  /usr/share/menu/$package  file
              isn't read any more). Users who want to override the system wide
              defaults put their files in ~/.menu. See also menufile(5)
       per window-manager in /etc/menu-methods/$wm
              In  these  configuration   files,   one   can   tune   generated
              system.${wm}rc  files  for  each  individual window manager. For
              example, one can specify that the wm  should  ignore  any  icons
              that  the  packages  may  supply, or set the default wrapper for
              text-only applications (usually, an xterm is started  to  run  a
              text-only  application  like vi). Users who want to override the
              system wide defaults put their  files  in  ~/.menu-methods.  For
              more info, see /usr/share/doc/menu/html.
       globally, in /etc/menu-methods/translate_menus
              This  file  contains translations that will be performed for all
              menu entries and all window managers.  You  can  specify  things
              like:  `All sections that start with "Games" should be mapped to
              "Applications/Games"', or `menuentry  "gnuplot"  should  have  a
              title   of   "GnuTeken"'.   Look   at   the  default  /etc/menu-
              methods/translate_menus  for  an  example.  Users  who  want  to
              override  the system default translate file, put one in ~/.menu-
              methods/translate_menus.  Note: This should not be  used  for  a
              full  translation  of the menu. Use po files as explained in the
              source package.
       error report configuring, in /etc/menu-methods/menu.config
              This file contains general information for the overall behaviour
              of  update-menus.  At  the  moment  you  can  only configure how
              verbose the output of update-menus is, and where  it  sends  the
              output.    The   amount   of   information   is   specified   by
              `verbosity=VAL'.  Use  VAL=quiet  to   stop   update-menu   from
              reporting  anything  but  the most important errors, VAL=normal,
              VAL=verbose, VAL=debug for progressively more output.

              To specify where the  output  should  go,  use  `method=stdout',
              `method=stderr',    or    `method=syslog   facility   priority'.
              `Facility' is  one  of  auth,  authpriv,  authcron,  authdaemon,
              authkern,   authlocal0,   authlocal1,   authlocal2,  authlocal3,
              authlocal4,   authlocal5,   authlocal6,   authlocal7,   authlpr,
              authmail,  authnews,  authsyslog, authuser, authuucp. `priority'
              is one of emerg, alert, crit, err, warning, notice, info, debug.


       Menu files: (Earlier listed directories override those listed later.)
                     Menu  files  added  by the user. (Isn't read if root runs
                     Menu files added by the system administrator.
                     Architecture-dependant  menu  files  provided  by   other
                     Debian packages.
                     Architecture-independant  menu  files  provided  by other
                     Debian packages.
                     Menu files provided by the menu package.
       Menu methods:
                     Executable configuration files that are added  by  window
                     managers  and other menu programs, these files are run by
                     update-menus  to  generate  menus   for   the   different
                     programs.  Also  in this directory is the translate_menus
                     file, used for local configuration of the  shape  of  the
                     menu trees.
                     For  users  to override the system-defaults of /etc/menu-
                     methods.   If  this  directory  exists,   no   files   in
                     /etc/menu-methods are read any more.


       Distribution is subject to the GNU General Public License.


       update-menus  may  not  work  properly  when  run  by a normal user, to
       generate menus for that  user.  This  is  usually  because  the  window
       manager  doesn't  expect  the  system.${wm}rc  files  in  the directory
       (usually ~/.${wm}, configurable in /etc/menu-methods). If you see  such
       a     thing,     and    you    find    a    solution,    please    mail
       <>. It should work OK for  fvwm  and  fvwm2:  I
       usually test the package first as an ordinary user.


       Joost  Witteveen  <>, original idea by Lars Wirzenius
       <>. Now maintained by Bill Allombert <>.


       To Joey Hess, for a lot of good ideas and pre-release testing,  and  to
       Tom  Lees  for  a  update-menus  in  pure  C  (of which I only used one
       function, but that's life).

       Man page by Joey Hess, <>


       menufile(5), /usr/share/doc/menu/html