Provided by: tin_2.0.0~20110623-1_i386 bug

NAME

       tin, rtin - related files

DESCRIPTION

       This  manpage  describes  the  various (config) files and their formats
       used by the tin(1) newsreader. All files  are  expected  to  have  unix
       style ('\n' aka LF) line endings.

FILES

       $MAILCAPS
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.mailcap
       /etc/mailcap
       /usr/etc/mailcap
       /usr/local/etc/mailcap
       /etc/mail/mailcap

              mailcap(4)  files  as  defined in RFC1524. The Mailcap files are
              read by tin(1) to determine how to display non-text messages  at
              the  local  site.  Any  line  that starts with "#" is a comment.
              Blank lines are ignored. Otherwise, each line defines  a  single
              mailcap  entry  for  a  single  content  type. Long lines may be
              continued by ending them with a backslash character, "\".

              Each  individual  mailcap  entry  consists  of  a   content-type
              specification,  a  command  to  execute, and (possibly) a set of
              optional "flag" values.

              The "type" field is simply any legal content type  name.  It  is
              the  string  that  will be matched against the ''Content-Type:''
              header to decide if this is the mailcap entry that  matches  the
              current  message.  Additionally,  the  type  field may specify a
              subtype or a wildcard to match all subtypes.

              The "command" field is any UNIX command and is used  to  specify
              the interpreter for the given type of message. It will be passed
              to the shell via the system(3) facility.

              Semicolons and backslashes within the command or any flag  field
              must  be  quoted  with  backslashes. If the field contains "%s",
              those two characters will be replaced by the name of a file that
              contains the body of the message. If it contains "%t", those two
              characters will be replaced by the content-type field, including
              the subtype, if any. If it contains "%{" followed by a parameter
              name and a closing  "}",  then  all  those  characters  will  be
              replaced  by  the value of the named parameter, if any, from the
              ''Content-Type:'' header. Finally, if the field  contains  "\%",
              those two characters will be replaced by a single "%" character.

              Besides  the  type  and  command field the following "flags" are
              defined:

              compose
                     The "compose" field may be used to specify a program that
                     can  be  used  to  compose a new body or body part in the
                     given  format.  Its  intended  use  is  to  support  mail
                     composing agents that support the composition of multiple
                     types of mail using external composing  agents.  As  with
                     the  view-command, the semantics of program execution are
                     operating system dependent. The result of  the  composing
                     program  may  be  data  that is not yet suitable for mail
                     transport - that is, a Content-Transfer-Encoding may need
                     to be applied to the data.

              composetyped
                     The  "composetyped"  field  is  similar  to the "compose"
                     field, but is to be used when the composing program needs
                     to  specify  the  ''Content-Type:''  header  field  to be
                     applied to the composed  data.  The  "compose"  field  is
                     simpler,  and  is  preferred  for use with existing (non-
                     mail-oriented) programs for composing  data  in  a  given
                     format.  The  "composetyped"  field is necessary when the
                     Content-Type   information   must    include    auxiliary
                     parameters,  and  the  composition program must then know
                     enough about mail formats to produce output that includes
                     the mail type information.

              edit   The  "edit"  field  may be used to specify a program that
                     can be used to edit a body or  body  part  in  the  given
                     format.  In many cases, it may be identical in content to
                     the "compose"  field,  and  shares  the  operating-system
                     dependent semantics for program execution.

              print  The  "print"  field may be used to specify a program that
                     can be used to print a message or body part in the  given
                     format.  As  with  the  view-command,  the  semantics  of
                     program execution are operating system dependent.

              test   The "test" field  may  be  used  to  test  some  external
                     condition  (e.g., the machine architecture, or the window
                     system in use) to determine whether or  not  the  mailcap
                     line  applies.  It  specifies a program to be run to test
                     some condition. The semantics of  execution  and  of  the
                     value  returned  by the test program are operating system
                     dependent. If the test fails, a subsequent mailcap  entry
                     should  be sought. Multiple test fields are not permitted
                     - since a test can call a  program,  it  can  already  be
                     arbitrarily complex.

              needsterminal
                     The "needsterminal" field indicates that the view-command
                     must be run on an interactive terminal. This is needed to
                     inform  window-oriented  user  agents that an interactive
                     terminal is needed. (The decision is not left exclusively
                     to  the view-command because in some circumstances it may
                     not be possible for such programs to tell whether or  not
                     they  are  on  interactive  terminals.) The needsterminal
                     command should be assumed to apply  to  the  compose  and
                     edit  commands, too, if they exist. Note that this is NOT
                     a test - it is a requirement for the environment in which
                     the  program will be executed, and should typically cause
                     the creation of a terminal window when  not  executed  on
                     either a real terminal or a terminal window.

              copiousoutput
                     The  "copiousoutput" field indicates that the output from
                     the view-command will be an extended  stream  of  output,
                     and  is to be interpreted as advice to the UA (User Agent
                     mail-reading program) that the output  should  be  either
                     paged  or  made  scroll-able.  Note that it is probably a
                     mistake  if  needsterminal  and  copiousoutput  are  both
                     specified.

              description
                     The   "description"   field  simply  provides  a  textual
                     description, optionally quoted, that describes  the  type
                     of  data, to be used optionally by mail readers that wish
                     to describe the data before offering to display it.

              textualnewlines
                     The "textualnewlines"  field,  if  set  to  any  non-zero
                     value,  indicates that this type of data is line-oriented
                     and that, if encoded in base64, all  newlines  should  be
                     converted  to  canonical form (CRLF) before encoding, and
                     will be in that form after  decoding.  In  general,  this
                     field  is  needed  only if there is line-oriented data of
                     some type other than text/* or  non-line-  oriented  data
                     that is a subtype of text.

              x11-bitmap
                     The  "x11-bitmap" field names a file, in X11 bitmap (xbm)
                     format, which points to an appropriate icon to be used to
                     visually denote the presence of this kind of data.

              nametemplate
                     The  "nametemplate"  field  gives  a file name format, in
                     which %s will be replaced by a  short  unique  string  to
                     give  the  name of the temporary file to be passed to the
                     viewing command. This is only expected to be relevant  in
                     environments  where  filename  extensions are meaningful,
                     e.g., one could specify that a GIF file being passed to a
                     gif  viewer  should have a name ending in ".gif" by using
                     "nametemplate=%s.gif"

              tin(1)  currently  only  respects  the  "test",   "description",
              "nametemplate"  and  partly the "needsterminal" flags, all other
              flags are internally ignored. It also can't handle the "%F"  and
              "%n" expansions yet.

              Example:
                     # mailcap file example
                     image/*;\
                        xv -8 -geometry +0 '%s';\
                        description=%{name} %t-Image;\
                        test=test "$DISPLAY" != "";\
                        nametemplate=%s.IMAGE

                     message/rfc822;\
                        ${PAGER:-"more"} '%s';\
                        edit=${EDITOR:-"vi"} '%s';\
                        compose=${EDITOR:-"vi"} '%s';\
                        print=a2ps '%s';\
                        needsterminal

       /etc/news/server

              default  NNTP-server  to  read news from if not reading from the
              local spool.  '-g server', $NNTPSERVER have higher priority  (in
              that  order), the default server given at compile time has lower
              priority.

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.cancelsecret

              secret to be used for canlocks

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.mime.types
       /etc/mime.types
       /etc/tin/mime.types

              mime type / filename extension pairs

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsauth

              "nntpserver password [user]" pairs for NNTP servers that require
              authorization. If the password contains a space or a tab it must
              be enclosed in doublequotes ("). Usernames must not be  enclosed
              in  doublequotes and thus can't contain spaces or tabs. Any line
              that starts with "#" is a comment. Blank lines are ignored. This
              file  should  be  readable  only for the user as it contains the
              users uncrypted password for reading news!

              nntpserver
                     full qualified domain name of the newsserver.

              password
                     users uncrypted password for reading news.

              user   username on the newsserver if it differs from  the  local
                     login. This field is optional.

              Example:
                     # sample .newsauth file
                     news.example.org  secret
                     news.example.net  arcane  guest
                     news.example.com  "top secret"  james.bond@example.com

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc

              "newsgroupflag [article[,article | -article]...]" lines.

              newsgroup
                     the name of the newsgroup.

              flag   a  flag  indicating if the group is subscribed ':' or not
                     '!'.

              article
                     range of already read articles from that  group;  numbers
                     separated  by  commas  with  sequential numbers collapsed
                     with hyphens.

              Example:
                     # sample .newsrc file
                     news.software.b! 1-666,669
                     news.software.nntp: 1-13245,13247,13249
                     news.software.readers: 1-19567,19571-19597

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/.oldnewsrc

              backup of ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig

              signature

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.sigfixed

              fixed part of a randomly generated signature

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.inputhistory

              history of last used strings

       ${TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.mail/

              mailgroups index files

       ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news${NNTPSERVER:+"-$NNTPSERVER"}/

              newsgroups index files

       ${TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.save/

              saved newsgroups index files

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.mail

              active   file   ("mail_group_name   maxnum   minnum   mailspool"
              quadruples)  of  user's  mailgroups (requires tin(1) to be build
              with mh-mail-handling support).

              mail_group_name
                     must be the pathname of the mailbox relative to field  #4
                     with / changed to .

              maxnum just  put  a large number here, something higher than the
                     highest message in the mailbox

              minnum put 0 here

              mailspool
                     path of mail spool  directory.  This  must  be  the  full
                     pathname to the root of the mail folder area.

