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NAME

       sap - Service Access Point specification

DESCRIPTION

       The  text2sap  and  sap2text functions use the format described in this
       man page. Because all standard ATM tools on Linux use  those  functions
       to convert to or from the textual representation of SAP specifications,
       they expect them in the same format too.

       The SAP is divided into two parts: the broadband high layer information
       (BHLI)  and  the  broadband  low  layer  information  (BLLI). A SAP can
       contain one, both, or none of them. In the  latter  case,  the  SAP  is
       usually  considered  as  a  wildcard SAP, i.e. a SAP that is compatible
       with any other SAP.

       Each part begins with its name (bhli or blli), followed by a colon  and
       a   (non-empty)   list   of   attributes,   which   are   of  the  form
       attribute=value. Some  attributes  have  sub-attributes,  which  follow
       them.  Everything  that  isn’t separated by a colon or an equal sign is
       separated by a comma.

       Values which are a number of bytes are specified as  the  corresponding
       sequence  of  pairs  of  hex  digits.  The  sequence  can be optionally
       prefixed with 0x. Values with are integers in  a  given  range  can  be
       specified in decimal (no prefix), octal (0 prefix), and hexadecimal (0x
       prefix).

       The following, mutually exclusive attributes are allowed  in  the  bhli
       part  (see  the  corresponding  ATM  Forum  and  ITU  documents for the
       semantics):

       iso=1-8 bytes
              ISO

       user=1-8 bytes
              User-specific

       hlp=4 bytes
              High layer profile.  Note that this attribute only exists on UNI
              3.0. text2sap only recognizes it if your system is configured to
              accept UNI 3.0 message formats.

       oui=3 bytes,id=4 bytes
              Vendor-specific application identifier

       The structure of the bhli part is more complex. It distinguishes  three
       layers,   l1,  l2,  and  l3,  of  which  the  first  one  is  presently
       unsupported.  For  layer  two,  the  following   (mutually   exclusive)
       possibilities exist:

       l2=iso1745
              Basic mode ISO 1745

       l2=q291
              ITU-T Q.291 (Rec. I.441)

       l2=lapb
              Extended LAPB, half-duplex (Rec. T.71)

       l2=iso8802
              LAN LLC (ISO/IEC 8802/2)

       l2=x75 ITU-T X.75, SLP

       l2=x25_ll ...
              ITU-T  X.25,  link  layer.  This  attribute  and  the  following
              attributes through l2=iso7776 can optionally be followed by  one
              or  more  of  the  following  sub-attributes: mode=mode (mode of
              operation, either norm or ext), and window=window  size  (window
              size in k, 1-127).

       l2=x25_ml ...
              ITU-T X.25, multilink

       l2=hdlc_arm ...
              HDLC ARM (ISO/IEC 4335)

       l2=hdlc_nrm ...
              HDLC NRM (ISO/IEC 4335)

       l2=hdlc_abm ...
              HDLC ABM (ISO/IEC 4335)

       l2=q992 ...
              ITU-T Q.922

       l2=iso7776 ...
              ISO 7776 DTE-DTE

       l2=user,info=information
              User-specified. information is an integer in the range 0 to 255.

       For  layer   three,   the   following   (again,   mutually   exclusive)
       possibilities exist:

       l3=iso8473
              ITU-T X.233 | ISO/IEC 8473

       l3=t70 ITU-T T.70 minimum network layer

       l3=h321
              ITU-T Recommendation H.321

       l3=x25 ...
              ITU-T  X.25,  packet  layer.  This  attribute  and the following
              attributes through l3=x223 can optionally be followed by one  or
              more  of  the  following  sub-attributes: mode=mode (see above),
              size=default  packet  size  (4-12,  corresponding  to  16-4096),
              window=window size (see above).

       l3=iso8208 ...
              ISO/IEC 8208

       l3=x223 ...
              ITU-T X.223 | ISO/IEC 8878

       l3=tr9577,ipi=identifier ...
              ISO/IEC  TR  9577. identifier is the initial protocol identifier
              in the range 0-255. For SNAP (0x80), the  keyword  snap  can  be
              used,  and  the  following  sub-attributes have to be specified:
              oui=3 bytes, and pid=2 bytes.

       l2=user,info=information
              User-specified, see above.

       l3=h310 ...
              ITU-T  Recommendation   H.310.   The   sub-attribute   term=type
              (terminal  type,  rx, tx, or rxtx) is recognized. If present, it
              enables  the  two  additional  sub-attributes  fw_mpx=capability
              (forward  multiplexing  capability,  ts,  ts_fec, ps, ps_fec, or
              h221) and bw_mpx=capability. Both are optional.

       Note that commas must  never  follow  colons  or  other  commas.  Also,
       whitespace   is   not   allowed   inside   a   SAP  specification.  SAP
       specifications are case-insensitive. On input, items must be written in
       exactly the order used in this document.

EXAMPLES

       blli:l2=iso8802
              Classical IP over ATM (RFC1577)

       bhli:oui=0x0060D7,id=0x01000001,blli:l2=iso8802
              Arequipa (RFC2170)

       blli:l3=tr9577,ipi=snap,oui=0x00A03E,pid=0x0002
              LAN Emulation

AUTHOR

       Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC <werner.almesberger@lrc.di.epfl.ch>