Provided by: libxine1-doc_1.1.18.1-4ubuntu4_all bug

NAME

       xine - a free video player

MRL (media resource locator)

       MRLs  are  similar to URLs in your web browser. They describe the media
       to read from. Valid MRLs  may  be  plain  file  names  or  one  of  the
       following (see also the notes below):

       o Filesystem:
              file:<path>
              fifo:<path>
              stdin:/

       o CD and DVD:
              dvd:/[device_name][/title[.part]]
              dvd:/DVD_image_file[/title[.part]]
              dvd:/DVD_directory[/title[.part]]
                   (use the path of the directory which contains VIDEO_TS)
              vcd://[CD_image_or_device_name][@[letter]number]
              vcdo://track_number
              cdda:/[device][/track_number]

       o Video devices:
              v4l://[tuner_device/frequency]
              v4l2://tuner_device
              dvb://channel_number
                   (nth channel in your channels.conf)
              dvb://channel_name
              dvbc://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvbs://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvbt://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvba://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              pvr:/tmp_files_path!saved_files_path!max_page_age
                   (for WinTV PVR 250 and 350)

       o Network:
              http://host...
              tcp://host[:port]
              udp://host[:port[?iface=interface]]
              rtp://host[:port[?iface=interface]]
                   (default port for tcp, udp and rtp is 7658)
              smb://...
              mms://host...
              pnm://host...
              rtsp://host...  (requires Real codecs)

       Additional  input  plugins  will provide additional MRL types. The ones
       listed above are available with stock libxine.

       NOTE: where a file name is required, the full path must be  provided  -
       from  a  shell,  you  can  normally use "$PWD/file" or "$(pwd)/file" or
       "`pwd`/file" if the file  is  in  the  current  directory.  (Which  one
       depends  on  your  shell;  all  three  work  in  bash. Also, normal URL
       encoding rules apply; `%', in particular, must be encoded as `%25'.)

       As of xine-lib 1.1.3, the DVD title number may be 0 (select navigation)
       and the chapter number may be 0 (full title).

   VCD MRL Syntax
       A  simple vcd:/ runs the default item (e.g. perhaps track 1 or entry 0)
       using the default VCD device (perhaps  /dev/cdrom).  Both  the  default
       item and default device are user-configurable.

       It  is  however  also possible to specify both Video CD device/filename
       and item explicitly in the MRL.

       For example vcd:/dev/dvd  specifies  the  default  entry  using  device
       /dev/dvd which might useful if this is your DVD which is different than
       your  CD-ROM  device  and  your  DVD   drive   can   play   CD's.   And
       vcd://test_svcd_ntsc.cue  specifies  the cue file for CD image on disk.
       (test_svcd_ntsc.bin is the corresponding bin file, but using that won't
       work.)

       After  the  optional device name or file name, you can name the kind of
       unit, preceded by a colon. An MRL which ends in a  colon  is  like  not
       adding it at all: the default entry type and number is used. Items come
       in 4 flavours: "Track", "Entry", "Playback" and "Segment". These  units
       are  indicated  with the capital first letter of each type: T, E, P, S,
       s. An uppercase S in the MRL display indicates a NTSC segment  while  a
       lowercase  s  indicates a PAL segment.  However, when you enter an MRL,
       the case of these letters is insignificant.

       Depending on the Video CD, you might not  have  any  playable  segments
       (S,s)  or  playback  control  (P).   If you give a MRL that refers to a
       playback control entry but there is no playback control, your  playback
       number will silently be converted into the corresponding entry number.

       You  can  configure  various  things that affect MRLs are selected when
       there is some ambiguity in the MRL name. media.vcd.autoplay  sets  what
       kind  of  unit  to  to  use  in  a  MRL  is  none  is  given.   Another
       configuration setting, vcd.device, determines what  device  to  use  if
       that  part  is  not  given.   When  you  hit  the  VCD  button, that is
       equivalent to entering vcd:/ and thus these two configuration  settings
       are used to expand the MRL.

       Some  examples  of MRLs are given below. In the examples, we assume the
       following configuration settings:

       vcd:// Play (navigate) default item (in this case Entry ID 0) from  the
              default device (in this case set to /dev/cdrom)

       vcd://@
              Same as above

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@
              Same  effect  as  above  since  the  default  device  is  set to
              /dev/cdrom.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@E0
              Same  as  above.  But  note  that  this  is  because   we   have
              autoplay:entry which is no longer the default value.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2@
              Play (navigate) the default item of /dev/cdrom2

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2
              should be same as above but is currently broken?