              Example:
                     Mail.inbox  12345 00000 /home/foo
                     Mail.outbox 23456 00000 /home/foo

              This  allows  access to the 'inbox' and 'outbox' folders of user
              foo.    They   are   accessed   via   /home/foo/Mail/inbox   and
              /home/foo/Mail/outbox

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.save

              active file of user's saved newsgroups, used by tin -R.

       /etc/tin/attributes
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes

              The  group  attributes files may be used to override some global
              settings from ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc on a per  group
              basis.  Order is important as last match counts; this allows one
              to  refine  attributes  for  narrowed  scopes.  Note  that   the
              scope=<grouplist> line has to be specified before the attributes
              are specified for that list and each attribute can only  be  set
              once  per  scope section. All attributes are set to a reasonable
              default so you only have to specify the attribute that you  want
              to  change.  All toggle attributes are set by specifying ON/OFF.
              Otherwise, they function exactly as  their  global  equivalents.
              The following group attributes are available:

              scope  This  changes  the list of groups to which the attributes
                     that follow will be applied. See  the  section  NEWSGROUP
                     LISTS & WILDCARDS in tin(1) for the types of pattern that
                     can be used here.

              add_posted_to_filter
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              advertising
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              alternative_handling
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              ask_for_metamail
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              auto_cc_bcc
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              auto_list_thread
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              auto_save
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              auto_select
                     Automatically  perform  the  GroupMarkUnselArtRead  ('X')
                     command after entering the group.

              batch_save
                     Can  be used to override the global setting in tinrc on a
                     per  group  basis.  For  more  information  read  section
                     AUTOMATIC MAILING AND SAVING NEW NEWS in tin(1).

              date_format
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              delete_tmp_files
                     If  this is set to ON, then saved article files that have
                     been  post-processed  will  be   automatically   deleted,
                     otherwise  the  user  will be asked whether to delete the
                     post-processed  files.  Automatic  processing  of  marked
                     articles   using   GroupAutoSave   ('S')   will  suppress
                     prompting.

              editor_format
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              fcc    Mailbox to save sent mails. The format of the mailbox  is
                     controlled via the tinrc mailbox_format variable.

              followup_to
                     Set ''Followup-To:'' header to the specified group(s).

              from   Identical to the tinrc variable mail_address

              group_catchup_on_exit
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              mail_8bit_header
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              mail_mime_encoding
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              maildir
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              mailing_list
                     Used when a group is a mailing list. All responses to the
                     group will be directed to this email address instead

              mark_ignore_tags
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              mark_saved_read
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              mime_forward
                     Determines  whether  usenet  articles  are  forwarded  as
                     attachment  or  inline.  When  set  to OFF, the forwarded
                     article will be included in the body of the  mail,  while
                     setting  this variable to ON will cause the article to be
                     attached as a separate MIME part.  Enabling  mime_forward
                     is   particularly   useful  for  articles  consisting  of
                     multiple MIME parts such as PGP/MIME signed  messages  or
                     being  encoded  in  a  different  character set than your
                     local one. It is also useful if the  receiver  should  be
                     able  to  operate  on the entire forwarded article (i.e.,
                     view or save it without  your  comments).  On  the  other
                     hand,  if  you  want  to  forward  only some parts of the
                     article or to insert 'inline' annotations, you might want
                     to disable this option.  Currently mime_forward is forced
                     if the  article  to  be  attached  is  a  multipart  MIME
                     article,  this  may  change  in a future version.  Please
                     note that for this  option  to  have  effect,  the  tinrc
                     variable  interactive_mailer has to be set to 0 (which is
                     the default).

              mime_types_to_save
                     A comma separated list of MIME major/minor  Content-Types
                     that   will   be  saved  when  using  the  view/save  and
                     save/autosave features.   A  single  *  can  be  used  to
                     wildcard the major and/or minor type and a ! as the first
                     character   in   an   entry   will   negate    it,    eg:
                     image/*,!image/bmp,!text/html. Default is */*

              news_headers_to_display
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              news_headers_to_not_display
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              news_quote_format
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              organization
                     This  can  be  used  to  set  the  article  header  field
                     ''Organization:''. It overrides the setting (if  any)  of
                     organization  in  /etc/tin/tin.defaults and $ORGANIZATION
                     (or  $NEWSORG  on  Apollo  DomainOS).  Note   that   some
                     newsserver  might  still  overwrite the ''Organization:''
                     header.

              pos_first_unread
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              post_8bit_header
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              post_mime_encoding
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              post_process_type
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              post_process_view
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              print_header
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              process_only_unread
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              prompt_followupto
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              quote_chars
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              savedir
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              savefile

              show_author
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              show_info
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              show_only_unread_arts
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              show_signatures
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              sigdashes
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              sigfile
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              signature_repost
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              sort_article_type
                     Identical to the tinrc variable sort_article_type

              sort_threads_type
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              start_editor_offset
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              tex2iso_conv
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              thread_articles
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              thread_catchup_on_exit
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              thread_perc
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              trim_article_body
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              verbatim_handling
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              wrap_on_next_unread
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              x_body A piece of text that will be added  at  the  start  of  a
                     message body. If this string starts with a / or ~ then it
                     is assumed to be the name of a file containing  the  text
                     to insert.

              x_comment_to
                     Insert  ''X-Comment-To:''  header, this is only useful in
                     FIDO groups.

              x_headers
                     A string including header-name and the  contents  of  the
                     header  that will be automatically added when posting. If
                     the string starts with a / or ~ then it is assumed to  be
                     the  name of a file containing the header and its content
                     to be inserted. If the string starts with a !  then  what
                     follows  is  assumed  to  be  the path to a program to be
                     executed to generate the header and its content.

              quick_kill_scope
                     A comma-separated list of  newsgroup  patterns  (wildmat-
                     style)   to   which  groups  the  filter  rule  added  by
                     QuickFilterKill will be applied.  If  unset  the  default
                     from  the  tinrc variable default_filter_kill_global will
                     be used.

              quick_kill_expire
                     Identical       to       the        tinrc        variable
                     default_filter_kill_expire

              quick_kill_case
                     Identical to the tinrc variable default_filter_kill_case

              quick_kill_header
                     Identical        to        the       tinrc       variable
                     default_filter_kill_header

              quick_select_scope
                     A comma-separated list of  newsgroup  patterns  (wildmat-
                     style)   to   which  groups  the  filter  rule  added  by
                     QuickFilterSelect will be applied. If unset  the  default
                     from the tinrc variable default_filter_select_global will
                     be used.

              quick_select_expire
                     Identical       to       the        tinrc        variable
                     default_filter_select_expire

              quick_select_case
                     Identical        to        the       tinrc       variable
                     default_filter_select_case

              quick_select_header
                     Identical       to       the        tinrc        variable
                     default_filter_select_header

              ispell Path  and  options for ispell(1)-like spell-checker, e.g.
                     "aspell --mode=email --dont-backup check"

              mm_network_charset
                     Identical to the tinrc variable of the same name

              undeclared_charset
                     Assume (broken) articles without MIME charset declaration
                     have  this  charset - default is US-ASCII. This attribute
                     works only on systems with working iconv(3), others might
                     have         to         compile        tin(1)        with
                     --disable-mime-strict-charset.

              Example:
                     # include extra headers
                     # assume ISO-8859-1 as charset if no charset is declared
                     scope=*
                     x_headers=~/.tin/headers
                     undeclared_charset=ISO-8859-1

                     # in *sources* set post process type to shar only
                     scope=*sources*
                     post_process_type=1

                     # in *binaries* turn on full post processing,
                     # remove tmp files and set Followup-To: poster
                     scope=*binaries*
                     post_process_type=2
                     delete_tmp_files=ON
                     followup_to=poster

                     # in fido.* newsgroups change quote_chars
                     # and add X-Comment-To: line
                     scope=fido.*
                     quote_chars=%s>_
                     x_comment_to=ON

                     # in *.test newsgroups, don't append signature
                     # and preset Subject
                     scope=*.test
                     sigfile=--none
                     x_headers=Subject: test - ignore - no reply

                     # assume ISO-2022-JP-2 as charset
                     scope=fj.*,japan.*
                     undeclared_charset=ISO-2022-JP-2

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter

              The filter file is used to assign scores  to  certain  articles.
              Based  on  the  score an article can be filtered out (hidden) or
              marked hot. Empty lines  or  lines  beginning  with  a  '#'  are
              ignored.

