Provided by: postgis_1.5.1-5_i386
shp2pgsql - shapefile to postgis loader
shp2pgsql [options] shapefile [schema.]table
The shp2pgsql data loader converts ESRI Shape files into SQL suitable
for insertion into a PostGIS/PostgreSQL database.
Version: 1.1.5 (2006/10/06)
The <shapefile> is the name of the shape file, without any extension
information. For example, 'roads' would be the name of the shapefile
comprising the 'roads.shp', 'roads.shx', and 'roads.dbf' files.
The <tablename> is the (optionally schema-qualified) name of the
database table you want the data stored in in the database. Within that
table, the geometry will be placed in the 'geo_value' column by
The loader has several operating modes distinguished by command line
(Note that -a, -c, -d and -p are mutually exclusive.)
-d Drops the database table before creating a new table with the
data in the Shape file.
-a Appends data from the Shape file into the database table. Note
that to use this option to load multiple files, the files must
have the same attributes and same data types.
-c Creates a new table and populates it from the Shape file. This
is the default mode.
-p Only produces the table creation SQL code, without adding any
actual data. This can be used if you need to completely
separate the table creation and data loading steps.
-D Use the PostgreSQL "dump" format for the output data. This can
be combined with -a, -c and -d. It is much faster to load than
the default "insert" SQL format. Use this for very large data
Creates and populates the geometry tables with the specified
Specify the name of the geometry column (mostly useful in append
-k Keep idendifiers case (column, schema and attributes). Note that
attributes in Shapefile are usually all UPPERCASE.
-i Coerce all integers to standard 32-bit integers, do not create
64-bit bigints, even if the DBF header signature appears to
-S Generate simple Geometries instead of MULTIgeometries. Shape
files don't differ between LINESTRINGs and MULTILINESTRINGs, so
shp2pgsql generates MULTILINESTRINGs by default. This switch
will produce LINESTRINGs instead, but shp2pgsql will fail when
it hits a real MULTILINESTRING. The same works for POLYGONs vs.
-w Output WKT format, for use with older (0.x) versions of PostGIS.
Note that this will introduce coordinate drifts and will drop M
values from shapefiles.
Specify the character encoding of Shapefile's attributes. If
this option is used the output will be encoded in UTF-8.
-I Create a GiST index on the geometry column.
Specify NULL geometries handling policy (insert,skip,abort).
-? Display version and usage information.
To compile the program from source, simply run "make" in the source
directory. Then copy the binary in your shell search path (or wherever
you like). This text is also available as a man page in the ../doc/man/
directory, ready for copying it into the manual search path on unixoid
An example session using the loader to create an input file and
uploading it might look like this:
# shp2pgsql shaperoads roadstable roadsdb > roads.sql
# psql -d roadsdb -f roads.sql
A conversion and upload can be done all in one step using UNIX pipes:
# shp2pgsql shaperoads roadstable roadsdb | psql -d roadsdb
Originally written by Jeff Lounsbury <email@example.com>.
Improved and maintained by Sandro Santilli <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Includes small contributions and improvements by others.
This application uses functionality from shapelib 1.2.9 by Frank
Warmerdam <email@example.com> to read from ESRI Shape files.
More information is available at http://postgis.refractions.net