Provided by: freebsd-manpages_8.0-1_all
sigwait - select a set of signals
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
sigwait(const sigset_t * restrict set, int * restrict sig);
The sigwait() system call selects a set of signals, specified by set. If
none of the selected signals are pending, sigwait() waits until one or
more of the selected signals has been generated. Then sigwait()
atomically clears one of the selected signals from the set of pending
signals for the process and sets the location pointed to by sig to the
signal number that was cleared.
The signals specified by set should be blocked at the time of the call to
If more than one thread is using sigwait() to wait for the same signal,
no more than one of these threads will return from sigwait() with the
signal number. If more than a single thread is blocked in sigwait() for
a signal when that signal is generated for the process, it is unspecified
which of the waiting threads returns from sigwait(). If the signal is
generated for a specific thread, as by pthread_kill(), only that thread
Should any of the multiple pending signals in the range SIGRTMIN to
SIGRTMAX be selected, it will be the lowest numbered one. The selection
order between realtime and non-realtime signals, or between multiple
pending non-realtime signals, is unspecified.
If successful, sigwait() returns 0 and sets the location pointed to by
sig to the cleared signal number. Otherwise, an error number is
The sigwait() system call will fail if:
[EINVAL] The set argument specifies one or more invalid signal
[EFAULT] Any arguments point outside the allocated address
space or there is a memory protection fault.
sigaction(2), sigpending(2), sigqueue(2), sigsuspend(2), sigtimedwait(2),
sigwaitinfo(2), pause(3), pthread_sigmask(3)
The sigwait() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1996 (“POSIX.1”).