              comment
                     Every  entry  (rule)  in  the  filter  file  might  get a
                     comment.  Multiple  lines  are  allowed  (but  only   for
                     comments  yet). Every line must start with the "comment="
                     keyword. Comments must appear first in the rule.  Comment
                     lines  placed within a rule will be moved to the begin of
                     the next rule. This might be changed in the future. Don't
                     use  '#'  to mark comments as those lines are ignored and
                     your comments will get lost on  the  next  write  of  the
                     file.

              group  A  comma-separated  list  of newsgroup patterns (wildmat-
                     style) to which groups the filter rule will  be  applied.
                     This line is mandatory!

              case   0=case-sensitive, 1=case-insensitive

              score  Score  value  of  the  rule; can also be one of the magic
                     words "kill" or "hot".

              subj   Match against ''Subject:''

              from   Match against ''From:''.  tin(1) converts the contents of
                     the ''From:'' header to an old style e-mail address, e.g.
                     ''some@body.example (John Doe)'' instead  of  ''John  Doe
                     <some@body.example>'',   before   trying   to  match  the
                     patterns in the filter rule.

              msgid  Match against ''Message-ID:'' and full ''References:''

              msgid_last
                     Match against ''Message-ID:''  and  last  ''References:''
                     entry only

              msgid_only
                     Match against ''Message-ID:''

              refs_only
                     Match against ''References:''

              lines  Match  against  ''Lines:'',  <num matches less than, >num
                     matches more than.

              gnksa  Match against ''From:'' address parser return codes.

              xref   Match against ''Xref:'' line. Before any matching is done
                     the  line  is turned into the same format ''Newsgroups:''
                     has that is it is turned into a comma separated newsgroup
                     list  with  all  other  information  (i.e.   the  article
                     counter) removed.

              time   time_t value when rule expires

              Example:
                     comment=mark all articles about tin, rtin,
                     comment=tind, ktin or cdtin as hot
                     group=*
                     case=1
                     score=hot
                     subj=\b(cd|[rk]?)?tin(d|pre)?[-.0-9]*\b

       /etc/tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}

              Keymap-file, containing "keyname value [value]" pairs  separated
              by  spaces  or  tabs. Below is a list of all rebindable keynames
              and their defaults.  If  a  keyname  is  bound  to  NULL  it  is
              unassigned.

              ShellEscape                    !
              SetRange                       #
              LastPage                       $
              ToggleColor                    &
              LastViewed                     -
              SearchRepeat                   \
              SearchSubjF                    /
              SearchSubjB                    ?
              SearchAuthB                    A
              SearchBody                     B
              CatchupNextUnread              C
              EditFilter                     E
              ToggleHelpDisplay              H
              ToggleInverseVideo             I
              LookupMessage                  L
              OptionMenu                     M
              Postponed                      O    ^O
              QuitTin                        Q
              BugReport                      R
              DisplayPostHist                W
              MarkThrUnread                  Z
              FirstPage                      ^
              SearchAuthF                    a
              Catchup                        c
              Help                           h
              ToggleInfoLastLine             i
              Down                           j    ^N
              Up                             k    ^P
              Print                          o
              Quit                           q
              Version                        v
              Post                           w
              MarkArtUnread                  z
              QuickFilterSelect              [
              QuickFilterKill                ]
              Pipe                           |
              ScrollUp                       <
              ScrollDown                     >
              PageUp                         b    ^B   ^U
              PageDown                       ^D   ^F   SPACE
              RedrawScr                      ^L
              Postponed                      ^O
              MenuFilterSelect               ^A
              MenuFilterKill                 ^K
              MarkFeedRead                   ^X
              MarkFeedUnread                 ^W

              AttachSelect                   ^J   ^M
              AttachPipe                     p
              AttachSave                     s
              AttachTag                      t
              AttachUntag                    U
              AttachTagPattern               =
              AttachToggleTagged             @

              ConfigToggleAttrib             TAB
              ConfigSelect                   ^J   ^M
              ConfigLastPage                 G
              ConfigNoSave                   Q
              ConfigScopeMenu                S
              ConfigFirstPage                g
              ConfigResetAttrib              r

              FeedTag                        T
              FeedArt                        a
              FeedHot                        h
              FeedPat                        p
              FeedRepost                     r
              FeedSupersede                  s
              FeedThd                        t

              FilterEdit                     e
              FilterSave                     s

              GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp        TAB
              GroupReadBasenote              ^J   ^M
              GroupSelThd                    *
              GroupDoAutoSel                 +
              GroupToggleThdSel              .
              GroupSelThdIfUnreadSelected    ;
              GroupSelPattern                =
              GroupReverseSel                @
              GroupCancel                    D
              GroupToggleGetartLimit         G
              GroupMarkThdRead               K
              GroupNextUnreadArt             N
              GroupPrevUnreadArt             P
              GroupAutoSave                  S
              GroupTagParts                  T
              GroupUntag                     U
              GroupMarkUnselArtRead          X
              GroupToggleSubjDisplay         d
              GroupGoto                      g
              GroupListThd                   l
              GroupMail                      m
              GroupNextGroup                 n
              GroupPrevGroup                 p
              GroupToggleReadUnread          r
              GroupSave                      s
              GroupTag                       t
              GroupToggleThreading           u
              GroupRepost                    x
              GroupUndoSel                   ~

              HelpLastPage                   G
              HelpFirstPage                  g

              PageReplyQuoteHeaders          ^E
              PagePGPCheckArticle            ^G
              PageToggleRaw                  ^H
              PageNextUnread                 TAB
              PageNextThd                    ^J   ^M
              PageToggleTabs                 ^T
              PageFollowupQuoteHeaders       ^W
              PageToggleTex2iso              "
              PageToggleAllHeaders           *
              PageToggleRot                  %
              PageToggleUue                  (
              PageReveal                     )
              PageSkipIncludedText           :
              PageTopThd                     <
              PageBotThd                     >
              PageCancel                     D
              PageFollowup                   F
              PageLastPage                   G
              PageKillThd                    K
              PageNextUnreadArt              N
              PagePrevUnreadArt              P
              PageReply                      R
              PageAutoSave                   S
              PageGroupSel                   T
              PageViewUrl                    U
              PageViewAttach                 V
              PageToggleHighlight            _
              PageEditArticle                e
              PageFollowupQuote              f
              PageFirstPage                  g
              PageListThd                    l
              PageMail                       m
              PageNextArt                    n
              PagePrevArt                    p
              PageReplyQuote                 r
              PageSave                       s
              PageTag                        t
              PageGotoParent                 u
              PageRepost                     x

              PgpEncSign                     b
              PgpEncrypt                     e
              PgpIncludekey                  i
              PgpSign                        s

              PostAbort                      a
              PostContinue                   c
              PostCancel                     d
              PostEdit                       e
              PostPGP                        g
              PostIspell                     i
              PostIgnore                     i
              PostMail                       m
              PostPostpone                   o
              PostPost                       p    y
              PostSupersede                  s
              PostSend                       s    y

              PostponeOverride               Y
              PostponeAll                    A

              PromptYes                      y    Y
              PromptNo                       n    N

              SaveAppendFile                 a
              SaveOverwriteFile              o

              PProcNone                      n
              PProcShar                      s
              PProcYes                       y

              SelectEnterNextUnreadGrp       TAB  n
              SelectReadGrp                  ^J   ^M
              SelectResetNewsrc              ^R
              SelectSortActive               .
              SelectNextUnreadGrp            N
              SelectSubscribePat             S
              SelectUnsubscribePat           U
              SelectQuitNoWrite              X
              SelectSyncWithActive           Y
              SelectToggleDescriptions       d
              SelectGoto                     g
              SelectMoveGrp                  m
              SelectToggleReadDisplay        r
              SelectSubscribe                s
              SelectUnsubscribe              u
              SelectYankActive               y
              SelectMarkGrpUnread            z    Z

              ScopeSelect                    ^J   ^M
              ScopeEditAttributesFile        E
              ScopeAdd                       a
              ScopeDelete                    d
              ScopeMove                      m
              ScopeRename                    r

              ThreadReadNextArtOrThread      TAB
              ThreadReadArt                  ^J   ^M
              ThreadSelArt                   *
              ThreadToggleArtSel             .
              ThreadReverseSel               @
              ThreadCancel                   D
              ThreadMarkArtRead              K
              ThreadAutoSave                 S
              ThreadUntag                    U
              ThreadToggleSubjDisplay        d
              ThreadMail                     m
              ThreadSave                     s
              ThreadTag                      t
              ThreadUndoSel                  ~

              UrlSelect                      ^J   ^M

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups

              This   file  provides  short  descriptions  of  each  mailgroup.
              (requires tin(1) to be  build  with  mh-mail-handling  support).
              Each  line  consist  of  two tab-separated fields "mailgroupname
              one-line description".

              mailgroupname
                     is the name of the newsgroup

              description
                     is a short single-line description of the group

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable

              "nntpserver newsrc [shortname [...]]"  pairs  to  use  with  the
              ''-g'' command-line switch.

              nntpserver
                     full qualified domain name of the newsserver.

              newsrc related newsrc.

              shortname
                     nickname(s) for the nntpserver.

