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NAME

       remove - remove a file or directory

SYNOPSIS

       #include <stdio.h>

       int remove(const char *pathname);

DESCRIPTION

       remove()  deletes  a name from the file system.  It calls unlink(2) for
       files, and rmdir(2) for directories.

       If the removed name was the last link to a file and no  processes  have
       the  file  open, the file is deleted and the space it was using is made
       available for reuse.

       If the name was the last link to a file, but any processes  still  have
       the  file  open,  the file will remain in existence until the last file
       descriptor referring to it is closed.

       If the name referred to a symbolic link, the link is removed.

       If the name referred to a socket, FIFO, or device, the name is removed,
       but processes which have the object open may continue to use it.

RETURN VALUE

       On  success,  zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS

       The errors that occur are those for unlink(2) and rmdir(2).

CONFORMING TO

       C89, C99, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES

       Under libc4 and libc5, remove() was an alias for unlink(2)  (and  hence
       would not remove directories).

BUGS

       Infelicities  in  the  protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected
       disappearance of files which are still being used.

SEE ALSO

       rm(1), unlink(1),  link(2),  mknod(2),  open(2),  rename(2),  rmdir(2),
       unlink(2), mkfifo(3), symlink(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.24 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.