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NAME

     g_access - control access to GEOM consumers and their providers

SYNOPSIS

     #include <geom/geom.h>

     int
     g_access(struct g_consumer *cp, int dcr, int dcw, int dce);

DESCRIPTION

     The g_access() function allows to open, close, and generally change
     access to the provider which is attached to the given consumer cp.  The
     arguments dcr, dcw, and dce represent relative read, write, and exclusive
     access count changes.  Read and write access counts are self explanatory,
     and exclusive access counts deny write access to other interested
     parties.  A provider’s access count is the sum of the access counts of
     all attached consumers.

     After attaching a consumer to a provider with g_attach(9), the g_access()
     function has to be called on the consumer before starting I/O requests.

RESTRICTIONS/CONDITIONS

     The consumer has to be attached to a provider.

     The intended change must not result in a negative access count.

     No-operation is not permitted (dcr = dcw = dce = 0).

     The provider’s geom must have an access method defined (e.g.,
     gp->access).

     The topology lock has to be held.

RETURN VALUES

     The g_access() function returns 0 if successful; otherwise an error code
     is returned.  Note that g_access() cannot fail when the arguments dcr,
     dcw, and dce are less than or equal to 0.

EXAMPLES

     Create a consumer, attach it to a given provider, gain read access and
     read first sector.

           void
           some_function(struct g_geom *mygeom, struct g_provider *pp)
           {
                   struct g_consumer *cp;
                   void *ptr;
                   int error;

                   g_topology_assert();

                   /* Create new consumer on ’mygeom’ geom. */
                   cp = g_new_consumer(mygeom);
                   /* Attach newly created consumer to given provider. */
                   if (g_attach(cp, pp) != 0) {
                           g_destroy_consumer(cp);
                           return;
                   }
                   /* Open provider for reading through our consumer. */
                   error = g_access(cp, 1, 0, 0);
                   if (error != 0) {
                           printf("Cannot access provider: %s\n", error);
                           g_detach(cp);
                           g_destroy_consumer(cp);
                           return;
                   }

                   /*
                    * Don’t hold topology lock while reading.
                    */
                   g_topology_unlock();
                   ptr = g_read_data(cp, 0, pp->sectorsize, &error);
                   if (ptr == NULL)
                           printf("Error while reading: %d\n", error);
                   /*
                    * Do something useful with data.
                    */
                   g_topology_lock();

                   /* Disconnect from provider (release access count). */
                   g_access(cp, -1, 0, 0);
                   /* Detach from provider. */
                   g_detach(cp);
                   /* Destroy consumer. */
                   g_destroy_consumer(cp);
           }

ERRORS

     Possible errors:

     [EPERM]            The function is trying to open a provider with an
                        exclusive access count, but it is already open for
                        writing.

     [EPERM]            The function is trying to open a provider for writing,
                        but it is already exclusively open.

     Any other error that can be returned by the provider’s access method.

SEE ALSO

     geom(4), DECLARE_GEOM_CLASS(9), g_attach(9), g_bio(9), g_consumer(9),
     g_data(9), g_event(9), g_geom(9), g_provider(9), g_provider_by_name(9),
     g_wither_geom(9)

AUTHORS

     This manual page was written by Pawel Jakub Dawidek 〈pjd@FreeBSD.org〉.