              Example:
                     # sample newsrctable file
                     news.tin.org .newsrc-tin.org tinorg
                     news.example.org /tmp/nrc-ex example ex

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/posted

              posting history

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted

              Copy  of all posted articles in mbox(5) format. The filename can
              be changed by setting posted_articles_file.

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/postponed.articles

              Pool of postponed articles. This file is in mbox(5) format.

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/newsgroups

              This file a copy of the servers newsgroups file  which  provides
              short  descriptions  of  each  newsgroup.  It  is  automatically
              updated  on  startup  except  when  using  the  ''-X''or  ''-q''
              command-line option and an old copy exists. Each line consist of
              two tab-separated fields "group.name                    one-line
              description".

              group.name
                     is the name of the newsgroup

              one-line description
                     is a short single-line description of the group

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/serverrc

              File  to store $NNTPSERVER and $NNTPPORT related data via a list
              of  "variable=value"  pairs.  Currently  there  are   only   two
              variables, both are not meant to be changed by the user.

              version
                     Internal version number.

              last_newnews
                     Internal  timestamp  used  by tin(1) to keep track of new
                     newsgroups on the server.

       /etc/tin/tinrc
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc

              At  startup,  tin(1)  reads  in  the  configuration  file.  This
              contains  a  list  of "variable=value" pairs that can be used to
              configure the  way  tin(1)  works.  If  it  exists,  the  global
              configuration   file,  ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc  is  read
              first.  After   that,   the   users   own   configuration   file
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  is read.  The global file is
              useful for distributing system-wide defaults to  new  users  who
              have no private tinrc yet (see also /etc/tin/tin.defaults).

              abbreviate_groupname
                     If  ON abbreviate long newsgroup names at group selection
                     level  and  article  level  (if  necessary)  like   this:
                     news.software.readers     ->     n.software.readers    ->
                     n.s.readers -> n.s.r.  Default is OFF.

              add_posted_to_filter
                     If ON add posted articles which start  a  new  thread  to
                     filter for highlighting follow-ups. Default is ON.

              advertising
                     Turn  ON advertising in header (''User-Agent:''). Default
                     is ON.

              alternative_handling
                     If ON strip multipart/alternative messages automatically.
                     Default is ON.

              art_marked_deleted
                     The  character  used to show that an article was deleted.
                     Default is 'D'.

              art_marked_inrange
                     The character used to show that an article is in a range.
                     Default is '#'.

              art_marked_return
                     The character used to show that an article will return as
                     an unread article when the group is next entered. Default
                     is '-'.

              art_marked_selected
                     The  character  used  to  show  that an article/thread is
                     auto-selected (hot).  Default is '*'.

              art_marked_recent
                     The character used to  show  that  an  article/thread  is
                     recent  (not  older  than  X days). See also recent_time.
                     Default is 'o'.

              art_marked_unread
                     The character used to show that an article has  not  been
                     read.  Default is '+'.

              art_marked_read
                     The  character  used  to  show  that an article was read.
                     Default is ' '.

              art_marked_killed
                     The character used to show that an  article  was  killed.
                     Default is 'K'.  kill_level must be set accordingly.

              art_marked_read_selected
                     The character used to show that an article was hot before
                     it was read.  Default is  ':'.  kill_level  must  be  set
                     accordingly.

              Ask before using MIME viewer (ask_for_metamail)
                     If  ON  tin(1)  will  ask  before  using  a  MIME  viewer
                     (metamail_prog)  to  display  MIME  messages.  This  only
                     occurs if a MIME viewer is set. Default is OFF.

              auto_cc_bcc
                     Automatically   put  your  name  in  the  ''Cc:''  and/or
                     ''Bcc:'' field when mailing an article. Default is No.

              auto_list_thread
                     If ON automatically list thread when  entering  it  using
                     right arrow key.  Default is ON.

              auto_reconnect
                     Reconnect to server automatically. Default is OFF.

              auto_save
                     If  ON  articles/threads with ''Archive-name:'' in header
                     will be  automatically  saved  with  the  Archive-name  &
                     part/patch  no and post processed if post_process_type is
                     set to something other than 'No'.  Default is OFF.

              batch_save
                     If set ON articles/threads will be saved  in  batch  mode
                     when  save  ''-S'' or mail ''-M, -N'' is specified on the
                     command line. Default is ON.

              beginner_level
                     If set ON a mini menu of the most useful commands will be
                     displayed  at  the  bottom  of the screen for each level.
                     Also a short posting etiquette will  be  displayed  after
                     composing an article. Default is ON.

              cache_overview_files
                     If  ON,  create local copies of NNTP overview files. This
                     can be used to  considerably  speed  up  accessing  large
                     groups when using a slow connection.  Default is OFF.

              catchup_read_groups
                     If  set  ON the user is asked when quitting if all groups
                     read during the current session should  be  marked  read.
                     Default is OFF.

              col_back
                     Standard background color

              col_from
                     Color of sender (From:)

              col_head
                     Color of header-lines

              col_help
                     Color of help pages

              col_invers_bg
                     Color of background for inverse text

              col_invers_fg
                     Color of foreground for inverse text

              col_markdash
                     Color   of   words   emphasized  like  _this_.  See  also
                     word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              col_markslash
                     Color  of  words  emphasized  like   /this/.   See   also
                     word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              col_markstar
                     Color   of   words   emphasized  like  *this*.  See  also
                     word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              col_markstroke
                     Color  of  words  emphasized  like   -this-.   See   also
                     word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              col_minihelp
                     Color of mini help menu

              col_newsheaders
                     Color of actual news header fields

              col_normal
                     Standard foreground color

              col_quote
                     Color of quoted lines

              col_quote2
                     Color of twice quoted lines

              col_quote3
                     Color of >=3 times quoted lines

              col_response
                     Color  of  response  counter.  This is the text that says
                     'Response x of y' in the article viewer.

              col_signature
                     Color of signatures

              col_urls
                     Color of urls highlight

              col_verbatim
                     Color of verbatim blocks

              col_subject
                     Color of article subject

              col_text
                     Color of text-lines

              col_title
                     Color of help/mail sign

              confirm_choice
                     tin(1) can ask for manual  confirmation  to  protect  the
                     user. Available choices:
                          commands:  Ask  for  confirmation  before  executing
                          certain dangerous commands  (e.g.,  Catchup  ('c')).
                          Commands that this affects are marked in this manual
                          with '[after confirmation]'.

                          quit: You'll be asked to confirm that  you  wish  to
                          exit tin(1) when you use the Quit ('q') command.

                          select:  Ask for confirmation before marking all not
                          selected (with GroupMarkUnselArtRead ('X')  command)
                          articles as read.
                     Default is commands & quit.

              date_format
                     Format string used for date representation. A description
                     of  the  different  format  options  can  be   found   at
                     strftime(3).   tin(1) uses strftime(3) when available and
                     supports  most  format  options  in  his  fallback  code.
                     Default is "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S".

              default_art_search

              default_author_search

              default_config_search
                     The  last  article/author/config option that was searched
                     for.

              default_filter_days
                     Default is 28.

              default_filter_kill_case
                     Default for quick (1 key) kill filter case. ON  =  filter
                     case sensitive, OFF = ignore case. Default is OFF.

              default_filter_kill_expire
                     Default  for quick (1 key) kill filter expire. ON = limit
                     to  'default_filter_days',  OFF  =  don't  ever   expire.
                     Default is OFF.

              default_filter_kill_global
                     Default for quick (1 key) kill filter global. ON=apply to
                     all groups, OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

              default_filter_kill_header
                     Default for quick (1 key) kill filter header.
                        0     ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)
                        1     ''Subject:'' (ignore case)
                        2     ''From:'' (case sensitive)
                        3     ''From:'' (ignore case)
                        4     ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line
                        5     ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only
                        6     ''Message-ID:'' entry only
                        7     ''Lines:''

              default_filter_select_case
                     Default for quick (1  key)  auto-selection  filter  case.
                     ON=filter  case  sensitive,  OFF=ignore  case. Default is
                     OFF.

              default_filter_select_expire
                     Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection  filter  expire.
                     ON  =  limit  to  'default_filter_days', OFF = don't ever
                     expire. Default is OFF.

              default_filter_select_global
                     Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection  filter  global.
                     ON=apply  to  all  groups,  OFF=apply  to  current group.
                     Default is ON.

              default_filter_select_header
                     Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection filter header.
                        0     ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)
                        1     ''Subject:'' (ignore case)
                        2     ''From:'' (case sensitive)
                        3     ''From:'' (ignore case)
                        4     ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line
                        5     ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only
                        6     ''Message-ID:'' entry only
                        7     ''Lines:''

              default_goto_group

              default_group_search

              default_mail_address

              default_move_group

              default_pattern

              default_pipe_command

              default_post_newsgroups

              default_post_subject

              default_range_group

              default_range_select

              default_range_thread

              default_repost_group

              default_save_file

              default_save_mode

              default_select_pattern

              default_shell_command

              default_subject_search

              draw_arrow
                     Allows groups/articles to be selected by an arrow '->' if
                     set ON or by an highlighted bar if set OFF.

