Provided by: freebsd-manpages_8.0-1_all
mld - Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol
socket(AF_INET6, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMPV6);
MLD is a control plane protocol used by IPv6 hosts and routers to
propagate multicast group membership information. Normally this protocol
is not used directly, except by the kernel itself, in response to
multicast membership requests by user applications. Multicast routing
protocol daemons may open a raw socket to directly interact with mld and
receive membership reports.
As of FreeBSD 8.0, MLD version 2 is implemented. This adds support for
Source-Specific Multicast (SSM), whereby applications may communicate to
upstream multicast routers that they are only interested in receiving
multicast streams from particular sources. The retransmission of state-
change reports adds some robustness to the protocol.
This opaque read-only variable exposes the stack-wide MLDv2
protocol statistics to netstat(1).
This opaque read-only variable exposes the per-link MLDv2 status
This variable specifies the time threshold, in seconds, for
processing Group-and-Source Specific Queries (GSR). As GSR query
processing requires maintaining state on the host, it may cause
memory to be allocated, and is therefore a potential attack point
for Denial-of-Service (DoS). If more than one GSR query is
received within this threshold, it will be dropped, to mitigate
the potential for DoS.
If this variable is non-zero, then MLDv1 membership queries (and
host reports) will be processed by this host, and backwards
compatibility will be enabled until the v1 ’Older Version Querier
Present’ timer expires. This sysctl is normally enabled by
ifmcstat(8), inet(4), multicast(4), netstat(1), sourcefilter(3)
The mld manual page appeared in FreeBSD 8.0.