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2@T1
              Play Track 1 from /dev/cdrom2

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@S1
              Play  segment  1 from /dev/cdrom. This assumes that there *is* a
              segment 1.  Check the MRL list to see if that is the case.

       vcd://@P1
              Play playlist item  1  from  default  device.  If  there  is  no
              playback  control,  the  MRL  will  be  converted into vcd:/@E0.
              Again check the MRL list to see if there is a P1.

       vcd://@P1*
              Probably same as above.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@E1
              Play Entry id 1 from default device.

       vcd://@S0
              Play segment 0 from default device.

       vcd://@3
              Play track 3 from default device.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2:1
              Play track 1 from /dev/cdrom2.

       vcd:///tmp/ntsc.cue@
              Play default item (E0) of /tmp/ntsc.bin. Note trailing @.

       vcd://ntsc.cue/@E0
              Play entry 0 of ntsc.bin.

       vcd:///tmp/ntsc.nrg/@E0
              Play entry 0 of /tmp/ntsc.nrg (Nero file). Works for some simple
              Nero images.

   DVB
       DVB  MRLs  require that ~/.xine/channels.conf exists and contains valid
       data.  This can be obtained by  generating  a  tuning  file  using  the
       LinuxTV DVB apps utility "scan" (or "dvbscan" if you're using a version
       newer than 1.1.0):

       scan -o zap  /usr/share/doc/dvb-utils/examples/scan/dvb-t/uk-PontopPike
       >~/.config/xine-lib/channels.conf

       (This  example is for the writer's local transmitter, using a file from
       the Debian dvb-utils package.)

       For the dvbc, dvbs and  dvbt  MRLs,  tuning  parameters  are  expected,
       taking one of the following forms:

       DVB-S  <frequency>:<polarisation>:<sat-no>:<sym-
              rate>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-C  <frequency>:<inversion>:<sym-
              rate>:<fec>:<qam>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-T  <frequency>:<inversion>:<bw>:<fec-hp>:<fec-
              lp>:<qam>:<transmission-mode>:<guardlist>:<hierarchy-
              info>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-A  <frequency>:<qam>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       The individual parameters are:

       frequency           number, usually in kHz

       polarisation        `v' or `h'

       sat-no              unsigned long, usually 0

       sym-rate            symbol rate in MSyms/sec

       inversion           INVERSION_ON, INVERSION_OFF, INVERSION_AUTO

       fec, fec-hp, fec-lp FEC_1_2,  FEC_2_3,  FEC_3_4  ... FEC_8_9, FEC_AUTO,
                           FEC_NONE

       qam                 QPSK, QAM_128, QAM_16 ...

       bw                  BANDWIDTH_6_MHZ, BANDWIDTH_7_MHZ, BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ

       transmission-mode   TRANSMISSION_MODE_2K, TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K

       guardlist           GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4,             GUARD_INTERVAL_1_8,
                           GUARD_INTERVAL_1_16, GUARD_INTERVAL_1_32,

       hierarchy-info      HIERARCHY_1,        HIERARCHY_2,       HIERARCHY_4,
                           HIERARCHY_NONE

       vpid                video program ID

       apid                audio program ID

       service-id          service ID (needed for now/next information etc.)

       The following keyboard & mouse inputs may be accepted:

       Menu 2                  Start/stop recording

       Menu 3                  Toggle zoom

       Menu 7                  Toggle now/next display

       Previous/Next Chapter   Previous/next channel

       Mouse wheel & button 1  Scroll  through  channel  list  &  select   the
                               highlighted channel

SUBTITLE

       external subtitle files (any mrl)
       Text subtitle files may be appended to the MRL:.

       <mrl>#subtitle:<subtitlefile>
              This  is  the normal way to define the subtitle file to use. The
              frontend will not take any notice  of  the  subtitle  file.  For
              example:
              file://home/user/wibble.mpg#subtitle:/home/user/wibble.sub
              (Note  that some front ends can detect subtitles files where the
              name differs as shown in the example.)

STREAM OPTIONS

       After a delimiting # you can add several stream parameters:

       novideo
              Video will be ignored.

       noaudio
              Audio will be ignored.

       nospu  Subpictures will be ignored.

       demux:<demux name>
              Specify the demux plugin to use.

       volume:<level>
              Set audio volume.

       compression:<level>
              Set audio dynamic range compression.

       <config entry>:<config value>
              Assign a new value to any config entry.

       save:<file>
              Save the stream (if allowed) to the named file, relative to  the
              directory given by the option "media.capture.save_dir".

       change configuration option 'on the fly':
              You  can  change  a  configuration option at any time, using the
              special cfg:/ MRL style. The syntax is:
                   cfg:/<config entry> : <config value>
              Unlike stream config option,  you  can  change  anything  before
              playing the stream.

SEE ALSO

       xine(1), aaxine(1), gxine(1), toxine(1), totem(1), kaffeine(1) ...

       The   programs   are   documented   fully   on   the  xine  home  page:
       http://www.xine-project.org/ <http://www.xine-project.org/>

AUTHOR

       This text  was  extracted  from  the  xine  man  page  by  Darren  Salt
       <dsalt@users.sourceforge.net>.   The xine man page was written by Siggi
       Langauf <siggi@debian.org> for the xine project.  Lots of additions  by
       Guenter  Bartsch  <guenter@users.sourceforge.net>, Daniel Caujolle-Bert
       <f1rmb@users.sourceforge.net>, Rocky Bernstein  <rocky@panix.com>,  and
       Philipp Hahn <pmhahn@users.sourceforge.net>.