              editor_format
                     The format string used to create the editor start command
                     with parameters.  Default is '%E +%N %F' with  %E=Editor,
                     %N=Linenumber   and   %F=Filename   (e.g.,   /bin/vi   +7
                     .article).

              force_screen_redraw
                     Specifies whether a screen redraw should always  be  done
                     after certain external commands. Default is OFF.

              getart_limit
                     If  getart_limit  is  >  0  not  more  than  getart_limit
                     articles/group  are   fetched   from   the   server.   If
                     getart_limit  is  < 0 tin(1) will start fetching articles
                     from  your  first  unread   minus   absolute   value   of
                     getart_limit. Default is 0, which means no limit.

              goto_next_unread
                     Which  keys  tin should accept to jump to the next unread
                     article.  Possible is any  combination  of  PageDown  and
                     PageNextUnread.   When  PageDown  is set tin jumps to the
                     next  article  at  the  end  of  the  current  one.  When
                     PageNextUnread  is  set tin jumps immediately to the next
                     article when PageNextUnread ('<TAB>') is pressed. Default
                     is PageNextUnread.

              group_catchup_on_exit
                     If ON catchup group when leaving with the left arrow key.
                     Default is ON.

              groupname_max_length
                     Maximum length of the names of newsgroups to be displayed
                     so   that  more  of  the  newsgroup  description  can  be
                     displayed. Default is 32.

              hide_uue
                     If set to 'No' then raw uuencoded data is  displayed.  If
                     set  to  'Yes'  then  sections  of uuencoded data will be
                     shown with  a  single  tag  line  showing  the  size  and
                     filename (much the same as a MIME attachment).  If set to
                     'Hide all' then any line that looks like  uuencoded  data
                     will  be  folded  into  a  tag  line. This is useful when
                     uuencoded data is split across more than one article  but
                     can  also  lead to false positives. This setting can also
                     be toggled in the article viewer.  Default is 'No'.

              inews_prog
                     Path, name and options of external inews(1).  If you  are
                     reading  via  NNTP the default value is "--internal" (use
                     built-in NNTP inews), else it is "inews -h". The  article
                     is passed to inews_prog on STDIN via '< article'.

              info_in_last_line
                     If  ON, show current group description or article subject
                     in the last line (not in the pager  and  global  menu)  -
                     ToggleInfoLastLine  ('i'  toggles setting). This facility
                     is useful as the full width of the screen is available to
                     display long subjects. Default is OFF.

              interactive_mailer
                     If greater than 0 your mailreader will be invoked earlier
                     for reply so you can use more of its features (e.g. MIME,
                     pgp, ...). 1 means include headers, 2 means don't include
                     headers (old use_mailreader_i=ON  option).  0  turns  off
                     usage.  This option has to suit mailer_format. Default is
                     0.

              inverse_okay
                     If  ON  use  inverse  video  for  page  headers  and  URL
                     highlighting.  Default is ON.

              keep_dead_articles
                     If     ON     keep     all     failed     postings     in
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.articles besides keeping the
                     last             failed             posting            in
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.article. Default is ON.

              kill_level
                     This  option  controls  the  processing  and  display  of
                     articles that are killed. There are 3 options, default is
                     0 (Kill only unread arts).

                        0  Kill only unread arts is the 'traditional' behavior
                           of  tin(1).   Only  unread articles are killed once
                           only  by  marking  them  read.  As  filtering  only
                           happens  on  unread articles with kill_level set to
                           0, art_marked_killed  and  art_marked_read_selected
                           are only shown once. When you reenter the group the
                           mark will be gone.

                        1  Kill all arts  &  show  with  K  will  process  all
                           articles  in  the  group  and  therefore there is a
                           processing overhead when using this option.  Killed
                           articles  are  threaded  as normal but they will be
                           marked with art_marked_killed.

                        2  Kill all arts  and  never  show  will  process  all
                           articles  in  the  group  and  therefore there is a
                           processing overhead when using this option.  Killed
                           articles simply does not get displayed at all.

              mail_8bit_header
                     Allows  8bit  characters  unencoded in the header of mail
                     message. Default is OFF. Turning it ON is effective  only
                     if mail_mime_encoding is also set to 8bit. Leaving it OFF
                     is safe for most users and  compliant  to  Internet  Mail
                     Standard (RFC5322 and RFC2047). Default is OFF.

              mail_address
                     User's   mail   address   (and   full   name),   if   not
                     username@host.  This  is  used  when  creating  articles,
                     sending mail and when pgp(1) signing.

              mail_mime_encoding
                     MIME  encoding  of the body in mail message, if necessary
                     (8bit,  base64,  quoted-printable,  7bit).   Default   is
                     quoted-printable.

              mail_quote_format
                     Format  of  quote  line  when  replying  (via mail) to an
                     article   (%A=Address,   %D=Date,    %F=Fullname+Address,
                     %G=Groupname,  %M=Message-ID,  %N=Fullname, %C=Firstname,
                     %I=Initials). Default is "In article %M you wrote:"

              mailbox_format
                     Select  one  of  the  following  mailbox-formats:   MBOXO
                     (default,  except  on  SCO),  MBOXRD  or MMDF (default on
                     SCO). See mbox(5) for more details on  MBOXO  and  MBOXRD
                     and mmdf(5) for more details about MMDF.

              maildir
                     The  directory  where articles/threads are to be saved in
                     mbox(5) format. This feature is mainly for use  with  the
                     elm(1)   mail   program.  It  allows  the  user  to  save
                     articles/threads/groups  simply  by  giving  '='  as  the
                     filename       to      save      to.      Default      is
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail.

              mailer_format
                     The format string used to create the mailer command  with
                     parameters  that  is  used  for mailing articles to other
                     people. Default is '%M "%T" < %F' (e.g., /bin/mail "iain"
                     <  .article).  The  flexible  format allows other mailers
                     with different command line parameters to be used such as
                        sendmail -oem -t < %F
                        elm -s "%S" "%T" < "%F"
                        claws-mail --compose "mailto:%T?subject=%S&insert=%F"
                     interactive_mailer must be set  adequate.  The  following
                     substitutions are supported:
                        %F             filename
                        %M             default_mailer
                        %S             subject-field
                        %T             to-filed
                        %U             username
                        %%             %

              mark_saved_read
                     If  ON  mark  articles that are saved as read. Default is
                     ON.

              mark_ignore_tags
                     When   this   is   ON,   the   GroupMarkThdRead    ('K'),
                     ThreadMarkArtRead  ('K'),  MarkThdUnread  ('Z')  at Group
                     level and MarkArtUnread ('z') at Thread  level  functions
                     mark  just  the current article or thread, ignoring other
                     tagged, (un)read articles. When OFF,  the  same  function
                     presents  a  menu  with  choices of the current thread or
                     article, all tagged, unread articles, or nothing.

              metamail_prog
                     Path, name and options of  external  metamail(1)  program
                     used  to  view non-textual parts of articles.  To use the
                     built-in viewer, set to --internal. This is  the  default
                     value  when  metamail(1) is not installed. Leave it blank
                     if you don't want any automatic  viewing  of  non-textual
                     attachments.  The  'V'  command  can  always  be  used to
                     manually view any attachments. See also ask_for_metamail.

              mm_charset
                     Charset supported locally, which is also  used  for  MIME
                     header  (charset  parameter  and  charset  name in header
                     encoding)    in    mail    and    news    postings.    If
                     MIME_STRICT_CHARSET  is defined at the compile time, text
                     in charset other than the  value  of  this  parameter  is
                     considered   not  displayable  and  represented  as  '?'.
                     Otherwise, all character sets are regarded as  compatible
                     with  the  display.  If  it's  not  set, the value of the
                     environment variable $MM_CHARSET  is  used.  US-ASCII  or
                     compile-time  default  is used in case neither of them is
                     defined. If your system supports iconv(3), this option is
                     disabled and you should use mm_network_charset instead.

              mm_network_charset
                     Charset  used  for  posting  and  MIME  headers; replaces
                     mm_charset.  Conversion  between  mm_network_charset  and
                     local charset (determined via nl_langinfo(3)) is done via
                     iconv(3), if this  function  is  not  available  on  your
                     system  this  option  is  disabled  and  you  have to use
                     mm_charset instead.  mm_network_charset is limited to one
                     of the following charsets:
                        US-ASCII,     ISO-8859-{1,2,3,4,5,7,9,10,13,14,15,16},
                        KOI8-{R,U,RU}   EUC-{CN,JP,KR,TW},    ISO-2022-{CN,CN-
                        EXT,JP,JP-1,JP-2}, Big5, UTF-8
                     Not   all   values   might   work  on  your  system,  see
                     iconv_open(3) for more details.  If  it's  not  set,  the
                     value  of  the  environment variable $MM_CHARSET is used.
                     US-ASCII or compile-time default is used in case  neither
                     of them is defined.

