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NAME

       mknod - create a special or ordinary file

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/stat.h>
       #include <fcntl.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       int mknod(const char *pathname, mode_t mode, dev_t dev);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       mknod(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500

DESCRIPTION

       The  system  call  mknod()  creates  a  file  system node (file, device
       special file or named pipe) named pathname, with  attributes  specified
       by mode and dev.

       The mode argument specifies both the permissions to use and the type of
       node to be created.  It should be a combination (using bitwise  OR)  of
       one  of  the  file  types  listed below and the permissions for the new
       node.

       The permissions are modified by the process's umask in the  usual  way:
       the permissions of the created node are (mode & ~umask).

       The  file  type  must  be  one of S_IFREG, S_IFCHR, S_IFBLK, S_IFIFO or
       S_IFSOCK to specify a regular  file  (which  will  be  created  empty),
       character  special file, block special file, FIFO (named pipe), or Unix
       domain socket, respectively.  (Zero file type  is  equivalent  to  type
       S_IFREG.)

       If the file type is S_IFCHR or S_IFBLK then dev specifies the major and
       minor numbers of the newly created device special file (makedev(3)  may
       be useful to build the value for dev); otherwise it is ignored.

       If pathname already exists, or is a symbolic link, this call fails with
       an EEXIST error.

       The newly created node will be owned by the effective user  ID  of  the
       process.  If the directory containing the node has the set-group-ID bit
       set, or if the file system is mounted with BSD group semantics, the new
       node  will  inherit  the  group  ownership  from  its parent directory;
       otherwise it will be owned by the effective group ID of the process.

RETURN VALUE

       mknod() returns zero on success, or -1 if an error occurred  (in  which
       case, errno is set appropriately).

ERRORS

       EACCES The  parent  directory  does  not  allow write permission to the
              process, or one  of  the  directories  in  the  path  prefix  of
              pathname   did   not   allow   search   permission.   (See  also
              path_resolution(7).)

       EEXIST pathname already exists.  This includes the case where  pathname
              is a symbolic link, dangling or not.

       EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space.

       EINVAL mode  requested creation of something other than a regular file,
              device special file, FIFO or socket.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving  pathname.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              pathname was too long.

       ENOENT A  directory  component  in  pathname  does  not  exist  or is a
              dangling symbolic link.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOSPC The device containing pathname has no room for the new node.

       ENOTDIR
              A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in  fact,  a
              directory.

       EPERM  mode  requested creation of something other than a regular file,
              FIFO (named pipe), or Unix domain socket, and the caller is  not
              privileged (Linux: does not have the CAP_MKNOD capability); also
              returned if the file system containing pathname does not support
              the type of node requested.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a file on a read-only file system.

CONFORMING TO

       SVr4, 4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001 (but see below).

NOTES

       POSIX.1-2001  says:  "The  only  portable use of mknod() is to create a
       FIFO-special file.  If mode is  not  S_IFIFO  or  dev  is  not  0,  the
       behavior  of  mknod()  is  unspecified."   However, nowadays one should
       never use mknod()  for  this  purpose;  one  should  use  mkfifo(3),  a
       function especially defined for this purpose.

       Under  Linux,  this  call  cannot  be  used to create directories.  One
       should make directories with mkdir(2).

       There are many infelicities in the protocol underlying  NFS.   Some  of
       these affect mknod().

SEE ALSO

       chmod(2),   chown(2),   fcntl(2),   mkdir(2),   mknodat(2),   mount(2),
       socket(2),  stat(2),  umask(2),   unlink(2),   makedev(3),   mkfifo(3),
       path_resolution(7)

COLOPHON

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       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.