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NAME

       smbmount - smbfs统

 SYNOPSIS
       smbmount {service} {mount-point} [-o options]

 DESCRIPTION
       smbmount  可以装载一个Linux SMB文件系统。它通常在带 "-t smbfs" 选项执行
       mount(8) 命令时被作为mount.smbfs执行。当然内核必须支持smbfs文件系统。

       smbmount使用的选项是用逗号分隔的一串key=value字串对的列表。It        is
       possible  to  send  options other than those listed here, assuming that
       smbfs supports them. If you get mount failures, check your  kernel  log
       for errors on unknown options.

       smbmount is a daemon. After mounting it keeps running until the mounted
       smbfs is umounted. It will log things that happen when in  daemon  mode
       using the "machine name" smbmount, so typically this output will end up
       in log.smbmount. The  smbmount process may also be called  mount.smbfs.

             意

              smbmount  调用  smbmnt(8)来完成实际的装载任务。你必须确保 smbmnt
              位于可以找到的路径中。

 OPTIONS
       username=<arg>
              指定联接时的用户名。如果不指定,程序会用USER这个环境变量。这个选项也接受"user%password",
              "user/workgroup"或"user/workgroup%password"形式的参数,允许密码和工作组作为用户名的一部分同时被指定。

       password=<arg>
              指定SMB口令。如果不指定,将使用环境变量PASSWD.
              如果没有指定,也没有环境变量,
              smbmount会提示输入口令,除非使用了guest选项。

              Note  that  passwords  which  contain  the  argument   delimiter
              character  (i.e. a comma ',') will failed to be parsed correctly
              on the command line. However, the same password defined  in  the
              PASSWD  environment  variable  or a credentials file (see below)
              will be read correctly.

       credentials=<filename>
              specifies a file that contains a username and/or password.   The
              format of the file is:

              username = <value>
              password = <value>

              This is preferred over having passwords in plaintext in a shared
              file, such as /etc/fstab. Be sure  to  protect  any  credentials
              file properly.

       krb    Use kerberos (Active Directory).

       netbiosname=<arg>
              设定源NetBIOS主机名。默认是本机名。

       uid=<arg>
              设定装载的文件系统的用户标识符。可以用用户名或者UID数字两种办法来指定。

       gid=<arg>
              设定装载的文件系统的组标识符。可以用组名或者GID数字两种方法来指定。

       port=<arg>
              设定远程SMB系统的端口号。默认是139。

       fmask=<arg>
              设定文件掩码。这决定了本地文件系统中远程文件的权限。它不是掩码而是实际的文件权限。默认值是根据当前的umask算出来的。

       dmask=<arg>
              设定目录掩码。这决定了本地文件系统中远程目录的权限。它不是掩码而是实际的目录权限。默认值是根据当前的umask算出来的。

       debug=<arg>
              设定调试等级。对于跟踪SMB的联接问题非常有用。       建议的值是4.
              如果设置得过高,会产生大量输出,可能会掩盖有用的输出。

       ip=<arg>
              设定目标主机或IP地址。

       workgroup=<arg>
              设定目的工作组。

       sockopt=<arg>
              设定TCP套接字的一些选项。参见smb.conf(5)配置文件中的socket
              options选项。

       scope=<arg>
              设定NetBIOS范围。

       guest  不提示口令

       ro     以只读方式装载。

       rw     以读写方式装载。

       iocharset=<arg>
              sets  the charset used by the Linux side for codepage to charset
              translations (NLS). Argument should be the name  of  a  charset,
              like iso8859-1. (Note: only kernel 2.4.0 or later)

       codepage=<arg>
              sets  the  codepage  the  server uses. See the iocharset option.
              Example value cp850. (Note: only kernel 2.4.0 or later)

       ttl=<arg>
              sets how long a directory  listing  is  cached  in  milliseconds
              (also  affects  visibility  of  file  size  and date changes). A
              higher value means that changes on the server take longer to  be
              noticed but it can give better performance on large directories,
              especially over long distances. Default is 1000ms but  something
              like  10000ms  (10  seconds) is probably more reasonable in many
              cases. (Note: only kernel 2.4.2 or later)

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       The variable USER may contain the username  of  the  person  using  the
       client.  This  information  is  used only if the protocol level is high
       enough to support session-level passwords. The variable can be used  to
       set both username and password by using the format username%password.

       The  variable  PASSWD  may contain the password of the person using the
       client. This information is used only if the  protocol  level  is  high
       enough to support session-level passwords.

       The variable PASSWD_FILE may contain the pathname of a file to read the
       password from. A single line of input is read and used as the password.

BUGS

       Passwords  and  other  options  containing  ,  can  not be handled. For
       passwords an alternative way of passing them is in a  credentials  file
       or in the PASSWD environment.

       The  credentials  file  does  not  handle  usernames  or passwords with
       leading space.

       One smbfs bug is important enough to mention here, even if it is a  bit
       misplaced:

       o  Mounts  sometimes  stop  working. This is usually caused by smbmount
          terminating. Since smbfs needs smbmount to reconnect when the server
          disconnects,  the  mount  will  eventually  go dead. An umount/mount
          normally fixes this. At least 2 ways to trigger this bug are  known.

       Note that the typical response to a bug report is suggestion to try the
       latest version first. So  please  try  doing  that  first,  and  always
       include which versions you use of relevant software when reporting bugs
       (minimum: samba, kernel, distribution)

SEE ALSO

       Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt in the linux kernel source tree may
       contain additional options and information.

       FreeBSD also has a smbfs, but it is not related to smbmount

       For  Solaris,  HP-UX  and others you may want to look at smbsh(1) or at
       other solutions, such as Sharity or perhaps replacing  the  SMB  server
       with a NFS server.

 AUTHOR
       samba软件和相关工具最初由Andrew   Tridgell创建。samba现在由Samba   Team
       作为开源软件来发展,类似linux内核的开发方式。

       最初的samba手册页是        Karl        Auer写的。        手册页源码已-
       转换为YODL格式(另一种很好的开源软件,可以在ftp://ftp.ice.rug.nl/pub/unix找到),由Jeremy
       Sllison        更新到Samba2.0        版本。        Gerald        Carter
       在Samba2.2中将它转化为DocBook    格式。   Alexander   Bokovoy   在Samba
       3.0中实现了DocBook XML4.2 格式的转换。

[meaculpa <meaculpa@21cn.com>

[2000/12/08

linuxan:
       http://cmpp.linuxforum.net

                                                                   SMBMOUNT(8)