              mono_markdash
                     Character  attribute  of words emphasized like _this_. It
                     is  depending  on  your  terminal  which  attributes  are
                     usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              mono_markslash
                     Character  attribute  of words emphasized like /this/. It
                     is  depending  on  your  terminal  which  attributes  are
                     usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              mono_markstar
                     Character  attribute  of words emphasized like *this*. It
                     is  depending  on  your  terminal  which  attributes  are
                     usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              mono_markstroke
                     Character  attribute  of words emphasized like -this-. It
                     is  depending  on  your  terminal  which  attributes  are
                     usable. See also word_h_display_marks and word_highlight.

              newnews
                     These are internal timers used by tin(1) to keep track of
                     new newsgroups. Do not change them unless you  understand
                     what they are for.

              news_headers_to_display
                     Which  news  headers  you wish to see. If you want to see
                     _all_ the headers, place an '*' as this  value.  This  is
                     the only way a wildcard can be used. If you enter 'X-' as
                     the value, you will see all headers beginning  with  'X-'
                     (like  X-Alan  or  X-Pape). You can list more than one by
                     delimiting with spaces. Not defining anything  turns  off
                     this option.

              news_headers_to_not_display
                     Same  as  news_headers_to_display  except  it denotes the
                     opposite. An example of using both options  might  be  if
                     you  thought  'X-'  headers  were  A  Good Thing(tm), but
                     thought Alan and Pape were miscreants...  well  then  you
                     would  do something like this: news_headers_to_display=X-
                     news_headers_to_not_display=X-Alan  X-Pape  Not  defining
                     anything turns off this option.

              news_quote_format
                     Format of quote line when posting/following up an article
                     (%A=Address, %D=Date, %F=Fullname+Address,  %G=Groupname,
                     %M=Message-ID,  %N=Fullname,  %C=Firstname, %I=Initials).
                     Default is "%F wrote:".

              normalization_form
                     The normalization form which should be used to  normalize
                     unicode input.  The possible values are:

                        0  None: no normalization

                        1  NFKC:   Compatibility  Decomposition,  followed  by
                           Canonical Composition

                        2  NFKD: Compatibility Decomposition

                        3  NFC: Canonical Decomposition, followed by Canonical
                           Composition

                        4  NFD: Canonical Decomposition
              Some   normalization  modes  are  only  available  if  they  are
              supported by the library tin(1) uses to  do  the  normalization.
              Default is NFKC.

              pos_first_unread
                     If  ON  put  cursor  at  first  unread  article  in group
                     otherwise at last article.  Default is ON.

              post_8bit_header
                     Allows 8bit characters unencoded in the header of a  news
                     article,  if  set  this  also  disables the generation of
                     MIME-headers when they are usually required.  Default  is
                     OFF.  Only  enacted  if post_mime_encoding is also set to
                     8bit.  In  a  number  of  local  hierarchies  where  8bit
                     characters   are   used,   using   unencoded  (raw)  8bit
                     characters in header is  acceptable  and  sometimes  even
                     recommended  so  that  you  need  to check the convention
                     adopted in  the  local  hierarchy  of  your  interest  to
                     determine what to do with this and post_mime_encoding.

              post_mime_encoding
                     MIME  encoding of the body in news message, if necessary.
                     (8bit, base64, quoted-printable, 7bit). Default is  8bit,
                     which  leads to no encoding.  base64 and quoted-printable
                     are usually undesired on usenet.

              post_process_view
                     If ON, then  tin(1)  will  start  an  appropriate  viewer
                     program to display any files that were post processed and
                     uudecoded. The program is determined  using  the  mailcap
                     file.  Default is ON.

              post_process_type
                     This  specifies  whether  to  perform  post processing on
                     saved articles.  Because the shell  archive  may  contain
                     commands you may not want to be executed, be careful when
                     extracting shell  archives.   The  following  values  are
                     allowed:

                        0  No (default), no post processing is done.

                        1  Shell  archives,  unpacking  of  multi-part shar(1)
                           files only. Because the shell archive  may  contain
                           commands  you  may  not  want  to  be  executed, be
                           careful with this option.

                        2  Yes, binary attachments and data  will  be  decoded
                           and saved.

              posted_articles_file
                     Keep             posted            articles            in
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted_articles_file.  If no
                     filename is set then postings will not be saved.  Default
                     is 'posted'.

              print_header
                     If ON, then the  full  article  header  is  sent  to  the
                     printer.  Otherwise  only  the ''Subject:'' and ''From:''
                     fields are output. Default is OFF.

              printer
                     The printer program with options that is to  be  used  to
                     print  articles.  The  default is lpr(1) for BSD machines
                     and lp(1) for SysV machines.  Printing  from  tin(1)  may
                     have been disabled by the System Administrator.

              process_only_unread
                     If  ON  only save/print/pipe/mail unread articles (tagged
                     articles excepted).  Default is OFF.

              prompt_followupto
                     If ON show empty ''Followup-To:'' header when editing  an
                     article.  Default is OFF.

              quote_chars
                     The  character  used  in quoting included text to article
                     followups and mail replies. The '_' character  represents
                     a  blank  character  and  is replaced with ' ' when read.
                     Default is '>_'.

              quote_style
                     This bit coded integer value controls how articles are to
                     be  quoted  when following up or replying to them. Any of
                     the following options  can  be  combined  by  adding  all
                     relevant  values.  Default  is  5, which means that quote
                     characters are compressed and empty lines are quoted.

                        1  Compress quotes Compress quote characters  together
                           when  quoting  multiple times (for example, '> > >'
                           will be turned into '>>>'). This option  is  on  by
                           default.

                        2  Quote  Signatures  This  option  is off by default.
                           Signatures are always  quoted  regardless  of  this
                           option  when you are viewing an article in raw mode
                           PageToggleRaw ('^H') and followup or reply  to  it.
                           Signatures  are  never  quoted  regardless  of this
                           option when show_signatures is off.

                        4  Quote empty lines This option is on by default.

              quote_regex
                     A regular expression that will be  applied  when  reading
                     articles.  All  matching lines are shown in col_quote. If
                     quote_regex  is  blank,  then  tin(1)  uses  a   built-in
                     default.

              quote_regex2
                     A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading
                     articles. All matching lines are shown in col_quote2.  If
                     quote_regex2  is  blank,  then  tin(1)  uses  a  built-in
                     default.

              quote_regex3
                     A regular expression that will be  applied  when  reading
                     articles.  All matching lines are shown in col_quote3. If
                     quote_regex3  is  blank,  then  tin(1)  uses  a  built-in
                     default.

              recent_time
                     If  set  to  0, this feature is deactivated, otherwise it
                     means the number of days. Default is 2.

              render_bidi
                     If ON tin does the rendering of bi-directional  text.  If
                     OFF  tin  leaves  the rendering of bi-directional text to
                     the terminal. Default is OFF.

              reread_active_file_secs
                     The                                                  news
                     ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}
                     file is reread at regular intervals to show  if  any  new
                     news has arrived. Default is 1200. Setting this to 0 will
                     disable this feature.

              savedir
                     Directory where articles/threads are  saved.  Default  is
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/News.

              score_limit_kill
                     If  the  score of an article is below or equal this value
                     the article gets marked as killed.

              score_limit_select
                     If the score of an article is above or equal  this  value
                     the article gets marked as hot.

              score_kill
                     Score  of an article which should be killed, this must be
                     <= score_limit_kill.

              score_select
                     Score of an article which should be marked hot, this must
                     be >= score_limit_select.

              scroll_lines
                     The  number of lines that will be scrolled up/down in the
                     article pager when using cursor-up/down. The default is 1
                     (line-by-line).  Set to 0 to get traditional page-by-page
                     scrolling. Set to -1 to get page-by-page scrolling  where
                     the  top/bottom  line is carried over onto the next page.
                     This setting supersedes show_last_line_prev_page=ON.  Set
                     to -2 to get half-page scrolling. This setting supersedes
                     full_page_scroll=OFF.

              show_author
                     Which information  about  the  author  should  be  shown.
                     Default is 2, authors full name.

                        0  None, only the ''Subject:'' line will be displayed.

                        1  Address,  ''Subject:''  line  & the address part of
                           the ''From:'' line are displayed.

                        2  Full Name, ''Subject:'' line  &  the  authors  full
                           name  part  of  the  ''From:''  line  are displayed
                           (default).

                        3  Address and Name, ''Subject:'' line &  all  of  the
                           ''From:'' line are displayed.

              show_description
                     If ON show a short group description text after newsgroup
                     name at the group selection level.  The  ''-d''  command-
                     line flag will override the setting and turn descriptions
                     off.    The    text    used    is    taken    from    the
                     ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups    file    and    if
                     supported (requires tin(1)  to  be  build  with  mh-mail-
                     handling                   support)                  from
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups  for  mailgroups.
                     Default is ON.

              show_info
                     Which  information  about the thread or article should be
                     shown. Default is 1, show only the line count.

                        0  None, no information will be displayed.

                        1  Lines, in article listing  the  line  count  of  an
                           article will be displayed and in thread listing the
                           line  count  of  first  (unread)  article  will  be
                           displayed.

                        2  Score,  in  article listing the score of an article
                           will be displayed and in thread listing  the  score
                           of   the  thread  will  be  displayed  -  see  also
                           thread_score.

                        3  Lines & Score, display line count and score.

              show_only_unread_arts
                     If ON show only new/unread articles  otherwise  show  all
                     articles. Default is ON.

              show_only_unread_groups
                     If  ON  show  only  subscribed groups that contain unread
                     articles. Default is OFF.

              show_signatures
                     If OFF don't show signatures  when  displaying  articles.
                     Default is ON.

              sigdashes
                     If  ON  prepend  the signature with sigdashes. Default is
                     ON.

              sigfile
                     The path that specifies the signature file  to  use  when
                     posting,  following  up  to or replying to an article. If
                     the path is  a  directory  then  the  signature  will  be
                     randomly  generated  from files that are in the specified
                     directory. If the path starts with a !  the  program  the
                     path  points to will be executed to generate a signature.
                     tin(1) will pass the name of  the  current  newsgroup  as
                     argument   to  the  program.  --none  will  suppress  any
                     signature.  Default is ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig.

              signature_repost
                     If ON add signature to reposted articles. Default is ON.

              slashes_regex
                     A regular expression that will be  applied  when  reading
                     articles.  All  matching words are shown in col_markslash
                     or mono_markslash. If slashes_regex is blank, then tin(1)
                     uses a built-in default.

              sort_article_type
                     This  specifies  how  articles  should be sorted. Sort by
                     ascending Date (6) is the  default.  The  following  sort
                     types are allowed:

                        0  Nothing, don't sort articles.

                        1  Subject:    (descending),    sort    articles    by
                           ''Subject:'' field descending.

                        2  Subject: (ascending), sort articles by ''Subject:''
                           field ascending.

                        3  From:  (descending),  sort  articles  by  ''From:''
                           field descending.

                        4  From: (ascending), sort articles by ''From:'' field
                           ascending.

                        5  Date:  (descending),  sort  articles  by  ''Date:''
                           field descending.

                        6  Date: (ascending), sort articles by ''Date:'' field
                           ascending (default).

                        7  Score  (descending),  sort  articles  by  filtering
                           score descending.

                        8  Score (ascending), sort articles by filtering score
                           ascending.

                        9  Lines:  (descending),  sort  articles by ''Lines:''
                           field descending.

                        10 Lines: (ascending),  sort  articles  by  ''Lines:''
                           field ascending.

              sort_threads_type
                     This  specifies  how  threads  will  be  sorted.  Sort by
                     descending Score (1) is the default. The  following  sort
                     types are allowed:

                        0  Nothing, don't sort threads.

                        1  Score (descending), sort threads by filtering score
                           descending (default).

                        2  Score (ascending), sort threads by filtering  score
                           ascending.

                        3  Last  posting  date  (descending),  sort threads by
                           date of last posting descending.

                        4  Last posting date (ascending), sort threads by date
                           of last posting ascending.

              spamtrap_warning_addresses
                     Set  this  option to a list of comma-separated strings to
                     be warned if you are replying to an article by mail where
                     the  e-mail  address  contains  one of these strings. The
                     matching is case-insensitive.

              stars_regex
                     A regular expression that will be  applied  when  reading
                     articles. All matching words are shown in col_markstar or
                     mono_markstar. If stars_regex is blank, then tin(1)  uses
                     a built-in default.

              start_editor_offset
                     Set ON if the editor used for posting, follow-ups and bug
                     reports has the capability of  starting  and  positioning
                     the  cursor at a specified line within a file. Default is
                     ON.

              strip_blanks
                     Strips the blanks from the end  of  each  line  therefore
                     speeding  up  the display when reading on a slow terminal
                     or via modem. Default is ON.

              strip_bogus
                     Bogus  groups  are  groups  that  are  present  in   your
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file that no longer exist
                     on the news server. There  are  3  options.  0  means  do
                     nothing & always keep bogus groups.  1 means bogus groups
                     will be permanently removed. 2 means  that  bogus  groups
                     will  appear on the Group Selection Menu, prefixed with a
                     'D'. This allows you to unsubscribe from them as and when
                     you wish. Default is 0 (Always Keep).

              strip_newsrc
                     If  ON,  then  unsubscribed  groups  will  be permanently
                     removed from your  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  file.
                     Default is OFF.

              strokes_regex
                     A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading
                     articles. All matching words are shown in  col_markstroke
                     or  mono_markstroke.   If  strokes_regex  is  blank, then
                     tin(1) uses a built-in default.

              tex2iso_conv
                     Decode German style TeX umlaut codes to ISO If  ON,  show
                     "a  as  Umlaut-a,  etc. Default is OFF. This behavior can
                     also   be   toggled   in   the   article    viewer    via
                     PageToggleTex2iso ('"').

              thread_articles
                     Defines  which  threading method to use. The choices are:
                     0) Don't thread, 1) Thread on Subject only 2)  Thread  on
                     References  only,  3)  Thread  on References then Subject
                     (default) 4) Thread multipart articles  on  Subject.   5)
                     Thread  on  Percentage  Match  of  the Subjects It's also
                     possible to set the threading type on a per  group  basis
                     by  setting  the group attribute variable thread_articles
                     to       0       -       5       in       the        file
                     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes.

              thread_perc
                     Defines how close the subjects must match while threading
                     by Percentage Match for threads to be considered part  of
                     a single thread. This value is in the range 0 to 100. The
                     default is 75.

              thread_catchup_on_exit
                     If ON catchup group/thread when  leaving  with  the  left
                     arrow key. Default is ON.

              thread_score
                     How  the  total score of a thread is computed. Default is
                     0, the maximum score in this thread.

                        0  Max, the maximum score in this thread.

                        1  Sum, the sum of all scores in this thread.

                        2  Average, the average score in this thread.

              translit
                     If  ON  append  //TRANSLIT  to  the  first  argument   of
                     iconv_open(3)  to enable transliteration. This means that
                     when a character cannot  be  represented  in  the  target
                     character  set,  it  can  be  approximated through one or
                     several similarly looking characters.  On  systems  where
                     this  extension  doesn't  exist, this option is disabled.
                     Default is OFF.

              trim_article_body
                     Allows you to  select  how  tin  treats  blank  lines  in
                     article  bodies.   Default  is  0.  This  option does not
                     affect lines within verbatim blocks.

                        0  Don't trim article body, do nothing.

                        1  Skip leading blank lines.

                        2  Skip trailing blank lines.

                        3  Skip leading and trailing blank  l.,  skip  leading
                           and trailing blank lines.

                        4  Compact  multiple  between  text,  replace multiple
                           blank lines between textblocks with one blank line.

                        5  Compact multiple and skip leading, 4 + 1

                        6  Compact multiple and skip trailing, 4 + 2

                        7  Compact mltpl., skip lead. & trai., 4 + 3

              underscores_regex
                     A regular expression that will be  applied  when  reading
                     articles. All matching words are shown in col_markdash or
                     mono_markdash. If undescores_regex is blank, then  tin(1)
                     uses a built-in default.

              unlink_article
                     If   ON   remove  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.article  after
                     posting. Default is ON.

              url_handler
                     The program that will be run when launching URLs  in  the
                     article  viewer  using  PageViewUrl ('U'). The actual URL
                     will be appended to this. Default is url_handler.pl %s.

              url_highlight
                     Enable highlighting URLs in message body. Default is ON.

              use_color
                     If enabled tin(1) uses ANSI-colors. Default is OFF.

              use_keypad
                     Use scroll keys on keypad. Default is OFF.

              use_mouse
                     Allows the mouse button support  in  a  xterm(1x)  to  be
                     enabled/disabled.  Default is OFF.

              use_slrnface
                     If  enabled  slrnface(1)  will  be  used to interpret the
                     ''X-Face:'' header. For this option to have  any  effect,
                     tin(1)  must  be  running in an xterm(1x) and slrnface(1)
                     must be in your $PATH. Default is OFF.

              utf8_graphics
                     If  ON  use  UTF-8  characters  for   indicator   ('->'),
                     thread/attachment  tree  and ellipsis ('...'). Default is
                     OFF.

              verbatim_begin_regex
                     A regular expression that tin will use to find the  begin
                     of a verbatim block.  Default is #v+

              verbatim_end_regex
                     A regular expression that tin will use to find the end of

                     a verbatim block.  Default is #v-
              verbatim_handling
                     If ON verbatim blocks will be detected.  Default is ON

              wildcard
                     Allows you to select  how  tin(1)  matches  strings.  The
                     default  is 0 and uses the wildmat notation, which is how
                     this has traditionally been handled. Setting  this  to  1
                     allows  you to use perl(1) compatible regular expressions
                     pcre(3).  You will probably want to  update  your  filter
                     file  if you use this regularly. NB: Newsgroup names will
                     always be matched using the wildmat notation.

              word_h_display_marks
                     Should the leading and ending stars, slashes, strokes and
                     dashes also be displayed, even when they are highlighting
                     marks?

                        0  no

                        1  yes, display mark

                        2  print a space instead

              word_highlight
                     Enable word highlighting.  See  word_h_display_marks  for
                     the options available. If use_color is enabled the colors
                     specified in  col_markdash,  col_markslash,  col_markstar
                     and  col_markstroke  are  used for word highlighting else
                     the  character  attributes  specified  in  mono_markdash,
                     mono_markslash,  mono_markstar  and  mono_markstroke  are
                     used.

              wrap_column
                     Sets the column at which a displayed article body  should
                     be  wrapped.  If this value is equal to 0, it defaults to
                     the current screen width.  If this value is greater  than
                     your  current  screen  width  the  part off-screen is not
                     displayed. Thus setting this option to a large value  can
                     be  used  to  disable wrapping. If this value is negative
                     the wrap margin is the  current  screen  width  plus  the
                     given  value  (as  long  as the result is still positive,
                     otherwise it will fall back to the current screen width).
                     Default is 0, wrapping at the current screen width.

              wrap_on_next_unread
                     If enabled a search for the next unread article will wrap
                     around  all  articles  to  find  also   previous   unread
                     articles.  If disabled the search stops at the end of the
                     thread list. Default is ON.

              xpost_quote_format
                     Format is the same as for news_quote_format, this is used
                     when  answering  to a crossposting to several groups with
                     no ''Followup-To:'' set.

       /etc/tin/tin.defaults

              Yet another  global  configuration  file  with  "variable=value"
              pairs.  This  one  is for the more general options which usually
              can't be controlled via  ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc  and/or
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  like  resetting (to override
              the built-in default) the newslibdir.

              domainname
                     Sets a global domain name used in From lines

              organization
                     Defines the  name  of  your  organization.  $ORGANIZATION
                     overrides any specified value.

              newslibdir
                     Defines  the  default place for some configuration files,
                     common   values   are    /usr/lib/news,    /var/lib/news,
                     /usr/local/lib/news  or  /news/db.  $TIN_LIBDIR overrides
                     any specified value.

              bugaddress
                     Defines the email address to which  users  can  send  bug
                     reports  using a built-in function. The default points to
                     a developers mailing list located at tin.org.  You  might
                     want  to  change  this  address  to  one  of  your  local
                     administration if you  want  to  deal  with  your  lusers
                     problems on your own.

              inewsdir
                     Defines   the   directory   containing  of  the  inews(1)
                     executable

              mm_charset
                     Default charset to be used  in  MIME's  ''Content-Type:''
                     header. $MM_CHARSET overrides any specified value.

              post_mime_encoding
                     Default  encoding scheme use in MIME articles. 8bit might
                     be the best value.

              mail_mime_encoding
                     Default   encoding   scheme   use   in   MIME    letters.
                     quoted-printable is a good choice here.

              disable_gnksa_domain_check
                     Allow unregistered top level domains

              disable_sender
                     Don't  generate  a ''Sender:'' header. This has an effect
                     only if inews_prog is set to --internal.

              spooldir
                     Base of your newsspool (Bnews, Cnews and INN  traditional
                     spool   style),   common   values   are  /var/spool/news,
                     /usr/spool/news,  /news/spool.   $TIN_SPOOLDIR  overrides
                     any specified value.

              overviewdir
                     Base  of  your  NOV  database  newsoverview(5) (tradspool
                     style; might be the same dir as spooldir), common  values
                     are       /var/spool/overview,       /usr/spool/overview,
                     /news/overview. $TIN_NOVROOTDIR overrides  any  specified
                     value.

              overviewfile
                     Name  of  a  single  overview  file,  common  values  are
                     .overview, over.view.

              overviewfmtfile
                     Full pathname of  your  newssystem's  overview.fmt  file;
                     usually  the  overview.fmt  file is in newslibdir, so you
                     only have to change this setting  if  your  configuration
                     differs.

              activefile
                     Full  pathname  of your newssystem's active file; usually
                     the active  file  resides  in  newslibdir  and  is  named
                     active,  so  you only have to change this setting if your
                     configuration  differs.  $TIN_ACTIVEFILE  overrides   any
                     specified value.

              activetimesfile
                     Full  pathname  of  your  newssystem's active.times file;
                     usually the active.times file is newslibdir, so you  only
                     have   to  change  this  setting  if  your  configuration
                     differs.

              newsgroupsfile
                     Full  pathname  of  your  newssystem's  newsgroups  file;
                     usually the newsgroups file is in newslibdir, so you only
                     have  to  change  this  setting  if  your   configuration
                     differs.

              subscriptionsfile
                     Full  pathname  of  your newssystem's subscriptions file;
                     usually the subscriptions file is in newslibdir,  so  you
                     only  have  to  change this setting if your configuration
                     differs.

       /usr/local/share/locale/$LC_MESSAGES/LC_MESSAGES/tin.mo

              translation into language specified in $LC_ALL, $LC_MESSAGES  or
              $LANG

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}

              This  file  lists  the  newsgroups that the local site receives.
              Each newsgroup should be listed only once. Each  line  specifies
              one  group;  within each newsgroup, articles are assigned unique
              names, which are monotonically increasing numbers.

              If an article is posted to  newsgroups  not  mentioned  in  this
              file,  those newsgroups are ignored.  If no valid newsgroups are
              specified, the article is rejected.

              Each line consists of four space-separated fields "name highmark
              lowmark flags".

              name   is the name of the newsgroup

              highmark
                     is  the highest article number that has been used in that
                     newsgroup

              lowmark
                     is the lowest article number in the group; this number is
                     not  guaranteed  to be accurate, and should only be taken
                     to be a hint. Note that because of article cancellations,
                     there  may  be  gaps  in  the  numbering sequence. If the
                     lowest article number is greater then the highest article
                     number, then there are no articles in the newsgroup.

              flags  can be one of those

                     y      local postings are allowed

                     n      no local postings are allowed, only remote ones

                     m      the  group  is  moderated and all postings must be
                            approved

                     j      articles in this group  are  not  kept,  but  only
                            passed on

                     x      articles cannot be posted to this newsgroup

                     =foo.bar
                            articles  are  locally  filed into the ''foo.bar''
                            group

              tin(1) only tries to read the file if you read directly from the
                     local  spool,  if you read news via NNTP, tin(1) uses the
                     LIST (RFC3977) command instead.

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/active.times

              This file provides a chronological record of when newsgroups are
              created.  It  is  normally updated by the local newsserver (e.g.
              innd(8)) whenever a new group is created. Each line  consist  of
              three space-separated fields "name time creator".

              name   is the name of the newsgroup

              time   is  the time when the group was created, expressed as the
                     number of seconds since the epoch.

              creator
                     is the electronic mail address of the person who  created
                     the group.

              tin(1) only tries to read the file if you read directly from the
                     local spool, if you read news via NNTP, tin(1)  uses  the
                     NEWGROUPS (RFC3977) command instead.

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups

              This  file  provides short descriptions of each newsgroup. It is
              normally  updated  by  the  local  newsserver  (e.g.    innd(8))
              whenever  a  new group is created. Each line consist of two tab-
              separated fields "group.nameone-line description".

              group.name
                     is the name of the newsgroup

              one-line description
                     is a short single-line description of the group

              tin(1) only tries to read the file if you read directly from the
                     local  spool,  if you read news via NNTP, tin(1) uses the
                     LIST NEWSGROUPS (RFC3977) command instead.

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/organization

              This file specifies might hold a default organization to be used
              in  the  ''Organization:''  header.  $ORGANIZATION  has a higher
              priority if set.

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/overview.fmt

              This file  specifies  the  organization  of  the  news  overview
              database (see also newsoverview(5)).  The order of lines in this
              file is important; it determines the order in which  the  fields
              will  appear  in the database. See also overview.fmt(5).  tin(1)
              only tries to read the file if you read directly from the  local
              spool,  if  you  read  news  via  NNTP,  tin(1)  uses  the  LIST
              OVERVIEW.FMT (RFC3977) command instead.

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions

              This file contains a list of newsgroups - one per line  -  which
              the   client   should   subscribe   to  when  the  user  has  no
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc for the newsserver.  tin(1) only
              tries  to  read  the  file  if  you read directly from the local
              spool,  if  you  read  news  via  NNTP,  tin(1)  uses  the  LIST
              SUBSCRIPTIONS (RFC6048) command instead.

SEE ALSO

       elm(1),   inews(1),  ispell(1),  lp(1),  lpr(1),  metamail(1)  perl(1),
       pgp(1),  rn(1),  shar(1),  slrnface(1),  tin(1),  xterm(1x),  iconv(3),
       iconv_open(3),   nl_langinfo(3),   pcre(3),   strftime(3),   system(3),
       mailcap(4),    active(5),    mbox(5),     mmdf(5),     newsoverview(5),
       overview.fmt(5),  innd(8), RFC1524, RFC2045, RFC2046, RFC2047, RFC2048,
       RFC2980, RFC3977, RFC4643, RFC5322, RFC5536, RFC5537, RFC6048